Translation Of Tanbih al-Ghafilin al-Samarqandi



In the name of Allah, the Gracious and Compassionate. All praise belongs to Allah, Who has been pleased to guide us to understand the contents of His book, and to elevate our status above other humans, thanks to His glorious beloved. “


Praise is due to Allah, Who has guided us to His pleasure and to the bounty that He has in store for us, and has made us grateful for His favors and to recognize the attributes and rights of His beloved. The mercy of Allah remains with our lord (Prophet) Muhammad, as the Messenger of Allah and the chosen Prophet, as well as to all his family, friends and people.


In the background of writing the book of his work entitled “TANBIIHUL GHAAFILIIN means: “Reminder of the careless man”, Al-Faqih commented as follows: “I have compiled interesting advice and wisdom that will please the readers of this book because of my sense of responsibility as a servant of Allah who has been given knowledge of: “Adab or politeness, happiness in it, wisdom, advice, the stance of the righteous and the efforts of the Mujtahidin in the Substance of Allah”. 


In this case it is based on the Word of Allah in the Quran:



“Turn them to the way of your Lord, by wisdom and good advice, or by force of good argument, for your Lord knows best who is astray and who is guided in His way.” (An-Nahl 125)


And the basis of the Prophet’s hadith:



“From “Abdullah bin Mas’ud, he said: “The Prophet is good at scheduling the time of his lectures to us, in order to eliminate our boredom (in following him).” (Hadith)


In this connection, Al-Faqih said that he hoped that this book would receive the attention and warm welcome of the readers, especially the younger generation, and that it would become a matter of thought or introspection for oneself (the practice starts from within), then goes out, and is taught to others. I do this based on the Word of Allah as follows:



“… be you clever people again fear Allah, because you always teach and study (the knowledge that is in) the book”. (Ali Imran 79)


Half of the scholars of Tafsir, interpreted it: “… Be you people who practice the knowledge contained in the Book, as you teach people”.


In another verse, Allah says:



“.. That among the servants of Allah who fear the most, are the ‘Scholars…”. (Fathir 28)


And the Word of Allah:


Meaning: “O you who have gathered, rise up, then warn them”. (Al-Muddatstsir 1-2)


Also the Word of Allah:




“Apply your warning, for it is very beneficial for the believer”. (Ads-Dsariyaat 55)


Similarly, in the hadith, the Prophet’s narration :



“One hour of thinking is more beneficial than one year of worship”. (Hadith)”


Al-Faqih emphasized: “Whoever looks down on the wisdom, advice and journey of the Salaf, will be subject to one of two negative effects: first: Boasting about his limited deeds and thinking that he is on the same level as the scholars of the salaf; secondly: Being arrogant about his great deeds and thinking that he is superior and more perfect than others, which invalidates his worship and nullifies or invalidates all his deeds.


As for those who are able to learn from the wisdom of the founding and travels of the early scholars, this is of great benefit, because they will feel their limitations and shortcomings in worship and deeds, and this will motivate them to improve and perfect their worship and deeds, which are far inferior to those of the early scholars.”


To conclude his introductory remarks, Al-Faqih offered the following prayer: “O Allah, we ask for guidance in doing as much good deeds as possible, and obtaining as much blessings as possible, surely He is the All-Giving, the All-Powerful.”






CHAPTER I : About Sincerity


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Amr Maula Murallib from Ashim and Muhammad Labied, the Prophet & said:



“Small shirk is a disease that is very dangerous for you, then the Companions asked, what is small shirk. O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “Riya, tomorrow on the Day of Judgment, Allah tells them to look for the reward of their deeds, to whom their charity is directed, His words. “Look for people who while living in the world, you do charity only for the purpose of being praised or praised by them, ask them for the reward”.


Al-Faqih emphasized: They are treated harshly, it is natural, because their deeds in the world are mere deception, the Word of Allah:



“Verily, the hypocrites deceive Allah, and He is good at repaying them. When they pray, they are lazy to do so, but the praise of man is their main goal. They do not remember Allah except a little”. (Annisa 142)


Therefore, all their deeds are void and do not reach Allah, and Allah is separated from them. Such are the deeds that are not accompanied by sincerity.


Al-Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said: “Allah says: “I do not need partners or deeds that are polytheistic to Me; whoever does them is independent of Me.” (Al-Hadis Oudsi)


The Hadith implies that: Any good deed done without sincerity, will not be accepted and there is no reward except hell. The basis is the Word of Allah:



“Whoever desires the pleasure of the world (with his deeds), then We fulfill him in the world, what We will for his desires, then We put him in Hell, his state is very despicable and expelled (far from His mercy)”. (Al-Isra’ 18)




“And whoever desires the pleasure of the Hereafter (and the reward of his deeds), sincerely and with faith, then they are the ones whose efforts are accepted”. (A-Isra’ 19)



“To each of the two kinds of people” We will fulfill his provision, and your Lord’s provision can never be hindered”. (Al-Isra’ 20)


The above verse concludes: “There is no reward for deeds whose intentions are not for the sake of Allah, because Allah only accepts deeds that are directed to Him, moreover, deeds not for His sake the result is only achieved and hardship in Hellfire, mentioned in the Hadith:



“Sometimes a person fasts, and there is no benefit for him except hunger and thirst, and sometimes a person prays at night, and there is no benefit for him except a tiring night watch, which means that his deeds of worship are in vain (not rewarded)”.


Even if the general assessment of society is that he is a person who is diligent and diligent in charity or worship, but if it is accompanied by riya and sun’ah his deeds of worship are not rewarded. This is described by half of the scholars of wisdom as not far from a person who comes to the market or shop, his pockets are full of stones, while most people consider him happy or lucky, because he has a lot of money, even though he is very wretched, because the contents of his pocket or pocket cannot be bought anything, except flattery and praise from people.


Allah says:




“We investigate their deeds, and then We make them dust.” (Al-Furgan 23)


Narrated by Imam Waki’ from Sufyan Atstsauri, and from someone (Companion), from Mujahid, he said: “A man came to the Prophet and said: “O Messenger of Allah, I give charity for the sake of Allah, but I also like to be praised by people (that is, I am a good person who likes to do charity), then the verse was revealed:



“Whoever fears his Lord and expects His reward, then do good deeds sincerely, and associate no partner in worship (charity) with his Lord”. (Al-Kahf 110)


Some of the scholars of Ilikmah asserted, that: “Whoever, does seven deeds, without being accompanied by seven things, means that his practice is empty or false, namely: 1. Fear of Allah, but may not reduce the practice of sin. 2. Believing (expecting) reward from Allah, but reluctant to do good deeds or worship Him. 3. Resolving to do good or to serve Allah, but not doing so in reality. 4. Praying to Allah, but not making any outward effort. 5. Seeking forgiveness (istighfar) from Allah, but not regretting the sins committed by him”. 6. Outwardly doing good, but inwardly not being sincere. 7. Doing good deeds or worship, but not sincerely, hoping for the pleasure of Allah.


Hadith from Abu Hurairah from the Prophet, that he said:




“At the end of time, there will be groups of people who gather the wealth of the world by using religion, dressed in sheep’s wool, talk very interestingly, like the sweetness of honey, but their hearts are savage more than wolves. They will be scolded by Allah, and He will curse them, saying: “You are playing tricks and defying my greatness, so wait for me to inflict fimah (disaster) on you, until you confuse the sensible people.” (Al-Hadis)


Another case is if you worship or do charity sincerely then suddenly praised by people and feel happy, then he still gets a reward. Based on the Prophet’s hadith as follows:



“A person came and asked the Prophet: “O Messenger of Allah, if I do good deeds secretly, suddenly someone finds out, he praises me, then a feeling of joy arises in my heart, can the reward be for me? He replied: Yes, even two kinds (first) reward secretly (second) reward frankly “.


Al-Faqih said, two kinds of rewards for him: first the direct reward of his deeds or worship, and (second) the side reward of those who follow him (take an example from him). This is based on the following Prophetic tradition:




“Whoever pioneers (lays the foundation) of the path of goodness, then he gets the reward directly from his actions, in addition to those who follow in his footsteps, and likewise whoever pioneers the path of sin, then he suffers the punishment of sanda (his own evil and those who imitate him). (Al-Hadis)


In the Hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Mubarrak, the Prophet said: “When the deeds of a person whom the angels thought were great and praised him, were presented to Allah, He rejected them by saying: “You think this person is good, when in fact it is very bad, his deeds of worship are not sincere for Me, so it is appropriate that his place is in hell sijjin. And vice versa, it also happens that the charity of a person who is thought to be of little value by the angels, turns out to be great in the eyes of Allah, because of his sincere intentions, then heaven ‘Illiyyin is the reward.


Therefore, do worship or do charity sincerely for the sake of Allah alone, even if only a little, rather than a lot but not sincere, the Word of Allah:



If the good deed is as small as a sarrah, He will surely multiply it and give a great reward from His side. (An-Nisa’ 40)


Al-Kisah, a scholar went to Madinah, he met Abu Hurairah in the middle of a crowd of people, then he asked him after the crowd dispersed, he said: “I ask you (by Allah) to narrate a hadith from the Prophet, Abu Hurairah replied:” After saying these words he took a deep breath and fainted, then came to his senses and wiping his face he said: “Listen to the hadith which I have obtained directly from the Messenger of Allah, so repeated three times, after fainting three times, finally he said: “The Messenger of Allah said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘When the time comes for the Day of Judgment, Allah will decide the affairs of His creatures, and each of them will submit to Him, and the first to be summoned will be the reader of the Qur’an: Have you learned what was revealed to my messenger? He will answer: O Lord, Ask: Then what have you practiced in it? I recite it by night and by day. Then Allah and His angels refuted him: “You have lied, because all that you did was to be praised by people, and that has been done in the world. The second is the rich man, and he is asked: What did you do with the wealth that I gave you? He replied: I spent it on my relatives, and I gave it in charity. Then Allah and His angels refuted him: You are lying, because all that you did, so that you would be called generous, and that has been done. The third is the martyr, who is asked: Why were you killed? He replied, fighting fi sabilillah. Then it is refuted by Allah and His angels: You are lying, because your goal is only to be called a hero who is brave, and such things have been done in the world.


Abu Hurairah said: Then the Messenger of Allah, patting my knee, said: “O Abu Hurairah, these three kinds of people are the first to be tormented in hell”. And when Muawwiyah heard this, she burst into tears and said: “Truly Allah and His Messenger, he cited the Quran:



“Whoever seeks only the pleasures and beauties of this world, We will surely complete his reward in this world, not diminishing it in the least”. (Hud. 15)



“Those are the ones for whom there is no reward in the Hereafter except Hell, and all their deeds are wasted and their work is in vain”. (Hud. 16)


Abdullah bin Hanief Al-Inthagi said: Allah says to people on the Day of Judgment, when they ask about the reward of their deeds: “Did you not receive the reward first? Have We not extended your position or influence? Have you not obtained a position or leadership? Have you not obtained any dispensation or leniency in your trade or project? Have you not achieved anything in this world?


The scholars of wisdom have half placed the definition of ikhlas, as follows: Ikhlas is not wanting one’s good deeds to be seen, let alone shown, which is not far from committing a crime that one does not want the general public to know about. While the other half of the Ulama, laid the basis of ikhlas, is: “Not wanting people’s praise”.


A scholar was asked: “To what extent is a person called excellent? He replied that he has four characteristics, namely: “1. When he has the courage to give up his rest, 2. Giving away what he has, 3. Not wanting position or influence, 4. Sticking to his stance, whether he is ridiculed or praised.


From ‘Ady bin Hatim, the Messenger of Allah said: A group of people were ordered to review heaven tomorrow on the Day of Judgment, until they smelled its fragrance, and saw the beauty of its buildings, but suddenly they were expelled, told to stay away from it, because they were not experts, they were very sorry and said: O Lord, why are we told to review the reward (heaven) of your beloved, while my reward is hell? Allah says: “I treat you this way, is as a reward for you in the past, in a quiet place you committed great sins, but in the midst of public eyes pretending to be a worshipper, who is very diligent, your acts of worship just want the praise of man, do not fear Me, you exaggerate the judgment of man, more than My judgment, so the time has come now you feel the pain of My punishment and far from My heaven.


Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet said: “When Allah created the heaven of ‘Adn, complete with its beauty that no eye had ever seen, no ear had ever heard and no human had ever imagined, then he was told to speak: “He said:



“How secretive are the believers . Then he also said:



“That every man who is miserly, hypocritical and likes to be praised by people, it is forbidden to approach (enter) me”.


According to S. Ali ibn Abu Talib, there are four types that prove riya, namely: “1. Lazy when there are no people, 2. But in the presence of people, very agile, 3. His worship increases, when praised, 4. But decreases, when his behavior or worship is denounced.


Shaqiq bin Ibrahim emphasized: “There are three things that constitute the stronghold of charity, namely: 1. He should recognize that his deeds or worship are the help of Allah, so that the disease of ujub in his heart is destroyed; 2. He should seek only the pleasure of Allah, so that his lusts are regulated. 3. Always expect the pleasure of Allah, so that greed or riya does not arise. Then with these three things a person’s charity or worship can be sincere.”


Half of the scholars of wisdom emphasized: “For the successful maintenance of charity or worship, four things are necessary: “1. Knowledge that can correct the deed, because without knowledge the deed may be corrupted, 2. Setting the intention, because without it, the deed will not be proper”. 3. Patience in doing it, because with it, the charity or worship will be good again perfect, 4. Sincerity which is an absolute condition for the acceptance of charity or worship.


Harram bin Hayyan explained, that: “Someone who is devoted to Allah with all his heart, surely Allah moves the hearts of believers, sympathy and compassion for him”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “When Allah is pleased with a person, He tells Jibril that he should be pleased with him, then He calls out to all the inhabitants of the heavens that they should be pleased with him, then the affection of the inhabitants of the earth is kindled towards him. Similarly, when Allah is angry with someone, then He calls upon all His creatures to scold or curse him.”


Someone asked Shaqiq bin Ibrahim, he said: “People generally think well of me, so I do not know whether I am good or not.” He replied: Try to bring out the attitude that (you have been) hiding, in front of the righteous people, if your attitude is approved by them, it proves that you are good, and if not, it means that you are not good. Secondly, try offering yourself worldly pleasures, if you reject them, it proves you are good. Thirdly, try offering yourself death, if you wish for it it proves that you are good, but if you hate it, it means that you are not good. Then if you have these three things, then pray to Allah, so that your charity or worship is not infected with the disease of riya which harms your charity.


The Prophet said: “Do you know who is a true believer? They replied: “Allah and His Messenger know better,” he said: “He who does not die, until Allah makes known to him whatever he likes, and if a person does a deed or worship in a 70-fold house, and each of them has an iron door, He will certainly make it known, until the people mention it and exaggerate. The Messenger of Allah was asked, why is it exaggerated? He replied: “The believer is happy that his deeds increase, then he said: “Do you know who the lacut is? They replied: “Allah and His Messenger know better, he said: “He who does not die, until Allah makes him hear what he dislikes, and if a person disobeys in a 70-fold house, and each of them has an iron door, surely Allah will show his evil clothes, so that people make fun of excessively. He was asked, why the exaggeration? He replied: “The sinner, moreover, likes to increase his sin.” (Hadith).


‘Auf ibn ‘Abdullāh explained: “Half of the doers of good call the other half to three things: “1. Whoever prays or worships for the Hereafter, Allah will surely provide for his worldly affairs. 2. Whoever improves his dealings with Allah, Allah will surely improve his dealings with his fellow human beings. 3. Whoever improves his heart, Allah will surely improve his outward appearance.


Hamid Al-Lafaf said: “When Allah wills evil for a person, three things will happen to him: namely: 1) He is knowledgeable but reluctant to do good deeds; 2) He associates with the righteous, but is ignorant of them; 3) He does good deeds or worship, but is not sincere; and 4) He is not sincere.


Al-Faqih explains: All of this is due to evil intentions and severe heart disease, because if his intentions were right, his knowledge would be beneficial, and his deeds or worship would be sincere, and he would be self-conscious towards the righteous.


Al-Faqih explained the hadith of a person with a strong chain of transmission from Jaballah al-Yah-shubi, who said: “We were in a battle together with Abdul Malik bin Marwan, then met a man who liked to get up at night, he slept very little, and we did not know him before, but apparently he was a companion of the Prophet told us, that someone asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what is it that tomorrow can save? He said: “Do not deceive Allah, he asked again, How do we deceive Him? He said: That is, you do charity or worship and not for the sake of Allah, and eliminate riya, because riya is shirk to Allah, and tomorrow on the Day of Judgment the one who riya is called with 4 titles: 1. Kafir, 2. Prostitute, 3. Cheater. 4. Khasir (one who loses). Your deeds will be misguided and the reward will be lost. Now, ask for the reward of those to whom you first turned, O deceiver! Al-Hadith.


Al-Faqih said: “Keeping a deed or an act of worship is more difficult than doing it, so whoever wants his reward to be saved in the future, should do it sincerely and without jealousy, then do not remember it anymore.


Abu Bakr al-Wasithi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “He likened it to glass that is easily broken and cannot be polished, and similarly, charity or worship that is affected by the disease of riya or ujub is easily damaged. Therefore, it is very important to get rid of riya in doing charity, but if you cannot, then do not despair or do not do it for fear of riya. It is better to be steadfast in your deeds and ask for forgiveness for the riya, in the hope that Allah will help you to be sincere in other deeds. A proverb states: “The world has become quiet because of the death of the people who are riya”; the world has become quiet because of their work in building Islamic boarding schools, madrassas, mosques and other things of public interest, even though the charity is riya, but thanks to the prayers of every sincere Muslim, it also benefits him. As happened in ancient times, the story goes like this: There was a man who built a boarding school, his intentions were unclear, his heart said: “I don’t know whether it’s for the sake of Allah or not, my intention to build this? Then he was told in a dream: “If your deeds are not for the sake of Allah, even though the Muslims pray for you ‘Lillahi Ta’ala'”. Then he was pleased with the news.


A man prayed near Hudhayfah bin Al-Yamani, the content of his prayer: “O Allah destroy the hypocrites”. Hudhayfah explained to him: “If they are destroyed, then you will not be able to withstand the attack of the enemy, because they will also take part in attacking the enemy”.


Salman Al-Farisi said: “The strength of the believer is supported by the hypocrite, and the hypocrite is helped by the prayers of the believer”.


Al-Faqih said: “Most people think that it is not possible to be jealous when doing obligatory deeds or acts of worship, but the other half think that it is possible to be jealous when doing obligatory deeds or acts of worship, or anything else.


Then Al-Faqih emphasized that: “If a person performs his obligatory deeds or acts of worship for the sake of riya alone, to the extent that he would not be able to do them without riya, then this is what is called a genuine (complete) hypocrite, which is mentioned in the Qur’an as follows:



“Verily, the hypocrites are in the lowest pit of hell, and you will not find a helper for them”. (An-Nisa 145)


The lowest pit is the hell of Tawiyah, they joined the family of Fir’aun, because if their faith or monotheism is true, surely they do not mind doing worship or charity that is required.


And if a person performs the fard deeds perfectly or made as good as possible, in front of the crowd, while the quiet times are not, even as he pleases, then he will receive the reward in accordance with what he did, about doing it perfectly or made good in front of the crowd is no reward, instead it will be prosecuted by Allah.





CHAPTER 2 : About death and its suffering


Al-Faqih narrated from Anas that the Messenger of Allah said:




“Whoever is happy to meet Allah, Allah is happy to meet him, and whoever is reluctant to meet Allah, Allah is reluctant to meet him”.


Meeting Allah means being returned to the land of the hereafter, past death. The believer is relieved to face the coming of death, because at that time (sacramatul death) he is comforted by the pleasure of Allah and His heaven, of course he would rather accept it than continue to live in the world. Conversely, the disbeliever is reluctant to die, because at that time he is shown the reward for his deeds in the form of punishment, therefore he is discouraged, hates him, which invites hatred for Allah to accept it.


In connection with the Prophet’s words, the Companions said: “O Messenger of Allah, we are not happy to die?” He replied: “Not so, but at that time (sacramatul death), angels carrying good news come to the believer, carrying out their duties to fulfill Allah’s promise to him”. On the other hand, for the disbeliever the arrival of the angel makes his heart tremble and shrink, so that there is a reluctance to meet his Lord.


The Prophet said: “Tell me about the Children of Israel, it is okay because in their time there was an anch or odd news”. Then he narrated a group of the Children of Israel passing by a tomb or grave, then they stopped and one of them prayed for the dead body in the grave to come out. When they had finished praying, they saw a human head coming out of it, saying: “By Allah, I died 90 years ago, until now, the pain has not healed, so you should pray that Allah will return me to what I was before (dead), even though he was a person who was diligent in worship, as evidenced by the traces of prostration on his forehead.


Al-Faqih advised that everyone who is certain of the arrival of death should prepare as much charity as possible and abstain from sin, because death comes without information or prior notice. This is based on the Prophet’s statement, as well as his message that we should be steadfast and patient in facing the test of life in the form of suffering (which includes the punishment of this world), even though the punishment of this world is nothing compared to the punishment of the hereafter, and death is half of that punishment.


The Prophet said: “The pain when the life separates from the body of a believer, is roughly equivalent to being hit by a sword three hundred strokes”. this is felt by believers, let alone those suffered by other than believers.


Abdullah bin Miswar said: “Someone came to the Prophet asking for complicated sciences, so he asked:” What have you done on the subject of knowledge? He asked back, I do not know, what is the subject of knowledge? He asked: “Do you know God or not? He replied, know other what have you done so far. for Him? He replied: I don’t know what He wants? The Prophet said: know death, he replied: Yes, then for that, what preparations do you have? He replied: Masha Allah, that is whatever I can do, he said:” Do that as best you can, then later (next time you) come back again, and I will give you complicated knowledge. Al-Kisah, a few years after that, he came again to the Prophet, he said: “Put your hands to your chest, and whatever displeases you, do not do it to your fellow Muslim, and whatever pleases you, do it to your fellow Muslim. This is half of the complicated knowledge. He further explained that: “Preparation of provisions for death is half of the subject of knowledge, this is very important if fully considered.”


Then Abdullah bin Miswar said that the Prophet recited this verse:




“Whoever Allah wills to be guided, He will surely expand his chest to embrace Islam. On the other hand, whoever is misguided by Allah, He will surely constrict his chest, making it difficult (as) to rise to the sky. Thus Allah torments those who disbelieve.”


And he said: “When the light of Islam penetrates a person’s chest, it expands, and he was asked: “Is there any proof of that? He replied: “Yes, in fact, he is averse to the false place (greedy for this world), turns away from it in favor of the eternal goal (fond of charity), and prepares himself for the coming of death”. (Al-Hadis)


Maimun Mahran reported that the Prophet said to someone:



“Take advantage of five things, before the arrival of five other things: namely, 1. When you are young before you are old, 2. When you are healthy before you are sick, 3. When you are free before you are busy, 4. When you have enough before you are poor or poor. 5. During your life before death grabs your neck.


In connection with this, the Prophet has collected in these five things a lot of knowledge, because a person will be able to do everything that in old age is not strong to do, and the habit of sinning for young people is very difficult to stop in old age, for this reason it is important to accustom yourself to young people doing good, so that in old age they do not experience difficulties. Furthermore, times of good health should be used for charity or worship, because when one is sick, one may not be able to give his wealth for charity, or his energy for active worship. Similarly, the free time, at night, should be filled with night prayers, because during the day there is a lot of busy business, so and so, in this regard the Prophet said: “Winter is an advantage for the believer, his long nights are made for prayer, while his short days are made for fasting”. Another hadith is as follows:


It means:

“The night is long; do not let your sleep make it short; and the day is light; do not let your sinful deeds make it dark”.


Similarly, when you have enough, make the best use of it for charity and worship, do not wait for a time when you are poor or destitute, which no longer allows one to be active or able to do so.


Finally, as long as you live, make the most of it to accumulate as much provisions as possible, because every beat of your heart is a precious gem, when used for the happiness of the world hereafter, namely charity and worship”.


It is said in a Persian proverb, to mean: “When you are a child, you play with children, when you are a teenager, you forget because of entertainment, when you are old, you are weak, so when will you be able to do charity for Allah, especially after death when it is not possible to do any charity or worship. For this reason, throughout this life, make use of it for the sake of the salvation of the world hereafter, multiply provisions and get ready to welcome the arrival of death, which at any time approaches him.


The angel of death, once addressed by the Prophet when he was near the head of an Anshar friend, admonished him: “Have mercy on my friend, he is a believer! The angel said: “Rejoice O Muhammad, that I am always merciful to every believer, by Allah I welcome human life, when from among his family someone screams, then I ask: “Why do you have to scream? By Allah, we do not mistreat and we do not presume to precede death, in this matter (of taking a life), we do not violate it, so if you are willing to follow the sunnatullah, it will be rewarded, but if you get angry or complain, it will be sinful.


There is no meaning in ridicule for us, we will definitely return, so be careful. There is no dweller in a stone house, or a dweller in a tent, on land or sea, unless all of them are under my observation, no less than five times every day, until I know them, more than they know themselves. By Allah, O Muhammad, not a mosquito do I take its life except by the permission or command of Allah. 


The Prophet saw some people who were laughing out loud. bahak, then he rebuked them: “If you multiply the remembrance (of death) that obliterates all kinds of delights, there will be no time for you for that, then he said:



“You should increase the remembrance of death, which takes away all kinds of delights.” Then he said: “The grave is a garden of paradise for the believer, and a part of the abyss of hell for the disbeliever”?


When Umar asked Ka’ab about death, he replied: “death is like a tree of thorns (that enters) the human body, each thorn is connected to a vein, then it is pulled as hard as it can, so that the weak veins are broken, and the weak thorns are left (when it strikes the hard bone).


Because of the horror of death, Sufyan Ats-Tsauri if he remembers it, he is stunned or silent and does nothing, until a few days, when a problem is presented to him, only “Don’t know” he answers.


A wise man said: “A person of sound mind should not forget three things, namely: 1. The corruption of the world and its upheavals, 2. Death, 3. Afat or the corruption of the world that cannot be avoided.


‘Ashim Al-asham said: “Four things that are often forgotten in value, by most people, are: 1. the value of youth, which is only realized by the elderly; 2. the value of health, which is only realized by the sick; 3. the value of salvation, which is only realized by those who are afflicted by calamities; and 4. the value of life, which is only realized by those who are in the grave (the dead).”


Al-Faqih’s comment: “This statement agrees with the hadith that we mentioned above, namely: “Make use of five things before the arrival of five things”.


‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Ash reported: “It is not uncommon for my father to say that he is surprised at a person who is in the time of sakarat or death, why does he not want to explain it, even though he is intelligent and eloquent?


(Once upon a time) after the time of death, he was still conscious (of sound mind), so I asked him a question: “Why don’t you tell me about death, when you used to marvel at a reasonable person who would remain silent? He replied: “O my son, death or dying is so horrible, it cannot be mentioned, but let me explain a little for you: “By Allah the weight of my shoulders is like carrying a mountain of Radlwa, the exit of life is like from the hole of a needle, as if a thorn tree is embedded in the body, the sky is close to the earth and I am clamped by it. O my son, there are three periods that are felt, namely: 1. The period of disbelief, and having evil intentions of killing the Prophet Muhammad, oh so wretched if I die at that time. 2. The period of guidance, converting to Islam and loving the Prophet Muhammad, to be trusted to lead the Islamic army, oh how happy or lucky if I die at that time. 3. The period of being busy with worldly affairs, therefore I do not know what my fate will be with Allah .


Abdullah said: “I had not yet risen from his side, and it turned out that he had breathed his last at that time” may Allah have mercy on him.


Shaqiq bin Ibrahim said: There are 4 things, most people agree with me, but contradict in reality, namely: 1. The acknowledgment of being a servant of Allah, but they free themselves in reality, doing as they please 2. The acknowledgment that their sustenance is borne by Allah, but in reality they are restless when they do not acquire wealth 3. The acknowledgment of the hereafter being more important, than the world, but in reality they spend all their days, only, accumulating worldly treasures, 4. The acknowledgment of certain death, but in reality doing as they wish they will live forever.


Salman Al-Farisi said: “There are three things that amaze and make me laugh, namely: 1. fantasizing about a long life, while death is always stalking him, 2. forgetting death, while death never forgets him, 3. Like to laugh cheerfully, while his fate is not clear whether it is favored or scolded by Allah And also three other things, which are sad and make me cry, namely: 1. Farewell to the beloved, namely the departure of the Prophet, along with his companions from the world (the death of religious leaders), 2. Remembering the terrible death, 3. Remembering my fate tomorrow, whether it is put into heaven or hell.


The Prophet said: “If the animals knew about muti, as you do, you would not taste the meat of fat animals forever”. (Al-Hadis).


Abu Hamid Al-Lafaf said: “Three benefits for the one who always remembers death, namely: 1. quick repentance, 2. oana’ah, towards sustenance, not greedy or covetous, 3. diligent worship. And vice versa for those who forget it, afflicted with three kinds of badness, namely: 1. Delaying repentance, 2. Not willing for sustenance (greedy or gluttonous), 3. Lazy worship (half the characteristics of hypocrites) “.


The Prophet Isa was demanded by the disbelievers to revive the corpses of the ancients, because they thought that the Prophet Isa could only revive the recent corpses, and maybe the corpses were not actually dead. then the Prophet Isa said: “You can choose which one you want”. They chose Noah’s son Sam. Then the Prophet Isa fulfilled their demands, went to his grave, prayed two rak’ahs, prayed to Allah, and then Sam son of Noah came to life with Allah’s permission. They saw the white hair of his head and beard, and asked him: “Why did your hair and beard change, when there was no gray hair? He replied: When the call went out, I thought that the Hour had come, as a result of which the hair of my head and beard turned gray, out of fear. He was asked again: “Since when did you die? He replied: Sudan is four thousand years old and the pain (of death) is still there.


Someone suggested to Ibrahim bin Adham to give him a lecture, but he replied: I am currently preoccupied with four matters, namely: 1. Thinking about the Yaumul Miitsaag, when Allah decides on people, this is for heaven and this is for hell, I do not know which group I belong to? 2. Thinking about my fate, when the angel breathes life into a human being in his mother’s belly, as well as determining the fate of good and bad, then I do not know, which one do I belong to? 3. When the angel of death comes to take my life, he asks: O Lord, are the souls of Muslims combined, or the souls of disbelievers, this person, I do not know Allah’s answer to me, 4. Thoughts about the Word of Allah:



“Separate you this day, O you who do evil”. (Yaasiin 59)


I don’t know which group I belong to?


Al-Faqih said: “Blessed is the one who is given understanding and awakened or realized from his forgetfulness, willing to be led to think about the affairs of his death, may Allah end our lives in goodness, and may we have joy like a believer when he dies, the Word of Allah:



“Verily, those who believe in Allah and His Messenger, and remain steadfast in doing what Allah commands and avoiding what He forbids, the angels will come to them with glad tidings; do not be dismayed or saddened, and rejoice in the Paradise which Allah has prepared for you” (Fushshilat 30).



“We are your protectors in the life of this world and in the Hereafter, for you whatever you wish for and ask for will be therein” (Fushshilat 31). (Fushshilat 31)


There are 5 types and levels of glad tidings, namely: 1. To the common people (generally believers), in the form of: “Do not worry or be afraid, because hell is not an eternal place for you, and the syafa’at of the Prophets, the saints will definitely come to you, do not be sad or mourn the lack of reward, and heaven is a certainty for you, 2. To the perpetrators of worship or sincere charity, in the form of: “Do not worry about the non-acceptance of your deeds or worship, nor the lack of reward, rather your reward is multiplied, 3. To those who repent, in the form of: “Do not worry about your sins, they will be forgiven, and do not worry about lack of reward, because after repentance your deeds will be rewarded: 4. To the zuhud people, in the form of: “Do not worry about mahsyar or hadeeth, and do not grieve or mourn, your multiplied reward remains intact, not reduced in the least, and heaven is a certainty for you, 5. To the Scholars, in the form of: “Do not be afraid of the greatness of the Day of Judgment, and do not be sad or grieve, heaven is the reward of your deeds, as well as those who follow your behavior.


It is a great benefit for the one who receives good news at the time of death, because only the believer who has done good deeds will receive it, when the angel comes and asks: “Who are you? We have never seen a face as beautiful as yours, and a smell more fragrant than you,” he replied: “We are your companions who used to keep track of your deeds in this world, and we will be with you in the Hereafter.


Hence, the one who is of sound mind should wake up from his heedlessness and realize his negligence. There are four things that prove this, namely: 1) Managing the affairs of the world with qana’ah, calmly facing it, not short of mind or time; 2) The affairs of the hereafter are hastened, not delayed and his full attention is directed there; 3) Enterprising in religious affairs by seeking knowledge; 4) Mutual advice and patience in human relations.


There are 5 traits possessed by the chosen people, namely: 1. Being active and diligent in worship, 2. Being useful to fellow human beings, 3. Not disturbing others, 4. Not being jealous of other people’s property, 5. Increasing provisions to face death. Know brother that you are created to die, no one can escape from it, the Word of Allah:



“You will die, and so will they”. (As-Zumar 30)


Meaning: ” Say, there is no use for you to flee from death, if you flee from death or war”. (AlAhsab 16)


Every Muslim must prepare himself for death, before it comes, says Allah:



Desire death, if you truly believe”. (Al-Bagarah 94)



“They forever do not wish to die, knowing their own wickedness, Allah knows those who do wrong”. (Al-Bagarah 95)


These two verses are the basis for true believers and sincere deeds not afraid to face death, even longing for it but on the contrary for liars or hypocrites death is something frightening, due to their own actions.


Abu Darda said: “I am happy when I am poor, because it humbles me to Allah, and I am happy when I am sick, because it is a penance, and I am happy when death comes, because I long for my Lord.


Ibn Mas’ud said: “There is no one who lives, except that he will taste death and that is better for him, if he is a good person Allah says:



“What Allah has provided is better for those who are devoted”. (Ali Imran 198)


And if he is an evildoer, Allah says:



“And if We let them increase in sin, there is reserved for them a very painful punishment.” (Ali ‘Imran 178)


Anas bin Malik reported that the Prophet said: “Death is a vehicle for the believer”.


When the Prophet was asked: “Which is the best believer?” He replied: “The one with the best manners, and which believer is the richest? He replied: “The one who always remembers death and prepares his provisions well”. (Hadith from Ibn Mas’ud)


The Prophet said:



“The one with perfect intelligence is the one who always examines his shortcomings, and does charity for the provision of death. As for the one who cannot control his desires and fantasizes about Allah’s forgiveness, that is the one with a weak mind. (Al-Hadis)





CHAPTER 3 : About the torment of the grave and its suffering


Al-Faqih reported that Barrak ‘Azib said: We were with the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) when he reached the grave, and he sat down and we sat down, and it seemed as if a bird was sitting on our heads, then he raised his head and said: “Take refuge with Allah from the torment of the grave, repeated two or three times”, then he said: “The believer, when he is about to die, will be visited by angels whose faces are as white as the sun, and they will sit in front of him holding the shroud of heaven, then the angel of death will sit next to him and call out to him: “O tranquil soul, come out to the forgiveness and pleasure of Allah”, said the Prophet, then his spirit flowed out like drops of water, he was received and put in a shroud, then brought out smelling sweet like castor oil, then brought up. Every time the angels passed by, they asked: “Whose spirit is this fragrant? The answer was that it was so-and-so’s soul, and so it went up to the heavens, whose inhabitants welcomed the soul’s arrival. Every time the angels climbed the ladder, they escorted him up to the seventh heaven, where Allah said: “Write the decree in the heaven of ‘Illiyyin!”. Then it is returned to the earth, for it is from there that We created it, and to it We return, when We will resurrect it. Then the soul rejoins the body in the grave, and shortly thereafter an angel (Munkar-Nakir) comes and asks: “Who is your Lord?” He replied, “Allah is my Lord.” “What is your religion?” He replied: “Islam is my religion, How do you respond to the one who was sent among you? He replied: “He is the messenger of Allah, Where did that knowledge come from? I learned the book of Allah, believed in him and confirmed him. Then came the call: “Yes, my servant, give him the bed and garment of heaven, and open the door leading to heaven, so that he may enjoy its odor and fragrance, and open his grave as far as the eye can see, then there will come a good or handsome man and a fragrant smell, saying: “Accept the good news that was promised by God”, (Mayit) asked: “Who exactly are you? He answered: “I am the incarnation of your good deeds”. Then he said: “O Allah, hasten the Day of Judgment, so that I can quickly gather with my family and friends”. Then the Prophet said:


The disbeliever, when he is about to die, is visited by angels whose faces are black and their clothes are black, they sit in front of him, not long after, the angel of death also comes and sits next to him, saying: “O evil spirit, come out to the anger of Allah, spread to all his limbs, then the spirit is pulled out, like pulling iron out of wet fur, veins and muscles are broken, he is received and put in a black cloth, taken out, smelling of carrion basin, then taken up. Every time they pass by a group of angels they ask: Whose evil spirit is this that stinks? He replied, with a very ugly title: The spirit of so-and-so bin so-and-so “until it is heard in the sky, will enter but the door is not opened, (then the Prophet recited the verse):



“Never will the door of heaven be opened for them, nor will they enter the heaven (unless a camel can enter the eye of a needle (which is not possible). Such is the reward of those who are righteous”. (Al-A’raf 40)


Then Allah commands: “Write the decree on the Sijjin, and the soul is thrown,” says Allah:



“Whoever associates partners with Allah is no different from being plunged from another sky by a large bird, or thrown by the wind into a steep ravine as far away as possible”. (Al-Hajj 31)


Then the soul is attached to his body again in the grave, soon the angels (Munkar-Nakir) come to hold him and bully: “Who is your Lord?” He replied: I do not know, What is your religion? I do not know it, How do you respond to the one who is sent in the midst of your life? Even then I do not know, So there came a loud cry: “Lie to him, spread and open the gates of hell for him, then the heat of his heat, the grave squeezes and breaks his ribs, not long after came an ugly-faced, stinking basin, as he bluffed: “Welcome the bad day for you, when you used to deny it when warned, asked him: “Who are you? He answered: “I am your evil practice”, he said, O God, delay the Day of Judgment, do not rush the Day of Judgment”.


Al-Faqih, the Messenger of Allah said: “That the believer is visited by an angel who holds silk filled with castor oil (at the time of death), he plucks his soul very slowly, like taking a hair from the weave, calling out:


Meaning: “O tranquil soul, return to the presence of your Lord with a contented heart and God’s favor”. (A-Fajr 27-28) Return with the mercy and pleasure of Allah, when the soul comes out, it is then placed in musk and flowers, wrapped in silk and shown to the heaven of the ‘Illiyyin”.


But for the disbeliever (during the time of death) the angel brings a feather cloth filled with fire, then with great force the spirit is pulled out of his body, and it is said to him: “O evil soul, come out to the anger of God, to the place of humiliation and punishment. After it comes out, it is placed on boiling coals, folded up and taken to the hell of Sijjin.” (Hadith narrated by Abu Ja’far and reported by Abdullah ibn ‘Umar as saying: When a believer enters the grave, his grave will be 70 cubits wide, fragrant flowers will be scattered, silk will be spread out for him, a little memorization of the Qur’an will illuminate him like the sunlight, like a new bride, and no one will dare to wake him up from his sleep except his beloved (such is the pleasure).


But for the disbeliever, the grave becomes narrow and the ribs are swallowed, snakes as big as camel necks come to him and slit his flesh until only bones remain, angels who are blind deaf and dumb beat him with iron cudgels, his screams are not heard and his condition is not seen, plus every morning and evening a meal of punishment from hellfire for him.


Al-Faqih emphasized in this regard: “Whoever wants to be saved from the torment of the grave, then do 4 things regularly or continuously, and eliminate 4 things: namely, 1. 5 daily prayers, 2. a lot of charity, 3. always reading the Koran, 4. a lot of glorifying.


The other 4 things are: 1. lying, 2. betrayal, 3. cheating, 4. leaving urine”.


The Prophet said: “Four things are hated by Allah, namely: “1. Fooling around during prayer, joking in the middle of reciting the Qur’an, speaking vile words during fasting, and laughing at graves.”


Muhammad bin As-Samak’s message when he saw the grave: “Do not let the quietness and silence of the grave persuade you, for there are many people who are confused in it, and do not let the flatness of the grave deceive you, for there is a great difference between the inhabitants. So for common sense, you should often think before entering it. As Sufyan Ats-Tsauri stated: “Whoever often thinks about the grave, he will certainly obtain the gardens of heaven, but for those who forget about it, they will fall into the abyss of hell”.


  1. Ali ibn Abi Talib’s warning during a sermon: “O mankind, think of death which is impossible to avoid you, wherever you are it will come to you, you run, it pursues you, it is always tied to your head, then you should: look for a safe path (repeated twice) and hurry up, the grave behind you is always chasing, Remember: sometimes the grave is the gardens of heaven, or the abyss of hell, every day it warns us: “I am a dark house, a desolate place and the home of worms”. Think about it: After that, you enter a day that is more terrifying, small children become gray, old people become confused like drunk, mothers forget their babies (who are breastfed), pregnant women, immediately fall pregnant, a fact that is difficult to deny, they are not drunk from alcohol, but the punishment of Allah is terrible and terrifying. And think again: “After that, there will be a very hot and steep fire of hell, rich in jewelry, blood mixed with pus flowing from it, far from the mercy of Allah. In this connection the Muslims cry, saying: “Besides this, there is a paradise as vast as the heavens and the earth, for those who have piety”. May Allah save us from the painful punishment, and admit us into the paradise of pleasure. Amen.”


Usavid ibn Abdurahman said: “I was informed that: “A believer who died, when being brought (in the pendoso) said: “Hurry up and bring me this”, and after entering the grave, the ground said: “I was happy when you lived on me, and even more happy when you entered my stomach”. But when it is a disbeliever who dies, he says (in the grave): “Take me back” and after entering the grave, the ground grumbles: “I have always hated you, when you lived on me, more so after death I hate you endlessly”.


  1. Usman bin Afan was seen crying while standing over the grave, and he was asked: “Why do you cry because of the grave, but when you were told about heaven and hell you did not cry?” Uthman replied, the Messenger of Allah said: “The grave is the starting place for the Hereafter, if a person is safe in the grave, it is a good hope for him, because after that it is light for him, but if a person is harmed in the grave, it is a bad sign, because after that it is very heavy for him”.


Abdul Hamid ibn Mahmud al-Maghuli said: “I was sitting with Ibn Abas when a group came and asked him: “We are pilgrims on Hajj, and one of us died in the area of Zatish-Shifah, so we took care of him, and when we were digging the grave, there was a snake coiled up in it, then we moved to another grave, and there was a snake in it, so we did that three times, but there was still a snake in it, so what did we do with the dead person?” said Ibn Abas. Ibn Abas said: “That is the deeds of the corpse when in the world, you should bury the snake, by Allah If you dig up all the earth, you will find snakes in it”. Then they returned after burying the corpse and returned his belongings to his family, and they asked him about his deeds. His wife replied: “He was a seller of wheat in sacks, for his daily meal, he took from the sack, and replaced it with stalks of wheat, the weight of the wheat eaten a day.


Al-Faqih in his commentary on the story says: “Betrayal is one of the causes of the torments of the grave, and the fact that they witnessed it is a warning to us not to betray. It is said that every day the earth calls out to us, five times, and the call is as follows: 1. O mankind, you live, walk on my back, and it is into my belly that you die or are returned. 2. O mankind, you eat on me, and in my belly you are eaten by worms, 3. O mankind, you rejoice on me, and in my belly you will weep, 4. O mankind, on my back you cheer, and in my belly you are sad. 5, O mankind on my back you sin, in my belly you are tortured.


Amr bin Dinar narrated: One of the people of Madinah had a sister on the other side of the city, she was sick, soon died, after being buried, he went home remembering something in a bag that fell or was embedded in the grave, so with the help of the locals, his sister’s grave was dug again, and something that was embedded was found, but then he opened a little of his sister’s grave, saw a fire burning, and leveled the ground (replanted), after which he went home asking his mother: What did my brother do during his lifetime? She replied: Why do you ask about that, when he is dead? He kept pressing, and finally the mother told him that: He always delayed the prayer time, neglected chastity, and pitted neighbors against each other. that is why he was tortured in his grave. Therefore, whoever wants to be saved from the torment of the grave, then avoid the disease of backbiting (whether among neighbors or others).


Al-Barak bin ‘Azib said: The Prophet said: When a Muslim is questioned in the grave, then he admits that there is no other God but Allah, and the Prophet Muhammad is His servant and messenger, thus the Word of Allah:




“Allah confirms the believers with the speech of the kokolwesuh in their life in this world and in the Hereafter…” (Ibrahim 27)


The firmness of the believer will be experienced in the face of three phases, namely: 1. The phase of seeing Malakul Death, 2. The phase of answering the questions of Munkar-Nakir, 3. The phase of facing the calculation of deeds on the day of Hisab.


The details of the three phases mentioned above are as follows:

  1. The phase of seeing death,
  2. Saved from disbelief, and taufik beristIqamah in tawhid, his life comes out he remains Muslim.
  3. The angel pleases him with mercy.
  4. Being shown his abode (heaven).


  1. The grave phase or answering Munkar-Nakir’s questions,
  2. Answer with inspiration that is pleasing to Allah.
  3. No trepidation or fear.
  4. Not in the grave, but in the garden of heaven.


  1. The phase of calculation of deeds (yaumul -Hisab),
  2. All questions are answered correctly by the inspiration of Allah.
  3. The calculation is light (easy).
  4. All his sins and mistakes are forgiven.


The other half of the Ulama, however, mention four phases, namely: “1. The death phase, 2. The grave phase, 3. The calculation phase, 4. The shirar phase, passing over it like lightning”.


VARIOUS OPINIONS OR ANSWERS TO THE SHAPE OF THE KUBUR QUESTION If someone asks about the question of the grave, what does it look like? Then follow the opinions or answers of the following scholars:


  1. Half of the scholars say that the question is directed at the soul or spirit, at which point the soul enters the body, only up to the chest.


  1. The other half say: The spirit or soul is between the body and the shroud, and the question about the grave should be accepted with faith, without much talk or debate about the kaifiyah.


There are two factors that lead him to argue about it, namely:

  1. The question of the grave does not make sense, because it contradicts sunnatullah or the laws of nature.
  2. There is no evidence or proof that: the question of the grave is accepted by common sense and in line with natural law.


Then if the two factors mentioned above are used as a base, to deny or reject the existence of grave questions, it means that he is not a religious person, because religious people (Islam) or believers, are required by their Faith, recognizing the existence of prophethood and miracles. The Prophets starting from Prophet Adam to the last Prophet Muhammad are ordinary human beings and have the same prophet, but they have privileges that are contrary to sunnatullah or natural law, not just miracles, such as a stick becoming a snake, a stick splitting the ocean, a stick of water from a stone hit for Prophet Moses, fire cooling for Prophet Abraham, bringing the dead to life for Prophet Isa and others, all of which the sane human mind cannot swallow. However, prophethood also contradicts the nature of nature, because the revelations they receive are sometimes directly from God through dreams, or through encounters with angels, and not all human beings are capable of receiving revelations (perish according to natural law), but again the Prophets are chosen people, strong and tough people.


Regarding the evidence or evidence about the existence of the question of the grave, it is sufficient from the Prophetic traditions that have been published in this book, it is a strong foundation to stand on for people who want to believe.


The word of Allah:



“Whoever turns away from My warning, a narrow life will befall him (including the punishment or questioning of the grave) and on the Day of Resurrection We will group him in a blind state.” (Thaa haa: 124)


And the evidence or proof of that, the Word of Allah in the Qur’an Ibrahim 27:


Al-Faqih said, with a chain of transmission from Sa’id bin Musayyab, from Umar , the Messenger of Allah said: “When the believer enters the grave, two angels come to test him, sit and ask him questions, even though he still hears the shuffling of his sandals when he returns (from visiting his corpse). The two angels asked: “Who is your Lord, what is your religion, and who is your Prophet?” He replied: “Allah is my Lord, Islam is my religion, and Muhammad is my Prophet”. They both said: “It is Allah who confirms you in this statement, so you may sleep well. This is the meaning of Allah’s words (Quran S. Ibrahim 27). On the other hand, for those who are wrongdoers, Allah does not guide them with His guidance (they are misled), until they are asked by the two angels: “Who is your Lord, what is your religion, and who is your Prophet?” the disbeliever or hypocrite answers: “I do not know”. Then the two angels mimic the answer: “Don’t know? Accept the blows of this cudgel, so with the blows of both of them, he screamed, and all creatures heard the sound of his scream, except humans and jinn. (Al-Hadis).


Abu Hazim reported that Ibn ‘Umar said: “What do you do, O Umar, when the two angels (MunkarNakir) come to test you in the grave, looking as black as blue, their noses scraping the earth, their hair long, their voices as loud as thunder, their eyes like lightning striking? Umar asked back: “O Messenger of Allah, was my mind (at that time) like it is today? He replied: “Yes, (conscious as now), he replied. Then I will overcome both of them with the permission of Allah, he said: “That ‘Umar is the one who is guided”. (Al-Hadis)


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Hurairah: The Prophet .said: “There is no dead person except that he snores, and all animals hear his snoring except humans. If they heard it they would faint. Then when he is delivered he says: “Hurry me up, if you knew the reward of good deeds ahead of me you would have escorted me quickly”. This is so for a good or righteous person, but for an evil person, he says: “Do not hurry, if you knew the danger ahead of me, you would have slowed me down. After entering the grave, two angels who are black and blue come from the direction of his head, then his worship or prayer says: Do not come from my direction, because sometimes he watches all night, worrying about things like this. They come from his feet, then are repelled by obedience to his parents: “Do not come my way, for he walks upright, fearing such a thing as this. They come by his right, then his charity forbids: Do not pass my way, he gives alms, fearing such a thing as this. They pass by his left, then his fasting forbids: Do not pass by me, for he is hungry, fearing such a thing. Then he was awakened and asked: “Do you know the one who delivered the teaching to you, he said: who is he? That is the Prophet Muhammad He replied: “I testify that he is the Messenger of Allah Said they both: You live a believer, die a believer, make his grave spacious and open Allah’s hospitality to him. Let us ask for guidance and fortification from Allah, ask for protection from misguided passions again misleading and complacent, ask for protection from the torment of the grave, as the Prophet took refuge from it.


‘Aisha said: At first I did not know about the punishment of the grave, until a Jewish woman came to ask me for something, and after I gave her something she prayed for me. “May Allah save me from the torment of the grave. I thought that what she said was just a trick of the Jews, so I told the Prophet about it and he said: “That the torment of the grave is true, and every Muslim must take refuge from it, prepare a sufficient supply of good deeds, because Allah still facilitates good deeds while he lives in the world, later when he enters the grave, the slightest good deed is not allowed by Allah, even if he wants to do it, only regret is there. Those who are dead are eager to pray two rak’ahs, chant the phrase “Lailaaha illallah” once, and glorify Allah once, but they are not allowed to do so.


Then they wonder at the living: “Why are these precious days wasted on meaningless frolic and complacency (self-forgetfulness)? O my brother, do not waste the days of your life, for they are the substance of your wealth, and you can easily gather as much profit as you can, if you value the substance. There will come a time when you will not be able to do that (after death), even if you really want it (i.e. faith, charity and worship of Allah).


Finally, let us pray to Allah to prepare sufficient provisions at the time of need so that we do not regret it later on, and ask that it be made easy at the time of death, and at the grave, Amen YaaRabal ‘aalamiin. That He is the Most Compassionate, the Most Sufficient and the best of those entrusted, there is no power and effort except with the help of Allah, the High and the Great.


CHAPTER 4 : About the Day of Judgment, its severity and horror


Al-Faqih narrated a hadith from ‘Aisha…. She said: “O Messenger of Allah, will a person remember his beloved on the Day of Judgment? He replied: In the face of three things a person will not remember his beloved, namely: “1. When his deeds are weighed, whether they are heavy or light, 2. When he receives the document (record) of his deeds, either from his right hand or from his left, 3. When the dragon snake emerges from hell, then surrounds them he said: “My duty is to grasp three kinds, namely: 1. those who associate partners with Allah, 2. those who oppose the truth and are cruel and oppressive, 3. those who do not believe in the Hour of Judgment.


They are pounced upon and thrown into the abyss, on which is a shirat finer than hair, sharper than a sword, on either side of which are bumps and thorns. People who pass through it vary, some are as fast as lightning, the wind is strong, some are safe, some are pierced by thorns, and some slip and enter the abyss.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Between the two blasts of Israfil’s trumpet is estimated to be 40 years, (the first turns off the second revives) then Allah sends rain like sperm (male semen), then humans live again like spring plants.


Also the Messenger of Allah, said: “When the creation of the heavens and the earth was completed, then Allah created the trumpet and immediately gave it to Israfil, then he put it to his mouth and looked at the Arsh, ready to receive his assignment. I asked (Abu Hurairah): O Messenger of Allah, what was the shape of the trumpet? He replied: “It looks like a shiny horn”, then its size? As big as the sky-earth (the size of its sphere) by Allah Who sent me as a Prophet. Ja will blow it three times, namely: 1. Blow Faza to frighten, 2. Blow Lish-Shagi to destroy, 3. Blow Ba’ats to awaken. The word of Allah:



“When the trumpet is blown in surprise, hear all (creatures) in the heavens and the earth, except those whom Allah wills and they come bowing down”. (An-Naml: 87)


And when the earth is shaken. people are like drunk, every child of the mother’s womb falls out, every breastfeeding child is left behind, the little child grows gray, the devil runs away, it does not last long, until Israrafil blows the trumpet a second time: Allah’s Word:



“O mankind, fear your Lord, for the shaking of the Day of Resurrection is a very great event”. (Al Hajj 1)



“Remember, when you see the shaking, forget every woman who is nursing her child, every pregnant woman will fall asleep, and you will see that people will become intoxicated; in fact, they are not intoxicated, but due to the severity of Allah’s punishment”. (Al-Hajj 2)



“The trumpet of Israfil was blown, and the creatures in the heavens and the earth perished, except those whom Allah willed to live. And at the second blast, suddenly they woke up, and stood waiting for the judgment of Allah.” (As-Zumar 68) (As-Zumar 68)


Those who remain alive (excluded in the verse) are the martyrs. And according to others are: Mikail, Israfil and the angels of death, they were asked by Allah: “Who are My living creatures?” He replied: Your Lord is the Eternal Living, while at this time those who have not died are: Jibril, Mikail, Israfil, the person in charge of the Throne and me, then the angels of death were assigned to destroy them.”


Whereas according to the narration of Muhammad ibn Ka’b, from a person (companion) from Abu Hurairah : “That Allah said: “Death to Jibril, Mikail, Israfil and the person in charge of the ‘Arsh, then He said: “O Malakul Death, who is My living creature?” He said: “You are the Eternal Living One, and meanwhile Your weak servant (i.e.) Malakul Death”. Then: “O Malakul Death, hear My Word?”:


Meaning: “Every soul must taste death or die”.


And thou shalt die, for thou art half my servant, and thou art my officer. So he died.


Another narration states that: “When he was commanded to pluck out his own soul, he went to a place (between heaven and hell), so he plucked out his own soul, screaming, if there was another living being, hearing his scream, he would have perished, he said: “If I knew the pain of death, I would be even more reluctant to uproot the souls of the believers.


Then Allah said to the world: “Where are the kings and their sons, the giants and their sons, who worship other than Me, while they eat sustenance from Me?



To whom does the kingdom belong at this time?”


No one can answer, except Allah Himself.


Meaning: “. It belongs only to Allah, the One and Triumphant.” (Ghafir 16)


Then Allah commanded the heavens to send rain like sperm for 40 days, until there was a puddle of water 12 cubits high on the earth, then the creatures grew as before like vegetables. He said: “Come to life, O Israfil and the Bearer of the Throne, then they both came to life, and Israfil was told to attach his trumpet to the mouth. Next Allah ordered life to Jibril and Mikail, after that the other souls were revived through the blowing of Israfil’s trumpet, they (the souls) filled the heavens and the earth and one by one entered into their respective containers or bodies through their noses, and the earth flourished (grew them).


The Prophet said:” I was the first to come out of the earth”. The Prophet’s statement in another hadith is as follows: “That when Jibril, Mikail and Israfil were brought back to life, they went to the tomb of the Prophet with the buraq and the jewelry of heaven for him, then the earth was opened for him. He said: O Gabriel, what day is this? He replied: “The Day of Judgment, which is certain, and which shakes. Then where and what will be the fate of my Ummah?” He said: Accept the glad tidings, for you are the first to come out of the earth. Then Israfil was assigned to blow his trumpet, and all of them woke up to the reality (again we continue the tradition of Abu Hurairah) then people came out of the grave each one naked, towards their Lord, so that their tears dried up, due to crying, blood and sweat soaked their bodies to the mouth. They rushed to Mahshar to fulfill the call of their Lord. They consisted of humans, jinn and others. When they gathered, angels descended as many as the inhabitants of the earth, they lined up and asked: “Is there any of you who carries the warrant of accountability? He replied: No, then the second heavenly host descended and lined up, then the third heavenly host descended and lined up, and so on up to the seventh heavenly host, who protected the inhabitants of the earth.


Al-Faqih: Allah commanded the heavens of the world to open, and the angels came out of them, and descended to the earth, then successively the second heaven, the third and up to the seventh heaven, they lined up until seven rows The word of Allah:



“O jinn and men, if you are able to penetrate the heavens and the earth, penetrate them, and you will not be able to penetrate them, except by force”. (Ar-Rahman 33)



“At the time of the splitting of the sky with a cloud, and the instantaneous descent of the angels”. (AM Furgan 25)


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said:” That Allah said: “O jinn and men, I warn you that what is written in the pages is only your deeds, Whoever sees good in his da! im, give praise to Allah, and if not, then blame no one else but yourself.” (AM Furgan 25) A long, shiny, frightening animal came out of Jahannam, and Allah said:



“Have I not commanded you (mankind): Do not obey the devil? For he is a real enemy”. (Yasin 60). Worship me, this is the true way (Yasin 61). Sungsuh Satan has misled your countrymen, do you not think (Yasin 62). JahannaAllah that was once threatened to you (Yasin 63). The time will come when you will fall into it, due to your disbelief (Yasin 64).


At that time all the people will bow the knee, Kuman Allah:




“At that time, you will see every nation bowing anew, each one called to see the record of his deeds. And when you receive the recompense of your deeds.” (Al-Jaatsiyah 28)


Then all creatures are given a decision by Allah, even between wild animals and livestock, even horned sheep are claimed by those without horns, then all animals become a debate. It was then that the disbelievers said: “It would have been better if it had been the ground” (An-Naba 40).


Nafi reported Ibn Umar as saying: “The Prophet, said: “On the Day of Judgment, people will be gathered naked as if they had just been born from their mother’s womb, asked Siti ‘Aishah: “Men with women: He replied: “Yes. Then she asked again: “How despicable it is, my private parts, that one half of mankind sees the other half. He replied as he patted her shoulder: O daughter of Abu Bakr, at that time people were very busy, there was no chance to see that, their eyes were fixed on the sky, waiting for God’s judgment, for 40 years they did not eat, and did not drink, their sweat some reached the heels, calves, stomach and some reached the mouth, due to the long standing. The angels stand around the ‘Arsh, then someone’s name is called out by Allah: Fulan bin fulan”. The angels stand around the ‘Arsh, then the name of a person is called out by Allah: “Fulan bin fulan”. All those present pay attention, and the person comes before his Lord, immediately he is judged, anyone who has been wronged by him comes to claim revenge, his good deeds are taken to replace his aniayanya (given to the wronged person) thus, when gold, silver (money, or property) and others are not valid for legal payment. When his good deeds are depleted, to pay for his wrongdoing, if they are exhausted, while there are still people who claim them, then the sin of the wronged person is charged to him after the court hearing is declared over, then it is called out to him: “Hurry back to the hell of Hawiyah where your resting place is, at this time there is no more wrongdoing, that Allah is very fast in calculation and retribution. All creatures whether the closest angels or Prophets of Allah, at that time, they are not safe or will not be safe, unless they have the protection of Allah.


Mu’ad bin Jabal said: The Prophet said: “A person will stand up continuously, until he is asked four questions, namely: “1. Age, for what all his life? 2. Body, for what until it perishes? 3. Knowledge, what is it for or is it practiced or not? 4. Wealth, where and how is it obtained, and what is it spent on?


Ikrimah said, “On the Day of Judgment, a father will touch his son and say: “My son, as a father, I ask for a little of your good deeds, even if it is only the size of a black ant, as long as it can lighten my burden. He will answer: “I am afraid as you are, therefore I am unable to fulfill your request even a little. Then he went to his wife, and said: “As a husband, I ask for a little of your good deeds, so that I may be saved from what you have seen, He replied: “I am afraid as you are at this moment, the Word of Allah:



“Those whose sins are too heavy for them, if they ask others for help, they will not be able to help them at all, even if they are their closest relatives”. (Kathir 18)


Ibn Mas’ud said, the Prophet said: “That the disbeliever drowns in his sweat, due to the length of time (he waits) on that day, until he whines: “O Lord, have mercy on us, even if it is in hell”.


Al-Faqih”: “That the Prophet said: “There is no prophet except that his supplication (prayer) is answered and they use it when, in the world, while I keep some of it), to help the ummah, on the Day of Resurrection, Know that: “I am the leader of all human beings (I say this) not for pride”, and I am the first human being to emerge from the earth, this is not pride”, and in my hands is the banner of Al-Hamdi that overshadows Prophet Adam and his children and grandchildren on the Day of Resurrection, (I say this) not for pride. At that time, the difficulties and anxieties of mankind increased (became more intense), so they asked Prophet Adam for intercession to solve them, but he replied: “That, is not in my power, because I was expelled from heaven, due to my sin, at this time I am taking care of my fate, and try to ask Noah for intercession. Then they came and asked for intercession from Noah but he answered the same as Prophet Adam, because I have destroyed the inhabitants of the earth (drowned) with my prayer, and try to intercede with Prophet Ibrahim. Then they came and asked him for intercession, but he replied, the same as the two Prophets, because I have lied up to three times (Rasulullah Comment ). all three lies of Prophet Ibrahim were for the sake of establishing the religion of Allah, namely:


His Word:



  1. “Then he looked once at the stars”. (Ash-Shaffat 88)


 Then he said: “Indeed I am sick”. And His words:



  1. “Those who destroy idols, that is the greatest. (Al-Anbiya’ 63)


  1. When his wife (Sarah) was about to be harassed by the king of dlalim, he said: “This is my brother”,


That is why at this time I am only thinking about my own fate, try to ask the Prophet Moses for intercession. Then they came and asked him for intercession, he replied: the same as the previous Prophets, because I once killed a person without right, try you to ask the Prophet Isa for intercession, then they came and asked him for intercession. He said: I and my mother have been appointed by the misguided people as God, and now nothing is on my mind, except my own fate, but what do you think, if something is sealed, will you be able to find it, if the lid is not opened? They answered: “No, then he said: “That the Prophet Muhammad is the Seal of the Prophets, and he is forgiven by Allah, so try to intercede with him, then they came to me, and I said to them: “Let me help you, until His permission descends, for whom He wills and is pleased with, according to His will, then when He wills to finish His creatures, it will be said: “Where are Muhammad and his people? We are the last in the world, but the first in the Day of Judgment. I stood up with my Ummah, and those Ummah opened the way for us, a voice was heard, almost they were Prophets, I went forward to the door of heaven and knocked on it, the Voice greeted: “Who is it? I answered Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, the door was opened, and entering I immediately prostrated myself, praising Allah, with praise that no man had ever uttered before me, then I was ordered to get up: Raise your head, say, it will be heeded, ask, it will be granted, give your intercession, it will be accepted. Then I intercede for those in whose hearts there is faith or belief even if it is only the size of a black stew or corn kernels, and sentences:


When Umar bin Khathab entered the Mosque, he saw Ka’bul Akhba, advising many people, so Umar said to him: O Ka’bul Akhbar, advise us with stories that evoke fear of Allah. He replied: “That there are angels who are assigned to stand up straight, so that they do not bow, and there are others who continue to prostrate themselves without getting up until the trumpet of Israfi is blown, and continue to say the following: “Glory be to You, O Allah, all praise be to You, it is not possible for us to perform worship to perfection. By Allah whose soul is in His Power, on the Day of Resurrection the Hellfire is approached, it thunders with the strains of one voice, at that time no Prophet, martyr, honest person, except only praying: O Allah I ask for salvation only for myself, until Prophet Abraham forgot his sons (Ishmael and Isaac) saying: “O Allah I am your beloved (i.e.) Ibrahim, and at such a time O Umar, if you had as many deeds as 70 Prophets, surely your estimate would not be safe. (So the companions who heard the story all cried). Then Umar said: O Kaab now tell us the good news, so he began to narrate: “That there are 313 laws for Allah, no one will appear before Allah on the Day of Resurrection with one of these laws, provided that it includes the phrase: LAAILLAHHAILLALLAAHH, will be admitted to Paradise. By Allah, if you had known the greatness of Allah’s mercy, you would have done less.


Therefore, my brother: “Prepare yourself with good deeds, and stay away from sin, because no longer the Day of Judgment will come to you, you will regret it if you waste your life, know that your death is the Day of Judgment for you, as Mughirah bin Shu’bah said: “The Day of Judgment you are waiting for, but the moment of your death is your Doomsday”.


The content of Al-qamah bin Qays’ speech when welcoming the release of the body at the grave of Allah is as follows: “This person has reached his Hour, because when a person dies, all the problems of the Day of Judgment are displayed, namely: “Heaven, hell and angels, can no longer do good deeds, then his state is like on the Day of Judgment and in time he rises according to the state of his death, therefore whoever at the end of his life (does good deeds), will be fortunate and happy.


Abu Bakr Al-Waasthi said: “The benefits are very great in 3 phases, namely: The phase of life, the phase of death, and the phase of the Apocalypse. 1. Profit in the life phase, viz: If all his life is made worship or obedience to Allah 2. The natural advantage of the dead phase, namely: If his death remains firm in SYAHHADAT. 3. advantages in the Doomsday Phase, namely: If he rises from the grave to hear information or news that: “Heaven is reserved for him”.


Narrated by Yahya bin Mu’adz, when in his assembly the verse was recited:


Meaning: “On the Day of Resurrection, We will gather those who are pious to God the Gracious as an honorable affair”. (Maryam 85)



“And those who disobeyed We will send to Jahanam with great thirst”. (Maryam 86)


Then he said: “Calm down, O people, in the future you will flock to your Lord, one by one, in detail your deeds will be asked. As for the saints by riding, and it will happen when the earth has disappeared, O my brother, remember the bitterness of a day is equal to 50 thousand years, in a thrilling moment full of sorrow and regret, that is a very big day, when humans are resurrected all to face their Lord. Yaumul Hisab, when questions are asked and deeds are weighed, a time of shock, a definite, frightening moment, Yaumul ba’ats, when all humans review the records of all their deeds, when humans become various forms according to their deeds. When some have white faces and some have black faces, no one helps another, there is no meaning to deceit, when a father is unable to help his child and vice versa, danger always grips him, the wrongdoers cannot be reasoned with, cursed and tortured, each one is required to defend himself, every breastfeeding woman leaves her child, every womb must fall, when people seem to be drunk, but not really, but due to the severity of the torment of the Day of Judgment.


Muqatil b. Sulaiman said: “Humans (other creatures) on the Day of Resurrection, will stand waiting (for God’s judgment) for 100 years, they are drowning in their own sweat, after that for another 100 years experiencing dark confusing weather, and drowning in the busyness of avenging (other people’s wrongdoings) to God for another 100 years. It is estimated that the Day of Resurrection is 5000 years long, but for believers who are sincere in worship or charity, it is estimated that it is only a moment. Therefore, O reasonable human beings, be patient in facing the suffering in this world, by obeying worship to God, so as not to experience miserable suffering on the Day of Judgment.






CHAPTER 5: About the Nature and Inhabitants of Hell


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abu Hurairah : “The Messenger of Allah said: “The fire of Hell will be kindled for 1,000 years until it burns red, then another 1,000 years until it melts white, then another 1,000 years until it turns black, like a dark night.”


Yazid bin Martsad was a man who cried so much that his eyes never dried up, when asked, he replied: “Had I been threatened with imprisonment in a bathroom or toilet for 1,000 years because of my wrongdoing, I would have shed tears incessantly, but Allah has threatened me with imprisonment in Hellfire that was ignited 3,000 years ago, so why did I not shed my tears?


Al-Faqih narrated with a chain of transmission from Mujahid, who said: “In Hellfire there are jars filled with snakes as big as a camel’s neck and as big as a donkey’s. The inhabitants of Hell run to the snakes, and when they touch their lips, they peel off their hair, skin and nails, and they will not be released from their bites forever.


Abdullah ibn Jubair reported that the Messenger of Allah said: “In Hell there are snakes as big as a camel’s neck, when it bites once 40 years the pain has not been healed, and there is also a donkey-sized gonggeng, when it bites once 40 years the pain has not been healed”. (Al-Hadis).


A’masy reported that Yazid ibn Wahab reported that Ibn Mas’ud said: “This fire of yours is one seventy-fifth as hot as the fire of Hell, and if it were not cooled in the sea twice, you would not be able to use it (for cooking, etc.).


The Prophet said: “That is the lightest punishment for the inhabitants of Hell, those who rely on fire (that alone) can make the brain boil, as if the fire rises to the ears, teeth, and lips. Even the intestines come out from under his feet, he feels that he is the most severely punished, when in fact he is the least punished among the torments of Hell.”


Al-Faqih narrated that ‘Abdullah ibn Amr ibn ‘Ash said: “The inhabitants of Hell called out to Angel Malik for forty years and he did not answer, so he said: “Stay in hell”. Then they called out to God: “O Lord take us out of hell, we promise not to repeat sinful deeds, but it was not answered throughout the life of the world twice. Then the answer: “Despise you in hell and do not talk or grumble too much”. By Allah, after that there was not a single word from him, only a sigh of complaint and a moan like that of a donkey.


Qatadah exclaimed: “O my people, do you think that this will happen to you, or are you able to face it, whereas serving Allah is much lighter for you so serve your Lord. The inhabitants of hell complain for about 1000 years, with meaningless complaints, he said:



“Whether we complain or endure (in Hell), there is no place of escape”. (Ibrahim 21)


Then for 1000 years they asked for rain, due to their thirst, He answered through the angel Gabriel: O Gabriel, what did they ask for? He replied: You know best, O Allah, they asked for rain. Then a red cloud was shown to them, so they thought it would rain, but it did not.


Then a donkey-sized gnat came and bit them with a bite that hurt for 1000 years. They asked again for rain for 1000 years, then a black cloud was shown to them that they thought it would rain, but instead snakes as big as camel necks came down, biting them with bites that hurt 1000 years again says Allah:



“We will make their punishment severe”. (An Nahl 88)


This is due to their disbelief and breaking the prohibitions of Allah (committing sin). Therefore, whoever wants to avoid His punishment, should be patient in obeying Him, and avoid disobeying Him, curbing their lusts, because heaven is filled with hardship and difficulty, but hell is filled with the pleasure of indulging in lust. As the poet said:


“In old age there is enough experience to endure childishness, when you have gray hair. I see a man desiring the tranquility of life – when the branch has dried after its wetness. Avoid bad friends, be careful to associate with them, and if you cannot, then pluck out their hearts. Choose honest friends in your company and avoid arguments; your company will last as long as you do not argue with each other. And associate with nobles and those of good character and noble character. So whoever associates well with people who do not know virtue, means that his virtue is thrown into the sea. For Allah, Paradise is as wide as the sky, but it is full of hardship (to reach it).


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Allah called Jibril, to review heaven with all the preparations for its inhabitants, when he was finished, he reported: “By Your Victory, no one hears it, except that he will enter it, then be overwhelmed with difficulty. Then Jibril was sent to view it again: when he had finished, he reported: “By Your Victory I fear that no one will be able to enter it. Then he was sent to view them, with all the preparations for their occupants, when he had finished he reported: “By Your Victory, the one who hears it will not be admitted into it, and will be overwhelmed with lust. So He said again: Review again, after which he reported: “I fear that no one will be spared from falling into it”.


And the Prophet said: “You can mention the characteristics of hell, but in reality the fire of hell is more terrible, than the characteristics you mention.


Maimun ibn Mahran reported: When the verse describing Hellfire was revealed, Salman grabbed his head and ran away because he could not bear it, and only returned after three days.” The verse is as follows:



“That hell Jahannam is a place of return (all) for them (followers of Satan)”. (Al Hijr 43)


Yazid Ar-Raaggasyi reported Anas bin Malik as saying: “Gabriel visited the Prophet at an untimely time, his face appeared to have changed, the Prophet asked: “I have never seen you change? He replied: “O Muhammad I came on the occasion of Allah’s command about the ignition of the fire of Hell, so it is unbecoming for one who knows about the reality of Hell Jahannam, the torment of the grave, and His greatest torment, to rejoice, before being free or safe from it. He said: “O Jibril, explain the characteristics of the Hellfire!” He replied:” That after Jahannam was created, Allah lit it for 1000 years, until it became red, another 1000 years, until it became white, and another 1000 years until it became black, dark black and since then it has continued to burn without a moment’s extinguishment. By Allah. if there is a leak as big as a pinhole, surely the inhabitants of the world will be destroyed by the heat. By Allah, if the cloth or clothes of the inhabitants of hell are stripped between heaven and earth, the inhabitants of the world will surely perish due to its heat and basin. By Allah, if a link of Hell is placed on a hill, the hill or mountain will melt down to the bottom of the seventh earth. By Allah, if a man is tortured at the west pole, the people of the east pole will be burnt by its heat. The hell of Jahannam is very deep, adorned with iron, water mixed with pus (its inhabitants) drink, pieces of fire are its clothes. There are 7 doors, each of which has a certain part of men and women. Asked the Prophet: Are the doors like the doors of our houses? He replied: “No, but always open, one with another 70,000 years apart, each of them 10x the other. Then the enemies of Allah are driven out, until the door is called the angel Zabaniyah with chains of shackles, the chain is inserted in their mouths until it penetrates the buttocks, the left hand is tied to the neck, the right hand is inserted in the chest through the shoulder, the devil embraces every human being who enters it and the angels welcome with iron blows, they cannot get out of it. Then the Prophet asked: “Who enters through these doors?” He replied: “The hypocrites, through the lowest door, including the disbelievers due to opposing the miracles of Prophet Isa , and the Pharaoh group, the name of the door is Al-Hawiyah. The second door is called Jahim and those who pass through it are polytheists. And the third door is called Sagar, passed by the Shabi’in. And the fourth door discbut Ladha passed by Iblis and fire worshipers (the Magi). And the fifth door is called Huthamah, passed by the Jews. And the sixth door is called Sa’ir, passed by the Christians.


Then heAllah Jibril, apparently he respected the Messenger of Allah until he asked: “Why did you not explain the seventh door, Gabriel? He replied: The door through which your Ummah passes, namely those who commit major sins, but do not repent until their death comes (until death). Then he fainted at this explanation, until Jibril placed his head on his lap, and only after regaining consciousness, he said: “O Jibril, I am very anxious and concerned, is it true that someone from my Ummah will enter Hell? He replied: “Yes, your Ummah is always committing grave sins”. Then he wept, followed by Jibril’s weeping, until he entered the house and did not go out except to pray, and there was no one to talk to; during the prayer he also wept, always praying to Allah. Then came Abu Bakr on the third day: “ASSALAAMUALAIKUM YAA AHHLA BAITIR RAHMAN do you think I can see him? They did not confirm the answer, until he cried too, next came Umar greeting and asking to be allowed like Abu Bakr, but the answer was the same, then cried too. Next came Salman Al-Farisi, greeting and asking to be allowed like Abu Bakr, but the same was answered by his family, finally he fell down while crying, to Fatimah’s house, he conveyed about the state of the Messenger of Allah. Immediately Fatimah came to see him, after obtaining information from Salman Al-Karisi. She said: “O Messenger of Allah, I am Fatimah”. He was prostrating while crying, when he heard his daughter’s voice, he got up and invited her to enter. Fatimah entered to see the Prophet, her face pale from too much sad crying, she cried too, and asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what has happened to you?” He replied: “Gabriel came and explained the characteristics of the hell of Jahannam to me, and also explained that: “The uppermost part of Jahannam is reserved for my Ummah who commit major sins, hence I was grieved or very sad and I did not stop crying. He said: “O Messenger of Allah, how do you enter? He replied: “Angels drive them out without blackening their faces, their eyes are not blue, and their mouths are not closed, nor do the devils embrace them, without shackles or chains. Then how do the angels drive them away? He replied: “The men have their beards dragged, and the women have the hair of their heads, and the elderly complain: “How old and weak am I?”, as well as the young ones: “Aluh (eman – Javanese) my youth and good looks or beauty, I am very ashamed, until brought to Angel Malik, he saw them and said: “Who are they, I have never seen people like this (to be tortured), their faces are not black, their eyes are not blue, their mouths are not gagged, nor are they shackled with the devil, nor are their necks in chains like other inhabitants of hell?”. He said: “Such is my duty to deliver such people. Malik said: “O wretched ones, who are you? It is mentioned in another narration: “When the angels drove them away, always calling out: Wa Muhammad, after seeing Malik, they forgot the name Muhammad, because of his authority Malik, was asked: “Who are you? They answered: “We are the people who are entrusted with the Quran, we fast in Ramadan, said Malik: “The Quran was not revealed except to the Ummah of Muhammad, then they cried out: “We are the Ummah of Muhammad”. Malik then said: “Does the Quran not contain the prohibition of sin? And when they were near Jahanam, they were handed over to the angel Zabaniyah, and they said: “O Malik, allow me to weep”. When they were allowed to, they wept until their tears dried up, then blood came out of their weeping. Malik said: “You should have wept like this, back in the world, so that today you would not be touched by the fire of hell. He ordered Zabaniyah: “Throw them into hell, then scream at them, saying: “”LAAILAAHAAILLALLAH, then the heat decreased, Sahut Malik: “O fire, burn them? He said: I could not burn them because they said “LAAILAAHAAILLALLAAHH”. Malik exclaimed: “O fire, take them”. He replied: I could not take them because of the words “LAAILAAHAAILALLAAHH”. Malik said so was the command of the Lord of the ‘Arsh, then the fire took them, some to the soles of the feet, knees, stomach, and some to the neck, when the fire spread to their faces, Malik said: “Do not touch their faces, because their faces have long prostrated to Allah, and do not touch their hearts, because they were thirsty in Ramadan. For a while they inhabit hell while reciting: YAA ARHAMAR RAAHIMIIN, YAA HANNAANU, YAA MANNAANU, Then when their punishment is over, Allah calls out and asks Gabriel: “O Gabriel, what is the condition of the people of Muhammad who transgressed?” He replied: “O Allah, You know best”. He said: Take a look at them! Jibril immediately went to Malik who was sitting on the pulpit of Jahanam. He asked Gabriel: “What business do you have here? He replied: What is the condition of the people of Muhammad who committed sin?” “How terrible is their condition, the place is cramped, their bodies and flesh are burnt, except for their faces and hearts that glitter with faith. Gabriel said: “Open their lids so that I may see them”. After Zabaniyah opened the lid, they saw Jibril and asked: “Who is that excellent servant? Malik replied: “That is Gabriel the bearer of revelation to the Prophet Muhammad, upon hearing the name of Muhammad mentioned, they cried out: “O Gabriel convey our greetings to him, and tell him that what separates us from him is our sinful deeds, and please tell him about our fate or state in hell! Then Gabriel returned to Allah and reported all that he had seen, and he even conveyed their request to the Prophet Muhammad who was resting in a white jeweled tent with 4000 doors, each with a golden door leaf, said Gabriel: O Muhammad, I have seen the condition of your people who are disobedient, tormented in hell, the place is very narrow, they send greetings to you, and ask for your attention. Then he went under the Throne, and prostrated himself, praising Allah, saying: “Raise your head, and pray, surely I will give, and ask for your intercession, surely it will be accepted, He said: O Lord, my disobedient people, have undergone punishment from You, so accept my intercession. He replied: “I accept your intercession for them, go to hell and free those who have said the phrase “LAAILAAHAA ILLALLAAHH”, Then he quickly went to hell, Malik greeted him respectfully, he asked: “O Malik, what is the fate of my disobedient people? He replied: “They are in a very bad condition, the place is narrow”. Try to open the door! When they saw the Prophet Muhammad, they cried out: “O Muhammad, the fire is burning our skin”. So they were taken to the river in front of the door of heaven called: “Nahrul Hayawar”, after bathing they were transformed into handsome young men (beautiful young women) like the moon, their eyeballs, but on their foreheads were written: AL-JAHANAMIYYUN (former inhabitants of Jahannam) who later entered heaven. And when the dwellers of hell saw them free from punishment, the dwellers of hell said: “Had we been Muslims when we lived in this world, we would have been exempted from Hell”. This is mentioned in the Quran as follows:



“At some point in the future, the disbelievers will wish that they had become Muslims.” (Al-Hijr 2)


The Messenger of Allah said: “Death, in the future, will take the form of a white sheep mixed with black, then it will be called out to the inhabitants of heaven: “Have you ever known death? After looking at the sheep, the answer was: “Yes, I have”. Similarly, it is called out to the inhabitants of hell: “Have you ever known death? After being looked at by the sheep, they answered: “Yes, I know”. Then the sheep was slaughtered somewhere between heaven and hell, and again it was called out to them: ” O dwellers of heaven, you are now eternally happy in heaven, without knowing death. And O dwellers of hell, now you will live forever in suffering and humiliation in hell, without the knowledge of death”. This is mentioned in the Quran, the Word of Allah as follows:



“And warn them of the day of regret, (that is) when all matters will have been decided”. (Maryam 32)


Abu Hurairah said: “Let not the disobedient take pleasure in his favors, because behind it all Hellfire is always lurking, every time the heat decreases or decreases, the flame increases again”.


Allah knows everything.






CHAPTER 6 : About the Attributes and Dwellers of Paradise


Abu Hurairah reported: “We asked: O Messenger of Allah, what is heaven made of? He replied: “From water.” Then, describe the building to us, he said: “The first wall is gold, the second is silver, and the floor is very fragrant musk, the base is za’faran, the pebbles are pearls and yakut. Whoever enters it is immediately relieved in his heart and is eternal without the limit of death, his clothes do not rot, and his face does not change”. (Al-Hadis)


Then he also said: There are three prayers that are difficult to reject, namely: 1. A just ruler, 2. A person who finishes fasting, 3. A persecuted person, then these three prayers are lifted up in the cloud (up to God). Then it is scrutinized and He says: “By My Victory and Majesty, indeed I am your Helper (will defend you) even if (you have to) wait for the time”. (Al-Hadis)


The Prophet said: “In heaven, there is a large tree (the size of which is estimated) 100 years of travel by vehicle, the shade of the tree has not been broken, so you should recite:


Meaning: “Shade of continuous length”.


The pleasures of heaven (sights) that the eye has never seen, (melodious songs) that the ear has never heard, and all the delights that the human heart has never felt, let you recite:



“And no one knows what has been kept secret from them (i.e.) the pleasure or satisfaction of half the reward for their deeds”. (As Sajdah 17).


And the place of the whip in heaven is better than the whole world, so recite:




“… whoever is kept away from Hell and admitted to Paradise is truly fortunate, and the life of this world is nothing but a deceptive and false pleasure.” (Ali Imran 185)


Ibn Abbas said: “In heaven there are angels created from four kinds. namely: Misik, ambar, kafur and za’faran and flour or dust of the soil mixed with living water, after being created then everything is absorbed in him, if he spits in the ocean, the water will turn fresh, on his neck is written:


(Whoever wants me to be his, then be devoted to my Lord).


Mujahid said: “The base of Paradise (its foundation is silver, its dust is misik, the roots of its trees are silver, its trunks or branches are pearls and zabarjad, its leaves and fruits are very low, eating its fruits in any way possible, whether standing. sitting or lying down is not difficult”.


Abu Huraimah said: “By the One Who revealed the Qur’an to the Prophet Muhammad, that the inhabitants of heaven at any time grow handsome or beautiful, in contrast to life in the world, increasing in age, increasing in age, toothless teeth, peot cheeks, gray hair and breathing senen kemis”.


The Messenger of Allah – said: “When the dwellers of Paradise enter into it, and the dwellers of Hell enter into it, then it is called out: dwellers of Paradise, Allah will surely fulfill His promise to you, They said: “O Lord, what is that promise? Have we not won the scales, our faces are white, we have been admitted to heaven, and freed from hell? The answer: “He opened the veil, and their gazes were fixed upon Him, (said the Prophet) By the One in Whose Power I am: Never have they had anything more delicious than the sight of the Substance of Allah. (Al-Hadith)


Anas bin Malik said: “Gabriel visited the Prophet with a white mirror with a black dot in the center, the Prophet asked: “O Gabriel, what is the meaning of the white mirror? He replied: “This is Friday, while the black dot in the center is the time of mustajabah” in Friday, all that has been given to you and your people. As for the people before you, they are behind you. On Friday, there is a time when if a believer prays, his prayer will be answered. Our people (angels) call it the “extra day”. He said: “What is the meaning of yaumul mazid (extra day)? He replied: “That your Lord has made a valley in the Paradise of Firdaus in which there are hills of mystic, every Friday, pulpits of gold, jewels, yagut and zabarjad are prepared, for the Shiddigin, the martyrs, and the righteous. The other dwellers of heaven, sitting behind them (i.e.) on the ridge, face and praise Allah. He called out: “You ask Me” and their supplication was heard: “We seek your pleasure, O Allah”. He said: “Indeed We are pleased with you, by which I allow you to dwell in My house and My Glory to you, then He allows them to look at His Substance, so that for them there is no day that is most desirable, except Friday, it is more delicious and glorious for them”.


Another narration says:” Allah called out to the angels: “Prepare a meal for My beloved, after being served various kinds of food, each mouthful tastes different, more delicious than the first, and after eating he is given a drink that tastes different with each sip, the Word of God: “I am your Lord to fulfill what has been promised to you; now ask Me,” they said: “We ask for your favor two or three times repeated. He said: Indeed I am pleased with you, and I have added to you the greatest honor, then the veil was opened, so that they could look at the Substance of Allah as they wished. They prostrated themselves to Him and His words: “Raise your heads, this is not the time for worship, they completely forgot about the previous favors, there is no blessing that exceeds being able to see the Substance of Allah . They returned with a fragrant odor from under the ‘Arsh, from the hill of mystic-white sprinkled on their heads and the tops of their horses, after meeting their wives who were more beautiful than before, it was said to them: “You are now better or more handsome than ever”.


Ikrimah said: “The inhabitants of heaven have the agility of a young man aged 33 years, or a young woman of the same age, his height is 60 cubits, the same as the Prophet Adam. looks young and clean smooth without a beard, 10 kinds of jewelry on his eyeballs, every time the color changes to increase 70 kinds of colors, can see his face in front of his wife, as well as on his chest, and calves, and vice versa the wife can see her beautiful face on her husband’s face, chest and calves, they do not spit and do not snot, moreover what is disgusting is completely absent.


It is mentioned in another narration: “If a daughter of the dwellers of heaven were to show her palm from the sky, the sky and the earth would be brightened by her radiance”.


Zayd ibn Argam reported: “A scribe asked the Prophet: “O Abal Qasim, is it true that the dwellers of heaven eat and drink? He replied: Yes, by the One in whose power every dweller in heaven has the strength of 100 people in eating, drinking and having intercourse. He said: “But according to custom, after eating and drinking, they must relieve themselves or relieve themselves, so why are they clean and without dirt? He replied: “A person’s urination or desire (the inhabitants of heaven) is in the form of sweat fragrant with myrrh”.


Mutab ibn Suma explained the words of Allah:



“Those who believe and do righteous deeds, for them is secrecy and a good return. (Ar-R@’ad 29)


Thuubaa: interpreted as a shady tree of heaven shading every house of heaven, bearing various kinds of fruit, and large birds, if someone wants to eat, it is enough to call him, then he falls on a plate of food already in the form of a grill or delicious dishes ready to eat, after finishing he flies back to his original place.


The Prophet said: “The first generation of the inhabitants of heaven for my people is like the full moon, the next generation is like the very bright stars of the sky, while the next generation is according to their respective levels, they do not defecate or urinate, do not spit and do not snot, hair combs are made of gold, their ubub is fragrant velvet wood, their sweat is myrrh, their bodies are tall like Prophet Adam 60 cubits.


Ibn Abbas said, the Messenger of Allah said: “The inhabitants of Paradise will be all young people, clean, smooth, hairless except for the head, eyebrows and eyelids, 60 cubits tall like Prophet Adam, 33 years old like Prophet ‘Isa, white skin, green clothes, food available, birds facing and saying: “O lover of Allah, my drink is the pool of salsabil, my food is the fruits of heaven, my wings and one side is food, and the other side is fried food, then they eat as much as they want. And each wali or lover of Allah was allotted 70 kinds of jewelry, each of different colors, 10 rings attached to their fingers,


the first ring engraved with the words:


1 .           Meaning: “Salvation for you because of your patience”.


The second ring reads:


  1. Meaning: “You may enter heaven with peace”.


The third ring reads:


  1. Meaning: “Heaven We bequeath to you in return for your deeds”.


The fourth ring reads:


  1. Meaning: (All distress and worries have disappeared from before you).


The fifth ring reads:


  1. Meaning: “I give you clothes, jewels or gold-silver and a beautifully decorated house”.


The sixth ring reads:


  1. Meaning: (I give you the wives of angels).


The seventh ring reads:


  1. Meaning: “For you all that you desire and the delight of the eyes, while you remain in paradise”.


The eighth ring reads:


  1. Meaning: (Your good friends are the Prophets and the shiddigin).


The ninth ring reads:


  1. Meaning: (Be you forever young, without getting old).


Tenth ring:


  1. Meaning:


(You live in a neighborhood or side by side with neighbors who respect each other, do not disturb or harm each other).


Al-Faqih asserts: “Whoever does five things permanently will surely attain the highest honor and respect. “They are,


  1. Refrain from all immorality, the basis of which is the Word of Allah:



“As for those who fear the greatness of their Lord, and refrain from sin, then heaven is their abode”. (An-Nazi”at 40-41)


  1. Accepting with relief the gifts of Allah in the form of worldly wealth, based on the following hadith:



“That heaven (bought at a price) keeps away the greed of wealth”. (Al-Hadis)


  1. Performing worship in an orderly, good and continuous manner with the hope of forgiveness and heaven from Allah, His Word:


Meaning: .

“Paradise is what We bequeath to you in return for the deeds you do.” (As-Zukhruf 72)


  1. Favoring the righteous and establishing good relations with them, hoping for their blessings, is based on the following Prophetic tradition:



“Increase the number of brothers or friends, because every brother or friend has intercession on the Day of Judgment”.


  1. Increase prayer and ask for heaven, and khusnul khatimah. One of the scholars of wisdom stated: “To be inclined towards wealth, after understanding the reward, is foolishness, and not to be earnest in charity after understanding the magnitude of the reward is weak, because heaven is a place of rest and no one can enjoy it except those who are busy doing charity (tirelessly) in the world. Heaven is the place of those who like to be simple in life, not those who are extravagant, extravagant and luxurious”.


Ibrahim bin Ad-ham was about to enter the toilet, when the guard detained him and told him to pay first, then he became concerned and said: “O Allah, I was detained without paying to enter the place of the devil, then how can I not be imprisoned if I want to enter the place of the Prophets and the righteous without paying first?


Allah said to half the Prophets: “O mankind, you dare to buy hell (spending money on disobedience) at a high price (and are relieved), but buying heaven at a low price (giving zakat, and spending money for the benefit) is not courageous (very hard on the heart and reality).


Abi Hazim said: “If a person wants to enter heaven, he has to curb his lusts, which is very easy and light, and if he wants to be free from the punishment of hell, he has to go through all kinds of hardships in this world, which is too light and easy. Whereas you can enter heaven only by curbing one percent of your lusts, and you can be free from the punishment of hell only by enduring one percent of the hardships of this world”.


Yahya bin Mw’adz Ar-Razi emphasized: “Reducing the love of wealth is a very difficult act, but giving up heaven is more difficult than that, even though heaven must be by reducing the love or pleasure of worldly possessions.


The Prophet said”: “Whoever asks for or longs for heaven three times then a person responds with a prayer:



Meaning: . “O Allah, let him enter heaven”.


And whoever seeks refuge from the torment of Hell three times, then Hell also supplicates:



Meaning: “O Allah, deliver him from the fire of Hell”. (Al Hadith)


He also said: “In Paradise, there will be a marketplace in which there will be no buying and selling, but only the revelation of the past to the dwellers of Paradise, when they were in this world, how to perform worship, how to think about the poor and their relationship with the rich, the events after death, from the grave to Paradise, and other things that are very interesting to them.”


Ibn Mas’ud said: “All people will one day stand on the border of Hell; they will pass over the bridge according to their deeds, some as fast as lightning, as fast as a strong wind, as fast as a racing horse, as fast as a marathon run, as fast as a flying bird, as fast as a camel’s walk, and some will use their big toes, then fall into Hell, because of the slippery shirat bridge, smooth, thin, sharp as a sword and thorny. And on either side of them the guards (angels) are ready to drag them, so some of them are saved, some are wounded even though they eventually survive, and some are plunged into it. The angels pray: “O Allah, save them, save them”. There was a person who, after passing through the shirat, was the last to enter heaven, thinking that he had no place in heaven, so he prayed. “O Allah, give me a place in heaven. He replied: “If I give you a place, you will surely choose another”. He said: “No, by Your Victory, so he was placed in that place, but a better place was shown to him. So he wanted that place and begged Allah, He replied: “If I give you that, you will want something better, and this was repeated four times, so Allah said: “Your share of heaven is ten times the size of the world, and this is the lowest place in heaven”. Ibn Mas’ud said: “The Prophet laughed until his molars were visible, when he mentioned this (heaven).


And he also mentioned that: “The beauty of a righteous woman of this world exceeds the beauty of the angels of heaven, because of her deeds while living in this world”, says Allah:



“And We created the angels directly (as virgins), and We made them virgins, full of love and of the same age, reserved for the dwellers of the right”. (Wagi’ah 35, 36, 37, 38)






CHAPTER 7 : About Something to Hope for from Allah’s Mercy”


Al-Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “Allah made mercy in 100 parts, then 99 parts were bridled, and one was sent down on earth, so that the creatures of the earth would love one another, to the extent that horses would lift up their legs, fearing that their foals would be trampled.”


Al-Faqih narrated from Hasan that the Messenger of Allah said: “There are 100 mercies for Allah, of which the inhabitants of the world are given only one, even if it is one, it is sufficient for them until their death. On the Day of Judgment, Allah will take it out until it is as perfect as its original 100, then it will be given to His lovers and those who are devoted to Him (full of 100 mercies).


Al-Faqih repeats the Prophet’s explanation to the believers, calling them to be grateful for the grace that makes them noble, able to do good deeds, and follow His guidance.


Allah says:


“Verily, the mercy of Allah is very near to those who do good”. (Al A’raf 56)



“Whoever hopes for mercy and meeting his Lord, then do good deeds sincerely, and do not associate any partners in worship to his Lord”. (Al-Kahf 110)


And the Word of Allah:



“My mercy encompasses all things…” (Al-A’raf 156)


Ibn Abbas said, when the verse was revealed, then Iblis replied: “I am part of it”, as were the Jews and Christians, then the continuation of the verse was revealed:



“Then the mercy. I set it apart for those who are pious, who do not commit sins, who give alms on their wealth, and who believe in the verses of the Qur’an”. (Al-A’raf 156)


So with the continuation of the verse, Iblis despaired, did not expect His mercy, while Jews and Christians did not admit their mistakes. Then the next verse was revealed:



“Those who are Muslims (following the Messenger of Allah), Nahi Ummi whose names are written in the Torah and the Gospel”. (Al-A’raf 157)


After the verse was revealed (Al-A’raf 157), the Jews and Christians no longer dared to expect the mercy of Allah, and those who deserved to expect the greatest mercy were exclusively believers. Therefore, we must be grateful for the gift of faith from Allah, and hope in Him. As Yahya bin Mu’adz prayed as follows: “Y, Allah, You bestowed upon us one mercy, and You honored us with the mercy of embracing Islam, so if You complete the 100th mercy (one hundred mercy), why are we ignorant, not expecting forgiveness from You?


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Atha-k from a companion: “The Messenger of Allah came while we were laughing, so he said: “Do you not fear that you are laughing happily while Hellfire is lurking behind you? By Allah, I do not like you to laugh all the time, so he left us, and we were silent, as if a bird were above us, then he returned and said: “Gabriel visited me and said: “Allah said: “Why do you break the heart of My servant, tell him that: “I am Forgiving and Merciful, but My punishment is severe”. And in the Quran:



“Tell My servants that I am Forgiving and Merciful, and My punishment is severe” (Al-Hijr 49-50).


Ibn Yazid reported that the Prophet said: “There is no sin that Allah does not forgive. There was a time when a man killed 99 people before you and asked a priest: “I have sinned greatly by killing 99 people, can I still repent? He replied: No, because what you have done is too great a sin, so he swung his sword and the priest died, thus completing the 100 people he had killed. Finally he asked another priest: “I have killed 100 people, can I still repent?” He replied: “Actually, your deeds are too great a sin, I don’t really understand, but there are two villages, the first village is called Basra, the people are good (i.e.) doing the deeds of the dwellers of heaven, and the second village is called Kafrah, the people are sinning like the dwellers of hell, then if you go to Basra to do the deeds of the people, then your repentance, God willing, will be accepted.” So he went to Basra, and he repented. After that, he went to Basra with the original purpose, namely repentance, but on the way he was hit by a disaster until he ended his life (death), Once upon a time, with his death there was a fierce debate between two angels (1. Angel of punishment, 2. Angel of Mercy), until both of them submitted the problem to God, finally it was decided to them, to measure the closest distance from the two villages, then it means he belongs to his community. Then after measuring, it turned out that he was closer to the village of Bashra than the tip of a finger, and he was included in the provisions of the people of Basra who do the deeds of the people of heaven.”


Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that he said: “Three things, I swear by them, and the fourth I have ascertained to be true, first: “A person whom Allah takes care of in this world will not be handed over to another on the Day of Judgment; secondly: Allah will not treat equally those who have a share in establishing Islam and those who have no share at all, third: “A person who loves a group will be with that group on the Day of Judgment. Fourth: “A person whose request is not covered in this world will have it fulfilled in the Hereafter”.


And Ibn Mas’ud said: “Four verses from Surah Nisa are more precious to Muslims than the world and its contents, which are the words of Allah:



“Verily, Allah does not forgive the polytheists, but other than that, it is forgiven to whom He wills. Whoever polytheists Allah has committed a major sin.” (An-Nisa’ 48)



“Had they, when they were practicing polytheism, come to you (Muhammad) and asked Allah’s forgiveness with the support of the Prophet’s istighfar, they would have found Him Forgiving and Merciful”. (An-Nisa’ 64)



“If you avoid major sins as prescribed by Islamic law, then He will forgive you your minor sins, and He will admit you to Paradise (i.e.) a very noble place”. (An-Nisa’ 31)



“Whoever commits a crime or wrongs himself, and seeks Allah’s forgiveness, will surely find Allah Forgiving and Merciful”. (An-Nisa 110)


Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Anshari said that the Prophet said: “My forgiveness is valid for those who commit major sins, but it is not possible for those who deny it”. (Al-Hadith)


Furthermore he (Jabir bin Abdullah) stated: “For those who do not commit major sins, they do not need intercession” basically verse 31 S. An-Nisa.


Muhammad bin Munkadir reported that Jabir also said: “The Messenger of Allah came to us and said: “Jibril came to me just now and said: “O Muhammad, by Allah: “That there was a man who performed worship for about 500 years on the top of a mountain, which was wide, 30×30 cubits long, and the sea circled around it for 4000 farsakhs from every direction, under the mountain there was a clear water source about one finger wide, and there was also a pomegranate tree that Allah had deliberately provided for him (every day it produced one seed), every evening after ablution the fruit was taken and eaten, then he prayed and prayed for his life to be taken in the middle of prostrating, and so that his body would not be touched by the earth or anything else, until he rose on the Day of Resurrection while prostrating to Allah. So his request was granted by Allah, therefore every time we pass by (up and down the sky) he must be prostrating, said Jibril: “We found his writing in the lauhil mahfuzh, that he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection, and presented to Allah, His Word: “Enter My servant into heaven by My mercy, but he replied: “But only because of my deeds”. Then He assigned the angels to count all his deeds and favors given by Him, it turned out that after the overall charity counting was completed, and began by counting the favors of the eyes alone exceeded the reward of his worship for 500 years, even though other favors were far greater and more valuable. Then He said: “Throw him into hell, but on the way to hell, he realizes his mistake and regrets, saying: O Allah, enter me into heaven because of Your mercy”. Finally He said to the angel: “Send him back”. Then he was asked:” Who created you from nothing?


He answered: “You, O Allah”. Then was it due to your deeds or my mercy? He replied: “Because of your mercy”. Who has strengthened you to worship for 500 years? He answered: “You O Allah”, And who placed you on a mountain, surrounded by the surrounding sea, at the foot of the mountain gushes a source of fresh water and grows a pomegranate tree whose fruit you pick every afternoon, even though according to customary law, pomegranates can only bear fruit once a year, then kay asked to die in a state of prostration, who did it all: He said: “You, O Allah”. He said: “Then you realize that all of this is only because of My mercy, and now I am entering you into heaven only because of My mercy, then Jibril said: “Everything (in this world) can exist or happen, only because of the grace of Allah”.


IHasan said, the Prophet said:” When a Muslim is about to die (his heart always hopes for Allah’s mercy and fears or fears His punishment, surely Allah fulfills his hopes and keeps away his fear or worry.


He also said. No one and you are saved, relying only on his own deeds, They (the Companions) asked: “Not even you, Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “Neither will I, unless Allah bestows His mercy. Therefore act moderately you, do all your worship or charity lastingly, whether in the morning or evening, and a little night, act moderately so that you will be saved”.


Anas bin Malik reported that the Prophet said:



“Make it easy for you, do not make it difficult, and make it joyful for you, do not make it anxious”. (Al-Hadis)


Ibn Mas’ud’s statement: “On the Day of Judgment, people will be flooded with mercy, to the extent that Satan will raise his head to wish for it, because of the vastness of Allah’s mercy, and the intercession of those whom He wishes.


The Prophet said: On the Day of Resurrection, there will be a call from under the Throne: “O Muhammad, your sins I forgive, but only the sins of your neighbor, so forgive one another, and enter Paradise by My mercy”. (Al-Hadis)


Statement of Fudlail bin ‘Iyadl: A normal or healthy person is one who has fear of Allah, but if he is sick or weak to perform worship or do good deeds, then hoping for Allah’s mercy takes precedence.


Ibn Abi Rawad said: “Allah gave revelation to Prophet Dawud : “O David raise the hearts of the sinners, and remind the truthful (Siddiqin). He said: “How can I do that?” Then He said: “Encourage the sinners that there is not a single sin that I do not forgive, and remind the Siddiqin not to be proud of their deeds, for if I establish My justice and reckoning on anyone, he will surely perish”.


He said again, Allah said: I am the Lord of kings, their hearts are in My grasp, for every nation that I am pleased with, I will definitely make his heart a mercy for them, on the other hand, for every nation that I am angry with, I will definitely make his (king’s) heart a punishment for them, so do not ever scold him (the king), repent to Me, I will definitely make his heart soft for you”.


The Prophet said: “If a believer knew the punishment of Allah, he would not dare to hope for His Paradise, and if a disbeliever knew the mercy of Allah, he would not despair of His mercy.” (Hadith)


If you are ashamed of Allah and His angels (the recorders of deeds), and if you have committed a transgression, you should be diligent in your worship, because it is like a plant that has come to maturity and cannot be delayed.


Similarly, the youth should fear Allah (i.e. avoid His prohibitions and obey His commands), for who knows when death will come? For the pious youths are promised a shade under the Throne on the Day of Judgment, as the hadith narrated to us'”, the Prophet said: “There are seven kinds of people who will have the protection of Allah on the Day of Resurrection, when there is no protection except from Allah:” 1. A leader who is just and wise, 2. A young man who is always obedient or diligent in worship, 3. A person whose heart loves the mosque, always participates in activities in the mosque (congregational prayers and others), even though he works outside, but his heart remains in it. 4. Two people who establish good relations (get along) based on the religion of Allah, either when together or apart. 5. A person who always dhikr (remembers) Allah in a quiet place, so that his tears flow, because of his fear of Allah, 6. A person who does charity or give alms in secret, so that (people on his) left side, do not know the charity done (himself) right side, 7. A man who is seduced by a beautiful woman to commit adultery, then refuses: “I fear Allah, the Victorious, the High”.





CHAPTER 8: About Amar Ma’ruf Nahi Munkar


Al-Faqih said: ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz said: “Allah does not send calamities evenly on account of the wrongdoing of certain people, but if the wrongdoing becomes widespread and no one wants to correct it, then it is appropriate for the whole community or nation to bear the risk.”


And it is also mentioned, that Allah told Prophet Yusya’ bin Noah : “I will destroy your entire nation (i.e.) 40,000 good people and 60,000 sinners. Then he asked: “O Lord, for those who disobey is appropriate, but why include the good?” He replied: “Because they tolerate sinful behavior which I hate, and they even enjoy (eating and drinking) with them (the transgressors)”.


Abu Hurairah said, the Prophet said:



“Invite people to the good, even if you are not able to do it, and discourage the evil, even if you are not able to stop it”.


Anas bin Malik said the Prophet said: “Half of humanity there are those who are pioneers of good and eradicate evil, and vice versa there are those who are pioneers of evil and obstacles or obstacles to good, so fortunate are those whom Allah created to be pioneers of good, and woe to those who mastermind or pioneer the practice of sin with their power,” he meant: The one who promotes good and prevents evil is what is called: “The pioneer of good and the eradicator of evil, and he is the one Allah mentioned:



“Those who believe, whether men or women, one half of them are helpers for the other half, advocating good and repelling evil…”. (AtTaubat 71)


As for those who mastermind or pioneer sinful practices and obstruct goodness, that is half the evidence (of) hypocrites, Finnan Allah:



“The hypocrites, men and women, half and half are the same, masterminding evil and hindering good…” (At-Taubah 67)


Statement of Ali bin Abu Talib : The most excellent deed “Amar ma’ruf nahi munkar, and hating the wicked”, amar ma’ruf means fortifying the believer, and whoever forbids evil means bringing down the hypocrite.


Said from Qatadah, he said: “When the Prophet #£ was still in Makkah, someone asked: “Are you the one who claims to be the Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “Yes”, “Then what is the most favored deed of Allah?” He replied: “Belief in Allah”. “After that?” He replied: “Establishing ties of brotherhood”. “Then what else?” He replied: “Amar maruf. Nahi munkar”. “And what is the deed that Allah hates?” He replied: “Shirk in Allah”. “After that?” He replied: “Breaking the bonds of brotherhood”. “Then what else?” He replied: “Neither enjoining the good nor forbidding the evil”. (Al-Hadis).


Sufyan Tsaur stated: “If you see a reciter who is liked by his neighbors and praised by his friends, then it is certain that he is not firm in commanding the good and forbidding the evil.”


Al-Faqih said the Prophet said: “If a person commits an immoral act and the community remains silent, even though they are capable of forbidding it, Allah will surely inflict punishment evenly before the community perishes”.


Al-Faqih’s assertion: “In terms of prohibiting the sinful act, the Prophet put the condition of being able or powerful, meaning that the community is obliged to act to eradicate the sinners, if most of them are good people. Because this people is praised by Allah, in His Word:



“You are the best people who are shown to the community in general, to encourage goodness and eradicate evil, and believe in Allah, if the people of the book believed, it would be better for them, half of them believe but the majority of the wicked”. (Ali Imran 110)


And His Word:



“Let there be among you men who call for good and enjoin the ma’ruf, and root out the evil, such are the fortunate ones”. (Ali Imran 104)


While people who do not want to eradicate evil are warned by the following verse:



“They do not forbid each other the evil that they do, so bad are their deeds”. (Al-Maidah 79)


And His Word:



“Why do the scholars and religious scholars tolerate or not prohibit them from speaking abominable words and eating ill-gotten wealth, how terrible are their deeds”. (Al-Maidah 63)


Al-Faqih (may Allah have mercy on him) explained: The one who enjoins the good deed should do what he is commanded to do, so that he can establish himself.


Abu Darda stated: “Whoever warns in front of a crowd is exposing himself to shame, but if he gives the warning or advice (only four eyes), he will gain benefit from it, and if his warning or advice is ignored, then it is permissible to ask good people to forbid his sin, which, if not dealt with seriously, will surely become a culture in the community, and they will eventually perish.


Al-Faqih reported Nu’man ibn Bashir as saying: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Those who have a firm stand on the truth (hag-hag Allah) and those who are weak are compared to three passengers on a ship, each of whom has his own part of the duty, some below and some above. In the middle of a voyage or sailing, suddenly the person at the bottom will cut a hole in the ship with an axe, and when asked by his friend: “What is your purpose in hacking the ship?” He replied: “My purpose is to be close to the water, so that it is easy to take water or throw it away. Then the other friend defended him: “Let him do whatever he wants in his own section. But the other forbade him: “Don’t let him make a hole in our ship, it will sink and we will perish because of it”. So if they had prevented him, he and all would have been saved, but if they had not prevented him, he and all would have perished”.


Abu Darda said: “You must do ‘amar maruf nahi mungkar’, otherwise Allah will make you ruled or ruled by a wrongdoer who has no respect for the elderly and no pity for children, and the good people of you will pray but their prayers will not be accepted, they will ask for help but will not be helped, they will ask for forgiveness but their sins will not be forgiven.”


Hudhayfah said: The Prophet said: “By Allah, you must enjoin the good and forbid the evil, or else Allah will afflict you with a calamity, and after that you will make a supplication, but it will not be accepted by Allah” (Hadith).


Ali said the Prophet said: “When my Ummah becomes afraid of the oppressor (so that they do not dare to say frankly in front of him, “You are an oppressor”), then part with that Ummah (meaning that they are ruined and humiliated).


Abu Sa’id Al-Hudri said that the Prophet said:



“When one of you sees an evil, then bask in his power (act decisively), if he cannot, then eradicate it with (through lighting) lectures, advice and others: If you cannot, then eradicate it by means of lectures, advice and so on; if you cannot, then hate it in your heart; but this is a weak proof of security.”


But according to the explanation of half the Ulama, what is meant by: 1) power for the rulers; 2) advice and lectures for the scholars, clever people, publicists, representatives of the people, etc.; 3) hatred in the heart for the general public, because each of them has its own position and power.


Al-Faqih emphasized: “The aim of amar ma’ruf nahi munka should be to seek the pleasure of Allah and to uphold His religion, and there should not be any element of selfishness. Insha Allah, if this is the aim, Allah will help us immediately and will lead us with His “TAUFIQ”. Allah’s Word:



“If you pursue the religion of Allah, surely Allah will help you”. (Muhammad )


A story from Ikrimah: A man walked past a tree that was being worshipped by the local people, he got angry and went home to get an axe (cutting tool) and returned to the tree quickly using his vehicle (khimar), on the way the devil intercepted him and asked”: “Where are you going, do you seem to be in a hurry?” He replied: “I will fulfill my promise to Allah after seeing the tree that is revered by the local people (i.e.) I will cut it down”. Satan said: “On what basis do you have the audacity to forbid them from worshipping a tree, let them stray far from the mercy of Allah”. So there was a fierce fight between the two, until three times Iblis was defeated. But he said: “Go home, it is profitable for you, and I promise to give you four dirhams every day in your bed”. The man bluffed: “Are your words true?” He replied: “Yes, I promise you”. So he obeyed the devil back to his house, and as he promised, the devil actually gave him four dirhams for two days, placing it on his bed, but on the third day, waking up the man searched for the money but found nothing and on the following days also found nothing on his bed. Finally taking his axe, and getting on his vehicle, he went to the place of the tree, not having found the four dirhams, and on the way the devil intercepted him, and asked: “You can’t possibly do it (cut the tree), because the purpose is different from the first one. If your first purpose (your anger) was for the sake of Allah, then even if all the inhabitants of heaven and earth prevented you, you would not be able to do it, but your purpose this time is only because you did not get four dirhams, so if you carry out your intention, I will surely destroy you, so you abandoned your intention and the tree was still worshiped by the local people.


Al-Faqih explained: “There are five conditions for amar ma’ruf nahi mungkar”, namely: “1. Being knowledgeable, because most people do not understand what is maruf and what is munkar. 2. Being sincere in seeking the pleasure of Allah and upholding His religion. 3. Using good methods, full of compassion for the object (the person being advised), soft words, a friendly attitude as Allah’s message to Prophet Moses and Aaron when facing Fir’aun.  4. Being patient and calm based on the Word of Allah:



“O my son, establish prayer, and practice “amar ma’ruf nahi munkar” and be patient with any calamity or suffering, that is half of the things required by Allah”. (Luqman 17)


  1. Doing what is commanded (matching his words and deeds), in order to avoid the ridicule of society and the threat of Allah in His Word:



“Why do you enjoin others to do good, while you yourselves are negligent, when you have read the Book? Do you not have a mind?” (Al-Bagarah 4)


Anas bin Malik said that the Prophet said: “On the night of Isra’ I saw many people cutting their own lips, so I asked Jibril: “Why are they doing that?” He replied: “They are the spokesmen (orators) of your Ummah, who command goodness to others, but themselves are left unattended, even though they stand (on) reading the book, are they not normal in their brains? Qatadah adds: “.. then it is in vain that you do “amar ma’ruf nahi munkar”, to others.


Abu Mu’awiyah said with a chain of transmission from the Prophet: “Today you are living in a very fertile religious atmosphere, so that it is clear to you that there are two kinds of madness (drunkenness), namely: “1. And now you are free to “amar ma’ruf nahi mungkar”, struggling to uphold the religion of Allah, but later doing all that feels very hard for you, due to the greed of wealth that is cultured among the people, finally “amar ma’ruf nahi munkar” no longer functions, the struggle is no longer for the sake of upholding the religion of Allah (but rather just a tool for achieving high rank, position and wealth). Therefore, for those who are sincere in upholding the truth, based on the Qur’an, either secretly or openly, their reward is comparable to the companions of Muhajirin and Anshar (Al-Hadis).


Al-Hasan said, the Prophet said: “Whoever deliberately leaves the (old) village for the (new) village for the sake of the establishment of religion, even if it is only one inch, then it is certain that he is an inhabitant of heaven, a companion of Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Muhammad .


If the Prophet Ibrahim moved, from Hiran to Sham, as stated in the Quran, the Word of Allah:



“Ibrahim’s statement: “Indeed I will move (for the sake of establishing the religion) of my Lord, His language is Noble and wise”. (Al Ankabut 26)



“Ibrahim determined to go (leave his village) towards obedience and the pleasure of God, so (he said) I go to my Lord, surely He will guide me”. (Ash-Shaffat 99)


And he Prophet moved from Mecca to Medina. Then for those who live in the society (experts) of sin, then move with the aim of seeking the pleasure of Allah, then it means they have followed the sunnah of the Prophet and Prophet Ibrahim, and later together in heaven. Amen. The word of Allah:



“.. Whoever leaves his house, with the aim of moving towards the pleasure of Allah and His Messenger, then dies on the way, then his reward is ensured (heaven) in the sight of Allah, He is Forgiving and Merciful”. (An-Nisa 100)


And the Prophet said: Every Muslim who moves from one house to another for the sake of ease of worship and the pleasure of Allah and His Messenger, even if he has just boarded a vehicle or taken a step on the way, and suddenly dies, his reward will be equal to that of one who has migrated. And every Muslim who leaves his home or village for the sake of upholding the religion of Allah, suddenly struck by a calamity” until he dies before the war, then recorded martyrdom. And every Muslim who leaves his home or village to perform the Hajj pilgrimage to the House of Allah, but dies before reaching his destination, Allah’s Paradise will be ensured for him.” (Hadith)


Al-Faqih emphasized: “Whoever lives in a village where the people are disobedient, but he does not move away and continues to worship, then he will be forgiven as long as he hates them.


Ibn Mas’ud’s statement: “If a person sees a wrongdoing, but is unable to eradicate it, it is sufficient for him to hate the wrongful practice.”


And half of the Companions recommended that we recite the following supplication:





“O Allah, if our community commits an evil deed and we are not able to eradicate it, then do not let it become a burden to us.”


And this supplication, when recited, has the same reward as “Amar ma’ruf nahi mungkar”.


Umar ibn Jabir from Abu Umayah, said: I asked Abu Tsa’labah Al-Khusyani about the verse (below), he replied: “I asked him about it. Then he said: “O Abu Tsa’labah, practice “amar ma’raf nahi mungkar”,


And if there comes a time when wealth takes precedence over all else, and the miser becomes the guide of the people, and they are proud of their inventions or opinions, then take good care of yourself. For after that comes the time of patience, for those who hold fast as you are doing now”, then the reward will be equal to 50 people. They asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what is meant by 50 people (is it our level or their level)? He replied: “Comparable to the reward of 50 people of your level (the companions of the Prophet)”. This is the verse that Abu Umayah asked about as follows:


It means:

“O you who believe, guard yourselves well, no harm will come to you from the deeds of those who go astray, when you are guided by Allah to do good …” (Al Maidah 105).


Qais bin Abu Hazim heard Abu Bakr say: “You read this verse (below), but the way it is interpreted is far from what it should be. For I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “There is no community that is engrossed in immorality, and no one dares to forbid it, except that Allah will immediately inflict punishment on them”.


This is the verse referred to by the Companion Abu Bakr Ash-Shiddiq:




“O you who believe, guard yourselves well, no harm will come to you from the deeds of those who go astray, when you have been guided by Allah to do good, to Allah is your return, all and We will reveal your deeds”. (Al Maidah 105)


Ibn Mas’ud, when asked about the interpretation of the above verse, replied: “It is not in the present time (the time of the companions of the Prophet) that the verse is applied, but when people have been carried away by the current of lust, culturally, debates take precedence over establishing Islamic brotherhood, then every human being (Muslim) is obliged to take care of himself, then that is the time of application of ta’wil or interpretation.






CHAPTER 9 : About repentance


Al-Faqih said, from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Ubaid: The Prophet Adam said: “O Allah, You defeated Iblis, so that I have no power to face him, except with Your help,” He replied: “Every time your offspring (human beings) is born, I will surely command an officer to guard against the tricks of the devil, and the evil jinn. Prophet Adam said: “O Allah, increase for me”, He replied: “Every good deed is rewarded with 10, and may be increased, while an evil deed is only rewarded with one, and may be wiped out”, he said: “O Allah, increase for me”, He said: “Repentance is always accepted, as long as one lives”, he said: “O Allah, increase it for me”, He replied:



“Say, O My servant who is extravagant in his life, do not despair of the mercy of Allah, for Allah forgives all sins, He is Forgiving and Merciful”. (As-Zumar 53)


Al-Faqih from a strong narrator with a chain of transmission from Ibn ‘Abbas said: Wahshi, who killed the Prophet’s uncle, sent a letter from Makkah to the Messenger of Allah, saying: “I am interested in Islam, but my only objection is the following verse of the Qur’an:



“Those who do not associate partners with Nlah, and do not kill a human being (soul) whom Allah has forbidden, except with a just cause, and do not commit adultery, then whoever transgresses these things, there is no basis for his repentance.” (Al-Furqan 68)


Then the next verse was revealed:



“Except those who repent and believe and do righteous deeds, then Allah replaces their sins with good” (Al-Furqan 70).




“”Verily, Allah does not forgive those who associate partners with Him, and the sins other than svirik are forgiven to whom He wills.” (An-Nisa 116)


Then the verse was conveyed to Wahshi, and he replied: “The verse requires conditions, whereas I do not know exactly whether Allah will forgive my sins or not”. And the next verse was revealed:



“Say, O My servants who are extravagant in life, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. that Allah forgives all sins. He is Forgiving and Merciful”. (As-Zumar 53)


And the verse was conveyed again to Wahshi, he felt relieved by the revelation of this verse, because none of the conditions were burdensome for him, and finally he headed for Medina to declare his Islam in the presence of the Prophet Muhammad.


Al-Faqih from Abdullah bin Sufyan said: Muhammad b. Abdur-Rahman As-Sulami related to me from his father: “We were with other Companions sitting with the Prophet in Madinah: “Then one of them asked: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Whoever repents about half a day before his death, his repentance will be accepted. Then I assured him, he replied: “Yes”, and others responded: I heard him say: Whoever repents about half a day before his death, his repentance will be accepted. And another said: “I heard him say: “Whoever repents before his life reaches his throat, his repentance will be accepted.” (Al-Hadis)


Al-Faqih reported that Muhammad ibn Mutharrif said: Allah says: “What a pity it is that a man sins and asks Me for forgiveness, and I forgive him, and then sins again and repents again, and I forgive him: “I still forgive his sin”.


Al-Faqih”, from Mughith ibn Sumai, who said: In ancient times there was a man who was always sinning, and one day while traveling he remembered what he had done and prayed:




“O Allah, forgive me.” After that he died, so Allah forgave all his sins.


Muhammad ibn ‘Ajlan from Mak-khul, said: “When Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) ascended to the heavenly realm, he saw a man (on earth) committing adultery, and he prayed, and he died, and he saw another thief operating (on earth), and he prayed, and he died. Then Allah said: “O Ibrahim, leave them, for some of them repent, and I accept them, or send down children who are devout in worship, or are determined to be wretched in hell.


Al-Faqih explained: “This story shows that if a person repents sincerely, his repentance will be accepted, therefore Islam does not want people to despair of Allah’s mercy. His words:



“No one despairs of the mercy of Allah, except those who disbelieve”. (Yusuf 87)


And His Word also:



“He is the One who accepts the repentance of His servants and forgives their mistakes; He knows your deeds”. (Ash-Shuura 25)


Therefore, it is advisable for normal human beings to repent at all times (istifhfar) to Allah, so as not to fall into the group of ungodly people, thus being saved insha Allah, as mentioned in the hadith narrated by Abu Bakar Sidiq, the Prophet said: “Not in the group of people falling into or covered with sins, the one who always istighfar, even if repeating 10x. every day. And he also said: “By Allah, I repent to Allah 100 times every day”. S. Ali &e said: “When I hear from the Prophet, I definitely utilize it completely, and when I get it from others, I definitely swear by him, then I believe it, Abu Bakr told me: The Messenger of Allah said: No one commits a sin, then (regrets his actions) by making ablution as perfect as possible, then praying 2 rak’ahs and istighfar, except that his sins will be forgiven by Allah. Furthermore, he quoted the Word of Allah:



“Whoever does evil or wrongs himself, then makes istighfar to Allah (afterwards) will surely find favor with Allah, the Forgiving and Merciful”. (An-Nisa 110)


Or Allah’s Word also:



“Those who, when they commit an evil deed or wrong themselves, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins. So who else can forgive sins except Allah? Finally, they do not continue to do evil and they know”. (Ali Imran 135)



“That is their reward (in the form of) the forgiveness of their Lord, and a paradise in which rivers flow, and they will remain therein, and that is the best reward of those who do good”. (Ali Imran 136)


Hasan Bashri reported that the Prophet said: When Allah expelled Iblis, Iblis swore: “By You, the Victorious One, I am not willing to part with man until his life and body part,” then He said: By My Victory and Majesty, there is no repentance for My servant until his life reaches his throat.”


Qasim from Abu Umamah Bahili, the Prophet said: “The angel on the right (Raqib) has a higher role than the one on the left (‘Atid), (it is proven) when a person does good he writes 10 good things, but when he does evil, then it will be written (by Atid), then Raqib admonishes him:


“Wait for about six or seven hours, if he makes istighfar, then it will not be written, but if not, then one will be written.


Al-Faqih added that this is in accordance with the hadith:



“Those who repent of sins are like those who have not sinned.” (Al-Hadis)


Another narration states: “If a person commits a sin, it is not immediately recorded, until he adds to it (another sin), up to three times, then if five sins are gathered, and he does one good deed, five good deeds are written for him, while the other five good deeds are a substitute for the five sins. Then Iblis screamed: “How can I resist tempting people, all the potential or strength that exists has been mobilized up to 5x, it turns out that it can be thwarted only with one (good deed), if so my work has been in vain.


Shafwan bin ‘Assal Al-Muradi reported that the Prophet said: “In the western hemisphere Allah has made the largest door for repentance, about 70 or 40 years wide, forever open until the sun rises from the west (the Day of Judgment).


The opinion of Sa’id bin Musayyib, regarding the meaning of the verse (below), is: “One who sins, then repents, then sins again, and repents again”. This is the verse:



“And He is Forgiving of those who always return to Him”. (Al-Isra’ 25)


Half of the scholars of wisdom said: “There are 6 things that an ‘Arif’ person has, namely: 1) when he remembers Allah, he feels full of heart; 2) when he introspects about himself, he feels low; 3) when he studies the verses of Allah, he can learn from them; 4) when he thinks about committing sins, he can restrain himself; 5) when he remembers Allah’s forgiveness, he feels happy; 6) when he remembers his past sins, he immediately repents; and 6) when he remembers his past sins, he immediately repents.


Al-Faqih , from Az-Zuhri, said: “Companion Umar bin Khathab – entered the Prophet while crying, then he asked: “What caused you to weep, O Umar?” He replied: “O Messenger of Allah at this door a young man burns my heart, he cries”. Then he said: “Bring him here, O Umar”. Then he entered crying, and the Messenger of Allah 5£ asked: “O young man, why are you crying?” He replied: “O Messenger of Allah, I have committed many sins, and I fear that (God) the Mighty is angry with me” Then he asked: “O young man, have you associated anything with Allah?” He replied: “No”, Then: “Do you kill people, unnecessarily?” He replied: “No”. Then the Messenger of Allah said: “That Allah will forgive your sins, even if they are seven times the size of the heavens, the earth and the mountains and he asked: “Is your sin as big as Ummul Kursi?” He replied: “More than that”. “As big as the ‘Arsh” he replied: “Greater than that”. He 5 asked again: “Your sins are as big as Allah’s Forgiveness?” He replied: “Allah’s forgiveness is greater”. He said: “There is no one who can forgive major sins except Allah, Who is the Greatest in forgiveness and mercy”. O young man, tell me your sins!” She replied: “I am ashamed of you, O Messenger of Allah”, he urged: “Tell me your sin. Tell me frankly”, she replied: “O Messenger of Allah, I have been digging graves since I was 7 years old, so that: one day I dug up the corpse of an Anshar girl, stripped her shroud, then left, but my lust invited me back and I copulated with her, until I was satisfied, after I left not far away, suddenly the girl woke up and said: “Woe to you, young man, you are not ashamed of God who will avenge you on the Day of Judgment, when the time comes when every persecutor is avenged, you leave me naked, and have a big bath (jinabat) in front of my Lord”. After the Messenger of Allah heard the story of the young man, he immediately got up hard, he said: “O wicked man, you deserve hell, hurry out of this house”. Then the young man went out and repented to Allah for 40 days, on the last night he prayed looking up to the sky: “O Lord of the Prophet Muhammad, the Prophet Adam and Mother Eve, if you had given me forgiveness, up to the Prophet Muhammad and his companions, but no, it is better for you to burn me in this world, and free me from the punishment of the hereafter.” Then Jibril descended, after the ulcer had been committed. Then Gabriel descended, after the greeting, and conveyed God’s greeting to Prophet Muhammad . He replied: “He is the Salam, from Him is the Salam and to Him is the Salam”. Gabriel said: “God asked the question, Did you create the creatures?” He replied: “Allah is the One who created me and all creatures”. Then: “are you their provider?” He replied: “It is Allah who provides for me and them”. Then: “are you the recipient of their repentance?” He replied: “It is Allah who accepts my repentance and theirs”. Then Gabriel said: “He said: “Forgive my servant, for I have forgiven him”. Then he immediately called the young man and told him that Allah had accepted his repentance and forgiven his mistake.”


Al-Faqih commented on the story in the hadith: “Those with normal brains should take the meaning of this Hadīth and understand that: “Committing adultery with a living person is a greater sin than with a dead person”. And he should repent with all his heart, like the young man mentioned in the Hadīth: “Allah will accept his repentance and forgive him”.


Ibn Abbas’ explanation of the verse (below). The definition of repentance nashuha is: “regretting what he has done (in his heart), uttering istighfar (repentance) on his tongue, and vowing not to do it again for the rest of his life”. This is the verse:



“O you who believe, repent to Allah, with sincere repentance. (AtTuhrim 8)


The Prophet said: “The one who makes istighfar (repentance) only in his mouth, while he continues to commit sins, is no different from the one who plays (jokes) with God”.


Rabi’ah ‘Adawiyah emphasized: “Istighfar that is only said, without the intention of stopping from doing it, means that his repentance is false, and is not even considered repentance. Because there are three conditions for repentance, namely: “1. Regretting his actions, 2. His mouth utters Istighfar “, 3. Azam or intention not to repeat his actions. If these three conditions are met, the sin will be forgiven, no matter how big the sin is. Allah is very forgiving.


In ancient times a king (Children of Israel) was interested in a worshipper, so that he would like to accompany the king or visit the palace. The man replied: “Yes, lord king, but if at any time I play with the king’s daughter in front of you, what action will be taken against me?” Then the king became angry, saying: “You whore, how dare you do such things in my presence?” She said: “O king, actually I have a Gracious God, even if I sin 70 times a day, surely He is not angry with me, does not expel me, and my sustenance remains (not reduced) then try to think, it means that it is foolish or stupid, if I move from His door, then I plunge myself on a person who does not know the evidence of the offense, already angry, especially if it has been proven that I violated it”. Then he left the king’s palace.


Al-Faqih explained that there are two kinds of sins, namely: 1. sins of man towards his Lord, 2. sins of man towards his neighbor. And sin no. 1 repentance must meet 3 conditions as stated by Rabi’ah Adawiyah (mentioned above). So those who fulfill these three conditions will have their sins forgiven, unless they leave one of the fardu or obligations towards Him, and their repentance is in vain as long as the fardu has not been fulfilled. With regard to sin no. 2, there is no point in repenting for it unless it has been made permissible for the person concerned.


One of the Tabi’in said: “A person commits a sin, but afterwards his sin remains in his mind, then he regrets it and makes istighfar (repentance) so that he enters heaven. Finally the devil complains: “Woe is me, if I had known (this) I would not have taken the trouble to plunge him into sin.”


Abu Bakr Washithi said: “It is best to be relaxed or calm in the face of everything, except in 3 cases, namely: “1. Performing the prayer, when it is due, 2. Planting a dead body, including its management, 3. Repenting after committing a sin.


The assertion of half of the scholars of wisdom: There are four things that prove that one’s repentance is accepted, namely. “1. Curbing false words, gossip, and other useless words. 2. the disappearance of envy, spite and jealousy, 3. being able to avoid bad friends, 4. being ready to face death, diligent worship and always istighfar and regretting past sins.


A scholar of wisdom was asked: “What is the proof that a person’s repentance is accepted? His answer: 4 things, namely: “1. Limiting or ending his association with bad friends, and renewing it with good friends, 2. Passive sinful activities, replaced with worship, 3. Greed for wealth disappears in his heart, replaced with love of charity (concern) for the hereafter. 4. Regarding sustenance, his heart is determined that Allah is the one who bears it, so that his busyness turns to worship, doing Allah’s commands. The word of Allah:



“And Allah is pleased with those who repent and purify themselves”. (M-Bagarah 222)


Thus he gains four things, namely: “1. The people are pleased, because Allah is pleased with him, 2. The people always look after him by wishing him well, 3. The people forget his previous sins or mistakes, 4. The people always approach and help him”. And Allah honored him with four things, namely: “1. He cleanses his sins as if he had never sinned, 2. He is pleased with him, 3. He protects him from the devil, 4. He reassures him before he leaves this world.” His words:



“Angels will descend upon them, calling on them not to fear and not to be troubled, and to be encouraged by the sorghum prepared for you”. (Fushshilat 30)


Khalid bin Madan said: “When they were admitted to Paradise (the repentant) asked: Don’t we have to enter hell first, before entering heaven?” It was answered: “Actually you passed it, it is extinguished”.


Hasan reported that the Prophet, after punishing the adulterous woman until she died, and then praying over her, was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, you punished her, and you also prayed over her?” He replied: “Indeed Allah has accepted her repentance, if she had committed 70x such sins, Allah would have forgiven her.


He repented sincerely, which he certainly accepted, no matter how big his sin was.”


The Prophet said: “Whoever insults a believer, because of his sin, is the same as committing that sin and deserves to fall into it. Even more than that, he himself will certainly commit it before he dies, and feel the shame of this sin, (the secret of which) is known to his community.


Al-Faqih explained: “Actually, if a believer commits a sin, there is no intent on his part, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):



“But Allah makes you love the faith, which adorns your heart (beautifully), and arouses in you hatred for disbelief, wickedness and disobedience Those are the ones who stand on the straight path”. (Al-Hujurat 7)


But the possibility of this happening (sinning), when he “forgets himself” is not able to restrain himself from the lust that is overwhelming, and if he has realized or repented then it is not justified for us to insult him.


Ibn Abas said: “A person who repents and is accepted by Allah, the angels who record deeds erase (forget) the deeds that have been written with the permission of Allah, including the limbs also forget, the earth forgets them, all of that is no memory to testify on the Day of Judgment for the sins that have been committed.


From S. Ali ibn Abi Talib, the Prophet said: “Four thousand years before creatures were created, an inscription was displayed around the ‘Throne as follows:


It means:


“That I am Forgiving to those who repent, believe and do righteous deeds, then remain steadfast on the right path”. (Thaha 82)




Al Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah talked about the door of repentance, Umar bin Khathab asked, What is the door of repentance? He replied: “The door of repentance is in the western hemisphere, the door leaves are two of gold, pearls and yakut, between the door (pole) one and the other is about 40 years away by fast vehicles, day and night open since its creation, every human being repents sincerely, must pass through it. Mw’adz bin Jabal asked: O Messenger of Allah, what is nasuha repentance? He replied: “Regretting his sinful deeds, intending to stop, not repeating them and asking Allah for forgiveness .


Then the sun-moon sets on the door, the two leaves are tightly closed and at that time repentance is not accepted including new deeds are also not accepted, all people are judged according to their original state (before the door is closed) if he is good, then continue his goodness, the Word of Allah:



“On the day when half the verses of your Lord come, a person’s faith is useless (new faith), if he did not believe from the beginning (before the door was closed) or the good done (based on the original faith). Say: “Wait, We are with you waiting”. (Al-An’am 158)


Ibn Mas’ud emphasized: “The door of repentance remains open and anyone is accepted except 3, namely: 1. the Devil 2. Qabil the murderer of Abel, 3. the murderers of the Prophets.


Al Faqih, from Abu Hurairah , the Messenger of Allah said: “Repentance day and night calls out from the air: “Whoever accepts me will be saved from punishment, it will be throughout the year until the sun rises from the west and at that time he is lifted up.” | The essence of the above-mentioned traditions is an encouragement for people to repent, and if they repent, they will be accepted by Him, Allah’s Word:


Meaning: “Repent, O believers, so that you may win, be saved from punishment and obtain the mercy of Allah.” (An Nuur



“O you who believe, repent to Allah in truth, that He may wipe out your sins and admit you to a paradise with rivers flowing beneath”. (At-Tahrim 8)



“Those who, when they commit an abomination (a major sin) or wrong themselves (a minor sin), remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; none can forgive sins but Allah, and they do not continue in sin, while they know”. (Ali Imran 135)


The Prophet said:




“That I make Istighfar and repent (no less than) one hundred times every day”.


Another narration, he said:



” . . . O people, repent to Allah; indeed, I repent to Him (no less than) 100 times every day and night.” (Hadith)


Al Faqih’s assertion: “For us (ordinary people) who do not know exactly whether our sins are forgiven or not, it is appropriate to repent and istighfar as much as possible, considering that the Messenger of Allah, who certainly has no sins at all, but he never less than 100x repentance and istighfar every day. Try to think carefully.


Ibn Abbas in interpreting the verse (below), “People always say: “I will repent tomorrow, tomorrow, until the coming of death in the worst state he dies” And this is the verse:



“Even that man will sin continuously, (and delay his repentance)”. (Al-Qiyamah 5)


The Prophet said: “Perish the procrastinator (i.e.) who always says: “Tomorrow, tomorrow I will repent.”


Every human being should repent at all times, so that when death comes, he has already repented, because Allah says:


“He is the One who accepts the repentance of His slaves and forgives all evil”. (As Shura 25)


Ibn Mas’ud emphasized, “Whoever recites:





“I ask forgiveness of the Great God, there is no God but Him who lives and rules His creatures, and I repent to Him.” Three times the sins will be forgiven, even if they are as numerous as the foam of the sea”.


Ayub from Abu Qilabah, he said: “When Iblis was cursed, he asked: “By You, the Victorious One, I will not stop tempting: man, until his death. Then Allah answered:” By My Victory and Majesty, the door of repentance is not closed for man until his death”. Try to notice the greatness of His mercy to humans who believe even if they sin, as He says in Surah An-Nur 31, and Al Bagarah 222 and the Prophetic tradition.


Someone asked 5. Ali : “I have committed a sin, he replied: “Repent to Allah”, he said again:” I have committed a sin”, he replied: “Repent to Allah, and do not repeat it, then he said: “Until when?” He replied: “Until Satan is disappointed and regrets”.


Mujahid when explaining verse 17 of Surah An-Nisa’: “So long as you have not died, and you hasten to do it without delay.” And this is the verse:



“The reason for repentance is for those who sinned because of their ignorance, and then within a short time (afterwards) repent immediately”. (An Nisa 17)


Abu Hurairah reported: The Prophet said: “When a person commits a sin, then says: “O Allah, I have sinned, so forgive me.


He answers: “My servant is aware of the existence of the Lord of Forgiveness and the Avenger of sins, so I grant him forgiveness.”


This is thanks to the glory of Prophet Muhammad whereas in the past, if a person committed a sin, he was immediately punished, what was originally halal became forbidden to him, and the evidence of his evil behavior could be read on the door of his house or body (Fulan bin Fulan has sinned). This is how they repented. But this is not the case for the people of Muhammad, the Quran surah Annisa 110.


Therefore, repent every morning and evening, because Mujahid said: “The Muslim who does not repent every morning or evening, he is among the persecutors of himself, like the five daily prayers, which are a means of purifying minor sins (daily and imperceptibly).


Al-Qamah from Ibn Mas’ud, who said: “Someone asked: “O Messenger of Allah, I have been making out (hugging-kissing etc., other than adultery) in a garden with a beautiful woman.” Then he paused, and the verse was revealed:



“Offer the morning and evening prayers (the five daily prayers), that good deeds may expiate sins, and this is a reminder to those who are conscious (of repentance).” (Hud 114)


And after the verse was recited in his face, then Umar asked: “This verse is addressed to this person (specifically) or to the general public”. He replied: “To everyone or to the community in general.”


Al Faqih”, from Abu Hurairah, said: “One day after completing the ‘Isyak prayer in congregation with the Messenger of Allah, I went out and met a veiled woman on the road who said: “O Abu Hurairah, I have committed a grave sin (i.e.) adultery and after Jahir the child (of adultery) I killed”. He replied: “Woe to you and perish, by Allah you have no forgiveness (repentance). Then she screamed and fainted. Then the next morning I told the Prophet. He replied:



“We come from Allah and to Him we will return”.


O Abu Hurairah what is the basis of your fatwa? He replied: “The basis is the Qur’an Surah Al-Furgan 68, 69, 70).


Regretting his fatwa, Abu Hurayrah said, “I searched the streets of Madinah, asking where the woman was yesterday, until the children thought I was crazy, and Alhamdulillah I found her in the place where she was yesterday, and immediately explained to her about the acceptance of her repentance, she was very happy, she said: “O Abu Hurairah, now I will atone for my sin by giving away my wealth (i.e.) a garden. It should be noted that disbelief is the greatest sin, but if a person repents of his disbelief, then Allah forgives his previous sins, His Word:



“Tell the disbelievers that if you hate disbelief, then your previous sins will be forgiven.” (Al Anfal 38)


Yazid Ar-Raggashi reported: “Abu Hurairah while giving a sermon said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “On the Day of Resurrection, the noblest creature will be the Prophet Adam, for him three things will be his excuse, the statement of Allah: 1. O Adam, if the liars had not been cursed and hated and threatened with punishment, and had been determined humans-jinn, to be the contents of hell, surely today My mercy on your descendants all. 2. O Adam, your children and grandchildren are not tormented with hellfire, unless they are brought back to life (in the world) stone-headed in sin and do not repent 3. O Adam, I have appointed a judge (you) among your children and grandchildren, to weigh the scales of their deeds: “Whoever’s deeds are heavier than the weight of a black ant, they will be the inhabitants of Paradise, and they will not be admitted to Hell, except for the oppressors (wrongdoers).


Aisha reported that the Prophet said: “Three chapters of deeds, namely: “1) that which Allah forgives, 2) that which He does not forgive, and 3) that which does not remain. No. 2, which is not forgiven, is shirk, His Word:



“The one who polytheists to Allah, is forbidden to enter His heaven, and deserves hell.” (Al Maidah 72)


And no. 1 which Allah forgives, then his affairs are in the hands of Allah And no. 3 which is not left at all, then the sins of a person against his neighbor who must be repaid, and each of them is returned to the rightful (wronged).


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Who is the poorest of my Ummah? They replied: “The one who is poor in wealth and much debt, until his household tools are sold. The Prophet explained that Muflis is: “The person who comes (on the Day of Judgment) with a lot of charity complete with prayers and fasting, but in the end (he is sentenced) to hell, because the provision of a lot of charity is made to pay off (the demands) of people who are mistreated, reviled, accused and others even after the charity is exhausted while the claimant is still there, then the sin of the claimant is charged to him as a means of payment, and so on if there is still a claimant.” Let us ask Allah to help us repent. Ibn Sirrin said: “Let us be careful not to stop doing good deeds, because there is no basis for a person who has repented, repeating his evil, then being fortunate (happy).


Therefore, previous sins should always be remembered, and new sins should be committed, in order to keep repenting, multiplying Istighfar, being grateful for blessings, and thinking about the pleasures of the Hereafter that Allah has promised to the righteous, so as to keep doing good deeds and avoiding sinful practices.


Zaid bin Wahb from Abu Dhar said:” O Messenger of Allah, explain the contents of the book of Moses to us, he replied “Six sentences, namely: “1. My amazement at people who believe in hell, why did they laugh? 2. Believing in death, why do they rejoice? 3. Believes in the reckoning of deeds, why does he do evil; 4. Believes in destiny, why does he struggle? 5. Witnessing the world is turbulent, why gravitate towards it, 6. Believing in the existence of heaven, but why not multiply good deeds?





“There is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger”.


Ibn Mas’ud, one day while passing through the city of Kufa, saw a group of wicked people, drinking alcohol and being entertained by Zadan, a melodious singer and tambourine player. He said: “It would be nice if his voice was used to recite the Qur’an”. Zadan, hearing these words, got up and threw down his violin, and immediately went to Ibn Mas’ud, while crying and repenting to Allah, in front of Ibn Mas’ud, finally Ibn Mas’ud embraced him and cried, saying: “Why am I not pleased with the one whom Allah loves, he has repented”. He was always with Ibn Mas’ud, learning the Qur’an until he became a scholar, and he narrated many traditions from Ibn Mas’ud.


Al-Faqih said: “My father told me this story: “In the days of the Children of Israel there was a beautiful woman (prostitute), she always opened the door of her house when sitting on her couch, who is the man who is not crazy about her beauty, when passing in front of her house, while the fare is 10 dirhams for those interested. Once upon a time, a worshipper passed by her door one day, and was very attracted to her, and although she tried to forget him, she was still restless, so she took the 10 dirhams and handed it over to him (through her deputy) with the agreement that he would come on time.


When he arrived at his appointment, he went in and sat on the bed with the prostitute, but when he reached out his hand, he remembered that Allah sees his sin, and that his previous deeds must have been wiped out by this sin. He became trembling and pale-faced, so the woman asked: “Why has your face changed, what is the matter?” He replied: “I fear my Lord, and let me go out.” The woman said: “Woe to you, not a few young men and old people wish to be like you, why are you so passive?” He replied: “Once again I only fear Allah, and the ten dirhams I gave you are for you, let me out.” He said: “Have you never done anything like this before?” He replied: “No”, then: “What is your name and where do you come from?” Then he was allowed to leave after telling her his name and village, He came out crying, his head was covered with earth, so the woman said to herself: “This man, just about to commit a sin is so afraid, while I have been sinning for years, and his Lord is my Lord, so I should be more afraid than him.” Then she repented, no longer serving all kinds of masqueraders to vent her lust in an unscrupulous way, now she turned 180″ into a diligent worshipper, awakening her feelings: “I’d better go to the abid first, in case he wants to accompany me, so that I can be good at it, learn religion from him, and together perform worship, upholding the religion of Allah. So he went with his possessions and servants to the village of the first worshipper. When she met him, she remembered what she had done and screamed and died. Because of her sadness, the woman looked for her brother to marry her, the story goes, after marrying the brother of the worshipper, gave birth to 7 sons and all of them became Prophets of the Children of Israel. Allah knows best.


CHAPTER 10 : The Obligation of Children to Fulfill the Rights of Their Parents


Al Faqih, from Ibn Abbas, said: “No believer is dutiful to his parents unless the gates of Paradise are opened for him, and Allah will not be pleased with him if one of them is angry with him, until his anger disappears.” (Someone asked) Even if he is a persecutor? He replied: “Even if he is a persecutor”. Another narration said: “Allah opens the gates of Hell for the one who is scolded by his parents.”


Al Faqih, from ‘Athak, said: “Prophet Moses asked God for an order”, He said: “Stay with Me” Then he asked for another command The answer was: “Be devoted to your mother”, the third time: “Be devoted to your mother”, and God’s last message: “Be devoted to your father.”


Ibn Umar said “Someone asked: “O Messenger of Allah, I will do jihad fi sabilillah, He asked: “Are your parents still there? He replied: “Both are still alive”. Then he said: “Filial piety to parents requires jihad”. It is clear from this Hadīth that: “Filial piety to one’s parents is greater or more important than jihad fi sabilillah.


Bahz bin Hakim, from his father and grandfather, said: “I asked the Prophet, O Messenger of Allah, whom should I obey? He replied: “Your mother.” Then who? He replied: “Your mother.” Then who else? He answered: “Your mother,” and who else? He said: “Your father,” and the closest and closest of the family.”


Al Faqih said the Prophet said: “If there were any words lighter than hus, to refute parents, it would be forbidden to say them, therefore the one who disobeys parents in whatever way he does, will definitely not enter heaven, on the contrary, the one who is devoted to his parents in whatever way he can do, will definitely not enter hell.”


Al Faqih, emphasized: “Even if the commandment of filial piety is not contained in the Qur’an, and even if it is not strongly emphasized, common sense will definitely make it obligatory, and that is why those who have common sense must understand their obligations towards them. Moreover, this has been emphasized by Allah in all His books (namely) the Torah, Injil, Zabur and Al Furqan, and it was also conveyed to the Prophets that: “Allah’s pleasure depends on the pleasure of the parents, and His anger depends on the anger of the parents.”


Three verses are interrelated, if any one is separated from it, Allah does not accept it, namely:



“Offer the prayer and give the charity” (An-Nisa’ 77).


Whoever prays without giving zakat, his prayer is in vain (not accepted).


Meaning: “

“Be devoted to Allah and to His Messenger ….. (An-Nisa’ 59)


Whoever worships Allah, but does not believe in His Messenger (Muhammad), is not accepted.


It means: “Be devoted to me and to your parents. (Luqman 14)


Whoever is devoted to Allah, without devotion to his parents, will not be accepted.


While the basis of the hadith, the Prophet said: “That the curse of the parents can break the child’s foundation when he disobeys them, so whoever ignores them is the same as forgetting his Lord, and whoever lives with both or one of his parents, then does not serve them both, so that he enters hell, means that he has been kept away by Allah”£.


And when he was asked: “What is the most excellent deed?” He answered: “1. Prayer on time, 2. Filial piety towards one’s parents, 3. Jihad to uphold the religion of Allah.


Fargad As-Sinji said: “In a book, I found the following statement: “It is not proper for a child to speak in front of his parents, except with their permission, and it is not proper for him to walk in front of them, or on their right or left, except that when called he should go to them, and it is proper for him to walk behind them as an escort.


Someone asked: “O Messenger of Allah, at this time my mother is delirious in my place, and I am panning her and sitting her and carrying her on my shoulder, is this regarded as me rewarding her?” He replied: “O Messenger of Allah, at this time my mother is delirious in my place. He replied: “You have not received one percent of her merit, but you are already a filial piety, and Allah will reward you with a very great reward, even though your deed is not much to her.”


Hisham said: “The decree of wisdom is thus: “Whoever curses his answer is cursed, and whoever curses his mother is cursed, and whoever obstructs the religion of Allah is cursed, and whoever leads the blind astray on the road is cursed, and whoever slaughters without mentioning the name of Allah is cursed.”


The Messenger of Allah said: “Indeed, the greatest sin is cursing one’s parents.” The Companions asked: “Why does it happen to curse his parents? He replied: “It is because a man abuses another man’s father, and then his own father abuses him in return, or abuses another man’s mother, and then he abuses her in return. (Al Hadith). |


Aban from Anas – he said: “At the time of the Messenger of Allah, there was a young man who was very devoted to worship, and many deeds (he was named) Al Oamah, suddenly became seriously ill and his wife sent someone to call the Messenger of Allah. Then he sent Bilal, S. Ali, Salman and Amr to see it closely, at that time Al Oamah was on the verge of death, by them he was told with the phrase “thayyibah””, but he was unable to say it, then they sent Bilal to convey the news to the Messenger of Allah He asked: “Does he still have a mother?” He replied: “His mother is very old”, he said: “O Bilal meet his mother, my greetings to her, say: “Did you come to the Messenger of Allah or did the Messenger of Allah come to you?” He replied: “I am the one who should meet him, and after reaching the Prophet, he asked: “Give me true news about your son?” He said: “He is diligent in worship, prayer, fasting and giving alms as much as possible, until I do not know it, Then your relationship with him? He said: “Ta makes me angry (hurts my heart),” he said: “What is the reason?” He replied: “He is too submissive to his wife’s wishes, so he neglects me and opposes me.” He said: “He is too submissive to me. Then he said: “Because of his mother’s anger, he finds it difficult to say the kalimah thayyibah. Once upon a time Bilal was ordered to gather firewood to burn it. And his mother asked: “O Messenger of Allah, will you burn my dear son in front of my eyes? Who is willing?” He replied: “O mother of Al Oamah, Allah’s punishment is more painful and everlasting, therefore forgive him, give your pleasure to him, surely Allah will forgive your son, by Allah, his prayers and alms are useless as long as you are angry with him.” She raised her hands and said: “O mother of Al Oamah, Allah’s punishment is more painful and everlasting, therefore forgive him, give your pleasure to him, surely Allah will forgive your son. Then he raised his hands and said: “O Messenger of Allah, I testify to Allah in the heavens, and you O Messenger of Allah, and the audience, that I forgive him, and I am pleased with him. After that Bilal was ordered to return to the place of Al Oamah, and when he stepped on the door of his house, his voice was heard saying the kalimah Thayyibah. Then Bilal said: “O people, it was the anger of Al Oamah’s mother that made it difficult for Al Oamah to recite the kalimah Shahadat, evidently after his mother forgave or acquiesced in him, Al Oamah recited it easily, and he died that day. Then the Messenger of Allah came and ordered her to be washed, shrouded and prayed for by him. When he had finished burying him, he stood on the edge of his grave and said: “O Companions of Muhajirin-Anshar, whoever gives preference to his wife over his mother will be cursed by Allah, and all his worship, whether obligatory or voluntary, will not be accepted. (Al Hadith).


The meaning of the Quranic verses (below), said Ibn Abbas – as follows, namely: “Recognizing and paying attention to the rights of one’s parents from the time of one’s life until the time of one’s death, and praying for them after they are gone. These are the verses:



“Your Lord has commanded you not to pray except to Him alone, and to be devoted to your parents when one or both of them are old, by your side, then do not show an attitude of boredom or say ‘hus to both of them, if you are pouring urine or (excrement of your mother or father, then your nose should not be covered, and your face should not be made gloomy. because both of them have done more than that when you were young, never yell, say softly, politely, kindly and respectfully to both of them”. (Al-Isra’ 23)



“Humble yourself to them as best you can, and pray for them: “O Lord, have mercy on them as they nurtured me in my childhood.” (Al-Isra’ 24)


A Tabi’in said: “Whoever prays daily for his parents has fulfilled his duty towards them. Allah’s Word:



“Be devoted to me and to them both, to me: luh kay returned”. (Luqman 14)


Filial piety to Allah includes praying five times a day and night, and praying five times a day and night to one’s parents.


Meaning: .

“Your Lord is All-knowing of your hearts; if you are truly good, then He is Forgiving of those who return.” (Al Isra’ 25)


The obligation of a child in order to fulfill the rights of both parents want food, then give it, 2. When you want clothes, give clothes “Rasulullah sz in explaining the verse:



“Help both of them in the world with good, that is food when hungry and clothing if you need it, 3. When in need of any help, help him,, 4. Visit hisangsilan, 5. Obey all his orders, provided that it is not an order of sin or say other evil, 6. When speaking use good words, soft, gentle, not rude, 7. When speaking use kind, soft, gentle, not rude words, 8. Love them as much as he loves himself, and vice versa, hate them as much as he hates himself, 10. Ask for forgiveness for both of them and the blessing of Allah like the prayer used by Noah and Abraham:



“O our Lord, forgive us and our parents, and all the people of Islum (men and women) on the Day of Judgment.”


 Said one (Companion of the Prophet): One of the causes of hardship in life is not praying for one’s parents. And what satisfies the parents after their death? He replied: Three things, namely: “1. He becomes a good person, because he pleases them. 2. He keeps the relatives and friends of his parents, 3. He prays for them, and supplicates for them, and gives charity for them.


The Prophet said: “When a man dies, all his deeds cease, except for three things, namely: 1. Jariyah charity, 2. Useful knowledge, 3. Righteous children who pray for their parents.


He also said: Do not cut ties with people who were once good friends of both parents, (if you do so) surely onAllah your light.


A person asked the Prophet “O Messenger of Allah, my parents are both dead, can I be filial to them after death?” He replied: “Yes, my parents are both dead. He replied: Yes you can, pray for them, and contact the relatives of both of them”. Allah knows best.  

CHAPTER 11 : The duty of parents to fulfill their children’s rights


Abu Hurairah reported: The Prophet said




“Half the obligations of parents to fulfill the rights of children, there are 3 things, namely: 1. giving them a good name when they are born, 2. educating them with the Qur’an (Islamic teachings), 3. marrying them when they reach adulthood”.


A man complained to Umar saying: “My son is brave to me, Umar asked the boy: “Do you not fear Allah? You are brave to your father, because you are doing your duty to fulfill your father’s rights. The boy said: “O Amirul Mukminin, do the parents not have an obligation, to fulfill the rights of the child? The answer, there is: “1. Choosing a good mother, not to be humiliated by his mother 2. Choosing a good name, 3. Educating with the Koran (Islamic religion). Then the child said: “By Allah, he did not choose a good mother, he is a woman who bought 400 dirhams that is my mother, then I was named “Male bat”, then he neglected Islamic education for me, until one verse I was never taught by him. So Umar turned to his father and said: “You have disobeyed your son. Before he dares you, go away.”


Al Faqih said, Abu Hafsh’s story: “A man came and complained to him of being beaten by his son to the point of pain. Abu Hafsh was surprised. “Subhanallah”, a son beating his father?” He said: Yes, until it hurts. Ja asked again: “Have you ever taught him about modesty?” “No”, “Read the


Quran?”, “No”. “Then what was the boy doing?” “Farming” Then Abu Hafsh said: “Now do you understand why he hits?” He answered: “No”. Abu Hafs said: “Look, about midway he was riding in khimar to the field, in the fire: cows and buffaloes and escorted by his dog, suddenly you greeted him and maybe you were considered an annoying cow, then you were hit by him it was an advantage for you, because he did not hit your head, be grateful by saying :




Tsabit Banany said: “A father was beaten by his son somewhere, but when the community wanted to help him, he said: “Let him not be beaten, because I used to beat my father in this place, so now I get my turn to be beaten by my own son. Hopefully it will be enough to make up for it here, not that he will be blamed.


One of the scholars of wisdom stated: “Whoever is brave to his parents will not enjoy the pleasure of his children, whoever does not consult in solving his affairs will not achieve his goals, and whoever does not give in (insist on winning) in the midst of his family, will certainly lose the pleasure of his life.


Ash-Shu’bi reported that the Prophet :z said:


“Allah always loves a parent (mother or father) who encourages his child to be dutiful to him (in the sense that) he does not order him to do something beyond his ability.


One person never orders his child when there is any need, and even likes others to do it, then someone asks: “Why do you behave like that?” He replied: “I am afraid that he will contradict me, and if he does, then I will plunge him into hell, even though I love him, and there is no way that I will burn him with the fire of hell”. Khalaf ibn Ayub did the same thing.


Civilized humanity is: 1. Filial piety to both parents, 2. Maintaining good association or relationship with his family, as well as respect for his friends, 3. Being friendly, and polite to his family (children-wives), and his servants and keep their religion, 4. Good at spending his property for family and relatives and the interests of religion (either zakat or sadaqah sunnah), 5. good at keeping the tongue from forbidden words, 6. Likes to stay at home (diligent worship), 7. Enterprising work, not lazy, 8. Avoiding association with bad people or people who like to interfere in other people’s affairs. This is according to Al Fudlail bin ‘Iyadl.


A person’s happiness is determined by 4 things, namely: 1. a good or righteous wife, 2. children educated to obey him, 3. associating with righteous people, 4. livelihood not far away (enough from within the country). This is what the Prophet said.


Seven kinds of jariyah charity are: 1. Building a mosque, as long as it is used for prayers, 2. Creating a drinking water channel, as long as people drink it, 3. Writing mush-haf (Quran), as long as people read it, 4. Digging a well, as long as people use it, 5. Planting trees or plants, as long as they are eaten by people or birds and others, 6. Educating or teaching knowledge, as long as it is used, 7. Leaving behind a righteous child, as long as prayers and istighfar for him. That is, when a child is taught knowledge and the Qur’an, his father will be rewarded as long as the child carries out the teachings of knowledge or the Qur’an, but when a child is neglected in his education (so that he becomes wicked), then the father will not only bear his own sins (due to negligence) but also the sins of his child. This is the view of Yazid Raqqashi, narrated by Anas ibn Malik.






CHAPTER 12 : About friendship


Abu Ayyub reported: “A villager stopped the Prophet’s journey and said: O Messenger of Allah, tell me the work that can lead me to heaven and that will save me from the torment of hell, He replied:



“There are 4 things, namely: 1. You worship Allah and do not associate partners with Him, 2. Pray five times a day and night. 3. giving a charity (fitrah or treasure), 4. establishing friendship”.


Al-Faqih, from Abdullah said: “In the afternoon (day) of ARAFAH we sat with the Messenger of Allah then he said “The one who breaks his relationship with his family will not be able to sit with us, so let him stand up, then someone behind got up, but for a moment returned again, and the Messenger of Allah asked: “Why did you get up?” He replied: “Yes, Messenger of Allah when you said, I quickly went to the house of my aunt who broke her relationship with me”, “Lalus Why did you come, how strange is your arrival?” I replied: “to tell you what you said earlier, then she made istighfar for me and I also made istighfar for her”, then he said: “Good for you, now please sit down, because Allah will not send His mercy to a group of people half of whom have severed family ties”.


Al Faqih stated: “Breaking the ties of kinship is a major sin, and mercy is denied to him and his closest friends. Therefore, every Muslim must repent from breaking the ties of kinship, seek forgiveness and repair his relationship with them as soon as possible, in order to gain the mercy of Allah and avoid Hellfire.” The fastest rewarding deed is to repent.


The most quickly rewarded deed is ties of kinship, and the sins whose consequences are hastened are the severing of ties of kinship and persecution. (Hadith).


Al-Faqih reported that Amr ibn Shw’aib said: “A man came and asked the Prophet: My family insists on severing ties with me, even though I have tried to reconnect them, I have been kind, even though they have mistreated me, I have helped them, even though they have been evil to me, then should I adjust or retaliate against their actions? He replied: No, because if you retaliate against them, then you will be like them. Rather, you should find a better way and continue to connect with them, and Allah will help you as long as you do so.”


Three things, half of the attitudes or morals of the dwellers of heaven, namely: Being kind to those who are evil to you, 2. Forgiving those who mistreat you, 3. Being generous to those who are miserly to you.”


Al Faqih, from Dlahak when interpreting the verse (below) said: “Sometimes it may happen that a person who is in contact with Allah generally stays for three days, then Allah adds thirty years to it.


days, then Allah adds 30 years to it, and vice versa, sometimes it may happen that a person will live for 30 years, but because he cuts off ties of kinship, his life will be reduced to 3 days.


This is the verse that he interpreted:



“Allah abolishes what He wills, or establishes it…. ” (Ar-Ra’ad 39)


The Messenger of Allah said: “No destiny can be denied, except by supplication, and no life can be increased, except by goodness or obedience, and sometimes a person’s sustenance is delayed due to sinful behavior”. (narrated by Tsauban)


Al Faqih explained: “There are two kinds of understanding of increasing age, namely: 1. increase in goodness, 2. increase in age (really) as mentioned in the Hadīth. But there are those who say that age cannot increase, based on the Word of Allah:



“When the death comes to them, the advance cannot be delayed or advanced even for a moment, and there are others who say that the increase in age, meaning: “Even when they die, their reward continues (to be written down)”. (Al A’raf 34)


Sa’id from Qatadah, he said: The Prophet said: “Fear Allah, and connect with your relatives, you will definitely get good in this world and more than that in the hereafter.


There is a fatwa that says: Your relative whom you have not visited at all, and whom you have not lightened the burden of with your wealth, then you have broken ties with him.


The Shuhuf revealed by Allah, half of which reads as follows: “O children of Adam, connect with your relatives, help them with your wealth, if you are miserly, a little of your wealth, visit them on foot.”


The Prophet: said:



“Connect with your relatives, even if it is only by greeting them.” (Hadith)


There are three things, which do not need to be distinguished between Muslims and disbelievers, namely: “1. When you make a covenant with him, fulfill it (whether he is a Muslim or a disbeliever), 2. Establish family ties with him (whether he is a Muslim or a disbeliever), 3. Deliver his trust.” This is what Maimun ibn Mahram said.


In the Torah it is written as follows:



“Fear your Lord, and be dutiful to your parents, and support your relatives, then I will surely prolong your life, and I will facilitate the increase of your wealth, and I will remove your hardship.” Thus said Ka’bul Akhbar, and he swore: “By the God who parted the sea for Moses and his people”.


The verses of the Qur’an on which it is based are as follows:


“Fear Allah, of Whom you ask, and maintain the ties of your brothers or relatives (do not break ties with them)”. (An-Nisa’ 1)



“Do your duty, fulfill their rights….” (Ar-Rum 38)



“Verily, Allah has enjoined you to be just and kind to your fellow creatures, and to establish family ties, and has forbidden abominable and unlawful behavior and wrongdoing. He advises you that you may realize . (remember..)” (An-Nahl 90).


Uthman bin Madh’un said: At first I entered Islam only out of shame for the Messenger of Allah as my closest friend who – always recommended that I enter Islam (so that at that time) I was not yet firmly established. Then one day when I sat with him, he ignored me, even as if he was talking to the person next to him, after which he returned to me and said: “Jibril came down with the above verse”. Then I was delighted and Faith began to enter my soul, I went to his uncle Abu Talib, and I told him about the revelation of the verse. He replied: “Follow Muhammad, you will surely be fortunate and guided, by Allah he (my nephew) only commands to have good morals and good manners. If he is true or false, his aim is only for the sake of goodness, when he heard his uncle (Abu Talib) talk like that. He invited him to accept Islam, but he refused, then the verse was revealed:



“You have no power to guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He wills.” (Qashash 56)


Another verse states:



“Would you, if you had the power, make mischief on the earth and break the bonds of kinship? Those who do such things are those whom Allah has cursed, and made their ears deaf and their eyes blind” (Muhammad 22-23).


Allah says: “I am Ar Rahman (the Gracious) and you are the womb, whoever cuts you off will cut off My mercy, and whoever connects you will also connect My mercy.


The Rahim hangs on the ‘Arsh, day and night it prays: O Lord, connect the bonds of those who connect me, and break the bonds of those who break the bonds with me.


When knowledge is exhibited by people, while their deeds are forgotten, affection is only on the lips, without sinking into the heart (full of hatred) and family ties are broken, then Allah’s curse is on them, their ears are deafened and the eyes of their hearts are blinded.” This is what Hasan Bashri said.


Al Faqih”, from Yahya bin Salim, said: “In the days when a righteous man from Khurasan lived in Mecca, people entrusted him with their wealth. Then a man entrusted him with 10,000 dinars, and he went to take care of some other business, and when he had finished he came back to get the money, but he had died, so he asked his family.


They said: “We do not know anything about his entrustment”. He asked the scholars of Fiqh in Mecca about it and they said: “We hope that he is among the dwellers of heaven, try later tonight (past midnight) you call him at the well of Zam-zam: “O Fulan bin Fulan, I entrusted the money to you first”. Then ja took the advice of the Ulama but until three times the call, there was no answer. And finally he returned to the Ulama, they said: INNAALILLAAHI WA INNAA ILAIHHI RAAJI’UUN, we are afraid if your friend is among the inhabitants of hell, try now you go to Yemen and Bairut, there is a well there, call him through midnight. When he found the well, he began to call him, and he called once, and there was an answer. Then he asked: “Poor thing, why are you here? I see you used to be a good person?” He replied: “My family was in Khurasan, and I cut ties with them to the death, then I was prosecuted for this, and placed here, while your money is still there, I planted it at home, whoever from my family does not know, so ask them for permission so that you can dig up the stash of money, you will still find it there. After that he immediately went back to the place where the money was and found it still intact as before.


Al Faqih emphasized: “For those whose relatives are close by, the way to maintain ties of kinship is to give gifts to each other or to visit each other; if there is no wealth, then there is energy; and for those who are far away, the way is to write to each other, but visiting is preferable.


There are 10 benefits of ties of kinship, including: 1. gaining the pleasure of Allah, because He ordered it, 2. making them happy, based on the hadith:


Meaning: “The best deed is to make a believer happy.” (Al Hadith)

  1. The favorite of the angels, because they love to greet, 4. The praise of the Muslims to him, 5. Direct the cursed devil 6. Extend life, 7. Add barakah (enough) rezekins, 8. Make happy the dead, because fathers and grandparents like it when their grandchildren greet, 9. Foster a sense of love among families or families, so that the spirit of helping each other, when in need, 10. Increase the reward after death, because it will always be, remembered, and prayed for because of his kindness.


There are 3 kinds of people who are protected by Allah on the Day of Judgment, namely: 1. People who connect family ties are prolonged in age, widened graves, as well as sustenance, 2. Women whose husbands die and the orphans they leave behind are well cared for, until Allah provides for them or dies, 3. People who like to invite orphans and the poor to eat together. (Thus said Anas :52)


The Messenger of Allah said: “There are two (kinds of) steps of man that Allah likes, namely: 1. The step of praying, 2. The step of visiting one’s family or relatives”. (HR Hasan).


There are 5 things, whoever perpetuates them will increase his goodness like a large mountain, and his sustenance will be expanded. namely: 1. Always giving alms (a little or a lot), 2. Keeping in touch with his family or relatives, 3. Keeping trying to uphold Islam, 4. Keeping pure (always ablution), and not wasting water, 5. Keeping footing with his parents. Allah knows best.







CHAPTER 13 : The Rights and Duties of Neighbors


Al Faqih reported that Abdullah ibn Amr said: The Messenger of Allah said:


“Seven kinds of people for whom Allah will have no mercy on the Day of Resurrection, and for whom there will be a severe punishment, and they will be herded to Hell with the other inhabitants of Hell, namely:


  1. Sexual intercourse between a man and his fellow man (liwath).
  2. People having intercourse with animals.
  3. One who masturbates.
  4. One who has intercourse with his wife in the back passage (buttocks).
  5. One who has intercourse with his wife and daughter.
  6. One who commits adultery with his neighbor’s wife.
  7. One who openly harms his neighbor in public, unless he repents in accordance with religious guidance (fulfilling the conditions).


Ibn Mas’ud reported: “The Messenger of Allah said: “By . By Allah, a person is not considered to be a Muslim until all people are safe from harassment in their hearts, tongues and hands. And he is not considered a believer until his neighbors are safe from his interference. The Companions asked: O Messenger of Allah, what are the forms of harassment? He replied: “In the form of deception and persecution.”


Al Faqih, from Said bin Musayyab, said: The Prophet said: “The honor of a neighbor over another neighbor is like the honor of his mother.” |


Al Faqih, from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr, who said to his servant: “Cut a sheep and give it to our (Jewish) neighbor”. Then after a while he said: “O servant, if you cut the sheep, give it to our Jewish neighbor.” The servant said: “If you cut the sheep, give it to our Jewish neighbor. The servant replied:


“You are bothering us because of the Jew”, Abdullah said: “Wretched you know the message of the Prophet :



“That the Prophet always advised you to treat your neighbor well, so that we thought he had a right of inheritance”.


Al Faqih, Shuraih Al-Ka’by said: The Prophet said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, speak kindly or keep quiet, and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, respect his neighbor, and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day respect his guest, on his first day (day-night) and his in-laws (3 days), while the rest is considered charity”.


Al Faqih , from Hasan Bashri, said: “The Messenger of Allah was asked: “What is the right of a neighbor to another neighbor?” He replied: “If he is in debt, you give him a loan; if he is ill, you visit him; if he asks for help, you help him; if he suffers a calamity, you comfort him; if he benefits, you congratulate him; if he dies, you deliver his body; if he travels, you look after his house and children; and do not harm him with the smell of his food unless you give him some of it.”


Another narration adds, And do not raise the building (beyond the height) of the building, except to relieve his heart.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Gabriel never ceased to tell me to be kind to my neighbor, so that I thought that he had the right of inheritance”.


Also from Abu Hurairah, the Messenger of Allah said: “O Abu Hurairah, be a man who is wara””, surely you become the most diligent man of worship, and be a man of qana’ah””, surely you are good at gratitude, and be happy for your fellow human beings as you like for yourself, surely become perfect your believer, and treat your neighbors with the best, surely perfect your Muslim, and you laugh less, because the consequences of a lot of laughter can kill the heart (hardened like stone). Allah says,



“Worship Allah and do not associate Him with anything, and be devoted to your parents, as well as to your closest relatives or family, orphans, and the poor, as well as close neighbors or family, or neighbors of others, friends on the way and people overseas”. (An-Nisa’ 36)


There are 3 types of neighbors, namely: 1. having three rights, 2. having two rights, 3. having one right. Type no. 1, which has three rights, is: Neighbors who are relatives and Muslims. Type no. 2, which has two rights, is: Neighbors who are not relatives but are Muslims, Type no. 3 who have one right, are: Neighbor who is a kafir dzimmi”. The three rights are: 1. The right of the family or relatives, 2. The right of the neighbor, 3. The right of the Muslim While the two rights are: 1. The right of the neighbor. 2. Muslim rights. Can be one right, ie: the right of the neighbor.


Abu Dhar Ghifary said: “My beloved (i.e.) the Prophet Muhammad ordered me three things, namely: 1. To the leader of the Muslims devote your attention and obedience, even if he has a bad face and is a lowly person (according to the general human view). 2. When cooking soup, then increase the water and give it to your neighbors, 3. Perform prayers on time.


A person complained to the Prophet . – due to the harassment of his neighbor, so he advised: “Take care of yourself not to disturb him, and be patient with his disturbance, death is enough to separate the two of you”.


Definition (understanding) good neighbor, not just do not bother him, but more than that apply patience in the face of the act (disturbance) of his neighbor. This is according to Hasan Bashri.


The definition of Silaturrahmi, is not just to reciprocate good relations, but more than that (starting) to connect family ties that are almost or have disappeared, and being lenient with those who insist. And it is not called patience for the one who sckedar adjusts the patience of his community, but more than that if the community is indifferent, he still applies patience. This is according to Amr ibn ‘Ash.


Fatawa al-Faqih: The Muslim should be patient in dealing with his neighbor’s harassment, and he should not harass him; rather he should create an atmosphere of security for him, whether it is with his tongue, his hands or his ‘awrah. Security of the tongue means never backbiting him, and security of the hands means not being suspicious of him, if he forgets not to lock the door of the house, then there is no suspicion of him, and security of the private parts means not exposing his shame, if he leaves and there is information or reports that his neighbor entered his house, then his heart still feels safe, even if it is real.


Three Jahiliyyah traditions that need to be preserved in Muslim societies are: 1) Being diligent in honoring and entertaining guests who visit him; 2) Not divorcing his wife until she is old, so as not to waste her life; 3) Daring to make sacrifices, in order to reduce the burden of suffering or difficulty of his neighbor, even if he has to pay off or pay his debts. Thus said Ibn Abbas -::.


Rasulullah said “: A person (neighbor) on the Day of Judgment, will demand his (neighbor): “O Lord, this brother of mine, You made his provision easy, and I did not, until when I was hungry during the day, he was full, then I demanded of him, why he closed his door and prevented me from something that was made easy for him”.


Al Faqih emphasized: “Doing good to one’s neighbor in a perfect manner can be done in four ways, namely: “1. Helping him to the best of one’s ability, not coveting his possessions, not harming or annoying him, and being patient in the face of his mistreatment or annoyance.


A person who does one of the following 10 things is considered cruel or ruthless, namely:

  1. A person (man or woman) who when praying only asks for himself, without including his parents and the believing community.
  2. A person who can read the Quran, but does not read 100 verses every day.
  3. A person who enters the mosque, but does not honor it by praying 2 rak’ahs (Tahiyyatal Masjid) until he comes out.
  4. A person who passes by a Muslim grave, without greeting and praying for its occupants (gravediggers).
  5. A person who easily abandons the Friday prayer while traveling (in another city).
  6. A person who has no interest in learning knowledge (religion), even though there are pious people in his area while he is still considered ignorant.
  7. Two people who do not greet each other when they meet on the way.
  8. Someone who refuses to come at the time of walimatur ‘arus.
  9. A young man who is not good at utilizing his youth, so that he becomes unemployed, does not study, and has zero morals.
  10. A person who lets his neighbor starve to death, while he himself is full.






CHAPTER 14 : On the prohibition of drinking alcohol and its analogues


Al Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Umar said: “A black face, pseudo-blue eyes, and a drooling tongue that extends to the chest, and a stench that disgusts everyone, and so will the drinker of wine on the Day of Resurrection. You are forbidden to greet him, even if he is sick, do not approach him or visit him, and if he dies, do not pray for him.


The drinker of alcohol, when he considers alcohol to be lawful, is no different from an idolater (modern jahiliyyah in this nuclear age), according to Masruk. Ka’bul Akhbar said: “It is better to drink a glass of fire than one glass of wine.”


Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet said: “Every intoxicant is wine (real or mixed). And whoever likes to drink alcohol in this world, until he dies and does not repent, then do not expect the pleasure of the taste of (halal) alcohol in the hereafter.”


Al Faqih, from the Prophet, said:” Any intoxicating drink is forbidden (raw or cooked), much or little is still forbidden”. Al-Faqih said: “Cooked wine is a greater sin for the drinker than raw wine. There is a possibility that he may consider it permissible for various reasons (such as that it is a little wine, or that there is a lot of mixture, etc.), and thus he will fall into disbelief.


Az Zuhry reported: The subject of ‘Uthmaan’s sermon was: “O people, beware of wine which is the source of abominations, beware of wine which is the source of abominations and the source of all sins.


There once lived a worshipper who attended the mosque diligently, at one point he was attracted to a beautiful woman (prostitute) and became intimately acquainted with her. Because of his familiarity, he was dominated by the prostitute, so he was forced to choose one of three immoral practices, namely: 1. drink alcohol, 2. commit adultery with the prostitute, 3. kill the baby. Once upon a time 1 chose to drink alcohol which was thought to be the lightest sinful practice, but fakr, speaking, actually all three were done after drinking alcohol, in a drunken state he committed adultery and then killed the baby beside him. Uthman further exclaimed: “Therefore avoid wine, which is the culprit, all sinful deeds, truly believe, that: “Faith and alcohol cannot be united in a human body, one of the two must come out (namely) the drunkard’s mouth utters words of disbelief, and it becomes a habit until death, as a result he is eternal in hell. The fragrance of heaven (has an attraction) as far as 500 years of travel, however there are 4 types of people who are unable to smell it, namely: 1. The miserly man, 2. The giver who delays his gift, even if it is for various reasons, 3. The drinker of alcohol, 4. The man who dares or disobeys his parents, (HR Sa’id).


There are 10 kinds of people who are cursed by Allah, due to dealing with alcohol, namely: 1. The drinker, 2. The organizer of the party (who entertains) wine, 3. The bearer and what is brought, 4. The merchant, 5. The merchandise, 6. The retail seller (stalls, shops and shops), 7. The buyer (baskets and others), 8. The extortionist, 9. The boss, owner, employer who pays the laborers to squeeze wine, 10. The wine farmer (The grower). This is the assertion of Ibn Mas’ud.


The drunkard of wine has a foul-smelling carcass; he will rise from his grave on the Day of Judgment with a bottle of wine and a glass in his hand; snakes and gnats will swarm over his flesh; his feet will be covered with a fire that burns his brain; and his place will be in Hell with Pharaoh and Haman. (Hadith).


Whoever feeds a drinker of alcohol, even if it is just a morsel, then snakes and gnats will bite him later, as a reward from Allah. And whoever tries to help him with his needs, is helping to break Islam. Whoever owes him a debt, is participating in killing a believer. Sitting side by side with him, on the Day of Resurrection, blind or dumb, will not be an argument. Whoever drinks alcohol, then you should not marry him, when he is sick do not visit him, if he becomes a witness, his testimony is not valid, by Allah he is cursed in the Torah, Gospel, Zabur and the Koran, and he disbelieves in all the books mentioned above, no one legalizes alcohol, except disbelievers, and I (Muhammad) am free from it (not responsible) in the hereafter. (H.E. Siti A’ishah.)


Ka’bul Akhbar was asked: “Is it true that alcohol is also forbidden in the Torah?” He replied: “Yes, like the verse:



“Verily, drinking wine, gambling, offerings, idols, lottery by any means, are the abominable deeds of the devil. So avoid them (if you wish) to be victorious or fortunate”. (Al-Maidah 90)


Also mentioned in the Torah. That We revealed the truth to eliminate the false, and canceled games, musical instruments, and alcohol, so wretched is the one who is fond of alcohol, Allah swore: “Whoever violates the prohibition of alcohol, will be left thirsty, thirsty on a day when there is not a drop of water. But whoever does not want to know the wine of this world, will be introduced to the taste of the delicious wine of heaven from Hadlratul Qudsh (Thus said ‘Athak bin Yasar).


Al-Faqih advised: “Be careful not to drink alcohol, for there are ten disastrous consequences, including: 1. Putting oneself in the company of the insane, the laughing stock or ridicule of children, low among civilized people (normal mind), as Ibn Dunya said: “In the city of Baghdad I saw a drunkard urinating in the middle of the street, then he wiped his face or made him wash his face, while reciting:


ALLAAHHUMMA) ALNII MINAT TAWAABIIN, WAJALNII MINAL MUTATHAHHIRIIN (prayer after wudu). And another drunkard vomited in the middle of the street, then his mouth and beard were licked by dogs, to dogs: “O great lords, do not dirty your handkerchiefs.” 2. The calamity of the poor and the insane, 3. The calamity of quarrels,” and enmity among family and friends.

The word of Allah:



“”Verily, the devil aims to create enmity among you by wine and gambling, forgetting the sikrullah and the obligation of prayer, so stop you from doing all that,”” (Al Maidah 91).

  1. The calamity as stated in the verse, namely: being prevented from remembering Allah and praying, 5. The calamity of adultery (with another person or his ex-wife), even though she was born a wife, but according to Islamic law is no longer a wife, the consequences of drunk he divorced his wife is not felt. Then the talag falls, meaning that he commits adultery with his ex-wife, 6. Become a pioneer of evil, because in a state of drunkenness it is easy for him to commit various sins, 7. Disturb the angel Hafadhah because it forces him to a place of wickedness that stinks, 8. The punishment of 80 strokes of the lash witnessed by the Muslim community, if not punished in this world, then the punishment is carried out in the hereafter, the terrible blows of hellfire, witnessed by his parents and friends, 9. Rejected good deeds and prayers for 40 days (for drinking once), 10. Not responsible for the safety of his faith, because it can happen to die without faith.


These ten disasters are punishments or sufferings that must be felt in the world, while the punishment of the hereafter is more painful, the drink is very hot hamim water, and the food is from zaqum. Therefore, for a normal human being, it is impossible to choose a little pleasure (drinking wine) by throwing away the great pleasure and delicacy that lasts forever.


The interpretation of the verse (below), according to Mugatil bin Sulaiman is as follows: When the dwellers of heaven stepped on its door, it was seen that underneath it issued two sources in the first source they drank then clean their stomachs from all impurities, then in the second source they bathed then clean their bodies from all impurities. After that comes the greeting (speech):



“Peace be upon you, it is good to enter (and stay) forever”.


Camel vehicles made of red jagut, and gold gems controlled by pearls, are deliberately prepared for them, each occupant is also prepared a pair of jewelry (which if shown in the world, all levels of the world community must get the light or light of the jewelry), they are served by angels in finding their respective places. They are immediately greeted by beautiful angels like pearls scattered, complete with various jewelry, and silver vessels and gold cups, all angels greeted them with joyful greetings. The angels whose eyeballs were adorned with various jewelry, the fragrance could be smelled from a distance of 100 years. Looking at his clear and clean face, can be reflected or seen his own face (more than glass or mirror sparkling), looking at his chest looks very attractive breasts under his clothes as well as the veins of his calves that make young men dizzy head. They reside in a building one farsakh square long, with 4,000 gold doors, gold and pearl tapestries covering the room, and each bed equaling 70 beds of the world. When they sit down, they want fruits, then the tree comes close and it is easy to pick the fruits and eat them, all these rewards are the rewards for the people of tagwa, keeping from drinking alcohol and various immoral or abominable acts. As for the inhabitants of hell when led to its door, the officer welcomes with an iron blow, each limb feels its own torment (the heat of the fire, snake bites or iron blows), one hit collapses or sinks into the fire (as deep as) 40 years, not yet reaching the bottom, then the steam of the fire lifts it back up, and the blow is returned by the officer as deep as possible, the state of the skin is mentioned in the verse as follows:




“Each of their skins was broken, then We replaced it with a new skin,” Sur felt the pain of asab. Verily, Allah is victorious and punishes”. (An Nisa’ 56)


The process of changing the skin is felt 70x every day, boiling hamim water is provided when they feel very thirsty, even though the water is just brought close to the face immediately falls off the flesh and teeth, enters the stomach, the intestines become ripe and broken, the Word of Allah:



“With the water (hamim) was destroyed their entrails and skin, and iron whips were ready to beat them”. (Al Hajj 20. 21)


For years they were tortured, complained or called their officers, but no one paid attention to their calls, then called the angel Malik for 40 years, also no response until they despaired and said: “it is better to be patient”, but their patient behavior was worthless (useless), he said:



“For us it makes no difference whether we complain or be patient, there is absolutely no place to escape”. (Ibrahim 21)


The torment mentioned above is intended for the disbelievers, but a Muslim who drinks alcohol, then gets drunk and utters words of kufr until he loses his faith (Na’udzubillah min dzalik) aka disbelief, then he does not escape the target of the verse (a very painful torment). Therefore, never drink alcohol or associate with its fans, it is possible to be exposed to its ashes if you always associate with them, always remember the severity of Allah’s punishment and the horror of the Day of Judgment, so that the desire or inclination to drink alcohol disappears.


These are the verses interpreted above by Muqatil ibn Sulaiman:



 “Remember the day when We will gather those who believe in God the Gracious (on a vehicle)”. (Maryam 85)



“And We will send the disobedient to the Hellfire in a state of drowning”. (Maryam 86)


The punishment for wine drinkers is as follows: 1x drink black his heart, 2x released by the angel Hafadhah (human guardian), 3x left by Malakul Death, 4x the Prophet Muhammad is not responsible, 5x broken ties with the companions or the Muslim congregation, 6x no bond with Jibril the bearer of revelation (the Koran) 7x no relationship with Israfil, 8x break with the bearer and divider of sustenance (namely) Mikail, 9x break with the sky, 10x breaking up with the earth, 11x the fish in the sea or water escaping from it, 12x breaking up with the sun-moon, 13x with the stars, 14x breaking up with all creatures, 15x the gates of heaven forbidding him, 16x the gates of hell ready waiting for his arrival, 17x breaking up with the person in charge of the ‘Arsh, 18x breaking up with Kursy, 19x with breaking up with the ‘Arsh, 20x breaking up with the mercy of Allah 46. Thus Hasan Bashry.


Al Faqih”, from Asmak bint Yazid, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Whoever tries to drink alcohol (just a little without getting drunk), then for one week his prayer is rejected, if he gets drunk, then 40 days his prayer is rejected, and if he dies before repenting, his death is disbelief, but if he repents, Allah accepts his repentance, then after repentance drinks again, then it is appropriate for Allah to pour on him blood mixed with pus of the inhabitants of hell.” (Al-Faqih).


Another narration states: One drink of wine, prayer, fasting and other deeds will be rejected for 40 days; two drinks, all of them will be rejected for 80 days; three drinks will be rejected for 120 days; four drinks of wine, then his blood is lawful to kill because he has disbelieved, and it is appropriate for Allah to give him a drink of blood mixed with the pus of the dwellers of Hell”. (Al Hadith)


If sins are compared to a house, then drinking alcohol is the key, and whoever drinks alcohol has entered the door of all sins. (Al Hadith)


A parent who approves of his son or daughter marrying a drinker is encouraging him to commit adultery, because when he is drunk, he does not feel his wife’s divorce or divorce, so he continues to have intercourse with her, which means committing adultery. This is according to a companion of the Prophet.


Drinkers of alcohol are on the same level as idolaters (Jahiliyyah), this is based on the two verses below (Allah mentions rijsun in both, which means unclean):



“Verily, wine, gambling, (sacrificing to) idols, and casting lots with extinction are unclean, and are among the deeds of the devil, so avoid them so that you may have good fortune.” (Al Maidah 90)


Secondly, the following verse:



“.. Then avoid the unclean idols, and avoid false words.” (Al Hajj 30)


Drinking alcohol in the afternoon means that he is shirking until the evening, and drinking alcohol in the evening means that he is shirking until the morning, (said Ibn Mas’ud) further he said: “When the wine drinker dies bury him, and hold me, then try to dig his grave again, surely he turned away from the Qiblah, if not (turned away) kill me”.


The Messenger of Allah said: “I was sent as Hudan (guidance) and mercy for all of nature, to eradicate the culture (tradition) of jahiliyah, all musical instruments and idols. And Allah swore: “By My Victory, no one drinks the wine of the world unless I forbid it on the Day of Judgment, and whoever gives it up, I will surely give him a drink from the Hadīth of the Qudsh. (HR: Anas)


Abu Wa-il from Shaqiq bin Salman. When he was invited to a walimahan, he saw the performers, dancers and singers and hurried home, saying: “I heard Ibn Mas’ud say: “Singing is like water that nourishes the seeds of plants”.


‘Athak ibn Sa-ib from Abdurrahman Sulamy, who said: Some wine-drinkers, at the time when Mu’awiyah was governor of the Levant, said: “This is lawful, based on the word of Allah (until the end of the verse).


It means:

“There is no sin for those who believe and do righteous deeds in what they eat…. ” (Al Maidah 93)


Then as soon as Mw’awiyah told Umar bin Khattab (Amirul mukminin in Medina), Umar replied: “Immediately brought to Medina for trial, before affecting other Muslims. Then the Companions were gathered and consulted in their matter (the wine drinkers). The Companions said: “O Umar, they have misused the Word of Allah and made laws without the permission of Allah, so cut their throats”. Then Umar asked S. Ali for his opinion, he replied: “Tell them to repent, and if they refuse, cut their throats, and if they obey us (repent), then punish them with eighty strokes of the lash.” Then they chose to repent, and afterwards they were punished with eighty strokes of the lash.


When the verse (Al Maidah 90) prohibiting alcohol was revealed, the Companions asked: What is the fate of our brothers who died while they were fond of alcohol? This was answered by verse 93 of Surah Al Maidah as follows:



“There is no sin on those who believe and do righteous deeds on account of their former food, when they feared and believed and did righteous deeds, then continued to fear and believe, then continued to fear and do righteous deeds, Allah loves those who do righteous deeds”.






CHAPTER 15 : On the Prohibition of Lying


Al Faqih reported that Ibn Mas’ud said: He said:



“Speak truthfully, because truthfulness leads to goodness and leads to heaven. A person who always speaks truthfully will eventually be recorded as a truthful person with Allah, and avoid telling lies, because lying leads to evil deeds, and evil deeds plunge the perpetrator into hell. A person who always tells lies will eventually be recorded as a liar with Allah.” (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Ibn Mas’ud also said:



“There are three things that prove that a person is a hypocrite, namely: 1. when he speaks, he lies; 2. when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and 3. when he swears, he cheats or misbehaves.”


This is supported by verses 75, 76, 77 of Surah At-Taubah.


Al Faqih, from Malik, said: Lukman Hakim was asked: What is the achievement that brought you to the highest level? His answer: 1. telling the truth, 2. carrying out the mandate, 3. not interfering in anyone’s affairs, except in relation to me.


The Messenger of Allah was asked: “Is it possible for a believer to be timid?” He replied: “Yes”, then is it possible to become miserly?”, he replied: “Yes”, “is it possible to become a liar?” He replied: “Not possible.” (Al Hadith).


The Messenger of Allah said: “If you keep six things: 1. your word is true, 2. your promise is true, 3. your trust is fulfilled, 4. your private parts are protected, 5. your eyes are guarded from all immorality, and 6. your hands are safe from abuse, theft, and other immorality, I will guarantee you Paradise.” (Al Hadith) Al Faqih’s commentary on the above Hadith: The six things mentioned by the Prophet are all-encompassing, including: 1. Correct words, including the kalimah of monotheism, which is really after reciting the phrase: “LAAILAAHA ILLALLAAH, true to God and also to fellow human beings, 2. Right on his promise, whether to God or to fellow human beings to do good or good deeds to fellow human beings, 3. Up to his trust, whether it is carrying out the mandate of God (an obligation for all His servants), or the trust of fellow human beings (in the form of words, children, property and honor), 4. Maintained his private parts, from things that are doubtful and forbidden and not seen by others. Because the Prophet cursed the one who sees (genitals) and the one who is seen, 5. Guarded his eyes, from looking at the awrah of his neighbor, beautiful women not muhrim, and greedy for wealth, the Word of Allah:



“Do not turn your eyes to what We give their equipment (treasures) of the world, so that We try them with that luxury”.


  1. Safe hands, from everything that is haram (whether it is wealth, women and others).


In the time of the Prophet, sometimes people would say a word that could lead to hypocrisy, but today I hear similar words from you every day (more than) 10x and strangely such things are considered light (as if harmless) like lying which proves that a person becomes a hypocrite. (Thus Hudhayfah bin Yaman).


Muslims should be good at refraining from lying, and should not make a habit of it, so as not to fall into becoming hypocrites, and pioneers of sinful practices, who end up bearing the sins of those who follow them in addition to the sins of their own actions.


Al Faqih, from Samudra, said: “After the Fajr prayer he used to come to us and say: “Did any of you have a dream last night? We said no, and he said: “Last night I dreamed that two people came to me, they took me by the hand, went to a flat field, then I saw two people, one lying down and the other standing, holding a large stone, which was struck on the head of the person lying down, until it was crushed and the stone rolled away. The stone was taken back to its original place, it turned out that the first person’s head had recovered to its origin (intact), then it was slammed again on his head I was surprised: “SUBHAANALLAAH what is this?” But the two people said: “Keep going, come on!” Then two other men met, one on his back and one standing, holding an iron rod to tear his cheek, pulled backwards, the left one got his turn, then returned to the right and was torn again, and so on. I was astonished: “SUBHAANALLAAH what the hell is that?” But the two of them continued on their way until they saw a building, the top like a kitchen, the bottom spacious, in which men and women were mixed, so if the terrace of the fire vapor from below, they went up, and if it seemed to decrease, they went down, if the fire came they screamed and went up, until they were almost out, and if it was extinguished, they went down again. I said: “SUBHAANALLAAH” what is that?” But the two men continued, until they saw a river and people swimming, one at the edge or on the side gathering stones, when the one who swam to the edge had a stone in his mouth, then swam again to the middle, then back to the edge and his mouth was fed with a stone again, and so on endlessly, I wondered, “SUBHAANALLAAHH” what is that?” The two men continued, until they came to the man next to whom a big fire was burning and he lit it, I wondered: “SUBHAANALLAAH what is that?” The two of them continued until they came to a flower garden, where they saw a slightly tall man surrounded by children, I said: “SUBHAANALLAAH what is that? The two people invited me to continue, until we came to a very nice shady tree and we climbed it, we saw a city of gold-silver buildings, we knocked and the door was open, we entered, but were pulled by the two people, and put into a better and more beautiful building, above we saw a white building like glass, we were told that: This is your house, I asked, “May I come in?” They replied: “Now is not the time, you will enter it later.” Then I said, “The amazing things I saw tonight, what do they mean?” They replied: First, the person who can read the Quran (understand it), but does not practice its contents and forgets the five daily prayers, in return a stone will hit his head continuously without stopping, 2. The bearer of false news, spread throughout the community, in return his cheeks will be torn to the back, 3. The male-female prostitute, in return he will be locked in a kitchen full of fire and smoke, 4. Bloodsuckers (loan sharks), eat usury, in return swim in the river of blood from being fed stones constantly, 5. Angel Malik, guardian of hell, 6. Prophet Abraham is a little tall in the garden and surrounded by many children, they are children who die still pure (fitrah), 7. The first house, is the stock of believers (in general) the other is for martyrs, Then the two people who invited the Prophet, Gabriel and Mikail. (Problem), Where are the children of polytheists who died in fitrah or childhood? Answer: There are many opinions, some say around the Prophet Ibrahim, and some say become slaves of the inhabitants of heaven, and some go to hell. Allah knows best.


Al Faqih, from Ibn Mas’ud, said: “The truest information is the Book of Allah (the Qur’an), and the noblest speech is zikrullah (words of wisdom), and the worst blindness is blindness of the heart, a little but sufficient is more valuable than a lot of forgetting, and endless regret, is later on the Day of Judgment, the best wealth is rich in heart, and the best provision is piety. Arak (wine) is the storehouse of all sins, and women are the devil’s traps, and youth is half (part) of madness, the worst income is usury, and the greatest sin is lying.


The Prophet said: “Lying is improper, except in 3 places: 1. in times of war, 2. when reconciling two people who are disputing or quarreling, 3. for the sake of benefit or to improve the character of his wife”. (Hadith).


The statement of a Tabi’in: “Note that truth is the adornment of the saints of Allah, while lying is a wretched address, the Word of Allah:


Meaning: “At this time, only the righteousness of the righteous is beneficial”.



“O you who believe, fear Allah and associate with those who are truthful”. (At Taubah 119)



“Those who come with the truth and practice it, they are the pious”.



“… For them is available all that they desire….”


While the liars are denounced and cursed by Allah, in His Word:



“Woe to those who love to lie …..”



“There are no crueler people than those who lie against Allah, they are called to Islam (but turn away from it), Allah will not guide the cruel”.



CHAPTER 16: About Ghibah (speaking ill of others)


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said:


“Do you understand gossip?” The Companions replied: “Allah and His Messenger know better.” Then he said:



“When you reveal things to your friend that he hates to reveal to others, then that is ghibuh”.


Then he was asked: “What if it is true?” He replied:



“If what you reveal is in accordance with the person’s reality, then it is ghibuh, but if it is not, then it is buhtun”,


Al Faqih, even if it is just saying: “His shirt is too short or too long, etc.,” that is gossip”.


Ibn Abi Najh reported that he said: “After a short woman came to the Prophet, ‘Aisha said: “What a short person she is”. He replied: “You are sinning,” said ‘Ā’ishah: I am just saying what it is, according to the reality that exists in her, he said: “You have revealed his evil”. (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Sa’id Hudry reported that the Prophet said: “On the night of Isra, a group was shown being sliced off the flesh of its waist, then fed to its mouth with the call: Eat the meat of your brothers that you used to eat, then ask me: Who are they, Gabriel? They are your people who mock or insult others, either by means of words or actions.”


Al Faqih said listening to his father’s story: The Prophet was at home while the Companions (Ahlish-shuffah) were in the mosque and Zayd b. Tsabit was delivering or repeating the Prophet’s traditions By chance a man delivering meat to the Prophet was seen by the Companions and they told Zayd to ask for it as he had not eaten meat for a long time. After leaving, they were busy talking about Zayd (he was such and such etc.). Then after Zayd had conveyed their message, the Prophet said: “Zayd, tell them: “Actually you have eaten meat,” they replied: “By Allah, we have not eaten meat for a long time”. Zayd returned to the Prophet and he still said: “Actually you have eaten”. Since they did not feel that they had eaten it, they came to him. And he said: “You have eaten your brother, until now there is still an imprint on your teeth, try spitting so that the redness of the meat is evident. When they spit, it became clear to them that it was blood. Then they repented and apologized to Zaid who had been made an orgy (of meat) by them”.


Said Jabir bin Abdullah: The wind felt a foul odor around the Messenger of Allah, then he said: This foul odor is a proof that the hypocrites are vilifying the Muslims, (i.e.) Allah is showing the obedient Muslims the real rottenness of what Allah has forbidden to His servants.


Asked half a scholar of wisdom: What is the wisdom contained in that foul odor? He replied: “A proof that was shown to the Prophet and his Companions (at that time), but nowadays because there is too much (gossip), until our nose smells like that, then it seems that we do not feel the stench (already tasteless, menter – Javanese), no different from people entering a bone tanneries, for the first time they cannot stand their nose, but over time (the tanners there) eat and drink and do not feel any smell, because their nose is already tasteless full of that smell.


Salman Al Farisy on the way with the Companions (including Umar) stopped at a place to make a camp, he slept and others cooked, half said: What is the purpose of this person, it is good to come the tent is already up and food is available. Then they woke Salman up, told him to ask the Prophet for a side dish. But he said to Salman, “Tell them that they have already eaten side dishes”, so he returned to them and conveyed his words. They said, “We have not eaten anything”, Salman said: “He cannot be lying, so you should come to him”. When they came to him, he said: “You have eaten your brother’s (Salman’s) meat, he is sleeping you are saying (so and so) to him, then he recited the following verse:



“O you who believe, avoid most prejudices, for half of them are sins, and do not investigate the faults of others, nor should half of you backbite (gossip) the other half, Would someone of you eat the flesh of his dead brother Surely you are disgusted (unwilling). Fear Allah, for Allah is repentant and Merciful.” (Hujurat 12). (HR. Asbath from As-Sudy)


Ibn Abbas said the above verse 12 of Al-Hujurat, asbabun nuzul” as follows: In the middle of the journey the Companions arranged, so that every two capable people help one who is not capable (about eating and drinking). It so happened that Salman was included with two people, but when he forgot not to serve the needs of the two, he was told to ask the Prophet for a side dish. And after he departed, the two said: “If he had gone to the well, the well would have receded”. When Salman appeared, the Prophet said: “Tell them that you have eaten the food”. When he told them, they went to the Prophet and said: “We did not eat any side dishes”. He said: I see the redness of the meat in your mouths,” they replied, “We did not eat any side dishes, and we did not eat meat all day”. Then he said: “You have said your brother (Salman) would you like the meat of the dead?” They replied: No.” “Now, if you do not want to eat the meat of the dead, then do not speak ill of others (ghibah), because that is eating the flesh of his brother, so the verse 12 of Al Hujurat was revealed above.


Human nature in general, if badmouthed by others (people) must be emotional, angry, at a minimum there is hatred for him (the badmouther), but it is different with the Wise ‘Arif Ulama like Hasan Bashry, he was told by someone that he was badmouthed (so-and-so), then he responded by giving him delicious food (namely) special dates (ruthab), saying: “I heard that you have given me your good deed, so I want to give you something in return, even though it may not match what you gave me”.


When Ibrahim bin Ad-hham was entertaining his guests, half of them were badmouthing one person, he immediately reminded them: “The custom is that bread comes first, then meat, but you don’t, you eat meat first before bread”.


On the Day of Judgment a person receives a book or record of his deeds, laly there is a good deed that he does not feel he did, he says: “O Lord, what charity and where did it come from? He replied, “It was the good deed of someone who gossiped (revealed your bad), and you did not feel it”. (thus Abu Umamah Bahily).


O you lying people, you are miserly with your friends, in the Hereafter you are generous with your opponents, so your miserliness does not benefit yourself, and your generosity is not praiseworthy, (said Ibrahim bin Ad-hham).


Gossip for the gariiks is fruit, for the wicked it is a feast, for women it is entertainment, and Jauk-pauk for the dogs of men, but for the pious it is dung. (expression of a judge).


Four things can invalidate fasting, ablution and waste good deeds, namely: 1. Gossip, 2. Lying, 3. Namimah (fighting), 4. Looking at (beautiful) women who are forbidden to see. These four things are fertilizers of evil, just as water fertilizes vegetation. While drinking alcohol is the leader of all sins (the biggest sin). Thus said the Messenger of Allah. (Reported by Anas bin Malik) |


Whoever repents from gossip before his death will be the last to enter heaven, and whoever does not repent until he dies will be the first to enter hell” (Ka’bul Akhbar from the books of the previous Prophets).


Prophet Isa asked his companion: “What do you do when someone sleeps with his private parts exposed? You must cover it!


He replied: “Yes, definitely”. Isa said: “Instead you open it wider”, they replied: “SUBHAANALLAAH, why should we open it wider?” Prophet Isa said: “Is it not the case that when someone reveals the evil of another, then you widen it (by adding to it) the evil that he did not reveal, which means you open his veil even wider”.


When I entered the Jami’ mosque I heard someone talking about the badness of another person, I stopped him, then he stopped. Then he talked about someone else, and turned to the first person again, and strangely I was influenced and entered into the conversation. During the night I dreamt of being forced to eat pork by a tall black man, at first I refused. Then he snapped loudly, You’ve eaten I’m surprised to wake up. By Allah, after that for 3 or 4 (three-four) days, the stench of pork was still in my mouth every time I ate. (Thus Khalid Ar-Rib’i)


Gossip is more cruel than war, as stated by Iyaas bin Mw’awiyah (complete as follows.): Sufyan bin Husbain, while sitting with him, told him about a person who had just passed by, so Iyaas said, Shut up, O Sufyan: “Have you ever fought the Romans? He replied: no. Turkey? Also no, Then he said: Rome and Turkey survived your atrocities, but your brothers (fellow Muslims) did not survive your atrocities. Then Sufyan realized his actions, and after that he never again gossiped.


There are 3 assemblies that are kept away from the mercy of Allah, namely:

  1. Those that only talk about the wealth or treasures of the world, 2. Those that are full of laughter, 3. Gossip. (thus Hatim Zahid).


Take 3 things from you (for the believer) in order to be a good person, namely:

  1. If you are unable to benefit him, then do not harm him; 2. If you are unable to make him happy, then do not trouble him; 3. If you are unable to praise him, then do not reproach him. (Thus Yahya bin Mw’adz Razy).


Mujahid said: Every human being is accompanied by an angel, if he speaks of the good of his brother, then he supports him, “for him and for you”. But if he speaks of his brother’s evil, he says: “You are exposing someone’s private parts; check yourself and thank Allah, Who keeps your secret”.


Ibrahim bin Ad-ham, while sitting at a meal, heard someone say: So-and-so, why is he invisible? They said: He is not sociable. Then Ibrahim said: “This is what disgusts me: when you invite a Muslim to a meal, you speak ill of him, then he goes out and does not eat for three days.


If you do not do 3 things, then do not do 3 things, namely:


  1. If you cannot do good, then do not do evil,
  2. If you are unable to play an active (useful) role in society, then do not be cruel to them,
  3. If you are unable to fast, then do not eat your brother’s (human) meat. (Half of the scholars of wisdom).


If I am able to stop myself from gossiping, then for me it is more advantageous than acquiring the world and its contents, even if I spend fi sabilillah, and if my eyes are kept from haram things, then for me it is very valuable, compared to the world and its contents made alms fi ilillah, (so Wahb Makky) then he cites the verse:



“Say to the believer that he should keep his eyes closed (from haram things)”.


(Issue) Is it valid to repent for gossip without apologizing (telling) the person who was gossiped about? There are many opinions on this matter. Half the scholars agree that it is valid and the other half do not. And there are others who are of the following opinion: firstly: If the gossip has been heard by the person about whom it was said, then he must apologize to him. Secondly: If the gossip has not been heard, then it is sufficient to offer Istighfar and promise to Allah not to repeat it.


Ibn Sirin, when someone asked for forgiveness and asked to be made lawful, because of the badmouthing in the past, Ibn Sirin replied: “Why would I make lawful what Allah has forbidden”. This means that he was asking Allah to forgive him. Hence, if the gossip has not been heard by the person, it is better not to tell him, rather repent to Allah and make up for it by wishing him well, and he will remain at ease.


As for buhtan (slander), the method of repentance is as follows:

  1. Withdrawing the false news that he had previously conveyed,
  2. Apologize or be forgiven to the defamed,
  3. Ask forgiveness to Allah for his slanderous act.


Because buhtan is a major sin on par with worshiping idols, His Word:



“Abandon all that is unclean (idols) and also abstain from false words, false accusations and lies”.


A zuhud man bought kapok for his wife, and she said: The kapok merchants have cheated you by selling it to you.


Then he divorced her, and people asked him: Why did he divorce her? He said,


I feared the demands of the kapok merchants on the Day of Judgment, then I included my name (Fulan’s wife … and … ), therefore he was divorced immediately.


There are three innocent practices of gossip, namely:

  1. Talking about the persecution of a cruel king,
  2. Talking about the moral depravity, the brutal behavior of people (who deliberately show their immoral behavior) in public.
  3. Talking about the wrongdoings of people who organize religious events that have no basis (bid’ah).


But if what is mentioned is his person, then it is still sinful gossip. The Prophet said: Mention the ugliness and danger of prostitutes, so that others will be careful.


There are three negative effects of gossip, namely:


  1. Kufr, revealing the badness of a Muslim, then when reminded, he replies: This is not gossip, it is revealing what is true about him, so he has the audacity to justify something that Allah has forbidden, and he is a kafir.
  2. Hypocrisy: revealing a person’s faults without mentioning his name in public, but the public understands who the speaker is addressing, and he considers himself wira’i (avoiding the prohibitions of Allah).
  3. Sinful (maksiat), revealing someone’s evil, but he feels that he is violating the prohibition of Allah, has sinned against Him. The positive gossip is: exposing wickedness that is deliberately done in public (openly) or innovators, then this is not sinful, rather it is rewarded, because it aims to eradicate it, in the hope that people can distance themselves and save themselves from these wicked acts. The Prophet said:


“Reveal the evil of prostitutes, so that people will beware of them”.


My father’s story: The Prophets (not the Messenger of Allah) received revelation in different ways, some heard voices, and some had dreams. One of them had a dream (of such a call). If you go out in the morning, then the first thing you see eat, the second keep it, the third accept it (well), the fourth do not despair, and the fifth run away from it. Then in the morning what he saw was a large black mountain, then he stopped staring, he said: the call to eat what I saw, and the call of God must be true (bring benefits to humans), when it was done, then he approached the mountain and after approaching the mountain became frozen (shrinking) one mouthful, immediately eaten tasted sweet honey, and recited: ALHAMDULILLAAH. And continued to walk, found a box of gold, called (remembered) keep it, then he dug the ground and kept the gold in it, but when he left the gold came out, then planted again until repeated three times, he said: I have done the call of God, and he continued his journey until he reached a place, he saw a bird being chased by an eagle, after the bird knew the man, the bird said: O Prophet of God help me, so he received it well and put it in his pocket, the eagle said: O Prophet of Allah my hunger has been unabated since morning, I hunt my prey, and do not cut off my hope from my sustenance. He remembered the fourth call: Do not despair, then tried to solve the problem by cutting a little of his thigh meat to give the eagle, until it flew. And the bird was released. The fifth time he saw the stinking carcass, and he fled from it. Then in the night he prayed: O Lord, I have done your call and explained its purpose. God answered through his dream:


First, what you eat, is “anger” which at first looks as big as a mountain, but can become small, sweet and honey flavored, if you are patient and steadfast or endure it.


Second, even if good deeds are kept, they are still visible (to the public).


Third, accept a mandate or do it well, do not cheat or betray it,


Fourth, try to help those who come to you for help, even if you have personal matters.


Fifth, gossip, so avoid associating with people who like to reveal the ugliness, mistakes, or weaknesses of others.


CHAPTER 17 : About Namimah (fighting)


Al Faqih , from Hudhayfah he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Fighters of sheep will not enter Paradise.”


Al Faqih, reported Abu Hurairah as saying: The Messenger of Allah said: “Do you know the most evil person among you? They replied: Allah and His Messenger know better.” He explained: “He is two-faced, facing this way with one face and that way with the other face.


Al-Faqih, from Ibn Abbas, said: The Prophet passed by two new graves and said: (The people in these two graves are being tortured, not because of a major sin, but one is due to unclean urine, while the other is a competitor. Then he took a green tree branch and cut it in half and stuck it on both of them. They (companions) asked: O Messenger of Allah, what do you mean by that? He replied: May Allah alleviate the punishment of both of them, as long as this branch is not dry.


This does not mean the consequences of major sins (as mentioned in the Hadith) according to the general view of people, but the side effects are very dangerous, because the residue of urine seeps or drips, clothes become unclean and are not valid for prayer and other worship, and remember in the hereafter there are only two places, if you do not enter heaven, you will be burned by the fire of hell.


And for those who like to fight, let’s repent, because it is very humiliating in this world, and punishment in the grave, and in hell on the Day of Judgment, but if you repent, God willing, it will be accepted as long as you don’t die.


The Messenger of Allah said:



“The most evil man is the one who has two faces, comes to a place with his face and to an old place with another face, whoever has two mouths in this world. then on the Day of Resurrection Allah will make two mouths and fire” (HR Hasan).


Mockers, abusers and backbiters are mentioned. There are 3 things that cause the severity of the torment of the grave, namely:


  1. Gossip: 2. Lack of clean urine, 3. Backbiting.


The seller of a slave warns his buyer “This slave” has the characteristic of fighting, so because this characteristic is taken lightly, the buyer does not undo it. After a few days at her new employer’s place, she said to the employer’s wife, “Madam’s husband seems to be no longer in love as he is going to marry again, will you try to keep him in love?” The employer’s wife, replied: Yes. Try and shave the beard off his neck when he sleeps. Then the servant turned to persuade her (male) master, saying: “The master’s wife, now loves Jain pris playing with him, and plans to kill the master, if you want to know the proof, try the master pretending to sleep. Then the master pretended to sleep, not long after his wife came with a razor in her hand. So the husband (employer), thinking that his wife was really going to kill him, he immediately got up to grab the knife in his wife’s hand, and killed his own wife. This news was smelled by the wife’s parents, they came and killed the son-in-law (husband). And this incident continued until the husband’s parents (employer), did not accept it, which eventually led to bloodshed (fighting) between the two sides, namely the husband’s family and the wife’s family.


Yahya ibn Aktham said: Fitnah (fighting) is more dangerous and worse than witchcraft, because fitnah is faster in the process of evil, and is also more dangerous than the devil, because the devil can only be in the form of whispers and imaginations, but fitnah is direct and practical. The word of Allah:


Meaning: “Carrier of firewood”. (Lahab 4).


The Mufassirin are unanimous in interpreting this as the bearer of slander (adudomba), which is likened to wood – the kindler of the fire of enmity and war.


The lowest degree is caused by 4 things, namely,


  1. Fitnah,
  2. Lying,
  3. Debt,
  4. Orphans (Aktham bin Shaifi said).


A person traveling 700 km., the goal will only learn seven sentences, namely:


  1. Something that is heavier than the sky,
  2. That which is wider than the earth.
  3. That which is harder than stone,
  4. Which is hotter than fire,
  5. That which is cold beyond zamharir,
  6. Deeper than the ocean,
  7. The bad outweighs the poison


Then find the answers as follows:


  1. Accusing someone who has not done anything is heavier than the sky,
  2. The truth is wider than the earth,
  3. The disbeliever insists more than a stone,
  4. Gluttony is hotter than fire,
  5. The desire for the closest family if not fulfilled, is colder than zamharir,
  6. The heart of accepting what is (gana’ah) is deeper than the ocean.
  7. Fighting (Fitnah) is worse and more evil than poison. (thus ‘Utbah bin Abi Lubabah).


The Messenger of Allah said: When heaven was created, it received the call, Speak, Then he said, Very fortunate is the man who enters me, the Word of Allah: By My Victory and Majesty, 8 kinds of people are forbidden to stay with you, namely:


  1. Drinkers of wine (khamar),
  2. Prostitutes,
  3. Fighters (slanderers),
  4. Pimps, harborers of prostitutes (dayuts who let their wives commit adultery),
  5. Police,
  6. Wadam (a man who acts as a woman),
  7. One who breaks (the ties of) kinship,
  8. The one who swears by the name of Allah, that he will do good, but does not act on it. (Thus Nafi from Ibn Umar). Whoever tells you about the condition of others, will surely tell others about your condition (Hasan Bashry).


Umar, when he was Caliph, had someone report about the condition of another person, then Umar said:

  1. If you want, I will check the truth of your report,
  2. But if you lie, then you are threatened with the verse: .



“If a wicked person comes with a report or information, then check (investigate) it first …..” (Al Hujurat 6)

  1. If your report is true, then you are also threatened by the verse:




“Mockers who love to divide and conquer”.

  1. If you want, then I forgive you.


Then he chose to be forgiven by Umar bin Abdul Aziz, he said: Forgive me, O Amir and I will not repeat it.


An adulterer (i.e. a person with the character of an adulterer, who likes to slander and complain) is unable to keep the message of the conversation, while a nobleman is one who does not disturb his neighbors.


Allah says:



“The mocker who likes to complain, the miser without favor, the outrageous disobedience, the arrogant other than all of that he is a son of adultery”. (Thus Abdullah bin Mubarak)


A cleric of wisdom was visited by his friend, it is customary for people who have not seen each other for a long time, to tell the situation of their other friend, but the cleric did not like it and admonished him, Ha friend, you have not visited for a long time, now you come with 3 sins, namely: 1. Inviting my hatred for my fellow comrade, 2. You have confused my mind, 3. I accuse you of lying.


A long drought hit the Children of Israel, then Prophet Moses prayed with his people, but the rain did not come, even though he had prayed three times, until Prophet Moses prayed: O God, three times your servant begged, but you haven’t accepted it yet. He replied, I do not accept your prayer, because among your people there are people who like to slander (adudomba), then: Who is he? He replied: O Moses, I forbid slander, why should I do that? Repent, all of you, and it will rain after they repent. (Ka’bul Akhbar).


A man came to Sulaiman bin Abdul Malik who was sitting with Zuhry, said Sulaiman, Information has come to me that you are vilifying me, is that true? He replied: No, I don’t think I did that. Then he said: The bearer of the information is truthful, Zuhry replied: The one who likes to slander is untruthful and dishonest. Then Sulaiman said to Zuhry: You are right, and he said to the man: Goodbye.


If someone reports that you have abused your friend, it means that he has abused you. (A scholar of wisdom)


A person who makes up praise for you, will surely make up reviling you next time (Wahb bin Munabbih).


If someone reports to you that so-and-so has slandered your name, then deal with it with 6 things:

  1. Do not believe it easily, because the testimony of the one who likes to fight is not valid.

Allah’s Word:



“O you who believe, if a wicked person comes to you with news, you should investigate first, so that it does not happen that you respond to a people with ignorance (if so), then later you will regret it”. (M Hujurat 6)


  1. You are obliged to forbid the fitnah, which means you are practicing amar ma’ruf nahi munkar,


  1. You must hate what he is doing, because it is sinful.


  1. You must not think ill of your brother who is slandered, because that is forbidden. Allah says:


Meaning: .

“”Buhwalah is as prejudiced as it is sinful, and do not inquire into the faults of others.””( Al Hujurat 12)


  1. You should not inquire into the situation of the slandered person, for this is prohibited by Allah, (Al Hujurat 12).


  1. You should not expand on it, meaning that the actions of the slanderer (you dislike or hate him) should not be told to anyone. ..:


WABILLAAHII TAUFIK (only with the help of Allah).


CHAPTER 18 : About Hasud (envy and jealousy)


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Hasan: that the Prophet said:



“Envy and jealousy both blot out good deeds like fire blots out wood”.


And with a similar sanad, Ibrahim bin ‘Iliyah bin Ubbad bin Isaac from Abdurrahman bin Mu’awiyah, he said: The Prophet said: “Three things, a person cannot be saved from them, namely:


  1. Prejudice, 2. Hasud, 3. Fear (of not getting something).


The Companion asked: Yes. Messenger of Allah, what is the way to save him? He replied:


  1. When envy creeps into your heart, do not let it continue,
  2. When you are prejudiced against someone, do not investigate until proven,
  3. When you are worried about not getting (good), then strive until it is achieved (never back down).


Al-Faqih in his explanation: When you have resentment in your heart, do not prove it in reality, because Allah will forgive as long as the resentment has not been uttered and committed. And when you are prejudiced, then do not try to find the facts, then when you have an intention for something good, then hearing the sound of birds and others makes you doubt or weaken, then convey the intention or goal until it succeeds well.


It is narrated that the Messenger of Allah loves to be optimistic, and hates pessimists, or cunning, because such traits are a legacy of jahiliyah, we hope and seek refuge in Allah alone. J P P g nanya kep


When you hear the sound of birds (ghosts and the like), you should say: “O Allah, there is no bird except You, there is no good except from You, there is no Lord except You, and there is no power or strength except with the help of Allah.” Then state your purpose, for there is nothing you can do except with the help of Allah.


Then state your intention, for nothing can harm you except with the permission of Allah.


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Hurairah , who said: The Prophet said:



“Do not hate each other, distort each other, and do not cheat (pretend to hunt for goods, in order to bring down others), then be the servants of Allah who get along (bersaudura)”.


O my son, be introspective, eliminate the feeling of hasud, and envy, because it will harm you in real terms, before it is revealed to your enemy “. (Message of Mu’awiyah)


There is no evil more than hasud, because before the hasud hits its target, first 5 disasters befall the hasudger (the one who hasud), namely:


  1. His heart is always in turmoil.
  2. He is afflicted with afflictions for which he has no reward.
  3. The worst of reproaches.
  4. Being scolded by God.
  5. Not receiving the guidance of Allah. (Thus Al-Faqih)


Remember, that pleasure is always stalked by its enemy, who is the enemy, O Messenger of Allah, he replied: Those who have envy are the enemy.” (Al-Hadis)


The testimony of the reciter of the Qur’an is acceptable to anyone, but among them it is not acceptable, because among them there is mutual resentment and envy. (Thus Malik bin Dinar)


Six groups that will enter Hell due to 6 things, namely:


  1. Government officials, due to persecution (zalim),
  2. National fanatics, due to arrogance,
  3. The village heads (kepala desa or lurah), due to arrogance,
  4. Middlemen or traders, due to cheating,
  5. The village community, due to ignorance or stupidity,
  6. The scholars or intellectuals, due to envy”.


What is meant by the scholars is those who are resentful of each other.


For this reason, the purpose of seeking knowledge must be regulated (namely seeking the pleasure of Allah and the Hereafter). Allah’s warning to the Jews is as follows:



“They envy one another, because Allah has favored them.” (This is how Al-Faqih commented on the Hadith).


A scholar of wisdom said: Be careful not to be envious, for the sins committed in the heavens and on earth (at the first time) were due to envy. In the heavens, Iblis disobeyed Allah’s command (told to respect Adam) as a result of envy of Adam, so he was cursed by Allah. Then on earth, Kabil killed his brother (Habil) as a result of envy of a beautiful wife.


The word of Allah:



“Read the story of the two sons of Adam, when they both offered their sacrifices, the one (Habil) was accepted, and (Qabil) was rejected, he said, Indeed I will kill you, he replied: “Verily, Allah accepts only the righteous”. (Al-Maidah 27)


It is not possible for a person with envy to live happily, nor is it possible for a person without virtue, nor is it possible for a person who is bored to be a friend, nor is there any humanity for a liar, nor is there any acceptance for a deceitful person, nor is there any morality for a moral person. (thus Ahnaf bin Qasy)


I have never envied anyone for wealth if he is a resident of heaven why would I envy him, when he is a resident of heaven then if he is a resident of them, why would I envy him, because he will go to hell. (Ibn Sirin)


O people, why do you envy your brother if he (the one you envy) is given something because of his glory in the sight of Allah, then why do you envy the one whom Allah has honored, if not, then why do you envy the one who will go to hell? (Hasan Bashry)


Three people whose prayers are rejected, namely:


1 Those whose food is forbidden,

  1. Who likes gossip,

3, Who hasud to Muslims. (Thus Al-Faqih).


Hasud is not permitted except in two cases, namely:


  1. A person who is given the knowledge of the Qur’an and practices it every day and night,
  2. A person who is blessed with wealth and gives it in charity day and night. (HIR. Ibn Shihab, Salim, and his father).


What is meant in this Hadīth is that they are eager to do the deeds that they do, such as waking up at night (praying and reading the Qur’an) and giving charity.


Allah says:



“Do not covet that which Allah has given as a bounty to one of you over another”.



“Ask Allah for His bounty”.


Therefore, it is obligatory for every Muslim to rid himself of hasud, because by hasud, one is defying the law of Allah, and this also means defying His certainty in giving bounties to whom He wills. (Al-Faqih).


Abu Hurayrah was asked about the obligations of the Muslim towards his neighbor, and he replied,



The obligations of a Muslim in fulfilling his rights towards his neighbor are six:


  1. When he meets him, he should greet him,

2 When invited, fulfill it,

  1. When asked for advice, give the right advice,
  2. When you sneeze and then say aahmid, then pray,
  3. When sick, visit,
  4. When he dies, take him to his grave”. (Reported by A’la, from his father Abdurrahman, from Abu Hurayrah )


Al-Faqih, from Anas bin Malik said: I served the Prophet from the age of 8 years, the first lesson he said, O Anas, complete your ablution for prayer, so that your guardian angels will love you and increase your life. O Anas, complete your ghusl, for every hair (underneath) is jinabat. I asked: O Messenger of Allah, how can I complete it? He replied: Apply it to the hairs and clean the skin, so that you may be forgiven your sins. O Anas, do not forget the Dhuha prayer, for it is the behavior of those who return to Allah. And increase your night and day prayers, for while you are praying the angels are praying for you. O Anas, when praying stand upright before Allah and when bowing, place your hands on your knees, stretch your fingers and stretch your arms from your waist, and when ‘unstraightening until each member returns to its place, when prostrating, the face is attached to the ground, And when you sit between prostrations, do not be like a bird pecking at food, and do not spread your arms like a gazelle, and when you sit between prostrations, do not be like a dog sitting, put your buttocks between your legs and put the top of the soles of your feet on the ground, because the prayer that is not perfect in prostration, has no value to Allah. And remain pure from impurity (have ablution) all day and night, when death comes to you, you are in a state of purity (ablution), thereby meaning you die a martyr.


O Anas, greet every time you enter the house, and if there is a need (you go out) greet every Muslim who meets you, so that the delicacy of faith penetrates the heart, and when you go out you are exposed to sin, then return with your sins forgiven.


O Anas, do not harbor envy and jealousy against any Muslim, day or night. This is my teaching, and whoever follows my teaching loves me, which means he will be with me in heaven.


O Anas, when you practice and take good care of this message or teaching of mine, then there is nothing more beloved, than death, because that is where your rest is. Cleansing the heart from envy and jealousy towards fellow Muslims is the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, whoever follows the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah or does it, means the love of the Messenger of Allah who is allowed to accompany him in heaven. Therefore, it is obligatory for every Muslim to purify his heart from envy and jealousy, because this is the main charity. (This is how Al-Faqih commented on the above-mentioned Hadith).


Al-Faqih reported from his father that Anas ibn Malik said: “When we were accompanying the Prophet 55, he suddenly said: An inhabitant of heaven will visit you with his two sandals in his left hand, then shortly afterward he came, greeted us and sat with us. Then on the next day the Messenger of Allah said as on the first day, and he came, just like yesterday. And on the third day he said as on the first and second day, he came again, when he was going home Abdullah bin ‘Amr Al-Ash followed and said to him: There is a little trouble in my family, so I will not go home for three days and nights, and if you allow me I will stay at your place for that long (eight days and nights), he replied: Alright, Go back to Anas, he said: ‘Abdullāh ibn ‘Amr spoke about the time he spent in that man’s house, and he said that he did not get up for the night prayer, but only did dhikr when he slept until he woke up at dawn, and his ablution was perfect, and his prayer was solemn, and he did not fast, and this is what he did during the three days and nights that I spent in his house, and no more than that, but he did not speak except what was good. And when my time (three days and nights) was over, I said to him: Actually in my household (family) there is no problem, I just want to know your practice because the Prophet said three times that you are a resident of heaven, so I try to spend the night in your house, with the aim that later I know your practice will imitate it, but in my opinion you have no advantages, then what makes him say so? He replied: My deeds are as you have seen during that time, then I excused myself to go home, but then I was called, he said, Besides that, there is more, namely: I have no envy or jealousy towards Muslims (meaning: all that they have from enjoyment). Then I said, This is what the Prophet said three times about you, and this is what we have not been able to do”.


The five things that the hasud or spiteful person states, in opposition to Allah, are: 1. Ja hates the favors of Allah that are given to other people, 2. He is not willing to the provisions of Allah in terms of the distribution of sustenance to him, his little heart speaks, Why is this the way you divide the sustenance. 3. He is miserly towards Allah’s bounty. 4. He insults the lover of Allah, because he hopes to eliminate the blessings of Allah given to that person. 5. He is the devil’s army, which is always ready to help him. (This is what a scholar of wisdom said).


The punishment for hasud or envy is as follows:

  1. He is always low and humiliated in the midst (association) of his community,
  2. He is hated and cursed by the angels,
  3. His mind is always in turmoil and sorrow, especially in a quiet place (alone).
  4. Feeling heavy and difficult when facing naza’ (sacred my) overshadowed by fear,
  5. Bear shame and punishment on the Day of Judgment,
  6. His place, in the hell that burns himself. (Thus Al-Faqih) Allah knows best.






CHAPTER 19 : About Arrogance


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Mash’ab, from his father, from Ka’bul Ahbar: “The arrogant person on the Day of Resurrection will be as small as an ant, he will be humiliated in every place, and he will be given a drink of thinatul khabal (i.e. blood mixed with pus) in Hell.”


Sufyan ibn Mis’ar reported: Husain bin S. Ali passed by a poor man who was eating bread on a cloth. Then they offered him: O Aba Abdillah come and eat with us, he immediately got down and said:



“Verily, Allah is not pleased with the proud”.


And he sat down to eat with them, he said, I have fulfilled your offer, now it is my turn to invite you to eat with me in my house, he ordered his servant: “Serve whatever food you have in store”.


Al Faqih narrated that Sufyan, Abu Hazim, Abu Hurairah, said that the Prophet said: There are three groups of people who will be left out of Allah’s mercy on the Day of Judgment, and they will be tormented with a very painful torment, namely:


  1. Old men who continue to commit adultery,
  2. Rulers who lie,
  3. Kere (poor people) who are arrogant”.


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: Three groups of people pioneer (enter) the first heaven, namely:


  1. Those who are martyred,
  2. Small people who are very busy (with the affairs of livelihood) in the world, but do not forget the affairs (charity and worship) of the hereafter,
  3. The poor people (fakir) who have many children and always humble (tawadlu”),


And there are also 3 groups of people pioneering the path of hell (the first entry), namely:


  1. Stubborn ruler (cruel),
  2. Millionaires or journalists who do not pay their zakat,
  3. Kere (poor) but arrogant”.


There are 3 people from 3 groups that Allah hates the most, namely:


  1. An old man who is wicked,
  2. The miserly nobleman,
  3. Kere (poor hobo) who is arrogant.


And there are also 3 humans from 3 groups who are very loved by Allah, namely:


  1. A pious young man,
  2. A poor but generous person,
  3. A millionaire or wealthy person who is humble. (Al Hadith).


No arrogant person will enter Paradise, even if it is only the weight of a zarrah (corn kernel). Someone asked: O Messenger of Allah, I am happy with my clean clothes, sandals, and whip strap; will they enter Paradise? He replied: “That Allah is Beautiful, and loves beauty, and loves when His blessings make an impression on those He gives, on the contrary He hates poverty and is poor in style, arrogance is turning away from the truth and people”. (HR Habib bin Abi Tsabit from Yahya bin Lu’lah).


It does not include arrogance, a person who wants to sew his sandals, embroider his clothes and his face prostrates on the ground worshiping Allah “. (HR Hasan)


Arrogance disappears from the soul of the one who dresses in wool, mends his sandals, rides in a khimar, milks his own sheep, eats with his family, and sits with the poor.” (Hadith)


Prophet Moses asked: O Lord, who is the creature that You hate? He replied: The arrogant man, who speaks harshly, but his faith is weak and miserly.”


Humbleness (tawadlu) is an attitude that can elevate or become noble, and every favor must have a sentiment, except tawadlu’. (Urwah Zubair)


The result of bergana’ah is rest (calm), and the result of tawadlu’ is public sympathy. (Scholars of Wisdom)


The captain of Hajjaj’s army (named Muhallab Abi Sufrah) was wearing silk clothes, walking arrogantly, in the middle of the road was reminded (by Mutharrif Abdullah Shuhairy): Hi …., are you walking scolded by Allah and His Messenger? The Captain replied: You don’t know who I am? He replied: I have known you for a long time, that is a very vile sperm of your origin, and the end of your life is a vile and rotten carcass, and all this time what you carry (in your stomach) is stinking dirt. So with an answer like that, he immediately realized, and changed his attitude to life.


A believer is proud of his Lord (Allah), and noble because of his religion (Islam), while a hypocrite is proud of his nation, and thinks he is noble with his wealth (Ahli Hikmah).


When someone is tawadlu’, then you should reciprocate with tawadlw’, but when someone is arrogant, then overcome them, because arrogant behavior for them is an insult and your reply is your charity (Hadith from Umar). ‘


No one is tawadlu’ for the sake of Allah except that he is exalted” (Hadith of Abu Hurairah).


The main points of tawadlu are:

  1. Greeting Muslims whom you know,
  2. Being willing to sit anywhere in the assembly,
  3. His deeds and piety are not pleased if they are mentioned. (Thus Umar -).


Keep in mind, arrogance is the nature of the disbelievers and Pharaoh, while tawadlu’ is the nature of the Prophets and good people. The word of Allah:



“And they, when “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAIN” is mentioned, boast”, (Shaffat 35).



“Qarun, Fir’aun and Ilaman, were arrogant on the earth, Musa delivered religious teachings and miracles, so they did not escape destruction (like the previous people who should have been a warning to them)”. (Ankabut 39)



“Those who arrogantly refrain from worship will enter Hellfire as humiliated people”. (Ghafir 60)



“It is called, enter you through the door of Jahannam and remain therein, that is the worst place for the arrogant”. (Zumar 72)


As for the tawadlu’ person, Allah praises him in the following verses:



“The servants of Allah who live on the earth are always tawadlu’ when addressed by the ignorant, they answer with words full of salvation”. (Furqan 63)



“Be humble to those who believe (your followers)”. (Ash Shu’ara 215)


Meaning: “Verily, you (Muhammad) are a man of noble character and high virtue”. (Al Qalam 4)


Among his best-known manners is tawadlu’, to the extent that he used to ride in a khimar and fulfill the invitations of the common people, and sit with the poor and lowly. It is clear that tawadlu’ is the noblest character trait of the righteous (Salihin), so we should follow in their footsteps.


Umar bin Abdul Aziz was accustomed to after Isha writing his needs, suddenly one night a guest came, while the lamp was flickering almost dead, then the guest said: O Amirul mukminin, I will fix the lamp, he replied: “It is inhuman for a man to use his guest’s labor”. Then: May I call your servant? He replied: No, he was enjoying his sleep, then Umar got up to fill the lamp with kerosene. Asked the guest: Yes Amir, did you fix it yourself? He replied: “When I woke up my name was Umar, and came back still Umar, tawadlu’ is the best of people in the sight of Allah.


When Umar Khatthab visited Sham (Syria), the local officials and scholars in order to welcome his dignitary, asked to ride a vehicle (carriage) so that the audience could see him, but Umar replied, You think this business is from below, actually this business is from above (heaven). (Thus Qais Abu Hazim).


Another narration, the story is as follows: When Umar visited Sham, riding a vehicle (camel) alternated with his servant, every one farsakh, and just entering the city it was the servant’s turn to ride his vehicle and Umar led him, it happened that the road was muddy, then by leading the camel his sandals were clamped on his armpits, Abu Ubaidah Jarrah (governor of Syria) came first to greet him and said: “O Amir, all the officials of Syria are ready to welcome him, therefore what will happen if they find out that Amirul mukminin is behaving in this way? He replied: “Allah has honored us with Islam, so we do not care about people’s ridicule”.


Salman Farisy (governor of Mada’in) while walking in the market was called by a leading man of the city (mistaken for a coolie), told to carry all his shopping. He did not refuse, and everyone who passed him (he was carrying the shopping) said: May Allah always help the governor and increase his goodness, he was asked to carry his shopping but he continued to carry it to the man’s house. After understanding from everyone who passed by Salman, the man was very embarrassed and apologized to him, saying: “I promise not to insult people again, after this incident that embarrassed me”.


A governor of Kufa (Ammar Yasir) once bought fodder (grass), after being served by the seller, the grass was lifted over his shoulder and carried himself to his house.


Abu Hurairah after being appointed governor of the city of Bahrain, he started to enter the city on a himar, the people did not recognize the new governor, they crowded on the road, until he said to the crowd: Make way for the amir 2x, such is the character of the companions of the Prophet. always tawadlu’, even though they are noble in the eyes of Allah, His angels and all the people.


Abu Hurairah said the Prophet said: Wealth will not be less because it is given in charity (as a small part of it), and the forgiving person is increased in glory by Allah.


The Prophet was eating dried meat (jerky) on a tray (talam) while sitting on his knees (it happened in ‘A’ishah’s house), when a bad-talking woman entered, saying: “Look at that man sitting like a slave,” he replied: Yes, I have been doing that for a long time, whether I sit or eat. Then he invited her to eat. But he said: Not unless you feed me with your hand, He complied with her request, but she said: No, unless you feed me with your mouth (as a bird feeds its young), it so happened that he was eating muscular meat, so he took it out and gave it to her, and when the food entered his stomach, he suddenly felt ashamed, until he could not see people and did not hear him say vile things until he died.


The keys to the wealth of the earth were entrusted to me, then I was offered: Choose to be a servant and a prophet or to be a prophet and a king, then Jibril signaled to me that I should choose to be a servant and a prophet, then I fulfilled the signal (to be a servant and a prophet) and the first man to come out of the earth was me and the first to intercede. (HR. Hasan)


Whoever is tawadlu’ because he is solemn, Allah will raise his rank on the Day of Judgment, and whoever is proud of himself, Allah will lower him on the Day of Judgment (Ibn Mas’ud).


Whoever dies and does not do three things will definitely enter Paradise, namely:


  1. Arrogance,
  2. Cheating,
  3. Debt (Hadith narrated by Qatadah).


Al Faqih, Ali bin Abu Talib entered the market to buy a robe for 6 dirhams, he said: (to his servant), O black man, choose whichever you prefer, then the servant chose a better robe, and S. Ali wore the rest of his choice, and when he wore it, the sleeves were too long, so he cut them on both sides with a knife, just that day Friday he gave a sermon so that the remaining pieces (of thread) were seen on the palms of his hands. And when he saw people wearing cloth under their heels, Ali said: Raise your cloth, it will keep your cloth clean, and it will be more pious in your heart, and it will be more blessed for you (meaning that it will not fall off easily and will not spoil easily).


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: Allah said: “Greatness is My sarong and pride is My shawl, so whoever resembles Me in greatness or pride, I throw him into the fire of hell”. Al-Faqih, in commenting on the above-mentioned Hadīth, said that these two attributes of Allah are mentioned in the Qur’an, so a weak human being like me does not deserve to bear them.



CHAPTER 20 : About Ihtikar (Scratching a Profit by Hoarding Food)


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: “There is no hoarder of food except the disobedient”.


Ibn Umar said that the Prophet said:



“Whoever hoards foodstuffs for 40 days is breaking (the relationship) with Allah, and His mercy is broken for him”.


The Prophet said: “The one who imports food (from abroad or outside the region for the welfare of the people of his nation) is blessed in his sustenance, and the one who stores food (with the aim of inflating prices) is cursed”. (Sa’id Musayyab from Umar )


A young man will look for a job, before being invited by his parents to ask the Prophet then he answered :


  1. Your son should not join the wheat seller, because hoarding foodstuffs 40 nights, is more vile than prostitutes or wine drinkers,
  2. Do not send your son to the slaughterer (butcher), because the feeling of love in his heart disappears,
  3. And not the shroud merchant, because he always hopes that my Ummah (adults or children) will perish, in fact he prefers it to the world and its contents”. (HR: Shu’by).


The prohibition referred to in the above-mentioned Hadīth is buying foodstuffs from the locals (and hoarding them) when they are in dire need. However, if the local people are in dire need of it and he does not sell it, then he is a bad person who has no compassion for his fellow Muslims. The main thing is for him to sell his stockpiled food, otherwise he should be forced to sell it, and if he refuses, then he should be punished with a beating. As for the price, there is no restriction on it; rather he should be told to sell it at the general price.


I will not determine the price; it is Allah who determines it. (Al-Hadis).


He also said: Expensive and cheap are both from Allah; the first is called desire and the second is called fear.


If the price is to be lowered, Allah fills their hearts with fear, so that all the stored food is released and the price is cheap; and if the price is to be raised, Allah calms their hearts, so that the food remains hoarded and the price is high. (Al-Hadis).


If Muslims show compassion to their fellow Muslims, Allah will reward them with great love and reward. Like the story of an abid in ancient times, he walked to see a mound of sand, in his heart there was a desire: If that mound of sand becomes rice or wheat, my people who are suffering from hunger will be satisfied. Then Allah sent down a revelation to his Prophet: Tell Fulan that Allah has rewarded you for giving rice or wheat the size of that sand dune (Al-Faqih said): When the abid has good intentions, then Allah rewards him for his intentions and his compassion for his fellow Muslims.


Someone asked Abdullah Abbas for advice – . He replied:



“Well, I advise you 6 things, namely:


  1. You should be sure of something (sustenance) that has guaranteed you,
  2. Do (salar etc.) the tardu that is required of you, exactly at the time it is due,
  3. Wet your mouth by always thinking of Allah,
  4. Do not follow the invitation of the devil, because he hasud to man, 5.
  5. Do not make your world prosperous, for it will spoil your hereafter,
  6. Advise Muslims out of compassion for them throughout your life.


We should love and care for our fellow Muslims, that is the proof of prosperity and happiness (This is the advice of Al-Faqih) In fact, he further mentioned 11 other proofs, namely:


  1. Not greedy for wealth, his desire is eager for the hereafter,
  2. Eager to perform worship and learn the Qur’an,
  3. Speaks only as much as he needs,
  4. Actively performing the 5 daily prayers (in congregation),
  5. ‘Tawadlu’ (humble),
  6. His association is limited to righteous people,
  7. Wira’i (cautious) in haram matters,
  8. Generous and kind,
  9. Compassion towards fellow human beings (creatures),
  10. Can be benefited by fellow human beings (creatures).
  11. Always remembering the arrival of death (death).


In addition, he mentioned 11 evidences of destruction, namely:


  1. Greed for wealth,
  2. The gratification of lust (syahwat) and the delights of the world is the main goal of his life,
  3. Speaks a lot of vile words,
  4. No attention to the five daily prayers,
  5. Haram and shubhat are his daily bread, and criminals or prostitutes are his daily companions,
  6. Morally depraved,
  7. Arrogant,
  8. Miserly, without compassion,
  9. Not knowing the rights and obligations towards fellow Muslims,
  10. Miserly in wealth, (unwilling to give zakat or alms),
  11. Forgetting that he will die.








CHAPTER 21 : On the Prohibition of Laughing Out Loud


Al-Faqih , the advice of Prophet Isa to his companions (AlHawariyyin), O salt of the earth, do not do damage, because all damage can be treated with salt, but if the salt itself is damaged then any treatment cannot be. O my faithful companions: Do not charge pupils except as you are aware of me, know this: Two glaring ignorances are evident in you, viz:

  1. Laughing out loud,
  2. Sleeping soundly forgetting to wake up at night.


Al Faqih in his statement: What is meant by the salt of the earth is the Ulama who actively teach their knowledge, show the right path, and perfect human morals, but if the Ulama themselves no longer function, then the common people will live in darkness. The function of the Ulama is to instruct the people, and enlighten the community to the straight path that is pleasing to Allah in addition to being the heirs of the Prophets, who are always based on Allah:



“Say, I do not expect payment from you, except that you love my relatives. While my fee is borne by Allah.


And laughing out loud is not good (makruh), also sleeping all night, forgetting to get up at night is a sign of lack of sound mind.


Sleeping in the morning indicates stupidity, while it is good to sleep in the afternoon, and in the evening it indicates ignorance.”


Al-Faqih’, one day the Prophet saw people talking and laughing, so he warned them. You should remember the things that take away pleasure, asked the Companions: What is it, O Messenger of Allah, he replied: That is death. Then he saw the people laughing out loud again, he said: “By Allah, remember you, if you knew as I know, there would be little laughter and much crying for you. And on another occasion he saw something like that again, so he greeted them and said: “In the beginning Islam was foreign, and will return: as before (foreign), fortunate is the foreign man (Muslim) on the Day of Judgment, who is he, O Messenger of Allah, he replied: “Those who want to improve (human morals) at a time when depravity (morals hit all) people.


Al-Faqih When Prophet Musa was left behind, he asked Prophet Khidir for advice and his advice was as follows:



“O Moses, do not talk too much, and do not press unnecessarily, and do not laugh without a cause, and do not blame the wrong person (nyongklok – pointing at his face). and the sins you have committed, O son of Ali Imran.


The Prophet never laughed, except only smiling, turning his head. except with a full face (meaning: not scowling)”. (Ja’far Aut, Mas’ud, from Auf Abdillah).


Al-Faqih in his explanation: Based on the above-mentioned Hadīth, smiling is Sunnah, while laughing out loud is makrooh, so the common sense should avoid it, because doing so means storing up a lot of tears in the Hereafter, as Allah says:



“Make your laughter less and your weeping more; that is the recompense for their deeds”.


It is strange to me that a person who is stalked by Hellfire still laughs out loud, and a person who rejoices when death will not let him go (Hasan Bashry). Hasan Bashry further said: “O young man (who is laughing) have you survived the shirat?” He replied: No, then can you be sure of your place in heaven or hell? He replied: Not yet, then what caused you to laugh? The young man no longer laughed as before.


(Al Faqih said), The young man really absorbed the advice of his ulema, ‘so he repented from laughing for no justifiable reason. It is evident that the efficacy of the advice of a scholar who practices his knowledge, his advice is imprinted on the hearts of his people, in contrast to the advice of most scholars today (in modern times) his advice has no effect at all, this is due to the scholar himself being careless about practicing his knowledge. Whoever laughs while committing sin will shed tears in Hell (Ibn Abbas). Meaning: He who laughs a lot in this world will cry a lot in the Hereafter, and he who laughs a lot in this world will cry a lot in heaven.”


There are 4 things, erasing the laughter and pleasure of believers, namely:

  1. Remember the life of the hereafter,
  2. Busy working (making a living) for himself and his family,
  3. Disordered mind, due to sins that have been committed,
  4. The coming of misfortune (calamity).

(Thus Yahya Mw’adz Razy).


Therefore, we should occupy ourselves thinking about all of that, so that there is no opportunity to laugh, which is not the nature of a believer: |



“Is it that with this teaching, you are astonished, laughing, not crying? While you are caught off guard.” (An-Najm 59-61)


And to those who are concerned, Allah’s praise is as follows:



“They prostrate themselves weeping, and increase in solemnity”. (Al-Isra?’ 109)


Al-Faqih: Everyone should think about five things, namely:

  1. Whether or not his previous sins have been forgiven by Allah.
  2. Whether his good deeds have been accepted or rejected.
  3. Reading his life history honestly, and how he lives (how to utilize the remaining life that is still there),
  4. In the afterlife there are only 2 places, (heaven and hell), so in which place does he enter.
  5. Allah is pleased or angry with him.


Then if you are lazy to think about 5 things while living in this world, whether you want to or not, you will definitely have to bear the next 5 things, namely:

1, Regret for the property left to the heirs who will later be hostile to it,

  1. Regret for his few good deeds,
  2. Regret due to many sins,
  3. Regret due to the many claimants, which must be paid for by his few deeds, then added to the heavy burden (sin) of his claimants,

5, Once Allah is angry with him, there is no way for him to seek His pleasure.


The Messenger of Allah said: Had you known as I know, you would have cried a lot, laughed a little, and you went out to the highlands screaming (crying) to God, and you had no chance to joke with your wife, or peace in your bed. And I wished when I was created that I had been a tree that people cut down (its affairs are not continuous, unlike the affairs of human beings in the future). (HR. Abu Dhar )


Every morning and evening, the believer is preoccupied with thinking about the Day of Judgment, Hasan Bashry himself, seemed to be always sad as if he had just buried his own mother (like a person whose mother has died). (thus Yunus from Hasan Bashry).


The interpretation of the verse (below), according to Auza’i is as follows: “Why is it that neither the small nor the great is left behind, except it be written?”. The small one smiles and the big one laughs. This is the verse:




“And there is laid the book (of one’s deeds), and you will see the wrongdoers terrified at what is written therein, and they will say: “Alas, us, what book is this that leaves neither the small nor the great, but records everything?” (Al Kahfi 49)


That is, if you knew something that I know, you would have laughed little, cried much, and one of you prostrated until his back broke, screamed until his voice ran out, you will cry to Allah even though you cannot cry truly, as people cry. (Abdullah Umar, bin Ash)


Everyone will cry on the Day of Judgment, except for 3 eyes:


  1. Eyes that are made to cry out of fear of Allah,
  2. Eyes that are closed when crossing the things that Allah has forbidden.
  3. Eyes that are made to watch the night when jihad upholds the religion of Allah. (Sufyan bin Muhammad Ajlan)


I regretted what I did (laughing once), namely: when debating with Amr ‘Ubaid of the Qadariyah (who did not believe that Allah’s decree had been completed), my feelings prevailed at that time until I laughed, then he said: You discuss knowledge while laughing, so that is reason enough for me not to talk to you forever. Then my regret is that if he had not laughed, he would have applauded my opinion, and it would have been in the interest of knowledge. (Abu Hanifah).


Whoever closes his eyes from things that do not need (to be seen), means Allah’s guidance for him to be solemn, and whoever gives up pride, means the guidance of tawadlu’ for him, and if he speaks as much as he needs, means he gains wisdom, and if he eats modestly, means he gains guidance to enjoy the deliciousness of worship. And whoever does not like jokes will be given dignity and beauty, moreover, if he abandons laughter, his dignity will increase, and if he does not covet the property of others, he will be favored by many (people). (Muhammad Abdullah ‘Abid)


And whoever is not preoccupied with correcting the faults of others, will certainly be able to correct his own shortcomings, and “if he can remove doubts about the attributes of Allah, he will be safe” from the disease of nifak (not hypocritical).


About these words of Allah (below), the Messenger of Allah said:

  1. My wonder is for the one who is certain of death, why does he still have time to rejoice?
  2. And the one who is convinced of the existence of hell, why does he laugh?
  3. And to the one who believes in Allah’s decree, why does he grieve?,
  4. And to the one who believes that this world is not an eternal place, why is it calm (relaxed)?,
  5. And there is no other God but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.


This is His Word:



“Underneath is a gold leaf on which is engraved the writing (mentioned above)”.


The laughter of the believer means that he is careless (forgetful) of the affairs of the Hereafter, for if he were not careless, he would not be laughing”. (Tsabit Bunany).


Achieve joy that has no sadness, (and the way to do that is) with concern that has no pleasure. Meaning:


Eternal joy (in the Hereafter) cannot be attained, without mastering the passions (desires), concerned about restraining all their desires. (Yahya Muadz, Rash). Furthermore, it is said that there are three things that cause the heart to harden, namely:

  1. Laughing too much,
  2. Not feeling hungry, eating again,
  3. Empty talk (talking here and there needlessly).


The Prophet said”:


Meaning: “Perish the man who lies to make people laugh, woe to him, woe to him, woe to him (repeated 3x)”. Sometimes a person speaks one word and makes the people around him laugh, but Allah is angry with him and the people around him. And sometimes a person speaks one word that Allah approves of, then he gains mercy and Allah spreads His mercy to those around him. (Ibrahim Nakha-i)


The Messenger of Allah said: O Abu Hurairah, be a wira’i, you will surely be the best worshipper, and be a bergana’ah-hb, you will surely be grateful, and please others as much as you please yourself, you will surely be a (perfect) believer, and fulfill the rights of neighbors (do good to them), you will surely be a (true) Muslim, and laugh little, for with much laughter the heart becomes dead (hard). Umar’s advice to me: “Whoever laughs a lot, lacks authority, and likes to joke, is belittled (underestimated) by people, and a person’s customs, are not kept secret, whoever talks a lot, also makes a lot of mistakes, and who has no shame, lacks wira’i (which means stubbornness or dead heart), there is no place for a dead heart, except hell. (Thus Malik Dinar from Ahnaf Oais) Be careful not to laugh out loud, because for him 8 dangers threaten him, namely:


  1. Scholars and scholars reproach you,
  2. The ignorant dare you (nglamak – Javanese),
  3. If you are ignorant, your ignorance will increase, and if you are clever, your knowledge will decrease, based on the following hadith:


Meaning: “How is it that when a clever person laughs once, he loses one utahan of knowledge?”. -.

  1. Being preoccupied with previous sins,
  2. And dare to sin (immorality), in the long run, because by laughing the heart becomes hard (dead),
  3. Careless about death and the afterlife,
  4. You increase the burden of sin, because of those who laugh because of you,
  5. Laughing out loud causes crying in the Hereafter. (Advice of Al-Faqih).  

CHAPTER 22 : About Curbing Emotions (Anger)


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: “Anger is the embers of fire, and whoever is afflicted by it (while) upright should overcome it by sitting, and if he is sitting then reduce it by lying down.”


Al Faqih, the Messenger of Allah, said:



“Beware of anger, because anger means a fire burning in the hearts of people, do you know when a person is filled with emotion (anger), his eyes are red, the veins of his neck are erect, therefore if a person is angry, then lie down on the ground (insha Allah cool)”.


Humans in terms of anger vary, some are quick to anger, but also quickly cool (subside), which means balanced. And there are also those who are slow but also slow to subside, meaning balanced as well, In this case the best thing is slow emotions but quickly recover (subside), otherwise the worst is fast emotions slow recovery.


Abu Umamah Bahily said that the Prophet said: Whoever restrains his anger, when he is able to vent his emotions, and continues to be restrained (patient), surely Allah will fill his heart with His pleasure on the Day of Judgment “.


O son of Adam, when you are angry remember Me, surely I will be merciful to you, and let the remembrance of that be more valuable than My defense of you, it is more valuable than your own defense”. (Contained in the Gospel).


Umar Abdul Aziz said to the person who aroused his anger: “If you had not aroused my anger, I would have punished you, this attitude is based on.


The word of Allah:



“Those who are able to curb their emotions”. (Ali Imran 134)


Therefore, the opportunity to curb his anger is made the most of.


Umar Abdul Aziz when he was about to arrest a drunk drinker (to be punished with the dera), then he was abused by the person, he immediately undid it, and when asked: “O Amir (king), why did you undo it?” He replied: “Because he aroused my emotions, so if I punish him, I am afraid that I will punish him based on my emotions (anger), whereas I am afraid of punishing someone just because I am defending my personal interests”.


Maimun Mahran, when he was about to beat his servant (for spilling the soup and dish on him because he slipped), said: O my employer, the Word of Allah:



“Those who are able to curb their temper”.

He replied: “Very well”.


The next word:



“And like to forgive people their mistakes”.

He said: “I forgive your faults”.


Then He said:



“Allah loves those who do good”.

He said: “From now on you are free (free) because of Allah”.


Whoever does not have three things will not be able to enjoy the taste of faith, namely:

  1. Patience in the face of ignorance,
  2. Wira’i that keeps him from haram things,
  3. Manners in dealing with society. (Al-Hadis).


A man had a very good horse, and one day he saw that its front leg was broken. When he asked his servant why his leg was broken, who broke it? He replied: Myself. Why did you do it? He replied: Intentionally to mess up your mind, Then the master said: I will avenge the culprit (i.e. Satan), he said: From now on you are free, go and take the horse for you. Al Faqih’s advice: Muslims should be patient and calm, which proves that half of the traits of the muttagin are praiseworthy.


Allah’s Word:



“Whoever is patient and forgives, that is a matter of the utmost importance”.



“Good and evil are not alike; eradicate evil by means of good, and then the enemy will turn into a familiar friend.”



“Ibrahim was a truly patient man, he always introspected (remembering his sins and mistakes), and repented”.



“Be patient like the Ulul ‘Azmi of the Messenger of Allah”.


The meaning of this verse (below), according to Hasan is as follows:



“When the ignorant revile them, they are patient with them”.


There used to be an abid, the devil had difficulty misleading him, one day he went out there was a need, then the devil followed him will tempt through lust and anger, but did not succeed, continued through his fear, imagined to him as if he was hit by a large mountain, he remembered Allah until he was spared, the devil then transformed into wild animals (such as lions and others), but he remained steadfast. Satan tried to transform himself into a snake around his feet while praying, and then up to his head. When he was about to prostrate, the snake opened its mouth as if to eat his head, but he just pushed it away and prostrated. After finishing the prayer Satan said: I’ve tried to mislead you but it didn’t work, now I’m willing to make friends with you. He said: When you frightened me, I was not afraid, Alhamdulillah, even now I will not accept you as my friend. Satan said, Do you know how your family is faring after you? He said: I have died before them, Then don’t you ask, how did I mislead the people? He said: I will listen. Satan said:

with 3 things, namely:

  1. Miserliness,
  2. Anger,
  3. Drunk.


First: miserliness. We haunt them with the thought that: We have little wealth, it is a pity to pay zakat (obligatory).


Second: anger. We play with him like a child playing soccer, even though he is a person who can bring the dead to life with his prayers, we never despair of misleading him, because he builds it and we destroy it with just one word.


Third: drunkenness.

We can easily lead him to sin just like leading a goat.


In the statement of Satan, the angry person is overpowered by him, like a ball in the hands of a child, therefore one must be patient so as not to be overpowered by Satan and not to be misled (to sinful acts).


At one point Iblis came to tempt Prophet Moses, saying: You are God’s choice for the message, and the call of Allah, while I am an ordinary man who wants to repent to God, try to help me so that my repentance is accepted, Prophet Moses was happy, he made ablution, prayed and prayed: O God, Satan among your creatures repents, so accept his repentance. God replied (with His revelation): O Moses, he has not repented, Moses said: O Lord, he asks for repentance, God replied: I fulfill your prayer Moses, call upon him to prostrate himself at Adam’s grave, then I accept his repentance. Prophet Moses was happy to convey it to Iblis, But what was his answer: When I lived I refused to bow down to him, why after death should I bow down to him? Then he said: For your kindness to me, then 3 things I give you, namely:


  1. When angry, remember me, for I enter your body circulating with the blood,
  2. In the midst of battle, remember me, for I arouse their memory (affection) for their families (children-wives), and the wealth left behind, so that they retreat,
  3. Beware of being alone with non-muhrim women, for I am the one who masterminded them to satisfy their lust.


My son, three things do not appear except in three things, namely:


  1. A patient person does not appear except when he is angry,
  2. A brave man is not seen except in battle,
  3. A brother is invisible unless he needs help (important matters). (This is the advice of Lugman Hakim).


Someone praised a Tabi’in scholar, then he was asked for the real reason for his praise, he said:

  1. Have you ever tested me in a fit of rage, so that my patience is evident He replied that he had not.
  2. Have you ever tested me, on a journey, until you realized my good character? He replied: Not yet,
  3. Have you ever tested me on my trustworthiness, until you realize that I am trustworthy? He replied: No, said the scholar.


Woe to you, a person should not praise another person, before it is evident to him the three things mentioned above.


Three praiseworthy morals, which cannot be attained, except by the dwellers of heaven, namely:

  1. Forgiving the one who wronged him,
  2. Being generous to those who are miserly to him,
  3. Helping those who wrong him. The interpretation of the verse (below), the Prophet asked Jibril, he replied: “I will first ask Allah, the All-Knowing.” A short time later he came and said: “O Muhammad, Allah has commanded you to reconnect with relatives who have broken ties of kinship with you, and to be generous to those who have been miserly to you, and to forgive those who have wronged you.” This is the verse:


Someone abused Abu Bakr Shidiq , while the Messenger of Allah was sitting and calm, Abu Bakr was calm. After the man was silent (from cursing), Abu Bakr answered him, and the Messenger of Allah quickly: quickly got up from his seat, then Abu Bakr ran after him and said: O Messenger of Allah, he cursed me (while you remained calm), when I responded, why did you leave? He replied, Actually, the angel had thrown his curse (at him), when you were calm, but when you responded to the curse, then the angel left, and sat the devil, then I was not happy to sit with the devil.


Then he said, Three things are true:


  1. No one is wronged and then forgives him, hoping for the pleasure of Allah, except that his honor will be increased.
  2. No one accumulates wealth by means of begging, except that his poverty will be increased,
  3. No one gives sincerely for the sake of Allah, unless Allah increases his blessings (enough). (HR. ibnu ‘Ajlan, Sa’id Maghbury, from Abu Hurairah )


Al Faqih, the Prophet said: Everything has its privileges, and the most special assembly is the one facing the Qiblah, and your assembly is with a trust, you should not pray behind a sleeping person, and a person with wudats, kill snakes and gnats, even if you are praying, do not cover the wall with a cloth, and whoever opens or reads the letter of his friend or brother without his permission, is opening hell. And whoever wants to be strong, surrender to Allah, if he wants to be noble, fear Allah, if he wants to be the richest man, be sure of Allah’s guarantee more than what he has in his hand. Then he also said: Do you know the most evil man? That is a person who is full (alone) does not care (help) right and left, violent temper, and beat his servant. Then who is more evil than that? Namely: A man who loves to hate and be hated by others. Then who is worse than that? Namely: The one who does not forgive the faults of others, does not accept the forgiveness or excuses of others. Then who is more than that? Namely: A person who cannot be expected to be good, and others are not at peace because of his interference. Then he imitated the advice of Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him): O Children of Israel, do not speak wisdom to the ignorant, you are wronging the wisdom, and do not keep it (from the expert) you are wronging the one who is entitled to it. And do not respond to an evil person (retaliate against him) resulting in the loss of your goodness in the sight of God. O Children of Israel, basically all affairs are divided into three, namely:


  1. That which is good (bright), follow it.
  2. What is bad, avoid it,
  3. What is doubtful, then return to Allah and His Messenger.


The foundation of zuhud'” in this world is four things, namely:


  1. Self-confidence in Allah’s promise (in guaranteeing) this world and the hereafter,
  2. The praise and reproach of people make no difference to him (not proud of being praised and not feeling humiliated when reproached).
  3. Sincerity in all deeds,
  4. Forgiving those who wronged him, not scolding his servants (family), and being calm and patient. (A scholar of wisdom)


Five things can elevate the degree of the doer, namely:


  1. Not eating except what is lawful,
  2. Every day asking for sustenance (halal) to Allah,
  3. Considering himself like a dead person,
  4. Wholeheartedly surrender to Allah, if disturbed or scolded by people say: I have fully surrendered my honor to Allah.
  5. When guilty or sinful, immediately ask forgiveness from Allah (Abu Dardak’s advice).


In the battle of Uhud the Messenger of Allah broke his serrated tooth, the Companions said: O Messenger of Allah, why did you not pray for the person who broke your serrated tooth to perish? He replied: That I was not sent to curse people, but to preach and mercy (the prayer is as follows:)






“O Allah, guide my people, for they do not understand”. He also said: “Whoever restrains his tongue from the honor of a Muslim, Allah will forgive his faults on the Day of Judgment, and whoever restrains his anger, Allah will secure His anger on the Day of Judgment.” (Al-Hadis).


When the Prophet saw the arena and the champion (stone-lifting) he offered: You measure your strength by lifting stones, then suppose I show you someone who is stronger than you, will you? He replied: Yes, O Messenger of Allah, that is: The one who is emotional (angry), then able to curb it and be patient “. (HR. Mujahid).


Whoever responds to persecution with a prayer (that he perish), means making it difficult for the Prophet Muhammad in the midst of other Prophets of Allah, and making Iblis rejoice in the midst of disbelievers. And the one who forgives the wrongdoer is making life difficult for Satan among the disbelievers and relieving the Prophet Muhammad among the Prophets and righteous people.” (Thus Yahya Mw’adz).


On the Day of Resurrection, the caller will say: “Where are those whose reward is guaranteed by Allah, the Almighty?” Then those who forgave people will stand up, and they will enter Paradise. (Al-Hadis).


Humanity is: Tawadlu’ in government, forgiving when in power (in government), and generous without revealing gifts (Ahnaf Oais).


The believers are obedient and kind, like a camel that has been led by the nose, when it is led it obeys, and when it is ordered to stop on a mountain, it also does. (HR ‘Athiyah).


Be patient when emotional (angry), do not rush to obey, because it is very detrimental, including:

  1. Regret,
  2. Being ridiculed by the community,
  3. Being tormented by Allah. (This is the advice of Al-Faqih).


And then he pointed out that there are 3 benefits for the patient, namely:

  1. The joy of his heart,
  2. People praise him,
  3. Guaranteed reward from Allah. It is true that patience is bitter only at the beginning, but sweet in the end, as the following sha’ir:



“In the beginning, patience is bitter, but then it is sweeter than honey”.


Allah knows everything.






CHAPTER 23 : On Preserving the Tongue


Al-Faqih. Fear Allah, for He is the source of all virtue, and strive, for He is the forge of the Muslim character, and remember Allah and recite the Qur’an, for it shines in your hearts on earth and the fragrance of your name in the heavens. And lock your mouths, except for good words, for they are a weapon for you in fighting the devil (this was his advice to people).


The definition of piety is: Doing all of Allah’s commands and avoiding all of His prohibitions, as well as keeping one’s tongue free from bad words, in order to benefit, and be safe. If one is unable to do so, then it is better to remain silent; one will win (i.e. be protected from Satan’s temptations), and Allah will keep one’s secret (disgrace). (thus Al-Faqih).


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: Whoever beats his slave, his ransom is to set him free, and if he keeps his tongue, his secret will be well kept. And if he restrains his temper, he will be saved from punishment, and whoever asks for forgiveness, Allah will forgive him.


The Messenger of Allah said “”:



“Whoever believes in Allah and the next day, must respect his guest and neighbor, and speak kindly or keep quiet”.


Al Faqih, my nephew, people used to be reluctant to talk about things that were not necessary or not their business, such things were useless to them, except for the Book of Allah, commanding the good and forbidding the evil and the necessities of daily life. Who can argue with the Word of Allah:



“Yet for you there are angels who watch over your deeds, who are noble writers of your deeds?”. (Al-Infithar 10-11)



“One angel sits on the right, and the other on the left”. (Qaaf 17).



“Not a word is spoken, unless it is always watched by the angels Ragib and ‘Atid”. (Qaaf 18)


And who is not ashamed when his secret is revealed (catatar of his deeds), it turns out that it is not religious affairs, or worldly matters that are important, but only meaningless trivial matters, and mere exaggeration. (This is the advice of ‘Athak bin Rabah).


The Messenger of Allah said: No believer should be without the following four qualities, namely:


  1. Silence, which is the beginning of worship,

2, Tawadlu,

  1. Remembrance of Allah,
  2. Relieving (reducing) evil”.


A person is considered good Islam, if he is able to put aside things that do not concern him (not interfering in other people’s affairs). (Hadith of the Messenger of Allah from Abu Hurairah)


The words that have been issued are like arrows, and the following are the statements of 4 figures (statesmen), namely:


  1. King Kisra: I do not regret words that have not been spoken, but sometimes regret those that have been spoken.
  2. King of China: My words not yet spoken I still possess, but if they have been spoken then they possess me,
  3. Roman Emperor: I find it easier to restrain what has not been spoken, and impossible to withdraw words that have been spoken,
  4. King of India: My heritage from the one who says a word, if demanded is harmful, and if not, it must be in vain. (Abu Bakr ‘Ayyasy).


Rabi’ Khaitsam is used to, since the morning preparing paper and pen, every word (talk) must be written down, until the afternoon he evaluates (controls) it.


This is how careful the zahid is in maintaining his tongue in this world, and the Muslim should compile (administration) of his deeds, while living in this world, before being examined (judged) in the hereafter, because such things in this world are very light, compared to the judgment of the hereafter. (Thus Al-Faqih).


Rabi’ Khaitsam’s friend said: “In the 20 years that I have been friends with him, I have never heard a word against him.” (Ibrahim Taimy). And the words of Musa Sa’id: When Husayn the son of S. Ali was killed, Rabi’s friend said: “On this day it is likely that Rabi’ spoke, so he went to Rabi to convey the news of the killing of Husayn, then Rabi looked up to the sky and prayed: “O Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, the Knower of the unseen and the real, You are the One who resolves all matters that Your servants dispute”. Rabi’ did not add anything to the above prayer.


Ignorance will become apparent with the following 6 things:


  1. Scolding people, animals, etc. that does not hit the target.
  2. Talking about things that have no benefit (talking about things that do not concern him),
  3. Wasting money (giving things to people who do not need them).
  4. Revealing secrets in public,
  5. Being easily influenced by others (trusting everyone’s words),
  6. Not being able to distinguish between friends and foes. Friends should be obeyed and foes watched, the main opponent is the devil who must be avoided. (Wisdom scholars)


Every word that is not oriented towards dhikrullah is idle (laghwun), and silence without thinking is carelessness, and vision without attention is a game, so fortunate is the person whose words are always oriented towards dhikrullah, whose silence is not empty of thinking, and whose vision contains understanding. (Thus the Prophet Isa)


A little talk a lot of work, that is the motto of the believer while the hypocrite: “Much talk empty implementation (Zero)”. (Statement of Auza’i).


Five things are impossible for a hypocrite to have, namely:


  1. Fiqh (understanding) of religion,
  2. Wira’ (careful control of the tongue),
  3. Sweetness of face (friendliness),
  4. Light penetrates the heart,
  5. Compassion towards fellow Muslims”. (Al-Hadis).


Whether a man’s words are good or bad depends on his deeds; if his deeds are good, his words will be good, and if his deeds are bad, his words will be vile and filthy.” (Yahya Aktsara). And Lukman Hakim’s advice: “My son, whoever makes friends with bad or wicked people will perish (not be saved), if he enters his location, he will be accused, and whoever is unable to restrain his tongue will regret it.


Fortunate is the person who:


  1. Is able to control his tongue (from vile and dirty words),
  2. Makes his house spacious (pleasing to all family members),
  3. Weeping over her sins”. (Al-Hadis).


The wise person has his tongue at the back and his heart at the front; he thinks about every conversation first, and if it is beneficial, he will speak it out, but if it is harmful, it is better to restrain it. On the other hand, the ignorant person has his mind at the end, and he speaks without thinking about the benefits and harms (al-Faqih from his father, from Hasan Bashry).


Al-Faqih from his father also, with a chain of transmission from Abu Dhar Ghifary the Messenger of Allah said: In the book of Ibrahim there is an example, advice (such as), Normal people should be good at keeping their words, good at reading the situation, devoted to their field (the business at hand). Whoever considers speaking to be a charity, then do not speak unless it is very necessary (important).


The Prophet said: A man of sound mind should not interfere in anything except three things, namely:


  1. Working hard for the benefit of the world,
  2. Increase charity for the happiness of the hereafter,
  3. Entertaining himself (and his family) with things that are not forbidden.


And he should be able to divide his daytime into four parts, namely:


  1. To pray to God,
  2. To evaluate his behavior (self-correction),
  3. To learn knowledge, religion and ask for advice from scholars,
  4. Fulfilling the needs of the passions that are pleasing to Allah (joking with his wife or entertaining the family).


And he should also be careful about his affairs, know the people of his time, and take care of his private parts and his tongue. (According to AlFaqih the above advice is also contained in the wisdom of Prophet David).


Lukman Hakim visited the Prophet David, he was making armor (war), Lukman admired his work, wanted to ask questions but was restrained by his wisdom, so he did not ask. After finishing the clothes, he said, “It is good to make armor for war, and it is good to do it”. Lukman said: “Silence is wisdom, but very few are able to do it”. (Anas Malik).



“Knowledge is an adornment, while silence is salvation, then when you speak, do not speak too much”.



“If you regret that you were silent once, that is better than regretting that you spoke repeatedly”.


They half say (in the form of a sha’ir), .



“A young man may die as a result of slipping on his words, but there is no death from slipping on his feet.”



Do not speak what you are unhappy with, because the spoken word (about something) will be directed”.


Humaid Abbas in his sya’ir:



“Indeed, nothing that is known to its place should be locked up like a lowly tongue. In your mouth you lock everything that does not concern you, with a sturdy lock, because the words are contained out of jest, but are a weapon (poison) that quickly brings death. Silence is really better than joking words, therefore be quiet so that you are safe, if you speak straight. Do not also change towards friends, if you hate simply, because you do not understand, at some point you hate your lover, or repel the one you hate, therefore think (think).


Silence, holds 7000 virtues, all summed up in the following 7 words:


  1. Silence is a laborless act of worship,
  2. It is an adornment without bothering to adorn,
  3. It is splendor without royalty,
  4. A fortress without a fence,
  5. Sufficiency without permission,
  6. Relief to the angel of administration,
  7. Saving (covering) his disgrace,


It is also stated that: Silence is beauty for the intelligent (scientist), and veil (cover) for the layman”. (Scholars of Wisdom)


Basically the human body is divided into 3, namely:

  1. The heart,
  2. Oral, and
  3. Limbs.


And each of them has a specialty. The specialty of the heart is tawhid and makrifat, the Oral, with shahadatain and recitation of the Koran, while the limbs are specialty by performing prayers, tawaf, fasting and others. And each of them has a supervisor, namely:


  1. The heart is supervised by Allah
  2. The tongue, Ragib Atid (Quran S. Qaaf 18).
  3. The limbs, submitted to Amr (command) and Nahyu (prohibition), each of which is expected to be honest.


As for the honesty of the heart with faith, no envy, jealousy, betrayal or forgery. As for the tongue, by not revealing the badness of others, lying and interfering in other people’s affairs. And the honesty of the limbs, by not committing sins, not disturbing fellow humans (Muslims). Their respective dishonesty is sanctioned as follows:


  1. Hypocrite, for those whose hearts are dishonest.
  2. Kafir, for those whose track is dishonest (slipped),
  3. ‘Ashi (sinner), for those whose limbs slip” (Hakim).


O youth, if you are able to control 3 things (below), you will be safe. They are:


  1. The tongue,
  2. The genitals,
  3. The abdomen”. (Hasan from Umar Khaththab).


An Ethiopian servant showed his wisdom (for the first time): When his employer told him to slaughter a goat, he asked for the best part, then took out the liver and tongue. The next day the master asked for the worst part of the goat, then took the liver and tongue again, then the master asked: Why did you give this again? He replied: There is no best part of the body, except these members (liver and tongue), if they are good, the whole body is good, and if they are bad, then the whole body is bad.” (Lukman Hakim)


Much talk, must be much wrong, much wealth, must be much sin, and bad character, must be tormented. (Hasan Bashry)


The throw of a weapon (arrow), is lighter than the throw of words, because this never fails (the target), but the weapon (arrow) often forgets. (Sufyan Tsaury)


The exhortation of the limbs to the tongue every morning: tongue, we charge you with the name of Allah, be straight, for our salvation depends on your straightness, and accidents also on your cheating (Sa’id Hudry).


O people, no one travels far without provisions, let alone a very long journey (hereafter), certainly with provisions, and the provisions are:


  1. Two Rak’ahs of night prayer, to illuminate the grave,
  2. Charity to the poor, to save oneself from punishment.
  3. Hajj, to overcome great danger.
  4. Divide your time into 2 parts, namely:
  5. Working hard to earn money,
  6. Worship and charity for the hereafter, don’t add to it.
  7. And also divide your speech into 2 parts, namely:
  8. That which is beneficial for your worldly life,
  9. And that which is eternal in the hereafter, do not add to it.
  10. And divide your wealth into two parts, namely:
  11. To be spent on family maintenance,
  12. Charity (provision) for the hereafter, do not add to it.


Such was the advice of Abu Dzar Ghifary, after which he complained: Chaos kills me on a day that is impossible to pursue I mean, my ideals and desires (hopes) further exceed my umus (death), so that I no longer do charity.


Do not talk much other than the remembrance of Allah, because it causes the heart to freeze (die), which means far from Allah, even then you do not feel (do not know).(Message of Prophet Isa).


If you feel your heart is hard, your energy is low, and your sustenance is lacking, then realize that such occurrences are due to interference in the affairs of others (discussing what is not their right).







CHAPTER 24 : About Gluttony and Wishful Thinking


Al-Faqih, Abu Darda’ said, The scholars are few (many have died) and most ignorant people do not want to learn (therefore), learn before the knowledge disappears with the death of the scholars. Why are you greedy (for wealth) and preoccupied with something (sustenance) that Allah has guaranteed? Taking your duties lightly?


As far as I know, there are no worse people than the horseshoer, except:


  1. One who does not pay zakat,
  2. The one who delays the prayer,
  3. One who does not pay attention to the recitation (study) of the Quran,
  4. Not thinking about the fate of slaves (small people).


There are two kinds of greed, namely:


  1. The despicable one, to the point of forgetting one’s obligations, accumulating wealth for vanity.
  2. The one that is not blameworthy, not to the point of neglecting one’s duties and not for vanity, because among the Companions there were also those who were wealthy, and the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) did not condemn them.


Al Faqih, Khafshah the daughter of Umar said to her father, Indeed Allah has given you much (sustenance), as well as goodness, why do not you eat and dress more than usual? Umar replied: I will ask you to put your trust in yourself, he recalled the situation of the Messenger of Allah which was also witnessed by Khafshah (his wife) until she cried. Then Umar said: My two companions have taken this path, so if I take any other path, I will surely cross paths with the path of my two companions. By Allah, I will patiently follow the path of their lives, even if it is hard, and hopefully I will be given the ability to reach their lives with ease and satisfaction.”


Al-Faqih,” said Masruk: I asked ‘Aisha. Mother, what did he often say when he entered the house? She replied: What he often said was:


  1. If people had two valleys full of gold, they would want three, and nothing would stop them from doing so except the ground,
  2. Allah always accepts those who repent,
  3. Allah has given this wealth only as a means to pray and to pay zakat.


Everything that is in man, must perish except two, namely: 1. greed for wealth, and 2. fantasizing about it. (HR Qatadah from Anas Malik )


Two things that are very fearful of you, namely:


  1. Envisioning (wishful thinking) that leads to forgetting the Hereafter,
  2. Indulging in lust, which leads to obstruction of the truth.” (S. Ali AbiThalib ).


Three things cause (invite) three disasters, namely:

  1. Busy with worldly affairs, must be afflicted with the suffering of incessant busyness,
  2. Greedy for wealth, must be afflicted with the suffering of deprivation (poverty),
  3. Miserly with wealth, there will be unhappy chaos.” (Hadith).


When Abu Darda’ visited the people of Himsh, he said the following:


  1. Aren’t you ashamed to build a building that you cannot live in forever?
  2. Rerkhayal (wishful thinking) that cannot be achieved?
  3. The accumulation of wealth that you will not be able to enjoy (eat)? There have been people before you who built (buildings) of splendor, accumulated as much wealth as possible, and fantasized as far as possible, finally being forced to inhabit the grave and their fantasies were mere deceit, and the (wealth) accumulated throughout their lives was destroyed”.


If you want to accompany your friends (the Messenger of Allah and Abu Bakr Shidiq), hook your own (broken) clothes, sole your own sandals, and keep your delusions away, and do not eat too full”. (Such was the advice of S. Ali Talib to Umar Khaththab).


Once I saw Umar wearing a gamis with 12 patches while preaching on the pulpit. (Abu Usman Nahdy).


One day S. Ali Talib went to the market wearing a thick, shabby shirt (unwashed), then someone reprimanded him: O Amiral mukminin, why don’t you wear better thin clothes? He replied: This will make me more solemn, and I will resemble the salihin, and it is better for the believers to take an example”.


The best of people are those who are not greedy for wealth, and the worst of people are those who accumulate more than enough.” (Abu Dhar).


The three main sins are:


  1. Hasud, stemming from Oabil (son of Adam) killing his brother (Habil), as a result he died Kafir, hell is his eternal place,
  2. Gluttony, starting from Adam to enjoy all the fruits of heaven, except the Kuldy tree, then he violated it (greed), as a result he was expelled from heaven,
  3. Arrogance, began with Iblis refusing Allah’s command (bowing down to Adam), as a result he was cursed”. (Hakim).


Five things Adam willed to his children and grandchildren, namely:


  1. Do not relax (calm) with treasure (world), I used to relax in heaven then expelled from it,
  2. Do not indulge in the lust of women, I used to regret the consequences of fulfilling lust (Tawa (eating the Kuldy tree),
  3. Every time you do something, think about the consequences first, because if I had thought about my actions first, it would not have resulted in this,
  4. Abandon doubtful deeds, because I used to doubt eating the Kuldy tree, but I didn’t care, as a result I regretted it,
  5. Deliberate on all matters, because in the past when I acted, I did not deliberate with the angels first.”


These four traditions (below) are the essence of turning 4000 traditions into 400, and turning 400 traditions into 40 traditions and finally into 4 traditions, namely:

  1. Do not tie your heart to a woman, because today she is yours and tomorrow she is someone else’s. If you submit to her, hell will be your place,
  2. Do not tie it to wealth, because wealth is only a loan, today it belongs to you, and tomorrow it belongs to someone else, therefore, do not be deceived by it by pleasing other people, the risk of sin you bear yourself. More than that, you will be miserly (unwilling) to fulfill the obligation to pay zakat because you are worried about being poor, listening to the whispers of the devil,
  3. Remove the doubts of the heart, because a believer’s heart is confused with shubhat, avoiding haram, peaceful with halal,
  4. Do not do anything, unless you really prepare a real good reason later in the court of Allah. (This is the statement of Syaqiq Balkhy).


Rasulullah said:


Meaning: “Be like a stranger you live in this world, or like a nuris (traveler). and be prepared as a grave dweller”, (HR. Mujahid from Ibn Umar ) When the morning comes, do not you (do good) wait for the afternoon, and if the afternoon comes, then do not fantasize until the morning, take advantage of this life before death, and your health before illness, because you do not know who you will be in the hereafter (HR. Mujahid from Ibn Umar ) Four glories of Allah’s guarantee for people who are able to stop their fantasies, namely:

  1. Able to worship, because the fear of facing the difficulty of doing good deeds, is not fantasized, there is only a sense of death.
  2. The chaos of the mind decreases,
  3. Willing to live simply, because they are eager for the hereafter,
  4. His heart shines brightly.


While the methods that can make the heart shine brightly are:

  1. A hungry stomach,
  2. Associating with righteous people,
  3. Reciting previous sins,
  4. Not fantasizing.


Because fantasizing results in loss of 4 things, namely:

  1. Lazy worship,
  2. Mind chaotic treasure,
  3. Greedy for wealth,

4, Hardness of heart.


And the cause is the opposite of the whole method of illuminating the heart mentioned above, viz: a full stomach, evil friends, forgetting previous sins, and fantasizing. (Al-Faqih).


Furthermore, Muslims are called upon to eliminate delusion, because we do not know exactly in which breath we die or which step, the Word of Allah:



“When man’s death comes, it cannot be delayed or advanced for a moment”.


For this reason, we (believers) must always remember death, so that beforehand we can prepare perfect provisions, and these 6 things should be made provisions, namely:


  1. Knowledge of the pointers of the hereafter,
  2. Companion to worship and reminder of sinful behavior,
  3. Recognize and be aware of the enemy,
  4. Good at taking i’tibar from the evidence of Allah’s greatness and the circulation of day and night,
  5. Be kind to fellow human beings, so as not to become enemies in the hereafter,
  6. Prepare for death before it arrives, so as not to regret it in the hereafter. (Message of Al Faqih).


The Messenger of Allah said, “Do you want to enter heaven?” They answered: “I want to, O Messenger of Allah, then he said: “Get rid of your fantasies and be ashamed of Allah in earnest, they said: O Messenger of Allah, we are already ashamed of Allah: “Not so, what is meant is to remember the grave and its punishment, keep the head and the five senses, and whoever wants to be noble in the hereafter, leave the luxuries of the world, that is what is meant by being ashamed of Allah, thereby becoming His lover.


The Messenger of Allah recited the verse:



“You are forgotten by the luxuries of this world until you enter the grave”. (AtTakatsur 1-2).


Then he said: “Man claims, This is my wealth, This is my possession, know: your possessions are not useful, except that which is eaten up, or used until it is fragile, or given in charity, that is what remains”. (Humaidy Thawil from ‘Ajl)


The following five sentences are contained in the Torah, namely:


  1. Sufficiency is kept by qna’ah,
  2. Salvation in ‘uzluh (seclusion from the crowd).
  3. Freedom in curbing desires,
  4. Mahabbah (love) in setting aside desires,
  5. Eternal joy in patience (while living in the world). (Hasan Bashry)


The Prophet 5 said: O ‘Ā’ishah, if you wish to be with me, be content with only enough of the things of this world, such as the provisions of a traveler, and be careful (not to associate) with the rich, and do not buy new clothes until you have patched the old ones. (HR: Urwah Zubair from ‘Aisha)


O Allah, suffice those who love me with good sustenance, and multiply wealth and children for those who hate me”. (Al-Hadis).


The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Gluttony in wealth causes hardship and fear, while zuhud makes the heart happy, the mind calm and the body cheerful. What worries me is not poverty, but rather wealth. If the wealth of the world is open to you like the previous nations, you will surely scramble like them, then destroy you as the previous nations did. And he also said: “The prosperity of the Ummah is preceded by zuhud and certainty, and its destruction is due to miserliness and delusion”. (Al-Hadis).






CHAPTER 25 : On the Virtue of the Poor


Al Faqih, said Anas Malik: The fuqara sent a deputy to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and said: “O Messenger of Allah, we have come to you on behalf of the representatives of the fuqara,” he replied: Goodbye to you and them, you have come on behalf of those whom Allah loves, then he said: O Messenger of Allah, our poor people say that: The rich are able to do all good deeds, Hajj is okay, we are not, charity is okay, we are not, and when they are sick they send money for savings. He replied: “Tell them that if they are patient, they will get three rewards that the rich do not get, namely:


  1. In Paradise there is a mahligai made of red pomegranate mira, the residents of Paradise see it like the people of the world see the stars in the sky, no one can enter it, except the poor Prophet, poor martyrs, and poor believers.
  2. The fuqara-masakin entered heaven 500 years (world time) before the rich, they are free to rejoice and Prophet Solomon David entered heaven 40 years after the other prophets, due to being given the kingdom of the world.
  3. The recitation of tasbih, tahmid takbir and tahlil by the fuqara masakin is far superior to that of the rich even if they add 1000 dirhams in charity, as well as other good deeds. Then the representative of the fuqara returned to convey the good news from the Prophet to his colleagues,


They said: “We are willing O Lord, and we are greatly relieved”.



This is the recitation of tasbih, tahmid, takbir and tahlil,


It means:

“Glory be to Allah, praise be to Him, there is no God but Allah, Allah is the Greatest.


Al-Faqih “, said Abu Dhar, my beloved bequeathed 7 things, which I must not leave, namely:

  1. Approaching and favoring the poor,
  2. Always look down at the people below me,
  3. Keeping ties of brotherhood even if they move away and break them,
  4. Increase speech: as a treasury of goodness,
  5. Do not ask people for anything.
  6. Do not fear humiliation or reproach in upholding the truth (Allah’s law),
  7. Convey the truth even if it is bitter and heavy”. So obedient was Abu Dhar, that he did not want to ask for his whip when it fell from his camel”.


Al-Faqih, said the angel: O Lord, the disbelievers you make their sustenance (worldly wealth), and averted from disaster, He replied: “You see their punishment, after seeing the angel said: O Lord, in vain is the wealth given to them. Then the angel said: O Lord, the believers you narrow their wealth (sustenance), and you test them with afflictions, He replied: You see the reward first, After seeing, they said: There is no meaning of suffering in this world for the Prophet said, “The rich in wealth is the lowest place in the future, except for those who use it this way and this way repeated 4 times (meaning charity to the right, left, front and back), and very few do so.


Whether in heaven or hell, the rich will always be at the bottom, except for those who always give charity to the right, left, face and back, and those who want to do so are very rare, because Satan always tempts them. (Al-Faqih’s commentary).


Satan’s statement is that three things destroy the rich, namely:


  1. I decorate his eyes, so that he is reluctant to fulfill his obligation (zakat),
  2. I help him to spend his wealth on extravagance (things that are not useful),
  3. I stimulate his heart to love wealth, so that he justifies all means to obtain it.” (Al-Hadis).


My desire to combine trade with worship did not succeed, so I chose worship alone. By Allah, I have no desire to set up a shop near the mosque, so that I can pray in congregation and earn 40 dinars each day for charity. Asked: Why not? He replied: Because the account will be heavy on the Day of Judgment. (Abu Darda)


Poverty is miserable in this world, but happy in the Hereafter, while richness is happy in this world, but difficult in the Hereafter (Al Hadith).


Everyone has a hobby, and my hobbies are poverty and jihad (war). Whoever loves them loves me, and whoever hates them hates me.” (HR. Anas Malik).


Based on the above Hadith, every Muslim is obliged to love the poor (Al-Faqih in his commentary). The word of Allah:




“Be patient with those who always pray to God, seeking only His pleasure, and do not turn your eyes away from them”. (Kahfi 28)


The leader of the Banu Fazarah (Uyainah Hishin) entered the Prophet’s house, it happened that Salman Farisy, Shuhaib Sinan Ar-Rumy, and Bilal Habsyi were there, wearing bad clothes and smelling of sweat, then Uyainah said: We are nobles who have pride, so if we enter, they should be expelled, because their smell disturbs us, and privilege time for us, then the above verse was revealed prohibiting expelling them, and told to patiently associate with the performers of the 5 daily prayers, and do not turn your eyes away from them, just wanting the luxuries of the world, and do not follow those whose hearts turn away from My teachings just to satisfy their lusts, then all their affairs are in vain (Asbabunnuzul).


Based on the above-mentioned Hadīth, every Muslim is obliged to favor and do good to the fuqara-masakin (the poor) because their status is higher in the sight of Allah and their intercession is expected.


On the Day of Judgment, a person will be summoned and Allah will speak kindly to him or her, like an apology, and then He will say: By My Victory and majesty, the treasures of the world I have kept away from you, not because I despise you, but only because I have provided you with glory and bounty. Go out to that line, look for people who have helped you sincerely, invite them with you, then he looks for him until he finds people who have helped him in the past and they are invited together to enter heaven (HR Hasan).


Get acquainted (associate) with the poor as much as possible, be polite to them, because they will be given power in the future, Tanya: O Messenger of Allah, which power is meant: He replied: On the Day of Judgment, they will be called upon: Pay attention to the people who gave you food and drink even if it was only a sip of water, and who gave you clothes even if it was only a piece of cloth, then invite and hold their hands to enter heaven”. (HR, Hasan). Five glories are obtained by the poor, namely:


  1. The reward of prayer, charity, etc. exceeds the reward of the rich.
  2. The reward of unfulfilled desires,
  3. Entering heaven first,
  4. Ease of hisab,
  5. Little regret, because the rich want to be like the poor in the future, (Al-Faqih Commentary).


Almsgiving 1 dirham is superior to 100,000 dirhams, Ask: Why is that, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: Because the 100,000 dirhams are only 100 of his entire wealth, while the 1 dirham is donated happily 5090 of his only 2 dirhams (HR. Zaid Salam).


Asked the companions: “If we want something, then it is not fulfilled, will we be expensive? The Prophet replied. With what other deeds do you get rewarded, if not in this way? (HR Hasan )


Wanting something, then not achieving it, but remaining patient and expecting reward from Allah, then it is better than giving 100,000 dinars fi sabilillah (Dlahak).


This statement is based on the words of Allah:



“Perform the prayer and fulfill the charity, and follow the teachings of the Messenger of Allah, surely you will be loved by God”.


Based on the aforementioned verse, the right of the poor comes second to the right of Allah, in addition to other functions, namely:


  1. Serves as a doctor for the rich, because if he is sick he is ordered to give alms to the poor,
  2. It functions as a cleanser, because with charity the sins of the rich disappear, or as a cleanser of his property by giving zakat,
  3. As a messenger, because when a rich man will give alms to send his dead parents, he goes or invites the poor and gives alms to them,
  4. The guardian of wealth, because the wealth that is issued zakat (alms) is preserved from various bala (disaster). (Thus AlFaqih).


I will tell you the kings of heaven, namely:


  1. Those whose lives (in this world) were humiliated and persecuted,
  2. Whose proposal was rejected by a woman (noble or wealthy),
  3. The difficulty of his life in the world (experiencing a dead end),
  4. The one who harbors a dream until death has not been achieved, whereas if he really asks Allah, Allah will definitely give him”. (AlHadis).


Cursed is the one who honors someone because of his wealth, and insults him because of his poverty.” (Ibn Abbas)


We (the poor) are unfair to our rich friends, why is that? Because they eat, we eat, drink, they have excess wealth that is always seen, we also see it (melok nyawang – Java), but this one We do not participate, namely: The court demands of their wealth (analyzed), we are free to wash our hands”. (Abu Darda)


Whether rich or poor, have 3 choices, respectively, namely:

  1. The choice of the poor: The soul is at peace, the heart is happy and the accountability is light.
  2. The choice of the rich: Distress (busyness) of the soul, fatigue of the mind and heaviness of reckoning.” (Shaqiq Zahid).


Four without four lies, namely:

  1. Claiming to love Allah, without avoiding the unlawful,
  2. Desiring heaven without spending his wealth in obedience to Allah,
  3. Claiming to love the Prophet, without following the sunnah (teachings) beliay
  4. Desiring glory (high rank), without associating with the poor (Hatim Zahid).


Four things that hinder goodness, namely:

  1. Being arrogant to his subordinates,
  2. Being disobedient to one’s parents,
  3. Insulting travelers (outcasts),
  4. Insulting people because of their poverty. (A scholar of wisdom).


Allah’s command (revelation) to me was not to accumulate wealth or become a merchant, but to glorify and praise Him and to be with those who prostrate themselves and worship Him all their lives until they are firmly convinced” (Hadith).


Sa’id Hudry said O people, do not let you take the trouble to seek unlawful sustenance, because the Prophet said. : O Allah, kill me as poor, do not be killed by the rich, and gather me together with them, on the Day of Resurrection, how wretched is the one who is poor in this world and suffers in the hereafter “. After checking the ghanimah received from the results of the battle of Kadisiyah, Umar Khathab cried, asked Abdurrahman ‘Auf: O Amirul mukminin, why do you cry, when today is a joyous and pleasant time? He replied: Yes, but this gift arouses hatred and enmity among them.


Every Ummah is tested, while my Ummah is tested with wealth.” (HR Ibn Abbas.:.)


The most beloved thing to Allah is poverty, because the Prophets were the most beloved people to Allah, they were tested with poverty”. (HR. Ibn Umar )


Al Faqih, Allah’s Revelation to Moses: “A beloved of mine has died; come to his place and take care of his body”. So Moses went to look for him, he did not find him in the city, nor in the village, then he asked the people digging the land, he replied: In this place where you are working, there is a sick person, could it be? Moses said: Yes, he was dead on the ground with a red stone pillow. Then Moses stood up and wept: O Lord, your beloved is sick, and there is no one to care for him. He replied: O Moses, if I love a man, then I keep him away from the world.


The first thing Satan took (money on earth) was the gold coin (dinar), then he watched with both eyes, saying: “Whoever loves you is my servant” (Abbad Katsir from Hasan).


Iblis came in the form of an old man to Prophet Sulaiman, then Prophet Sulaiman asked him: What did you do to the people of Prophet Isa? He replied: I invited them to worship two gods besides Allah, then to the people of Muhammad? He said: I lured them with gold and silver, to love them more than “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”. Prophet Solomon said: I seek refuge in Allah from your temptation”. suddenly he disappeared (HR. Abdul Mun’im, Idris from his father, Wahb Manbah).


The poor must understand the bounty of Allah given to him, that Allah keeps away wealth, because it will be glorified later in His side, like the glory of the Prophets and His Guardians, be grateful to Him, do not complain, be patient with the difficulties of the world, it is better than the world, if the poor have no privileges other than following the footsteps of the Messenger of Allah “: must be quite large. (Nasiha, -Faqih)


Al-Faqih , Gabriel (was sitting with the Prophet: said: “There is an angel who has never descended who wants to visit you. Soon he came to greet you, and said: Allah offers you to choose him:


  1. The key to everything and wealth that has not been given to anyone (either before or after you), without reducing your share in the Hereafter.


  1. Or for you to receive all of it in the Hereafter? He replied. For me it will be accepted in its entirety in the Hereafter”.


The Prophet said, This peninsula of Makkah has been offered to turn into gold for me, then I replied, O Lord, it is better for me to be full for a day to praise You and hungry for a day to supplicate to You”. (HR. Shafwan Sahm and Abdul Wahab Bajid).











CHAPTER 26 : About Not Caring for the World


Al Faqih, the Prophet said: “Whoever has the Hereafter as his goal, Allah will make him whole, he will be rich in heart, and the world will be humble to him, and whoever has the worldly wealth as his goal, Allah will make his affairs difficult, his life will always be overshadowed by poverty, and the wealth of the world will not be obtained except for what is prescribed”.


Al-Faqih, ‘Umar entered the Prophet’s house, he got up on his mat that was imprinted on his waist, then he cried to see it. Then he said: Why are you crying, Umar? I remember the Emperor and Kisra with all their luxury and splendor, whereas you are the Messenger of Allah until the lines of the mat are imprinted on your waist. He said: They are given pleasure in cash (only) in this world, while we are given pleasure in the Hereafter.”


Al-Faqih, S. Ali said: What is really feared – befalls you two things, namely:


  1. Wondering (wishful thinking).
  2. Indulging in lust, because the result is (first) forgetting the Hereafter, (second) opposing the truth when the world has crept behind us, while the Hereafter will come to us, each of them has children, so be the children of the Hereafter, not the children of the world, that now there is no reckoning, while in the future there is only reckoning, no charity. This means that you should do a lot of charity in this life, because in the future you will not be able to do charity.


Al Faqih , said Hasan Bashry, I searched for the Prophet’s sermon for years, did not find it, then I was told that the sermon was in the hands of an Ansar friend, it turned out that he was Jabir Abdillah then asked me: Did you hear the Prophet’s sermon . He replied: Yes, I heard it directly from the Messenger of Allah: “O people, for you there is guidance, so stand on that guidance, and you have a limit, so follow the limit set for you. That is, a believer is between two worries, between the death of the past, he does not know what Allah will do to him, and the future also does not know what will happen to him. Hence, every man should take provisions for his own sake, from the time of his life to his death. Know that the world was created for you, and you were created for the Hereafter. By Allah, after death there is no way to repent, and after the world is destroyed there is no place, except heaven or hell. I say this deliberately, and I ask Allah’s forgiveness for me and you.


Sahl Abdillah Tutsary was accustomed to spending his wealth for the sake of obedience (worship) to Allah, then his mother and brother complained about it to Abdullah Mubarrak, they said: He gives charity without estimation, we are afraid of falling into poverty. Then it was mentioned to Sahl, he said: Aba Abdirrahman, what do you think if a man buys a field in the city and moves to the village, and then leaves his wealth in the city, but he does not return to the city (forever)? Abdullah Mubarrak said: Sahl has won you over (complaining), namely: A person who is going to move to another area does not have to leave something (wealth) in the old place (which is left), similarly, a person who will move from the world to the hereafter, why should he leave his wealth in the world?


A reasonable person would be willing to live a simple life in this world and busy himself with the deeds of the Hereafter, because the Hereafter is the place of eternal enjoyment, while the treasures of this world are only fitnah, corruption and deceit”. (Statement of Al Faqih).


When Adam and Eve descended to earth, they immediately fainted for 40 days, due to the stench of this world, and missed the smell of heaven” (Juwaibir of Dlahak).


It is a wonder that those who believe in an eternal place are so busy in a temporary place of deception.” (Al-Hadis)


A beautiful-looking, white-clad man greeted the Prophet when he came to the Prophet’s assembly: O Messenger of Allah, what is this world? He replied: It is like a sleeper’s dream, and its inhabitants will be rewarded and tortured. Then, the Hereafter? He replied: Eternal, half in heaven and half in hell. Then heaven? Answer: A substitute for the world for those who love it, not safe from Jahannam forever. Then who is the best of your Ummah? Answer: The one who obeys Allah all his life, and is as earnest as one who pursues a caravan (something left behind). For how long? He said: Like the length of time one lags behind some caravan. Then how long is the distance between this world and the Hereafter? He replied: The twinkling of an eye, then it is gone. He said: It is Jibril who has come to you so that you may be zuhud of this world, and delight in the Hereafter. (HR Muhammad Munkadir, from Jabir ra.).


It was asked to Prophet Ibrahim si. Why Allah appointed him as Khalilullah. He answered three things, namely:


  1. If I were ordered to choose two things, I would choose the one for Allah over the other,
  2. My heart is never troubled about the sustenance that Allah has guaranteed,
  3. Whether it is day or night, I eat with my guest.


The four things that keep the heart alive are:


  1. Knowledge,
  2. Rida (willing),
  3. Qanaah,
  4. Zuhud.


From knowledge grows rida, rida conveys qana’ah and so on to zuhud. While zuhud has stages, namely:

  1. Knowing the world and leaving it,
  2. Worshiping Allah politely,
  3. Longing for the Hereafter and striving to attain it. (Scholars of Wisdom)


Wisdom descends from the heavens and enters all hearts except four:


  1. The worldly inclined
  2. Confused for tomorrow,
  3. Envious of brother,
  4. Position ambition. (Thus Yahya Mw’adz Razy)


Furthermore he said, Three things, proving will be perfect, namely:


  1. Leaving the world, before it is left,
  2. Building the grave before entering it,
  3. Doing things that are pleasing to Allah before facing Him,


Six things are proof of earnestly trying to enter heaven, namely:


  1. Knowing and obeying Allah, and knowing and opposing Satan,
  2. Knowing and obeying the truth, and recognizing and avoiding falsehood.
  3. Knowing and not caring about the world, and knowing and striving to obtain the hereafter. (S. Ali Talib).


The Messenger of Allah said: The signs of woe are four, Ali, namely:


  1. Dry tears (never cry),

2, Hard of heart,

  1. Pleased with the world,
  2. Thinking far away. (HR. Ja’far Shadiq, Muhammad Baqir, Ali Zainul Abidin, Husain son of S. Ali).


If the value of this world were a mosquito’s wing (in the sight of Allah), it would not be given to the disbeliever even a sip of water. (AlHadis).


The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) once saw a caterpillar moving around in a dung heap, so he asked the people: Do you know that the people here are disgusted by this worm? They replied: Yes, O Messenger of Allah. Then he said: “By Allah, the world is more disgusting in the sight of Allah than the people here seeing this caterpillar. (Shahr Hausyab from Abdurrahman Usman)


This world is the believer’s prison, and the grave is his fortress, while Paradise is his abode. (Al-Hadis)


Sometimes a believer even though he looks luxurious and delicious, but when compared to the luxury and pleasure of heaven, he seems to be in prison, because when he dies he is shown heaven and its glory, he realizes that while in the world it is like being in prison. Whereas the disbeliever when he dies is shown the torment of hell, then he feels like he was in heaven. Therefore, a person of sound mind cannot be happy living in prison, and should pay attention to the Qur’anic description of the world, so as not to be deceived by it.


He said:


“Verily, this worldly life is like water which We send down from the sky, and it grows food for man and beast. When the earth is adorned with its fruits and vegetables and looks beautiful, and its owners think that they are in control of it, suddenly Our torment comes by night or by day, and everything perishes as if there was nothing before it; thus We make the world clear to those who think.” (Jonah 24)


The Syriacs came and were asked by the Prophet: about their vastness, and the various favors they had obtained, and then asked: What are they made of? He replied: Our various foodstuffs. then where will it all go (into what)? The answer was ma’lum (into urine and feces. Then he said: Such is the world and everything.


The world is likened to Allah’s field, and humans are the crops, while death is the hoe, the angel of death who reaps the harvest, and the grave is the storage (barn), while the Apocalypse is the grinding machine, heaven and hell are the place of satisfaction, half in heaven and the other half in hell (Yahya Mu’adz Razy).


O my son, the world is a deep sea, and most humans drown in it, therefore make piety to Allah an ark (boat) in this world. (Lugman Hakim).


The poem states: That intelligent people keep away from the world, fearing its deceit. They really consider the consequences, after knowing that the world is not an eternal place, then they liken the world to the sea, and good deeds as the ark, and charity as your merchandise, the craft of charity as its profit, time (days) as its waves, tawakal as its shade, the Qur’an as its guidance, the rope to restrain lust, death is its end, the Apocalypse its market, and Allah is its owner.


On the Day of Judgment, the world will show its worth, saying: O Lord, make me the place (home) of Your best servants, He replied: No, you should be dust that flies around”. (Fudlail Iyadl).


On the Day of Judgment, the world will be an old, wrinkled, toothless woman, ugly in appearance, everyone hates to see her, and no one wants to know her. This is the world that people used to fight over and wage war over. (Ibn Abbas)


Then it was called for (the world) to plunge into the abyss of hell, but it cried out: Where are my friends and followers? So follow them all. (Another narrated Hadith).


In fact, the world is neither sinful nor tortured, but it is deliberately thrown into Hell to show its destruction in the sight of Allah, just as idols are thrown into Hell,


Allah says:



“So that you and what you worship besides Allah become the coal of Jahanmam (Hell), and you will surely enter therein”. (Anbiva’ 98) |


The believer should do deeds for the sake of the Hereafter, and not be “preoccupied with the world, except to meet its ordinary and primary needs, without associating the heart and mind with it” (Al Faqih in his commentary).


How strange you are, busy working for the world (wealth) which is certain to get it, but lazy to do charity for the sake of the hereafter, even though it is impossible to obtain, without doing charity. (Prophet Jesus Maryam)


Whoever the love of the world penetrates into his heart, then threatened with 3 dangers, namely:

  1. Busyness that is never free from difficulties.
  2. Wishful thinking that has no end in sight,
  3. Greed that does not guarantee satisfaction and sufficiency.


While the world and the hereafter are competing with each other, the one who pursues the hereafter is pursued by the world, so that his sustenance is sufficiently received, and the one who pursues the world is pursued by the hereafter, so that death strangles suddenly (suddenly).” (Abu ‘Ubaidah Asady)


Abu Hazim said: In my opinion the world has two alternatives, namely:

  1. Something that for me will not be separated from me,
  2. Something that is for someone else, then it is impossible for me to pursue.


Allah forbids others from my rights, just as He forbids me from the rights of others. So where should I spend my life, also according to him: the treasures of this world that are given are in two parts, namely:

  1. It will be taken away from me before my death, and I will not be able to keep it,
  2. That remains with me until my death, and I leave it to the Jain people. Then the world for which I must transgress God to obtain it. (Ibrahim Yusuf of Kinanah)


Salman crying in the middle of illness was approached by Sa’ad Abi Waqash, Saad: Why are you crying? When the Messenger of Allah died, he was pleased with you. He replied: My crying is not because I am afraid of death, but his message to us: take provisions from this world as sufficient as the provisions of a traveler, while around me are all kinds, while there are only vessels, cans, pots and wudu’ stations.


Sa’d said: O Salman, advise us, so that we may utilize it after you. Then he said: O Sa’d, when you begin something mention the name of Allah, as well as when you decide a matter, and carry out your decision (A’masy, Sufyan and his teacher).


People asked: O Messenger of Allah, who is the most zuhud person? He replied: The one who does not forget the grave and its punishment, and who reduces the adornment of the world, prefers the eternal to the temporary, and does not count his days, and thinks he is dead (belongs to the dead)”. (Juwaibir of Dlahak).


My assumption is incorrect about four things, namely:

  1. My assumption that wealth is in the amount of wealth is incorrect, and the correct one is qana’ah.
  2. Rest is in plenty, which is incorrect, and the correct one is a little, (i.e. the more one does, the busier or more troublesome one becomes and cannot rest),
  3. Honor in the form of birth, it misses, the truth is in taqwa,
  4. Enjoyment in eating and drinking, which is a miss, which is true in the covering of blemishes and sins, and in Islam (meaning that when Allah keeps our mistakes secret, then that is a blessing).


(Takim) The person who considers this world very important (prioritized over others) every day, then Allah afflicts 3 disasters, namely:


  1. Unceasing chaos,
  2. Busyness that has no rest,
  3. A feeling of poverty throughout his life. (Al-Hadis)


Man lives in this world like a guest, while wealth is like a loan, so the guest must leave the place immediately and the loan must be returned immediately. (Abdullah Masud).


If all evil is compared to a house, then the key is the love of worldly possessions, and if good is compared to a house, the key is worldly zuhud (Fudlail Iyadl).


The Messenger of Allah said, Allah has said: “My servant who believes a little I expand the world for him feels happy, even though such a thing means far from Me, and feels hard if I constrict the world for him, even though such a thing is closer to Me. Then he recited the verse:



“Do they think that what We have given them of wealth and children, We have reserved for them all good, but they do not feel (do not understand) that it is a test for them how to utilize the gifts of Allah”. (Al-Mukmimun 55-56)


One day the Messenger of Allah came out and held Abu Dhar and said: O Abu Dhar, actually in your face there is a mountain barrier that is difficult to climb except for those who are light in luggage, he asked: O Messenger of Allah, is my baggage light or heavy? He replied: Do you have food for today? Yes, then for tomorrow? Yes, then for the day after tomorrow? He said: No. He said: “If you have food (3 days) for the day after tomorrow, you will be among those who are heavy laden”. (HR: Anas Malik).











CHAPTER 27 : About Patience in the face of adversity and hardship


Al-Faqih , the Messenger of Allah said: O son of Abas, I will teach you some words that will benefit you, he replied: Yes, O Messenger of Allah, then he said: Keep the commands of Allah well, surely Allah will keep you well, avoid His Hand because He is always watching over you, turn to Him when you are happy, surely He will help you when you are difficult, if you ask Him, it will be granted, if you ask for help, it will be helped. What is written by the kalam in the lauh Mahfudh about what will happen is dry until the Day of Judgment. Therefore, if all creatures were to do something beneficial for you, which they have not written, they would not be able to do it. Likewise, if they were to bother you with something that they have not written for you, they would not be able to. Work for Him, with gratitude and confidence. Know that it is good to be patient with what you hate, and know that for every hardship there is a solution (which eventually becomes easy).”


(Al-Hadis) Al-Faqih , S. Ali Talib -: advised: Remember 5 things from me, remember two, two and one, namely: Remember, one should not fear except for his sins, should not hope except for his Lord, If learning should not be ashamed if he does not know, should not be ashamed to say: “I do not understand”, when asked about a problem that he does not know, and also know that: Patience in all matters is like a head on a body, and if the head is detached from the body, the body is damaged, and if patience is detached from a matter, the matter (situation) is damaged.


Then he said: Would you like me to show you the Faqih (righteous)? Yes, Amiral mukminin. Then he said: The Faqih is the one who does not discourage others from the mercy of Allah, does not defend the guilty, does not invite others to sinful practices, and does not dare to declare (so-and-so) the wise to be in heaven, just as he does not declare (so-and-so) the sinful to be in hell, until God decides.


And the one whose deeds are the best, should not feel safe from Allah’s retribution, because of His Word:



“There is no one who feels safe from the punishment of Allah, except the one who loses”.


And the most wicked man should not despair of Allah’s mercy, because of His Word:



“Verily, none despairs of the mercy of Allah except the disbelievers”.


Al Faqih, Yazid Raggashi said: When a person enters the grave, then his prayer stands on his right, and zakat on his left, goodness protects him, and patience as his defense, also he appeals to others: Let us defend him, if not, I can overcome him and deny him punishment”.


Based on the above-mentioned hadith, it is clear that patience is the best ama, Allah says:



“That those who are patient are filled with rewards without limit”.


A person came complaining to the Prophet and said: O Messenger of Allah my wealth has run out and my body is sick, he replied: There is no good for the one whose wealth is not exhausted and whose body never hurts, that Allah if He loves a person, then tests him with affliction and then Allah gives patience to him. (Abu Warrad from Muhammad Muslim)


He who is put in jail unjustly by the ruler until he dies is a martyr, and he who is beaten until he dies is a martyr”. (Ali Abu Talib)


Sometimes Allah elevates a person’s rank or degree with a real test (bala) on his body, because the person cannot reach it with his deeds, then he is tested, until he reaches that glory. (Alhadis)


When this verse (below) was revealed, Abu Bakr said: O Messenger of Allah, is it possible for us to rejoice after this verse? He replied:” May Allah forgive you, Abu Bakr, all your sufferings, sickness, fatigue, grief, etc. disturbance to you, that is what will be rewarded (as penance) “. (Al-Hadis)


Here is the verse:



“… whoever commits an evil deed will surely be repaid for that evil deed, and there is no protector or helper for him except Allah.” (An-Nisa’ 123)


As for S. Ali Abu Talib , when verse 123 of S. An-Nisa’ was revealed the Prophet said: A verse has been revealed which is better for my Ummah than the world of scisinya, then he recited the verse after which he said: “If a person commits a sin and suffers a calamity in this world, Allah will not punish him twice (so the calamity will be his punishment).” (Al-Hadis)


It is not possible for a person to reach the level of a righteous person, except by patiently suffering hardships, and disturbances, the Prophet – is called upon to be patient, His Word:



“Be patient, like the patience of the Messenger of Allah, whose spirit is great (Ulul ‘asmi)”. (Thus Al-Faqih)


Khabab Art, said: We approached the Prophet who was leaning on his turban under the shade of the Kaaba, we complained about our suffering and said: O Messenger of Allah, pray for us that Allah may help us. Then he sat down, his face red and said: “Those who were before you were sometimes brought a man who was made to burrow and planted, and after he was planted, a saw was taken and his body was cut in two, and his religion remained unchanged as a result of this punishment.” (Al-Hadis).


A person who lived a luxurious life on earth will be confronted on the Day of Judgment, put in Hell for a moment, and then lifted up already black with fire. When asked: Did you ever feel pleasure on earth? He replied: No, since I was made constantly exposed to calamities (bala). And the person whose life is always suffering is confronted, Jalu is put in heaven for a moment, comes out like a full moon on his face, when asked: Back on earth, did you ever experience hardship He replied: “No, since I was made it has always been happy and enjoyable”. (HR Humaid, from Anas Malik )


The first person to be called to enter heaven is the one who is always grateful to say Alhamdulillah whether in times of joy or difficulty, so humans are patient when suffering difficulties, and fully realize that it is very small compared to Allah’s gifts in the form of enjoyment and pleasure, reflect (take an example) to the Prophet in the face of threats or persecution (disturbance) of the polytheists “. (Sa’id Jubair from Ibn Abbas )


The Messenger of Allah was praying in front of the Kaaba and Abu Jahl was sitting with a group of children after enjoying the revelry of slaughtering sheep (the previous day), then he said: Who will put the dung of the sheep slaughtered yesterday on Muhammad’s back when he prostrates himself? So one of the cursed ones went and placed the sheep’s dung on his back (between his shoulders) while he was prostrating, and they burst out laughing. Ibn Mas’ud said: “If I had been able or strong, I would have removed the dung from his back . And he continued to prostrate without raising his head, until it was noticed by his daughter Fatimah who was then an adult (still a teenager), then she threw dirt on the Prophet’s back while berating them. After the prayer he prayed: “O Allah, destroy the Ouraisy” up to three times with a loud voice, so that they were afraid, then prayed: O Allah, destroy Abu Jahl, ‘Ugbah, ‘Utbah, Walid Mughirah and Umayah Khalaf. Ibn Mas’ud said: “By Allah, they were destroyed by Allah at the battle of Badr.” (HR. Amr Maimun from Ibn Mas’ud )


Someone (the Prophet) complained to God: O Lord, why is it that the believer who (obeys) Your commands and avoids Your prohibitions, You harden his worldly possessions, and are faced with disaster. Whereas the disbeliever who disobeys and violates Your prohibitions, is spared from calamities, and has his worldly possessions facilitated? Then the revelation came down: If a believer commits a sin, I will make the world difficult for him, and I will serve afflictions to atone for his sins, until he comes to Me, and I will reward his good deeds. As for the disbeliever, if he sins, then I make the world (wealth) easy for him, averted from disaster, until he comes to Me, then I repay all his sins. (narrated by Abdullah Harith from Ibn Abbas)


Al-Faqih, Anas Malik said: “When Allah is about to do someone a favor, or make him a lover, then He pours out as much harm as possible, then if he prays, he is greeted a second time, with the greeting: “Labbaika wa sadaika”, you do not ask unless I fulfill it, or I take away the worse, and I keep the better for you. Then, when the Hour comes, they will be weighed and their deeds, prayers, fasting, charity and Hajj will be weighed according to their respective scales, then the one who is often afflicted will not have his deeds weighed, but the reward will be poured out as much as he was afflicted in the world, so that those who are healthy wish that their bodies were cut with scissors, because they see the amount of reward given to the one who is often afflicted. Thus Allah says: “Indeed, it will be paid in cash without reckoning, for those who are patient”.


The story of ancient times, two people (believers and disbelievers) set out to seek sustenance (fishing), every time the net was hauled the disbeliever called the name of his idol, then got a lot of fish, while the believer called the asma of Allah, the net was lifted empty until near Maghrib time just felt it would get fish, but after the net was lifted empty again, he went home empty-handed and the disbeliever went home full of fish. Then the guardian angel of the believer regretted, and when he ascended the sky to show him the believer’s place in heaven, he said: By Allah, he would not have suffered so much in this world, if he had been provided with such a place. And when he was shown the place of the unbeliever in hell, he said: By Allah, the treasures of this world would be nothing if they were returned to such a place.


The four reasons for the four classes of people being rejected are:


  1. Not having time to worship because they are busy with wealth, He replied: You do not exceed Prophet Solomon in wealth.
  2. Unable to freely perform worship, because of work (bound by the rules of the employer etc.), then answered: Prophet Yusuf exceeded that, but still worshiped,
  3. Unable to worship, because of poverty, then answered: You are not poorer than Prophet Isa ,
  4. Unable to worship due to illness, then answered: You are not sicker than Prophet Ayyub .


So that they cannot give any excuse on the Day of Judgment. Even the salihin are happy with suffering (illness) and difficulties in life, because it is, is the redemption of his sins.


Whoever is able to do 3 things, means that he can achieve the good of the world-afterlife, namely:


  1. To accept the provisions (gadla and destiny),
  2. Patiently accept the test (bala),
  3. Always pray at any time (especially) when happy “. (HR. Ibn Mas’ud )


Al-Faqih, someone visited while the Prophet was lying down, then asked: What is the pain (felt), O Messenger of Allah? He replied: Hunger, so he went out crying, and tried to get food (by helping to fetch water), after getting a palm wage, he returned to him to give it, then he said: You should not have done that work, but only because of your love for me, He replied: Yes indeed Messenger of Allah, by Allah I love you, then he said: If you really love me, then be prepared to accept the test (bala) with thick clothes, because it is very fast for the one who loves me, more than the flood (flood) that comes down from the mountain into the abyss “.


When you come across a person who is fulfilled with all his desires (hajad), even though he likes to commit sin, then it is istijraj (the leader), then he recited the verse:



“When they forget the teachings of Allah, then We expedite (open) their interests. hinssa they are proud of what they get. but suddenly they despair (of losing something) (Al Anam )


Abu Hurairah was asked: Who is the hardest test of life? He replied: the Prophets, then the righteous, and those like them, and those who follow them.” (Al Hadith).


And it is also stated that: There are three treasuries of virtue, namely: Keeping charity, sickness and misfortune secret”. I quote half of the book of the Hawariyin, namely, If misfortune befalls you, rejoice, for you are following the path of the Prophets and the righteous, but if it is joy that you find, grieve, for your path has crossed that of the Prophets and the Salihin. (Wahb Manbah). Similarly, Allah’s revelation to Prophet Moses (similar to the quote above).


Fatih Maushily’s prayer while suffering from hunger (as a family): O Lord, if I had known the cause of this suffering, I would have done more than that (good deeds not sins).


Whoever has little wealth and many children, and continues to pray well, will be with me on the Day of Resurrection.” (Hadith)


By Allah, there is no God but Him, sometimes my stomach is pressed to the ground due to hunger, and tied with stones. Once, sitting on the road, Abu Bakr passed by, and I asked him about a verse of the Qur’an (there was no purpose in asking) just to provoke him to invite him to go to his house, but he continued to pass by (not knowing what I meant), then Umar also passed by and I asked him about a verse (my purpose was none of the above), but he continued to pass by not knowing what I meant. When the Prophet passed by smilingAllah, he understood the purpose (of my heart) he said: “O Abu Hurairah, I said: Yes, O Messenger of Allah, he also said: “Follow me”, he walked and I followed him into his house and saw a glass of milk, then he asked his wife: “Where is this milk from? She replied: It is from a man who gave it to you. He also said: O Abu Hurairah, go to the shufahs (call them), actually my heart is heavy because if they come what does that milk mean, even though I feel more entitled to drink a sip to restore my strength. But because of my obedience to Allah and His Messenger, I went to call them, after they came, sat together, then he called me: O Abu Hurairah, hand over this glass of milk to them so that they drink it one by one, then I took the glass and distributed it to them, after they had drunk enough milk, he returned to the Messenger of Allah the glass held by him and said: O Abu Hurairah, it is only me and you who have not drunk, so drink while sitting, and after that, he continued to repeat his command: MinuAllah, minuAllah, until I said: “By Allah, Who sent you as the Messenger of Allah, I am so full that there is no more room in my stomach, and I will bring my glass to him”. Then he said “Alhamdulillah” and drank the rest of the milk. (HR. Mujahid from Abu Hurairah ra.)


The companions of the Prophet in addition to experiencing the persecution of the Quraysh, also suffered from hunger but they remained patient, until Allah made it easy for them. Similarly, whoever is patient will definitely get ease (widened, everything), because every difficulty must turn into ease. And the salihin always rejoice in times of suffering (hardship), because of their understanding and belief in the reward promised by Allah (Al Faqih).


When I was in Bahrain, a rich woman with a large family and many children, including many slaves and servants, visited me and seemed unhappy. And when I would come home, she would ask me: Why do you look so unhappy, maybe you have something to do: He replied: Yes, and if you come to this country, expect to stay here again, after a few years later, I went again to Bahrain, I was surprised to see the total change of his family, no longer visible slaves (servants), his face was radiant, looks happy. Then he asked me: How are you, are you well? She replied: When you came back, we were constantly tested, every time we sent goods, the ship sank, by land we were also always subjected to trials and tribulations, until all my servants and children perished (died from calamities). Then I said: May Allah have mercy on you, I used to see you always in a state of distress, but now you seem to be happy, happy? He replied: In the past, when I was blessed with wealth, I was always worried: “May not my good deeds be paid in cash in this world by Allah”. But now that my wealth and children have perished, I remain hopeful: “May Allah provide me with good (rewards) in the Hereafter”. So with that I rejoice. (This is Usman Abdul Hamid Lahig from his father, his grandmother, from Muslim Yasar, he said:”….)


A Companion met an old female friend (whom he had known since the days of Jahiliyyah), and after they had talked, they each left the place (parted ways), but the man apparently did not take it to heart, every step turned his head, every time he turned to his friend, and finally he hit a wall and made a mark on his face. Then he mentioned the matter to the Prophet, who replied: “When Allah wills good for someone, He hastens the consequences in the world (in the form of trials or tribulations). (This is the tradition of Hasar Bashry). Let me show you a verse that encourages hope, namely:



“The calamity that befalls you is of your own doing, and Allah forgives half as much”. (Ash-Shura 30)


Therefore, every calamity that befalls us, is inseparable from (the result of) our fraudulent behavior, sin or sin, revealed in the world as a reward, and whoever is rewarded (his sinful behavior) in the world, then not repeated in the hereafter, likewise if Allah has forgiven his sinful behavior (in the world), then it will not be prosecuted on the Day of Judgment with His punishment “. (Thus Ali Abu Talib)


The Prophet said:



“No calamity befalls a believer, whether it be a thorn or something more than that, unless Nlah expiates one sin with it”. (Reported by ‘Aisha)






CHAPTER 28 : About Patience for Suffering (Calamity)


MM Faqih, said Mu’adz Jabal , The letter of the Prophet’s ta’ziyah for the death of my son (contents) is as follows: “From Muhammad the Messenger of Allah to Mw’adz Jabal, Peace be upon you, all praise be to Allah, there is no other God but Him (Ammaa badu or after). May Allah magnify your reward, and grant you patience, and grant us and you gratitude.


Then, in addition, (know) that: Our wealth and children are gifts from Allah, the Gracious, and He entrusts them to us so that we may rejoice in them until a certain time, and then He withdraws them at a certain time. Then He obliges us to be grateful for His gifts, to be patient for His trials. And your child is half of His joyful gift, and His entrustment or trust as well, He has delighted you with it, and now He is taking it away with the assurance of great reward, when you are patient and sincere.


Therefore, O Mw’adz, do not let that great reward disappear due to grief over it, you will regret infinitely, if you know that such a great reward disappears from your hands, even though the calamity is meaningless compared to this reward. And also remember, that grief cannot bring back the dead, nor does it lessen the grief, so remove your grief or distress, listening to (a gift) that you are about to receive, as if (it) had already been received.”




The way to get rid of grief or regret is by remembering the coming of death to oneself, as if death has already arrived, and in this way one gets rid of one’s grief, which does not deny death, and in fact it eliminates the reward of calamity, because complaining is only complaining to one’s Lord, and rejecting His verdict. (Commentary by Al Faqih).


Al Faqih, the Prophet said: “Whoever is saddened by the wealth of this world hates his Lord, and whoever complains about a calamity is angry with his Lord, and whoever curries favor with the rich loses two-thirds of his deeds, and whoever is given the knowledge of the Qur’an and does not act upon its contents until he is tortured in Hell is deprived of His mercy. (Na’udzu billah min dzaalik)”.


Four consecutive lines are contained in the Torah, namely:


  1. Whoever reads the Book of Allah and assumes that he will not be forgiven is one of those who minimize the verses of Allah.
  2. The one who complains about the calamities that befall him is complaining to God.
  3. The one who is gloomy (excessively sad), as a result of losing (something) or not being accomplished, means that he hates God’s decision or decree.
  4. One who licks (tawadlu”) to the rich, means that his religious beliefs are two-thirds gone”. (Thus said Wahb Munabbih).


The Messenger of Allah said: A person whose three children die will not enter Hell unless he takes an oath. The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “None of you will pass through Hellfire”. (Hadith from Abu Hurairah 5)


No Muslim is afflicted with a calamity, even if the event has passed (long ago), he thinks about it while reciting: Innaalillaahhi Wa innaa ilaihhi raaji’uun “, except that Allah gives him a (new) reward as he used to receive the reward of the calamity”.


Usman Affan was accustomed to holding his son (on the seventh day) when he was asked: Why do you do that? He replied: In order for my love to seep into him, in my heart, so as to increase the size of my reward (later if I) die”.


A person brought his child to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), and the child died, and he asked about the matter, and was told that it was the death of his child. He said: Why didn’t you tell me? Let’s go to his house, the man looked sad and said: O Messenger of Allah, my hope rests on him to help me when I am old and weak. Then he said: Will you not be happy, at the time of the Apocalypse the child will be told: Enter Paradise, then he said: “And my parents, O Lord,” he repeats this three times, and he persists in asking his parents to follow him, until he accepts their intercession, and you enter Paradise (Hadith from Anas Malik).


Based on this Hadīth, it is Sunnah to offer condolences to a friend who is afflicted with a calamity.” (Commentary by Al-Faqih)


Al-Faqih, Prophet Musa asked: O Lord, how great is the reward for visiting a sick person? He replied: I forgive his sins like a baby born from its mother. Then who delivers a corpse? He replied: The angels will take him to mahshar after he wakes up from the grave. And the one who makes ta’ziyah (consoles the afflicted)? He replied: I will give them shelter when there is no shelter except the shelter of My Throne.”


There is no restraint that Allah likes more than two things, namely:


  1. Restraining anger with patience,
  2. Curbing calamity with patience.


And no drop is more pleasing to Allah, except two drops, namely: 1. drops of blood when jihad or upholding the religion of Allah,

  1. Teardrops when prostrating in the middle of a silent night, no one knows except Allah.


And there are no steps that Allah likes, except two steps, namely:


  1. The step towards (the mosque) to perform the obligatory prayer (in congregation)
  2. The step of making ties of kinship (connecting the bonds of brotherhood)”.

(HR. Aban Salih, Umair, Anas Malik -)


When the Prophet Solomon was bereaved of his son, he was very sad, then two angels came (comforting him by dramatizing the reality experienced by him), as if they had a business (dispute). The first angel said: The king, I planted a seed (it has grown well) but I have not enjoyed the results, you know, this person pulled it out. He states the truth of the first person’s complaint, asking the second person: Why did you do that? He replied: I walked to the highway, in the middle of which the plants were less pleasing to the eye, then I moved to the right and left of the road, not knowing that among them there were plants of this person that I pulled out, then Prophet Solomon asked: Why plant in the middle of the road, don’t you know that everyone needs it? The angel replied: Why should you be sad or mourn the death of your son, do not realize that: Death is the way to the hereafter? Then he repented, no longer grieving excessively over the death of his son (Thus the hadith from Abu Darda’).


On the way, Ibn Abbas received news of his daughter’s death, so he recited: “Innaalillaahhi wa innaa ilaihi raajiuun”. and said: “The veil that Allah has covered and the burden that He has solved, and the reward that He has brought me, then dismounted and prayed two rak’ahs, he said: We are doing the command of Allah in the verse:



“Make patience and prayer your helpers …..” (Al-Bagarah 45)


Say: Innaa lillaahhi wa innaa ilaihhi raaji’uun, when one of you breaks the strap of his sandal, because it is a calamity.”


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: Whoever is afflicted with a calamity and recites “Innaa lillaahhi wa innaa ilaihhi raaji’uun” as Allah has commanded, and supplicates: O Allah, reward me for this calamity, and give me something better, Allah will give him something better. Umi Salamah said:


Then when Abu Salamah (her husband) died I recited the supplication, but remembered who was better than Abu Salamah, knowing that Allah replaced him with the Prophet who married her.


Hitting the thigh when afflicted with calamity, nullifies the reward, and what is considered patient is the first blow to curb it), while the amount of reward is in accordance with the size of the calamity, and who recites “Innaa lillaahhi wa innaa ilaihhi raji’uun”, Allah will definitely add a new reward, as it was when the calamity occurred”. (HR. Shalin Muhammad with Anas Malik’s sanad)


Al-Faqih in his advice: A reasonable person should think about the reward of calamity when it is received on the Day of Judgment, when he wishes that his family and friends had died first, in order to obtain the reward of calamity that Allah has determined for every patient person, the Word of Allah:




“Indeed We will test you (in the form of) worry. hunger, little wealth, death of life, and lack of fruit, and cheer (be comforted) those who are patient. Those who, when afflicted with calamity, say: Innaalillaahi wa innaa ilaihhi raaji’uun. It is they who have the salawat (peace and forgiveness) of their Lord and His mercy, and it is they who are guided.” (Al-Bagarah 155 – 157)


When Ibrahim, the son of the Messenger of Allah (by his wife Mariyah Qibthiyah) died, he cried, shedding his tears, then Abdurrahman rebuked him: O Messenger of Allah, why are you crying, didn’t you forbid it? He replied: No, but I was forbidden to whimper and sing, two foolish sounds again prostitute, and forbidden to scratch the face, tearing clothes. Because whimpering is the work of the devil, as well as singing, playing and flute, but these are tears of mercy that God places in the hearts of His servants who have mercy, whoever does not have mercy will not have mercy. He also said: “The heart is sad, and the eyes shed tears, but they do not express anything that makes God angry .


Allah has wiped out your mistakes and forgetfulness, and that which you were not able to do, and permitted in times of necessity that which was forbidden to you, and has given you five things, namely:


  1. Wealth from the sustenance of His bounty, then Allah offers you to lend fi sabilillah sincerely, with a double return (from 10 to 700) even without hisab (no count),


  1. Salawat and mercy, when you are willing and patient in the face of His forcible taking (calamity),


  1. ‘Yambahan nikmat, when you are grateful,


  1. If you sin to the point of disbelief, then repent to Him, He will still accept your repentance and even love you, His Word:



“Verily, Allah loves those who repent and purify themselves”.


  1. Had Jibril and Mikail been given what was given to you, they would have been “overwhelmed” by it, as He said:



“Ask me, and I will surely fulfill your request” (Al-Mukmin 60). (Thus said Hasan Baslay)


The Messenger of Allah said: “There is nothing that a person can bring up in front of him that is more pleasing and more rewarding than a child brought up in front of him at about the age of 12 years.


He also said: The one who is considered patient is the one who is patient at first, and when the time has passed, it is up to him whether he is patient or not, and the man of understanding is the one who is patient at first. (HR: Yahya Jabir ‘Atha-i).


At the time of the death of Abdullah Mubarrak’s son, the Magi paid him a visit, and said: A reasonable man should do (on this day) what a foolish man would do after five days. Then Abdullah Mubarrak said to his friend: Remember (write down) this, meaning: A Magi who does not understand reward and heaven can give such advice”.


Whoever comforts a person afflicted by calamity will be rewarded as the one afflicted by calamity.” (Al-Hadis). Patience is divided into 3 parts, namely:

  1. Patience in performing worship (obedience),
  2. Patience away from sin,
  3. Patience in calamities.


Each of them has a degree; for those who are patient in calamities, their degree will be increased by 300 degrees, and for those who are patient in worship, by 600 degrees, and for those who avoid sin, by 900 degrees”. (Al-Hadis).


This is the first writing in the Lauh Mahfudh,


It means:

“I am Allah, there is no other God but Me, and Muhammad is My Messenger, the one who accepts My verdict, is patient in the face of My trials and is grateful for My favors will be recorded as a sidiq person, and will be resurrected with the sidiq people on the Day of Resurrection. As for the one who does not accept My verdict, is not patient in the face of My trials, and is not grateful for My favors, he will surely perish, please seek a God other than Me”. (HR. Ibn Abbas)


Actually bala is only one, but if complaining (who is afflicted with the bala becomes two, namely:

  1. Bala calamity,
  2. The misfortune of losing the reward of calamity” (Abdullah Mubarrak).


The one who feels heavy being afflicted with calamity, let him remember the calamity of losing me (Muhammad), because that is the greatest calamity”. (HR. S. Ali Talib )


The one who longs for heaven, immediately do good, and who fears hell, immediately forget his desires, the one who remembers death, leave pleasure, the one who is zuhud the world is light (feel) all the suffering of calamity for him. (HR. Ali Talib)


The following six lines were published in an earlier book, namely:


  1. The one who thinks hard about the world is angry with Allah,
  2. To complain of calamity is to complain to Allah,
  3. One who does not care where his sustenance comes from, then Allah also does not care from which door he enters hell,
  4. The one who commits sins with a happy heart (while laughing), will definitely enter hell with endless tears,
  5. He who is preoccupied with satisfying his desires, Allah will take away his fear of the Hereafter,
  6. The one who licks the rich, surely the suffering of poverty is always imagined in his eyelids “. (Thus Al-Faqih)





CHAPTER 29 : On the virtue of ablution


Al-Faqih'”, Abu Umamah Bahily, asked Amr Anbasah : “What makes you the fourth in the order of Islamic luminaries? He replied: I used to admit that I was a heretic, and that I did not worship idols, then a good news came from Mecca, so I immediately went (by vehicle) to Mecca to meet the Messenger of Allah in secret, because at that time the atmosphere did not allow open da’wah for Islam. After meeting him I asked: “Who are you? He replied: Prophet, What is the Prophet? Messenger of Allah, Allah sent you? Yes, then sent for what? To believe in Allah and not associate Him with anything, as well as to eradicate idols and to establish ties of kinship. Then who accompanied you in this task? A free man (Abu Bakr) and a slave (Bilal). Is it permissible for me to accompany you in this task? He replied: It is not yet time for you, you should go back to your country or region first, and at a time when (I win) you come to see me. Then I went home and declared my Islam. So from then on I felt like the fourth figure in Islam, because his statement at that time was that only two people were Muslim (Abu Bakr and Bilal). And when I heard that he had emigrated to Madinah, I immediately followed him (on a vehicle), I asked: Do you still remember me? Yes you do, didn’t you visit me when I was in Mecca? Yes, I did. Now teach me what you received from your Lord, then he said: “After the Fajr prayer, rest until the sun rises a spear or two high (when the sun rises, do not pray, because it rises between the two horns of the devil and at the same time as the disbelievers prostrate themselves). After that, when the sun rises to the height of a spear or two, pray (Sunnah Isyrak, Dhuha, etc.) until the time of Zuhr. When the sun is above the zenith (the special time), stop praying, because that is the time when the jabannam is lit, and then pray after the shadow leans to the east (the time of Zuhr), until the time of ‘Asr, and then rest until sunset (when the sun sets, do not pray because it sets between the two horns of the devil and at the same time as the disbelievers prostrate themselves).


Then he asked me: What about ablution? He replied. No one prepares his ablution, then rinses his mouth and inhales water (into his nose and expels it), except that the sins of his mouth and nose come out. Then he washes his face as Allah has commanded, except that the sins of his face come out with the drops of water; then he washes his hands up to the elbows, except that the sins of his hands come out with the drops of water from the fingertips; then he wipes his head, except that the sins come out with the drops of water from the hair; then he washes his feet up to the ankles, except that the sins of his feet come out with the drops of water from the fingertips.


Then he stands up and praises Allah, and prays two rak’ahs, and his sins come out of him as if he had just been born from his mother’s womb.” (Hadith)


Al-Faqih The Prophet said: I will show you the deeds that remove sins and elevate degrees, namely:

  1. Completing ablution in times of hardship (winter),
  2. Patiently suffering,
  3. Will pray in congregation at the mosque,
  4. Looking forward to the prayer (his heart is set on performing the next fard prayer) after performing the (first fard) prayer,
  5. Joining the ribath of defense from the enemy, which means the same reward as the one who stands at the forefront against the enemy.”


Al-Faqih from his father with the chain of Abdullah Sallam, he said: I found the following analysis of Allah’s revelation: “The one who renews his ablution (every time he breaks his wudu), and does not like to enter (disturb) women in the house (inviting to sin), and does not seek (things) that are not lawful, will certainly be given wealth (sustenance) without calculation (amount)”.


The one who sleeps in a state of ablution (chastity) with a chaste woman (his own wife), then he spends the night with the angel in his woman, and when he wakes up at night, then the angel prays: “O Allah, forgive your servant, for he sleeps in a state of chastity”. (HR. Abu Hurairah )


I saw the way Usman Affan performed ablution, thus: First pouring water on his hands and washing them three times, then rinsing his mouth and sipping water three times, then washing his face three times, wiping his head, then washing his feet three times and then doing ablution. “This way of doing wudu is like the wuduk that the Messenger of Allah did. He said: “The one who performs ablution the way I do, then prays two rak’ahs in a solemn manner (not remembering worldly affairs), his previous and future sins will be forgiven.” (From Imran Abban).


The Messenger of Allah said: “Be diligent in your deeds, for there are countless benefits, and keep in mind that your best deed is prayer: The best of your deeds is prayer, and no one can maintain ablution except a believer (the character of a believer). Therefore, be in a state of purity every day, and even if you are going to bed, be in a state of purity, for this is beloved by Allah and the guardian angels”. (From Tsauban)


Al-Faqih narrated from his father and Umar Khatthab, who said: “When he sent a messenger to get the mosquito net of the Ka’bah in Egypt, on the way (to Syria) the messenger spent the night near the monastery of the cleverest priest, so he wanted to see him, and when he knocked on the door for a long time it was not opened, and when it was opened he entered, and said happily, but why was the door not opened immediately? He said: Because we saw that you are a great man, like a king, and we were afraid, that is why I did not open the door immediately, and God said to Moses thus: “O Moses, if you are afraid of the king, make ablution with all the members of the family, then the one who makes ablution is in my protection (security), so we close the door, until we all the members of the family make ablution, and pray, then it is safe for us and we open the door for you”.


Al Faqih’s advice: When a person performs ablution, he is purifying himself with water as a sign of purifying his sins, because he is going to face his Lord, which also means repentance, so he should start by reciting Basmalah, and if he rinses his mouth and sips water, he is washing his mouth from lying, gossiping and so on, if he washes his face, he is covering his eyes that are forbidden by Shara’, and so on in the other parts until he finishes, then he should pray.


The believer when he finishes his ablution recites:



“Glory be to You O Allah, praise be to You, I acknowledge that there is no other God but You, I ask forgiveness and repent to You”.


The seal is then placed under the Throne, and it will not be opened until the Day of Resurrection when it will be handed over to him”. (Al-Hadis). The Prophet said: “When one of you finishes ablution, recite:



“I acknowledge that there is no other god but Allah, the One, with no partner, and that the Prophet Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, then the doors of Paradise (eight doors) will be opened for him, and he may choose whichever of them he wishes to enter from.” (HR. Uqbah Amir from Umar Khattab )


Whoever does 5 things accompanied by faith, later on the Day of Resurrection must enter heaven, namely:

  1. Performing the five daily prayers on time, with perfect ablution, bowing and prostration,

2) Paying zakaah on one’s wealth cheerfully, and he said: By Allah, no one can do that except a believer,

3) Observing the fast of Ramadan,

4, Hajj to the House of Allah,

5, Fulfilling the trust,


What is meant by trust is taking a bath, said Abu Darda’.


Al-Faqih, the Messenger of Allah after the Fajr prayer said to Bilal: Tell me the best practice for you in Islam because last night I heard the sound of your sandals in heaven! He replied: “There is no best deed for me in Islam, except that every time I make ablution during the day or night, I use it to pray whatever (rak’ah) Allah has prescribed for me, and another narration: I do not break my wudoo’ unless I make ablution (renew it), and I do not make ablution unless I pray two rak’ahs (sunnah wudoo’).”









CHAPTER 30: About the Five Hour Prayer


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: The five daily prayers are like a river, flowing at the doorstep of one of your houses, which you bathe in five times a day, and whether there is any dirt on it:


Al-Faqih commented: What this means is that the five daily prayers are capable of washing away sins, except for major sins, and that is only if they are performed with solemnity and if the bowing and prostration are perfect. But if this is not the case, then the prayer is rejected.


Al-Faqih, Khalid said: “When we were sitting around the Messenger of Allah, a man entered the mosque and prayed, and when he finished, he greeted us (the Prophet and the Companions) with greetings, then he said: Repeat your prayer, for you have not prayed. The man repeated his prayer and returned to the Prophet after the prayer. He also said: Repeat your prayer, for you have not prayed, three times. When he finished he asked: I don’t know exactly where I went wrong in my prayer? His reply: A person’s prayer is not considered complete until he has performed ablution in the way Allah has commanded: First washing the face, then the hands up to the elbows, wiping half the head, and washing the feet up to the ankles (after which he should pray) starting with saying Takbir, then saying Tahmid (reciting the iftah prayer) and so on (fatihah or) reciting the Qur’an as much as he can. Then bowing, placing the hands on the knees and bowing, then raising the head and reciting: “Sami’allaahhu liman hamidah”, then standing up until the back is straightened and each member returns to its original position. Then takbir and prostration pressing the face to the ground until all the joints are calm and humble, then takbir and sitting straightening the spine. Then he said: A person’s prayer is not complete until he does this (as described above). A person should pray as described in the above Hadīth, perfectly in bowing, prostration, etc., so that his prayer will truly be an atonement for his previous sins. (Al-Faqih)


Al-Faqih , said Harith Maula Usman: When we were sitting with Usman one day, then the muezzin came and he asked for ablution water, he said after making ablution, the ablution of the Messenger of Allah that I saw was not far from mine, he said: He who makes ablution like mine, and then prays Zuhr, his sins will be forgiven from Fajr to Zuhr, and if he prays ‘Asr, his sins will be forgiven from Zuhr to ‘Asr, and if he prays Maghrib, his sins will be forgiven from ‘Asr to Maghrib, and if he prays ‘Isyak, his sins will be forgiven from Maghrib to ‘Isyak, and then he sleeps, and if he wakes up and prays Fajr, his sins will be forgiven from ‘Isyak to Fajr, this is the goodness that can wipe out sins. Asked: That is called goodness (hasanah), then which one is Bagiyatush-salihah? He replied:


The one who wants to appear before Allah still in Islam (as a Muslim), pray the five daily prayers on time, at the time of the call to prayer. Allah has prescribed the Sunnah of Huda and the congregational prayer is half of that Sunnah. (By Allah, the one who does not pray in congregation (praying in his own house) is ignoring the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, which means he is going astray. It was a real hypocrite in our time, for the one who abandoned the congregational prayer, sometimes one was established in the row with the support of two people, and the one who performed ablution perfectly and then went to the mosque and prayed, for him was written one hasanah for each step, even raised his rank (one), forgiven his sins (one), so that each step we made short steps to increase the count. The congregational prayer is 25 degrees better than the munfarij prayer (alone). (Hadi from Ibn Mas’ud.)


When we were about to move to a house near the mosque (the surrounding yard was empty), then he came to our house (after hearing about it) in the village of Banu Sulimah, and he said: “O Banu Salimah, did you say that you were going to move closer to the mosque? They replied: Yes, O Messenger of Allah, our reason is that this place is far from the Mosque, while around the mosque there are many empty yards, then he said: O Banu Salimah, stay here because your footprints will be written (as witnesses), they replied: Thus (because of his words) we no longer want to move closer to the mosque”. (From Jabir Abdullah).


The one who prays in congregation for 40 consecutive days, and never misses a single rak’ah, then Allah determines two freedoms for him, namely:


  1. Free of hell fire,
  2. Free of nifak (not hypocritical)”. (HR. Anas Malik)


Al-Faqih , the Prophet said: The one who performs ablution perfectly and then prays perfectly too, both bowing, prostration and recitation, then his prayer says: May Allah take care of you as you take care of me, then it rises to the sky very brightly, it enters the door of the sky up to Allah, and asks forgiveness for the culprit. On the other hand, if he does not complete his bowing, prostration and recitation, then he says: “May Allah humiliate you, like your reckless behavior towards me, then ascend to the sky covered with darkness, will enter but the door is closed to him, finally his prayer is folded like a ragged shirt, and struck on the face of the culprit”.


I will show you the worst person, the one who steals in his prayer, asked the Companion: What is meant by stealing in prayer? The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) replied: He does not complete his bowing and prostration. (HR Hasan)


Prayer is a balance or a scale, the one who keeps the scale, it will be enough, on the contrary, the one who cheats, steals it, then you already know the threat of Allah against the thief of the scales “. (Salman Faris)


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said:



“The prayers of ‘Isyak and Fajr are considered the hardest for hypocrites, but if they knew the reward of both, they would account for them even if they crawled.” (Muttafaqun ‘alaih)


Give good news to those who walk in the dark night to the mosque, that on the Day of Judgment they will have a very bright light. (HR: Buraidah).


I wish for the command to pray, to be observed and to pray in congregation, then I will go out with young men carrying bundles of wood, then I will burn down the houses of those who hear the call to prayer but do not come to the mosque to pray in congregation”. (HR. Abu Hurairah )


The five Fard prayers for mankind (servants of Allah), have been made obligatory by Allah, so the one who performs them perfectly without neglecting, he has a promise (provision) with Allah to be included in heaven, but for those who leave them because they underestimate them, then there is no provision for him with Allah, it is up to Allah whether he is loved or tortured. (HR: Ubadah Shamit)


The opinion of ‘Atha-k about the verse below is as follows:


It means:

“Those who cannot forget due to dashing or selling to remember Allah, namely: “Those who actively pray in congregation. Similarly, the wat which means: “Stretching their stomachs from their beds, namely: those who perform the Isyak prayer (at the end of the night).


Al-Faqih, Ibn Abbas, said: On the Day of Resurrection, all creatures (including) jinn, humans and others will be gathered in an open field, they will line up on their knees, and then the call will be made: On this day, you will know the noble ones, then those who at all times praise Allah standing upright are taken to heaven and then announced a second time: On this day, you will see the noble ones, then those who stretch their stomachs from their beds, to pray, out of fear and hope in Allah, and give half of their sustenance, standing upright, being taken to heaven, then a third announcement: “On this day, you will see the noble ones, then those who do not forget the consequences of their trade or sale from the remembrance of Allah, keep up their prayers, and give alms, stand upright to go to heaven.


Then after that, a creature whose head and neck are from the fire of Hell will come out, and his eyes will be directed at all the people and jinn in Mahshar, and he will say loudly: “My task is to find three people, namely:


  1. Those who are cruel and oppose (Allah and His Messenger), then they are taken from the middle of the row, like birds pecking seeds (sesame) and thrown into jahannam,


  1. Those who harm Allah and His Messenger, they are taken and thrown into jahannam,


  1. Those who draw images or animate animals, they are taken and drowned in Jahannam.


After that, the sheets (records) of deeds are spread out and weighed, then they are called to be judged.


Initially, Iblis can be seen visibly as if meeting a human being, then someone asks: O Satan, how can I be like you? He replied: Forget your prayers, and swear every time you speak (true or false words). Then the man said: I have promised Allah that I will not forget my prayers, nor will I swear as long as I live. Then he replied: No one has learned from me in this deceitful manner except you, and I have promised Allah not to give good advice to mankind forever”.


The noblest of men is the one who observes the circulation of the sun and moon. Asked: O Abu Darda’, are they mw’adzdzin? He replied: “All Muslims who earnestly pray and keep the time”. (Abu Dardza).


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: “Prayer is the pleasure of God, the pleasure of the angels, the behavior of the Prophets, the light of wisdom, the staple of faith, the fulfillment of prayers, and charity, the blessing of sustenance, and physical mercy, a weapon against enemies, the hatred of Satan, shafa’at for the doer with the angels, as a light for the grave, lemek or a bed under his stomach, the answer to Munkar-Nakir, a companion in the grave until the Day of Judgment, and is a protector and crown and clothing for his body, a light on his face, a cover for the fire of hell, and is a proof for the believer before Allah, weighs charity in the scales, helps the path on the bridge or shirath, the key to opening heaven, because it includes tasbih, tawhid, cleansing and glorifying Allah, as well as recitation and prayer. The most important deed is to pray on time.”


The Prophet said: “Prayer is the first deed for which a person will be judged on the Day of Resurrection, so if his prayer is perfect, it will be easy for him to be judged, but if there is a deficiency, Allah calls on the angels: Is there a voluntary prayer for him, if there is, then cover the deficiency of his Fard with the voluntary, and if it is perfect, then continue with other deeds according to the account.” (Hasan Bashry)


It is also stated that: The one who actively performs congregational prayers in a mudawamah or lasting manner, surely Allah guarantees him 5 things, namely:


  1. Save from a narrow life,


  1. Survive the torment of the grave,


  1. The record of charity is accepted with the right,


  1. Passing through the bridge or shirath like lightning strikes,


  1. Entering heaven without reckoning.


As for people who are careless or forget the five daily prayers in congregation, they will be threatened with 12 punishments (suffering), namely three each in this world, at death, and in the grave. The details are as follows:


  1. Suffering in the world, namely:


  1. Work and sustenance are always lacking (not blessed).
  2. His charity is rejected (not accepted).
  3. The evidence of goodness on his face disappears (does not exist), from that dibend society.


  1. When approaching death, namely:


  1. Life comes out (revoked) in a state of thirst.
  2. Hungry.
  3. Pulling it out with violence (as hard as possible).


  1. In the grave, namely:


  1. Question (Munkar-Nakir) with a loud yell, able to forget the answer or promise confused.
  2. The darkness of the grave.
  3. Again narrow, pinching his body.


  1. On the Day of Judgment, namely:


  1. The weight of his accountability.
  2. Scolded by Allah.
  3. Being tormented by hellfire.


The Hadith was also narrated by Abu Dhar. Someone asked: O Ibn Abbas, what do you think will be the place of the one who wakes up at night (sahur) and fasts during the day, but does not pray, and does not pray in congregation until he dies? He replied: In Hell. Not satisfied with this answer, the person came to him again and again for a month, but Ibn ‘Abbas, remained as he was in the first answer: In Hell. (Thus Mujahid)


Al Faqih, said S. Ali Abu Talib :



“There will come a time when Islam will be known only in name (mere formality), the Qur’an will only be written (not studied and practiced), the mosques here and there will be crowded and magnificent (mere buildings. but) the janaalunya activity is zero, the Saman Ulama are the worst under the sky, because they confuse the community (ummah), from them is the beginning of the disaster (fitnah) and to them also the bad consequences”.


There is no real and practical way in overcoming the plague (disaster), or pursue the ideals and all desires, except diserty prayer, while the most powerful prayer is prayer, history is a fact that is difficult to falsify, major disasters in the world, which befell people, people of old enough to be removed only by prayer, and few people are afflicted with disaster, except efforts to remove it by prayer, the Word of Allah about the story of Prophet Yunus :



“Had Yunus not prayed, he would have suffered in that peru, until the Day of Judgment”. (Shaffat 143: 144) (interpretation of Ibn Abbas)


Praying at the time of safety (no misfortune) means seeking refuge with Allah from the descent of misfortune (warding off misfortune), so that at the time of calamity, you are firmly grounded”. (Hasan Bashry)


There is no better gift for a person than the blessing of praying two rak’ahs.” (Al-Hadis)


If I were told to choose between the two Rak’ahs of prayer and heaven, I would choose the two Rak’ahs of prayer because it will gain the pleasure of Allah, whereas heaven will only satisfy my desires.” (Thus Ibn Sirin)


Since its creation (the sky) has always been filled with angels praying, not stopping for a moment. Some of them stand upright until the Day of Resurrection, some of them bow constantly, some of them prostrate forever, and some of them wrinkle their wings out of fear of Allah, some of them are in the Illiyin and the ‘Throne, tawaf around the ‘Throne while glorifying, praising, and making istighfar for the inhabitants of the earth. Then their different forms of worship were combined by Allah in the form of “SALAT” as a gift to the believers, which includes the various forms of worship of the inhabitants of the heavens, and the Qur’an was added for them to read, learn and practice”. (This is the statement received by Al-Faqih).


Henceforth, the believers are required to be skillful in being grateful for the blessing (i.e. in the form of) performing the prayer perfectly (well), its conditions, principles and kusyu’nya.


His words:



“Those who believe in the unseen, pray and spend (in the cause of Allah) half of the sustenance given by Allah”. (Al-Bagarah 3)


The word prayer cannot stand alone, it must always be accompanied by the word “upright or work or practice” right, to be more convincing try to open the Koran, what is meant is the command to pray with perfection, Terms, principles and solemnity”. And for those who do not obey the Quranic command (i.e.) to pray perfectly, take note of His threat.


It means: “Woe to those who pray (i.e.) who forget its purpose”. (Al-Ma’un 4-5)


It is important to note that: “Many people pray in places of worship (whether in mosques, langgar or mshalla), but very few actually do it, in the sense of: The prayer is completed with bowing and prostration.” (Information of Al-Faqih).


The Prophet said: “It is likely that half of you will offer a prayer and it will not be accepted except for one-third, or one-fourth, or one-fifth, or one-sixth (he mentioned) up to one-tenth”.


Meaning: The prayer is not accepted except for the one who is aware of what he is praying, and the one who forgets is not considered to be praying.


He also said:



“The one who prays two Rak’ahs, solemnly facing Allah with all his heart, is certain of his sins: his sins are forgiven as if he were just born from his mother’s womb.” (Al Hadith)


The Hadīth emphasizes the notion of facing Allah, because if the heart is preoccupied with whispers (other than Allah), it is no different from a person facing the president (king) asking for clemency (forgiveness) to him, for the mistakes he made and then in the middle of facing, he lacks concentration, turns his head to the right and left not paying attention to the king (as if insulting him), do you think this kind of person deserves the king to accept it? Similarly, a person who forgets the purpose of the prayer is unlikely to be accepted by Allah.


It should also be noted that the prayer is likened to a feast organized by the king, with various delicious dishes and drinks provided for the invitees. Similarly, the prayer of Allah invites its practitioners to enjoy the various supplies of movements (which are compared to delicious food) and remembrance or recitation (which are compared to drinks).


There are 12,000 (twelve thousand) benefits that the prayer contains, and juAllah that many are summarized into 12 major categories of benefits that need to be considered seriously before performing the prayer, for its perfection. Six of the twelve major benefits are external to the prayer, while the other six are internal to the prayer, namely:


  1. Containing knowledge, this is based on the Prophet’s hadith:


It means:

“A little charity accompanied by knowledge is better than a lot of ignorance”.


  1. Ablution, the hadith:



“Prayer is not valid except with purity (ablution)”.


  1. Clothing, Allah says:



“Put on your clothes for every prayer”.


  1. Keeping time, Allah’s Word:



“Verily, prayer is an obligation prescribed for the believers”…


  1. Facing the Qibla, Allah’s Word:



“Turn your faces towards the Sacred Mosque, wherever you are, turn your faces towards it ……”


  1. Intention, the hadith:



“Every deed depends on its intention, and for every person it depends on his intention.”


  1. Takbiratul Ihram, the Hadith:


It means:

“Beginning with takbir, and ending with salam”.


  1. Standing upright, Allah’s Word:



“Stand up straight in khushu’ for the sake of Allah”.


  1. Reciting (Fatihah), Allah’s Word:



“Recite the verses of the Qur’an that are easy for you”.


  1. Rukuk, Allah’s Word:





  1. Prostration, Allah’s Word:



“And prostrate”.


  1. Sitting, the Hadith:


Meaning: “When one rises from prostration and sits, the prayer is complete.”


Then when the main points of the prayer (12) have been completed, put sincerity into it (stamped sincerity) for its perfection.


Allah says:


Meaning: “Worship Allah with sincerity for Him is the religion of perfection”.


What is meant by Knowledge, which includes 3 Knowledge, including:

  1. The difference between wajib and sunnah.
  2. Specific to ablution (between obligatory and recommended),
  3. To be aware of the devil’s tricks, so as to be able to fight him.


In the case of ablution, it is completed with three things:

  1. The heart is clean from envy,
  2. The body is clean from sin,
  3. All members of wudu are washed completely, without wasting water.


In terms of clothing, it is also perfected with 3 things, namely:

  1. Derived from halal,
  2. Clean from unclean,
  3. Adjusting the sunnatur of the Prophet, not made to boast (pride).


In terms of keeping time, it is necessary to pay attention to 3 things, namely:

  1. The sun, stars or moon, in order to know the entry of time,
  2. The sound of the call to prayer,
  3. The moment of the entry of time (the heart always remembers it).


In the case of facing the Qiblah, it is completed with 3 percar. namely:

  1. Face or face,
  2. The heart is facing Allah,
  3. Khushu tawadlu’.


Regarding the intention, it is also completed with 3 things, namely:

  1. Knowing what you are praying,
  2. Feeling that he is standing in the presence of Allah,
  3. Realizing that his heart is occupied with worldly affairs, then bismillah.


Regarding takbir, it is completed with 3 things, namely:

1.Takbir correctly,

2, Both hands are raised to the level of the earlobes,

  1. Remembering the greatness of Allah.


When standing, it is completed with 3 things, namely:

  1. Directed to the place of prostration,

2, The heart is directed (focused) on Allah,

  1. Not looking to the right or left.


In terms of recitation, it is perfected with 3 as well, namely:

  1. Fatihah correctly and orderly,
  2. Remembering its meaning,
  3. Practicing its content.


Rukuk is completed with 3 as well, namely:

  1. The back is evenly distributed not down or up,
  2. The palms of the hands hold the knees, and the fingers are loose.
  3. ‘Thuma’ninah and bertbih.


Prostration is completed with 3 as well, namely:

  1. Both palms in front of the ears,
  2. The arms are not spread out (elbows up),
  3. ‘Tuma’ninah and tashbih.


The sitting is completed with 3 as well, namely:

  1. Sitting on the left foot, while the right is upright,
  2. Saying tawhid with tadhim, and praying for himself and the believers,
  3. Saying the perfect greeting. and the perfect greeting is: The intention is for the angels, Islam on your right and left, the eyes do not exceed the shoulders.


Ikhlas is perfected with 3 as well, namely:


  1. Solely hoping for the pleasure of Allah,
  2. Recognizing that doing it is by the guidance of Allah,
  3. Maintaining the prayer to the best of one’s ability, so that it will truly accompany one in facing Allah on the Day of Judgment.


The person praying should know exactly what he is doing and its value, so he should be grateful for the blessings of Allah that enabled him to pray. Because prayer includes all aspects of goodness in the form of movement and speech or remembrance, when he said Takbir then greeted by Allah, “My servant knows, “I am the greatest of all things, the proof is that he faces me, coupled with the movement of raising both hands which means he washes his hands from all worship other than Allah, then recites tasbih, tahmid and tahlil, or Iftitah prayer, followed by ta’awudz, namely:



“I seek refuge with Allah from all the temptations of the accursed devil”.


This is followed by the recitation of Surah Fatihah, which is very enjoyable because it is not one of those whom Allah scolds, and it is not one of those who have strayed from the path that He approves of. It also feels very fortunate to be able to follow in the footsteps of the Prophets (especially the Prophet Muhammad).


And when bowing, it also feels good to bow to His Greatness, facing sinfully, hoping for His mercy and forgiveness, while saying:



“Glory be to my Lord, the Great with all His praise.”


Then i’tidal, raising the head while reciting:



“Allah, Who hears His slaves praising”.


Followed by:





“O Lord, all praise is due to You for the heavens and the earth and for what You will afterward”.


Followed by prostration, which means bowing low to His Greatness and Power, which also means: O Lord, You are the maker of this beautiful face, equipped with eyes, ears and tongue, all of which are the main necessities for me, now I submit before You, and have mercy on me, while reciting:



“Glory be to Allah, my Lord, the High and Praiseworthy”.


This is done twice per rak’ah, and in between sits what is called “Julus bainassajdatain” while reciting,



“O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, fulfill me, lift me up, provide for me, guide me and make me well”.


Then when sitting tashahhud recite:



“All work or greatness of life. praise and praise belong to Allah”.


Hasan Bashry said, “In the days of ignorance people said to their idols: “Long live you”. While Muslims are called upon to recite:



“Life vans eternal, the lasting Kingdom belongs to Allah”.


WASH-SHALAWAATU” as well as prayer only to Allah”, WATH-THAYYIBAATU” and all the goodness that starts from the shahada is only the right of Allah. Then recite:




This means:

“Peace be upon you, O Prophet, who has carried out your duty and advised your people.



“Allah’s forgiveness may remain with us and the righteous servants of Allah”.



“I bear witness that there is no God but Allah”.



“And I bear witness that the Prophet Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, is the Seal of all Prophets and the choice of Allah for all creatures”.


Then invoke peace upon the Prophet, and pray for the believers (men and women). And the greeting of peace, turning to the right and left, stating that you are safe and secure from me when I leave this prayer. Three honors for the praying person are:


  1. The sprinkling of Allah’s mercy from the head to the sky,
  2. Surrounded by angels from the bottom of the foot to the sky.
  3. The call of the angels: If the person knew to whom he was praying, he would not be willing to part (stop) with his prayer. (thus the Prophetic Hadith from Hasan Bashry).


Hence, Muslims should recognize the great value of prayer and be grateful for the gift of Allah’s guidance and help to enable them to pray. (Appeal of Al-Faqih).


A Prophet of Allah (by name) Daniyal used to tell his people about the attributes of Muhammad’s Ummah: “They pray, and if Noah’s Ummah had prayed, they would not have drowned. And if the people of ‘Ad had done it, they would not have been destroyed by a mighty hurricane. And if the people of Tsamud had done it, they would not have perished. (Sa’id Qatadah).


And then Qatadah exclaimed: “Keep praying, for that is the best of manners (behavior of the believer). The Prophet : said:



“My Ummah is a blessed Ummah, Allah removes afflictions from them because of their sincerity and supplication, as well as prayer and the weak from them”. (HR Khalf Khalifah from Abu Laits)







CHAPTER 31 : On the Virtue of the Azan and Iqamah


Al Faqih , A man came and asked the Prophet, saying: “Describe the deed that will take me to heaven!”. He replied:



“Be the Muezzin of the congregational prayer. he said: If you cannot? Be the Imam of the congregational prayer with them he said: If you cannot? Stand in the first row of every prayer”.


For this reason, the following verse was revealed in favor of the muezzins,


It means:

“Who is better in speech than the one who invites people to Allah (to prayer), and to righteous deeds (the voluntary prayer between the adhan and Iqamah) and he declares: “That I am a Muslim”.


Thus Waki’ narrated from ‘Abdullah Walid, Muhammad Nafi’, from ‘Aa’ishah…


The Prophet said: The Muezzin will have his sins forgiven to the extent of his voice, and his reward will be equal to the reward of those who pray in congregation with him, without deducting anything from their reward.”


The Messenger of Allah said: “The sick person is a guest of Allah, as long as he suffers from illness, every day his deeds are increased to the level of 70 martyrs, when he recovers, his sins are washed away as if he had just been born by his mother, and if he dies, he will be admitted to heaven without accountability. While the Muezzin is like a security guard at the door of Allah, every time the call to prayer the reward is as much as the reward of the Prophets (1000 Prophets), and the Imam is his minister, every prayer is provided 1000 rewards of an honest person (sidiq), and the teacher (pious person) is his representative, every time he delivers a hadith (advice written in worship 1000 years, and students or listeners or followers of his recitation, who are male or female are the servants of Allah, there is no reward for them except heaven “. (Hadith from Sa’d Abi Wagash, Khaulah Hakam Salmiyah).


The Muezzin is likened to a guard at the door of Allah, only as a simile, because he gives people time to approach Allah. And the Imam is His minister, because he is followed by the congregation during prayer. (Al-Faqih explained).


The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: The Mu’adhin is forgiven his sins as long or as far as his voice, which is confirmed by all layers of matter (whether living or dead, wet or dry).


Sa’id Khudry’s exclamation. When you are in a field or open place, you should call out the Adhan as loudly as you can, because the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “All creatures ranging from trees, stones, sand, humans or jif who hear the sound of the call to prayer (from a Muezzin) will be willing to be a witness on the Day of Judgment for him in the sight of Allah “.


The Prophet said: “Allah will raise up Bilal (the Muezzin of the Messenger of Allah) on the Day of Resurrection, riding on a camel (vehicle) in heaven, while announcing the call to prayer on his vehicle and when he arrives: ASYYHADU ALLAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH, ASYH HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAR RASUULULLAAH, then everyone looked at each other, saying: “We witnessed what you witnessed”, up to mahshar, in mahshar greeted with the jewelry of heaven, and Bilal was the first, then the righteous of the muezzins”?


On the Day of Judgment the Muezzin will have the longest neck of all people, and the first to be crowned will be the Prophets, the Martyrs and the Muezzins. Of the many Muezzins, the first to be called upon will be the Muezzin of the Kaaba (Haram Mosque), then the Masjidil Agsha, then the other Mosques.” (HR. Qatadah from Abu Hurairah )


If I were the Muezzin, I would not care (about others) even if I did not participate in jihad (Sabil war). (Thus Ibn Mas’ud). The same thing was stated by Sa’ad Abi Wagash -.


If I were the Muezzin, I would not care (about others), even if I did not perform voluntary Hajj, as long as the obligatory Hajj has been performed”. (Umar Khatthab)


There is nothing I regret except my request to the Prophet that the Muezzin be entrusted to Hasan-Husain (his son and grandson). Thus Ali Talib k.w.


The area or city where the Muezzin (call to prayer) is abundant, the cold (suffering or disaster) will be lessened. (Al Hadith).


The Prophet .said: When the Muezzin sounds the call to prayer, the devil will flee as far as Rauha-k 30 miles from Medina.” (HR. Jabir Abdullah).


Al-Faqih in his advice: “The reward for reciting the call to prayer is very great, therefore every Muezzin must have the following manners, characteristics and understanding:


  1. “Knowing the exact time of prayer (time schedule) and keeping it well.
  2. Preserving his rights and honor, so that no one is disturbed by his call to prayer.
  3. Do not get angry when someone helps (replace him): due to lateness or absence.
  4. Decorating it with a melodious voice (attracting listeners).
  5. Expect reward from Allah, not to delay.
  6. Amar maruf nahi munkar, telling the truth to the rich and the poor.
  7. Waiting for the Imam to come, if it does not burden the congregation,
  8. Not getting angry when people occupy their places in the Mosque,
  9. Do not take too long between the adhan and iqamah.
  10. Maintaining the cleanliness, order and beauty of the Mosque is not to be messed with by small children.


Likewise for the Imam, in carrying out his duties it is necessary to have 10 things, for the success of his duties and perfection, namely:


  1. Must be fluent and correct in reading the Koran, not many mistakes.
  2. Every takbir should be clear and correct.
  3. Keeping oneself away from things that are haram and shubhat.
  4. Completing the bowing and prostration.
  5. His clothes and body are clean from all dirt.
  6. He should not read too long a surah, unless the congregation is willing (wants a long reading).
  7. Do not boast (ujub for his deeds).
  8. Not rushing to start the prayer, unless istighfar first, as a leader of the congregation.

9, The supplication after the prayer should not be specific to himself, which means that it violates the congregation.

  1. If a foreigner (tourist, guest, etc.) comes to his Mosque, ask him what his purpose is.


The Prophet said: Five people I guarantee to enter heaven, namely:

  1. A righteous woman who obeys her husband.
  2. A righteous son who obeys his parents.

3, People who die on the way (journey to) to Makkah (for the sake of performing Hajj and others).

  1. A person of good character (akhlakul karimah).
  2. One who calls to prayer for the sake of Allah, (i.e.) out of faith and the hope of Allah’s reward. (From Sa’id Khudry)


From Abu Hurairah the Prophet said:



“The Imam is the vouchsafer, and the Muasin is the trustee. O Allah, bless the Imams, and forgive the Muasin”. (Al-Hadis)


The Muezzin is entrusted with the mandate, for the people (Muslim community), about the schedule of prayer and fasting times, therefore he must really pay attention to this so as not to confuse the community. The call to prayer at dawn should not be announced unless the sun has risen, so as not to confuse Suhoor with the Fajr prayer, and the call to prayer at Maghrib should not be announced unless the sun has set, so as not to confuse the breaking of the fast.


And the Imam is the one who guarantees the validity of the prayer for those who follow him. (Al-Faqih in his commentary)


Al Faqih The Prophet said: On the Day of Resurrection, three people will stand on the mountain of musk, they will not be afraid of the reckoning, nor will they be confused by the enormity of the Day of Resurrection; they are:


  1. An Imam of the congregation of prayer, who is liked, respected and followed by the community (congregation).
  2. A Muezzin (caller to prayer) of the five daily prayers, who only hopes for the pleasure of Allah.
  3. A servant who is obedient to Allah and his employer,


It is not permissible for a Muslim to look at or inspect the house of his fellow Muslim, except with his permission. If a Muslim violates this rule, he is destroying it and breaking his promise. It is not permissible to hold urine while praying, and it is not permissible for a Muslim to lead the prayer without the permission of his congregation. If a Muslim violates this rule, his prayer will not be accepted, even if it is accepted. Similarly, it is not permissible to pray specifically for the imam without the participation of the congregation, and the one who violates this rule is betraying his congregation. (Hadith from Abu Hurairah)


If people knew the reward of the call to prayer and the first row, they would draw lots for it. And if they knew the reward of the first person to answer the call to prayer, they would compete, and if they knew the reward of praying Isvak and Fajr in congregation, they would come crawling (ngesod-ngesod – Javanese). (HR. Abu Salih from Abu Hurairah ).


Juwaibir Dlahak said: Abdullah Zayd dreamed of reciting the call to prayer, so he taught it to Bilal, and when Bilal was ordered to go up to the call to prayer, a thunderous sound was heard in Madinah, and he said: Do you understand what it is? The Companions replied: Allah and His Messenger know better, he said: That Allah called for the doors of the heavens to the Throne to open for Bilal’s call to prayer, Abu Bakr asked: Is it for Bilal alone? He replied: Certainly for all the Muezzins, and later their souls will gather with the souls of the Shuhadak. And in the future it will also be called out: Where are the Muzzins? Then they will stand on a mountain of musk and camphor.” (Al-Hadis)


The Messenger of Allah said: Five people have their prayers rejected, namely:

  1. A woman who is angry with her husband.
  2. A servant who runs away until he returns to his master.
  3. Silence (not asking or greeting) his brother, for more than 3 days.

4) A regular drinker of wine or alcohol.

  1. The Imam whom his congregation hates. (Hadith from Anas Malik)


Hatred is basically divided into two, namely:

  1. Hatred that is justified.
  2. Wrong hatred.


As for justified hatred, there are 2 factors that cause it, namely:

  1. As a result of poor morals,
  2. Due to his recitation of many mistakes (less precise).


So if an Imam is hated by his congregation due to the two factors mentioned above, it is better to resign (prei) first, do not continue to be an Imam, the effects will be severe later.


However, if the reason is simply that the Imam always advocates goodness, then the congregation hates him, this is wrong hatred. And the Imam must continue to carry out his mission, do not care about them (The caravan continues to pass, even though the dog barks). (Thus Al-Faqih explained)


The Messenger of Allah said: “The Muezzin who does his duty, sincerely hoping for Allah’s reward, on the Day of Resurrection rises from his grave to call out his call, all creatures who hear are willing to be witnesses (whether) stones, trees, sand, people and wet or dry objects. And Allah forgives his sins, as far as the sound of his call, for him is given the reward of the people (congregation) of prayer because of the sound of his call, and granted his request between the call to prayer and the igamat. (His reward) is sometimes hastened in this world, or kept for the Hereafter. Or saved from harm, they are the first to receive the garments of heaven after Prophet Abraham, Prophet Muhammad and the Prophets of Allah (only then parg Mumin). They are greeted by angels (70,000 angels) and escorted by a red Yakut vehicle from the grave to Mahsyar (HR. Jabir Abdullah).


There are 3 people saved from the torment of the grave, namely:

  1. Muezzin,
  2. The martyrs,
  3. The one who dies on the night or day of Friday. (Thus Ibn Abbas)


Abdul A’laaTaimy said: Three people stand upright on the castle when people in general are strained and afraid of facing the accountability, namely:


  1. The Imam of the congregation (people) who only seeks the pleasure of Allah 45.
  2. The reader of the Qur’an who seeks the pleasure of Allah.
  3. The Muezzin who solely seeks the pleasure of Allah.


The Prophet said:



“The one who answers the voice of the asan, then for him is like the reward of the muasin”. (Al-Hadis)


When the Prophet heard the call to prayer, he replied: “Allaahhu Akbar 2x, then recited the two sentences of the shahada, and when the muezzin recited Hayya ‘alash-shalaah, Hayya ‘Alal Falaah, he replied: “Laahaula walaa quwwata illaa billaahil ‘aliyyil ‘adhiim”. (Another narration)


Al-Faqih in his exclamation: “The sound of the call to prayer should be imitated, and the meanings of the words should be understood, as each of them has a physical and mental meaning. Allaahhu Akbar means:” Allah is the Great and Majestic One, which means that charity for Him is more obligatory and important, so prioritize charity for the sake of Allah, and do not be too preoccupied with worldly affairs. Ashhaadu allaa Haaha illallaah means: Allah is one, there is no partner for Him, He commanded you to do all His commands, because no one can give you anything except Him, no one can save you from punishment except Him, Asyhhadu anna Muhammadar rasuulullaah means: “I bear witness that the Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, He sent him so that you believe and justify him, perform the order of congregational prayer, then follow his guidance. Hayya ‘alashshalaahh means: Hurry up and perform the prayer on time and with perfection, do not delay it. Hayya ‘alal falaah means: Hurry up and try to gain profit and happiness by praying, so as to be saved from Allah’s punishment. Allaahu Akbar means: “Allah is Great, then enforce His commands, do not delay and belittle them, Laailaaha illallaah means: “Allah is one, there is no partner for Him, therefore all deeds are devoted to Him (for Him).










CHAPTER 32 : About Thaharah and Nadhafah (cleansing)


Al-Faqih , the Messenger of Allah said: Clean your teeth with the toothbrush, for it has ten benefits, namely:

  1. The mouth becomes clean,
  2. Obtaining the pleasure of Allah,
  3. Being favored by angels,
  4. Eyes become clear,
  5. Teeth become white,
  6. Gums become strong,
  7. Removes coral (gudal),
  8. Digest food,
  9. Removes balgham,
  10. The reward of prayer is doubled.


Fresh breathing, eliminates bad breath which is a means of reading the Quran. Al-Faqih, the Prophet said:




“Wudu is half of faith, siwak is part of wudu, if I did not worry about burdening my people, it would be obligatory to siwak every prayer. Two rak’ahs of Salah (before) using the miswak is better than 70 rak’ahs without using the miswak”.


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: “Five things are half of the fitrah (human nature), namely:


  1. Shaving the moustache,
  2. Cutting the nails,
  3. Shaving the fital hair,
  4. Plucking underarm hair,
  5. Siwak (toothbrushing).


Taking siwak after meals is better than acquiring two female slaves. (Ibn Umar).


Jibril kept telling me to be kind to my neighbor until I thought he was one of my heirs, and to be kind to my slave girl until I thought it would be certain when I freed her, and to use the tooth-stick until I feared that my gums would run out, and to be kind to my wife until I thought it was forbidden to divorce her, and to pray at night until I thought that the best of my Ummah are those who do not sleep at night. (Al-Hadis)


Jibril was once late, and when he arrived the Prophet asked him: Why are you late? He replied: “How can I come when you have not trimmed your nails, mustache, or cleaned your fingernails, nor have you taken a tooth-stick?” he said: “We did not descend except by the command of your Lord” (Maryam 65). (A’masy from Mujahid).


The Prophet said:



“The duties of a Muslim are: 1. bathing on (every) Friday, 2. whispering. 3. wearing fragrant oil”.


Cutting the nails on Friday, Allah removes the disease and puts medicine in them”. (Humaid Abdurrahman).


The message of the angel of heaven to the Messenger of Allah on the night of Isra, he said: “O Muhammad, recommend the miswak to your Ummah, for every miswak adds to their beauty and splendor”. (Al-Hadis).


The Messenger of Allah said: “The one who cuts his nails on Friday is protected from leprosy”. (Ibn Shihab).


The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) shaved his genitals once every forty days, and cut his nails once every Friday. (Al-Hadis). Make your mouth smell good (by using a tooth-stick at all times), because the mouth is the means of reciting the Qur’an.” (Hadith). There are three purposes in using the tooth-stick, namely:

  1. For the sake of Allah and to follow in the footsteps of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him),
  2. To maintain health,
  3. Showing off (riya).


The first one is for the sake of Allah and following the Sunnah of the Prophet, and there is a reward for every prayer in which the person who uses a toothbrush is 70 times more rewarded than the one who does not use a toothbrush.


Secondly, those whose purpose is to maintain health have no reward.


And thirdly, if the purpose is to show off (riya), there will be a charge and it will be sinful.

(Al-Faqih’s statement)


Thawus and Ibn Abbas said that with this verse (below), God tested him by keeping 5 (on the head, and 5 on the body). Those on the head are: 1. shaving the moustache, 2. gargling, 3. nose water, 4. tooth-stick, 5. combing the head hair.


And those on the body are:


  1. Clipping the nails, circumcision, cutting the armpit hair, shaving the genital hair, Istinja (cleansing) with water.


And here is the verse:


Meaning: “Remember when Allah tested Ibrahim with a few sentences (commands and prohibitions) and he fulfilled them, He said: “Indeed, I have made you an Imam for all people” (Al-Bagarah 124).






CHAPTER 33 : On the Virtue of Friday


Al Faqih, the Messenger of Allah said: “Friday is the most excellent day for you, on which day Adam was created, and returned (dead), on which day the trumpet was blown, and the death of all creatures, so recite the salutation to me as much as possible, it will reach me. They asked: O Messenger of Allah, will my salawat reach you while you are gone? He replied: “You may think that I am gone, but Allah has forbidden the earth to destroy the bodies of the Prophets . (Al-Hadis)


In another narration, it is added with” . . . and no one has greeted me with the greeting of peace, except that Allah has returned my soul until I answer the greeting”.


Al-Faqih , the Messenger of Allah said: “The one who performs ablution and bath on Friday, then goes early to the mosque, takes his place near the Imam, listens to the sermon and pays attention to it, and does not do anything in vain, the reward for each step is like the reward for fasting and waking up at night for one year.” (Al-Hadith)


The sun does not rise or set on any of the best days except Friday, and there is no creeping thing on the earth except that it fears and trembles on Friday, except for the jinn and humans. And at each door of the Mosque, two angels will stand and write down whoever comes first, his reward will be equal to sacrificing a camel, the next will be equal to sacrificing a goat, the next will be equal to giving in charity a bird, and the next will be equal to giving in charity an egg, and when the Imām sits down, the writing will be rolled up. (Al-Hadis)



The Prophet said:



“The one who performs ablution properly on Friday, then listens to the sermon and draws near and pays attention to it, the sins committed between that Friday and the previous one will be forgiven, and three days will be added to it. And the one who plays with pebbles (in the middle of the khatib’s sermon) is praying in vain, and the one who is in vain is praying in vain. (A’masy from Salih from Abu Hurairah )


Friday is a very important day, because on that day Adam was made, and Allah entered heaven and took him out of heaven, on that day the Apocalypse occurred, on that day there is a time of mustajabah, if a believer prays at that time, it will be granted.” (Hadith by Abu Salamah from Abu Hurairah )


I know exactly that moment, the end of that day, when Adam was created.” (Abu Salamah from Abdullah Salam). The word of Allah:



“Man is created in a hurry”.


Attending the Friday prayer is better for me than the voluntary worship of Hajj.” (Sa’id Musayyab).


If I drink a glass of fire it is better than a glass of wine, if I drink a glass of wine it is better than not praying Friday prayer, and if I do not pray it is better than stepping on the necks of (many) people”. (Kabut Akhbar).


When the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) recited the above verse, Ibn Mas’ud asked Ubay Ka’ab: “When was the verse revealed?” He replied with a gesture. Ubay only answered with a gesture, after the prayer he said: Your Friday (ibadatmy vain (not rewarded) Then Ibn Mas’ud asked the Messenger of Allah. He replied: “True the words of Ubay” and then he said: The one who takes a bath on Friday, and puts on fragrant oil that does not stick to the neck, then prays as much as he can, and listens to the imam (preaching), will have the sins committed between the two Fridays forgiven”. (Al-Hadist).


The Prophet said:



“Friday is the greatest day of the vans, in the sight of Allah and greater than Hari Raya or Hari Raya Adlhah.


On that day there are 5 very important events and moments, namely:


  1. The creation of Adam,
  2. His descent to the earth,
  3. His return (death) to Allah,
  4. The time of mustajabah (answered prayer), whoever prays for anything will be fulfilled (not what Allah forbids),
  5. The occurrence of the Day of Judgment, and none of the angels in the sky or in the world, except feeling pity from Friday. (Hadith narrated by Abdurrahman Yazid from Lubabah Abdul Mundhir).


On Friday, the devil comes out with his servants, enlivening the market with his banners, while the angels sit at the door of the mosque writing down the people who come complete with their addresses, until the imam takes the pulpit. The one who approaches and listens to the sermon attentively, without playing, will definitely get two rewards, while the one who moves away from the imam but listens and pays attention will get one reward. Then the one who is close to the imam but does not listen to him will have two sins, and the one who says husky words will have a lagha, and his jumatan will be wasted. Then Ali said: This is the hadith that I received from the Prophet: –


Salih Murry when going to the mosque for the Fajr prayer on Friday), passed by a graveyard, he said: “I will stay here for a while until dawn breaks, he prayed two rak’ahs of voluntary prayer, then fell asleep while sitting back, until he dreamed that: The inhabitants of the grave came out, sitting and talking (chatting), then I saw a young man dressed in a mustache sitting alone and sad, soon came a tray or tray covered with a handkerchief, and every occupant who got it, immediately went back into the grave, until there was a solitary young man who did not get anything, he stood sad about going back into his grave, then I asked: “Young man, why are you sad and what did the people bring? He replied: “That is the delivery of prayers or alms from their relatives who are still alive and delivered on Friday nights. As for me, I am from Sind, my mother took me to perform Hajj, then in Bashrah I came to my death, and after that my mother remarried, she did not tell her husband (stepfather) that she had a child, she forgot the land (due to wealth) until Jupa came to me, so I was very sad because after me no one remembered me, Salih asked: “Where is your mother’s house?” He showed me the address. Then after noon, I searched for the house where he had shown me the address last night, until I found it, then I asked: Do you have any children? She replied: “No, then: Did you have children in the past? She took a deep breath and said: “Yes, I had a child when I was young”. Then I told her about the events of last night, which her son had suffered, until she shed tears on her cheeks, saying: “My son, whom I once carried in my belly, drank my milk, and became the fruit of my heart. Then he handed over 1000 dirhams, saying: “Give it in charity for my son, and from now on I will not forget him with prayers and charity for him all my life. Then I gave the money away, and the following Friday I went to his grave, after praying two rak’ahs I fell asleep, and had a dream like the previous Friday, the occupants came out, and the young man was clean and beautifully dressed his face was radiant, he met me and said: “May Allah reward you for your help, and my mother’s gift has reached me. Then he asked me: “Do you know about the excellence of Friday? He said: Yes, even the birds of the air greet it with “welcome, welcome”. (This is the story of my father, said Al-Faqih).


Al-Faqih, Gabriel came to the Prophet with a white mirror with a black spot in the center, What is Gabriel? He replied: This is Friday, Allah revealed it to be a feast day for you and the people after you, it is full of goodness for you, the one who prays on that day will be granted if it is determined for him, and if it is not determined for him, then he will be given something better than him, while for us (angels) it is called “Yaumul mazid” meaning the day of additional grace, also called the great Ilari, the Prophet asked: Why is that? He replied: Because Allah made a large field (in heaven) on the basis of white castle, and every Friday, the Prophets come, sit on a pulpit of jewel-studded light, which is covered with chairs of nur where the Siddiqin and the martyrs sit, then come the inhabitants of the heaven of ‘Adn they sit on the plateau of the castle, Allah says to them: “I am the One who keeps My promises, and the Perfecter of favors for you, here is My place of honor, ask Me”. Then they said: “O Lord, we ask for your favor and heaven, He replied: “My placing you in My heaven is proof of My pleasure”. This coincided with the Imam’s rising until the Friday prayer was over, and then everything that they had never enjoyed in this world was opened to them. After that, they return to their respective places, and feel that there is nothing better, more important in increasing honor and glory, than Friday, which is why it is called “Yaumul mazid” and on that day also the Day of Judgment”. The Prophet said:



“The five daily prayers of Gika are performed in congregation, and the Friday prayer until the next Friday is an atonement for the sins committed between them, as long as they are not major sins”. (Hadith from Anas Malik)








CHAPTER 34 : About the Glory of the Mosque


Al-Faqih , the Prophet said:



“When one of you enters the mosque, perform two Rak’ahs of prayer before sitting down”. (A-Hadith)


The above-mentioned Hadīth applies if the entry is at a time when it is permissible to perform voluntary prayers, but if the entry is at a time when it is forbidden to pray, then it is still not permissible. It is sufficient to recite tasbih, tahlil, tahmid, takbir and salawat. The reward for reciting these things is the same as praying Tahiyyat al-mosque, and he is one of those who venerate the mosque. (Al-Faqih explained).


Al-Faqih , When Salman Farisy bought a servant (maid), then Abu Darda advised (through a letter) as follows: “O my friend, make the most of this period of life for the sake of enthusiasm for worship, before the arrival of obstacles that prevent it. And also take advantage of the opportunity to achieve the blessing of the prayers of the afflicted, have mercy on the orphans, by wiping their heads and feeding them, so that your hearts will be soft and all intentions (goals) will be achieved.


O my friend, I once saw a man complaining about the hardness of his heart (in the presence of the Prophet) and he said: Do you want to soften your heart and achieve your goal? He replied: Yes


Then he said: “Be merciful to the orphans, wipe their heads and feed them, and you will soften your heart and achieve your goal”.


Abu Dhar then said: “My friend, make the mosque your home, for I heard the Messenger of Allah say: The mosque is the home of every pious person, and Allah guarantees to the one who considers it his home, with spaciousness of heart, pleasure and satisfaction and easy passage through the shirath, and safety from the fire of hell, fast to the pleasure of Allah .


Live in this world like a guest, and make the mosque your home, and train your heart to be tender and merciful, to reflect and weep always, lest lust cause your mind or heart to be confused. (Hakim Umair )


It is not appropriate for a believer to go out except in three places, namely: 1. to enliven the mosque, 2. to his house, 3. to a place of need. (Qatadah)


The state of the hypocrite in the mosque is like a bird in a cage, while the believer in the mosque is like a fish in water (at home or happy) “. (Nazzal Saburah).


Khalf Ayyub was sitting in the mosque, when suddenly his servant came to ask him something, so he took him outside the mosque, to answer and when asked: “Why is that? He replied: “For a long time I have never spoken about worldly matters in the mosque, until now I do not dare to violate it.” (Khalaf Ayyub).


A person will be able to gain a position on the side by honoring His commandments. The House of Allah and His servants, and the mosque is one of the Houses of Allah, so the believer who honors it is also honoring Allah (Al Faqih).


I have never leaned on the mosque (against its back), or spread my feet, or discussed worldly affairs in the mosque”. (Zuhud)


Al-Faqih’s exclamation:” The above information should be used as a guide for us, just as the salihin honored the mosque (place of worship).


The following five practices were never abandoned by the Messenger of Allah and his Companions, namely:


  1. Make a habit of praying in congregation (regularly).
  2. Following the guidance of the Prophet (sunahurrasul).
  3. Enliven the mosque (with ‘ubudiyah activities).
  4. Reading (learning and teaching) the Quran.
  5. Fighting to uphold the sentence of Allah (the religion of Islam), (so said Auza’).


Hasan Ali said -: “Three people are always protected by Allah, namely:

  1. The one who enters the mosque Lillaahhi Ta’ala (for the sake of Allah), he is a guest of Allah until he goes home.
  2. One who goes on a pilgrimage (silaturrahmi) to his (Muslim) friend based on Lillaahhi Ta’alaa is a pilgrimage to Allah.
  3. One who performs Hajj or Umrah based on Lillaahhi Ta’ala, which means a messenger of Allah until he returns home.


The three strongholds of a believer, which protect him from the whispers or interference of Satan, are:


  1. The mosque,
  2. Zikrullah,
  3. Reading the Quran.


To obtain an angel of heaven, a dowry (mahi or dowry series) is required, while the dowry is: “Cleaning the mosque (from all the dirt in it) and enlivening it (by participating in mosque activities, especially congregational prayers). (Hasan Bashry)


Anas Malik said:



“The one who lights a lamp in the mosque, the angels and the answerer “Arasys will never cease to ask forgiveness for him, as long as the lamp is lit in the mosque”.


The mosque is the house of Allah on earth (Baitullah) and the one who prays in the mosque is a guest of Allah, who must be honored and glorified (by the host) “. (Umar Khatthab).


Al-Faqih explained that: There are 15 greatnesses of the mosque, namely:


  1. Greeting when entering, if people are sitting, but if there is no one or is praying, then greeting is addressed to himself and the righteous servants of Allah.


  1. Two rak’ahs of voluntary prayer, based on the Prophet’s hadith.


It means:

“Everything has a custom or rule, and the rule of entering the mosque is: “2 rak’ahs of voluntary prayer”. (Al-Hadise)


  1. There is no buying and selling in it.


  1. Not to draw swords (sharp weapons etc.).


  1. Not searching for lost items.


  1. Not to raise one’s voice, except for remembrance that should not disturb others (tasywishy).


  1. “Not discussing worldly matters.


  1. Not to engage in verbal warfare (arguing).


  1. Not stepping over a seated person (hurting him).


  1. Not pushing and constricting others in the row (shaf).


  1. Not passing a person praying (in his face).


  1. Not spitting in it.


  1. Not to ring the fingers (bend them).


  1. Removing dirt or impurities, small children, the insane and enforcing the hadd law.


  1. Always remembering Allah.


The Prophet said: It will happen to my Ummah (in the future) that mosques are made to discuss worldly activities, they are not among the sabilillah (upholders of religion), therefore you should not interfere in their affairs”. (Hasan)


The Prophet said: There are four kinds of strangers in this world, namely:


  1. The Qur’an in the chest of a cruel person.
  2. (A mosque in the neighborhood of a tarikushshalah (non-practicing) community.
  3. The Quran (Mush-haf) in the house (of one who never) recites it.
  4. A good (pious) person who lives surrounded (in the midst of) barbaric (immoral) people. (Hadith by Zuhry from Abu Hurairah -)


The Prophet said: “The mosques will take the form of camels of white-footed amber, za’faran necks, casturian heads, green zabarjad foreheads, carried by the Muezzin with the support of the Imams, on the Day of Resurrection i walk like lightning strikes, so that people think: “These are the angels of the Mugarrab, and the Prophets of Allah’s Messenger, Then the assumption is warned: “They are neither the angels nor the Prophets of Allah’s Messenger as you think, but they are the people of the Prophet Muhammad who actively participated in congregational prayers five times (a day and a night). (Thus Anas Malik narrated)


The mosques will be like ships (ark) on the Day of Judgment, which are adorned with yakut gems, and provide help (Defense) to the experts (mosque community, especially those who pray five times in congregation). (Thus WAHB MUNABBIH)


Said S. Ali bin Abu Talib Karramallahu Wajhah.



“There will be a time when Islam will be known only by name, the Qur’an is only written, the mosques are built majestically and beautifully, but the congregation is empty and does not remember Allah (sikrullah), the wickedest people at that time will be the Ulama pura, because they are the ones who ignite all kinds of fimah, and to them also the return”.





CHAPTER 35 : On the Virtue of Sadaqah


Al-Faqih , from Abu Dhar Ghifary: “Prayer is the pillar of religion, and jihad is the pinnacle of charity, while charity is a privilege (miraculous), repeated three times, then asked about fasting, he replied: It is a means of drawing closer to Allah, it has no specialty. Then which charity is the best? He replied: “The most, and also recited the verse:



“You will not attain complete devotion until you spend half of the wealth you love”. (Ali “Imran 92)


And if you don’t have any? He replied: Excess wealth, if you don’t have it, help with labor, if you don’t have the strength? The answer is: keep yourself from hellfire, even if it is only by giving half a date seed. If that too is not available? He said: “restrain yourself (not to harm people)”. It is mentioned in another narration that this is a Hadith of the Messenger of Allah.


Al-Faqih, the Prophet said: “Every time the sun rises two malaika’ call out to the people of the world from their side, all of them listen to the call, except the jinn and humans, namely: “All of you, hasten to Allah, for what little is sufficient is better than what much is forgotten”. Then they both said: “O Allah, reward the one who spends his wealth, and destroy the wealth of the miser”.


Al-Faqih said Ibn Abbas..: “The Messenger of Allah found a man clinging to the wall of the Ka’bah and praying: “O Allah, I beseech You with the majesty of this house, forgive me”. Then he said: “O servant of Allah, ask Allah with your honor, for the believer is greater (more respected) in the sight of Allah than the Kaaba.” Then he said: “O Messenger of Allah, my sins are very great, He said: “What is your sin?” He said: “I am a man of much wealth, cattle and horses, but when a beggar comes to me, my face seems to be burned with fire, he said: Move away O wicked, do not come near me, do not burn me with your fire, by Allah, if you pray and fast for 1000 years, but do not know the favor of Allah’s gift, surely Allah will throw you into the abyss of hell, do you know that: “Ignorance is kufr, and its place is in hell, while generosity is faith, and its place is in heaven”.


The Prophet said: “Generosity is a tree whose roots are in heaven and whose branches descend to the world, and the one who holds it will be drawn to heaven, and miserliness is a tree whose roots are in hell and whose branches descend to the world, and the one who holds it will be drawn to hell”. (Hadith from ‘Aisha)


The Prophet said:



“The miser is far from Allah, far from heaven, far from people, and near hell. And the generous person is close to Allah, close to his heaven, easy to get along with people, and far from Hellfire.” (Al-Hadis)


The Prophet said:



“Preserve your wealth by giving zakaah, and cure your sick from your family by giving charity, and ward off misfortune by supplication.” (Al-Hadis)


The Messenger of Allah said: “If there is a beggar, do not break his hope (by the harshness of the refusal), but respond politely and kindly, or give a little or a kind refusal, because those who come to you are sometimes not humans or jinn, who are just testing you, how you use the blessings that Allah has given you.” (Abdurrahman Salmany).


The Messenger of Allah said: “The one who gives charity during the day or night will be guarded against death by the bite of a venomous animal, or the breaking of something, or sudden death on that day or night”. (HR. Sa’id Mas’ud Kindy).


The Prophet said: “Wealth does not become depleted by or because of charity, and the one who forgives the wrongs of others or mistreatment of himself, his glory will be increased, and the one who is tawadlu’ for the sake of Allah, his rank will be increased”. (From Abu Hurairah)


Ikrimah from Ibn Abbas said: “Two from Satan and two from Allah, then recited the verse:



“Satan puts poverty in your minds and tells you to be miserly.


But Allah promises you forgiveness and bounty, (i.e. that you should be devoted to worship and give alms in order to achieve forgiveness and bounty from Him).


Allah is very wide in His bounty and Knowing (the reward of charity for His servants. (Al-Bagarah 268) The Messenger of Allah said: “The community (a people) that breaks its promise (to Allah), will be tried with murder (war and others), and the community that allows prostitution to run rampant ‘in its territory, will be tried with many deaths, and there is no community ‘that refuses to pay zakat, unless Allah delays the rain’ for them”. (HR. Buraidah)


Three lines of writing are emblazoned on the door of heaven, namely:


Meaning: : “There is no God but Allah, and Prophet Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah”.


Meaning: “The people of sin, the Lord is Forgiving”.



“We gain what we have practiced, and lose what we have given, and lose what we have forsaken”. (Thus Dlahak from Nazaal Sabrah).


And it is also stated that, the one who rejects 5 things must also be rewarded with 5 rejections, namely:


  1. The one who rejects the obligation to pay zakaah will be denied security or safety, or the preservation of wealth.


  1. Not (reluctant) to give alms, must be reduced physical health (spiritual health is clearly reduced, namely by refusing to give alms).


  1. Refusing to pay zakaah on crops (rice, corn, etc.) will definitely deny the blessing of the land.


  1. Rejecting prayer (unwilling to pray), must be rejected by Allah (He is reluctant to accept people who are reluctant to pray).


  1. Rejecting prayer (reluctant to do it or careless in maintaining it), must be rejected by the sentence of shahada “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” which means registering yourself as the first eternal inhabitant of hell (at death).


One dirham given in charity when he is well and is not stingy with it is better than 100 dirhams given in charity before his death. (Ibn Mas’ud).


At the time of the Prophet Jesus there was a man called Mal’un, because of his miserliness. One day a warrior who was going to war came to him and said: “Give me a weapon to fight with, for your salvation from hellfire”. He did not pay attention to the man’s request, until the man left. But then he regretted, and called the man, and gave him the sword. And the warrior went home, on the way he met the Prophet Isa with an ‘Abid (worshipper) for 70 years. Isa said: “O warrior where did the sword come from? He replied: From Mal’un. And the Prophet was happy to hear it, and at the same time, Mal’un was sitting at the door of his house, suddenly he stood up to greet the Prophet Isa and the Abid, then the ‘Abid said: “I will go away quickly, before I am burnt with the fire”. Then the wahvu descended: “O Isa, tell My servant (Mal’un) that I have forgiven his sin because of the charity of his sword, and because he is pleased with you, also tell the ‘Abid that: He is your companion in heaven”. But ‘Abid replied: “I am not willing to be friends with him in heaven. Then the next revelation came down: “O Isa, tell the ‘Abid that: You are not willing to accept My decision, and insult people, therefore from now on I make him Mal’un and a future inhabitant of hell. And the one who was called Mal’un is now taking the place of ‘Abid in heaven (an inhabitant of heaven in the future)”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “That from the door of heaven an angel called out: “The one who owes a debt today (in this world), will be paid later (in the hereafter). And there are also those from hell who call out: “O mankind, you were created or born to die, and now you are building to perish”.


It was asked of the Prophet: “O Messenger of Allah, when you come out of the world, the surface of the earth is better for us or in its belly”. Abu Hurairah said. He said: If your rulers are good people, and the wealthy are generous, and all affairs are discussed, then on the surface of the earth is better than in its belly. But if your rulers are wicked, and your millionaires are miserly, and your affairs are entrusted to women, then the earth is better than its surface. (Al-Hadis)


If you want or are strong enough to save in a place that is safest from the disturbance of worms or criminals (thieves), then do it by giving alms (Savings in the hereafter). (Ibn Mas’ud)


The one who gives his obligatory zakah, and entertains guests, and conveys trusts, then the miserly nature has disappeared from him. (Al-Hadis).


Give in charity, no matter how big or small, because it contains 19 benefits, five of which are enjoyed in this world and five in the Hereafter:


  1. The five benefits enjoyed in this world:


  1. Cleansing wealth, the Prophet said:” Remember that buying and selling is always covered with lagha, oaths and lies, so clean it with charity.


  1. Cleansing the sins committed by the body,

The word of Allah:



“Take half of their wealth for their cleanliness and purity”. (AtTaubah 103)


  1. Rejecting various afflictions and suffering (diseases), Hadith:



“Cure your sick relatives or friends by giving charity.” (Al-Hadis)


  1. Bringing joy to the hearts of the poor, and the best of deeds is to bring joy to the believers.


  1. Blessing his wealth and making his sustenance spacious, Allah’s Word:


Meaning: “Whatever you give in charity (spend), He shaves it”.


  1. And 5 benefits of the hereafter:


  1. His charity is replaced with shade for him.
  2. Reduces his burden of accountability.
  3. Increase the weight of the scales of his good deeds.
  4. Makes it easier to pass over the bridge (shirath).
  5. Increases his degree in heaven.


If there was no benefit of charity except to obtain the prayers of the poor, then it would be appropriate for common sense to do so (definitely give charity), especially since giving charity can gain the pleasure of Allah, and disgust the devil (so Al-Faqih).


Charity is not an easy task, because one cannot do it until one has shaken off the shaytaan’s shackles, and charity is a sunnah (behavior) of the salihin.” . (A narration).


Al-Faqih, One day ‘Abdullah Zabir sent two bags of money containing 180,000 (one hundred and eighty thousand silver) to ‘Aa’ishah, who was fasting, and distributed it all, until the afternoon was over and there was not a penny left. Then when it was time to break the fast, she sent her servant to prepare the meal. He prepared bread and olive oil, and said: Is it not possible to take one gram of the money that was distributed to buy meat? He said: “Never mind, don’t be angry with me, if you had reminded me earlier, I would have done it.


Urwah Zubair said: “I saw ‘A’ishah giving 70,000 dirhams in charity, and her dress was split at the waist”.


When Abdul Malik Abjar received an inheritance of 50,000 dirhams, he distributed one bag each to his brothers and said: “I pray for heaven for my brothers every time, why should I be miserly towards them?


A beautiful woman begging (came) to Hasan Abu Sinan, so he told his servant: “Give her four hundred


dirhams to her”. When asked: Why did you give such a large sum of money to a beggar who would normally be given only one dirham? He replied: “Because of her beauty, I am afraid that in the midst of begging some ignorant person will use the opportunity to damage her honor, so I gave her a large sum so that she would stop begging and I hope that someone will marry her”.


A friend received a gift of a goat’s head, saying: “My friend Fulan is more deserving than I am, and give him the sheep’s head, but the first friend said: “My friend (the second) is more deserving than I am, so give it to him, but this friend also said. “This went on for seven houses and finally came back to the first friend who was given the sheep’s head and the words of Allah were revealed:



“They give preference to their friends over themselves, even though they themselves are starving”. (Hashr 9)


Another narration states that: “An Anshar companion was fasting, when he broke his fast, there was no food to break his fast so he was forced to drink only water, then the next day he fasted again instead of drinking only water, on the third day he felt really hungry, then he was reminded (invited) to the house by another Anshar companion, after arriving at the house he asked: “Ma’am there is a guest, do you have any food? His wife replied: “There is, for one person to eat”. Even though he and his wife were also fasting their children had not eaten, he said: “Put the children to bed first before eating, then when the guest eats turn off the lights, Jalu sits with him as if eating together.” He did this until his guest was full.


Then in the morning he prayed Fajr, in congregation with the Messenger of Allah and after he greeted him, said to the Ansar companions: “Surely Allah is pleased with what you and your wife have done, then he recited the verse mentioned above, which means: “They give preference to their friends over themselves, even if they themselves are hungry, and those who are not miserly, those are the fortunate ones”. (Hashr 9)


Hamid Laffaf said: “I am pleased with you for four things, even though they are far removed from the companions of the Prophet, namely:

  1. Pay attention to your shortcomings with your obligations, just as the Companions used to multiply the Sunnah deeds.
  2. Be concerned if your sins are not forgiven by Allah, just as the Companions used to be concerned if their deeds were not accepted by Allah.
  3. Stay away from haram things, just as the Companions used to stay away from living in luxury.
  4. Be compassionate towards them, just as the Companions used to be compassionate towards their enemies (after the opening of Makkah or forgiving their opponents).









CHAPTER 36: About charity to ward off evil


Al Faqih reported that Abdul Faraj Ady said: “When the Prophet (peace be upon him) passed through a village, the people complained about a laundryman who used to tear the clothes of the people (those who placed their clothes for laundry with him) and detain them. Then on the basis of this complaint, the Prophet Isa prayed to Allah (whose prayer would be answered), so that he could not take the bundle of clothes to his house, Then the laundryman went to make clothes and brought 3 pieces of bread, suddenly a person who used to worship on the mountain greeted him and asked: “Hey laundryman, you have some bread, give it to me! Since I haven’t eaten in a long time. The laundryman gave him a piece, and Abid took it and prayed: “May Allah forgive your sins and purify your heart”. Then he gave him another piece, and Abid accepted and prayed: “May Allah forgive you your sins: previous and future”. Then he gave him another piece, and Abid prayed: “May Allah build you a building in heaven”. So in the evening the laundryman went home safely. When the people saw that he had returned safely, they complained again to the Prophet Isa. And Isa said: “Call him here. After the laundryman came, he was asked: “What did you do this day, O laundryman? He replied: “An Abid who used to worship at the top of the mountain, came to me and asked for food, so I gave him three pieces of bread, and he prayed for each one. Then Jesus said: “Let me see your bundle, and when I open it, I find that it is a black snake with an iron mouth. And Jesus said further: “O snake,” he said: “Good Prophet, wasn’t it commanded to destroy this man? He said: “Yes, but when Abid came to him for food, and he gave him three pieces of bread, and each time Abid prayed and his prayer was supported (agreed) by the angels, thus the angels at the command of God bound my mouth with iron. Then Prophet Jesus said to him: “Change your behavior or deeds that are not praiseworthy, because it is very detrimental to society, fortunately in this case you were forgiven by God thanks to your alms”.


Al-Faqih narrated again with a chain of transmission from Salim Abul Jady, who said: “A woman took her child out, and a wolf pounced on the child, and the mother chased after it, and on the way she met a beggar, and she gave him the bread she had brought, and soon the wolf came and took the child back. Then he heard the sound of one mouthful after another.”


And with a similar chain of transmission, A’masy from Abu Sufyan from Mutib Sumay, he said: “A priest who had been worshiping in his monastery for sixty years, and was seduced by a prostitute, and broke the prohibition of Allah, before his death he gave a piece of bread to a beggar. When his deeds were weighed after death, they were heavier than his 60 years of worship. But after adding to the charity of a piece of bread, the scales suddenly changed to be heavier in good deeds than in sins, and he was saved thanks to his charity.


In connection with this, it has been stated that charity can ward off 76 dangers of evil. Even Abu Dhar Ghifary mentioned: “It is impossible for the people of the world to give charity, before winning (breaking through) the strongholds of Satan as many as 70 fortresses (strongholds) blocking him. And it is also mentioned by Qatadah that: Charity extinguishes sin like water extinguishes fire.


One day ‘A’ishah was sitting, when a woman came and covered her hands with her sleeves, and when asked, she replied: Don’t ask me about this, Ummul Mukminin, but when pressed, she answered, saying: I have parents (father-mother), when he was alive, the father was a benefactor while my mother never gave charity except a piece of gajih (fat) and a lowakan (worn) shirt, then after they were gone, I dreamed as if the Day of Resurrection had occurred, and I saw my mother in the midst of a crowd, she was covering herself only with a lowakan shirt and the gajih in her hand was licked, and she cried: “I’m thirsty, I’m thirsty,” while my father was giving drink to the crowd surrounding the lake, and indeed my father was a generous man, so I brought a glass for my mother, then a voice was heard: “Be careful, the one who gives a drink will die”, so I got up and was shocked to find that my hand had died.


While Malik Dinar was sitting down, a beggar came and he called out to his wife to get him a basket full of dates, so she gave him half the basket. Then he rebuked his wife: “Is it appropriate for someone like you to be called zuhud, and is it appropriate to give half of the dates to the king? Then he gave the other half of the basket of dates to the beggar, and Malik said to his wife:


Meaning: “

“Seize and shackle him, then put him in the hell of Jahim then with a chain 70 cubits long bind him, that he does not believe in Allah the Great, and does not feed the poor”. (Al-Haggah 30-34)


Asked the wife: “Why is it so heavy? He replied: “Such is the punishment of the disbeliever and the one who does not give charity to the poor. Then he said: “O woman, we have taken half the chain from our necks with faith, so the other half must be with charity”.


Al-Faqih said: “Muhammad Fadlil narrated from the people of Bashrah, who said: “There was a farmer (Badwi) who rarely gave in charity, then he gave in charity a small skinny sheep, and in the night he dreamed that all the sheep attacked him with their horns, except for the small skinny sheep defending him. And when he woke up he said: “By Allah, I will do my best to multiply your companions, so he often gave alms from his sheep”.


The Messenger of Allah said:



“Every person will face and talk directly with his Lord, he looks to the right to see the good deeds he has done, and to the left to see his evil deeds, then to the front to see the fire, so protect yourself from the sting of the fire even with the charity of half a date seed.” (HR: A’masy from A’masy from A’masy from A’masy from A’masy).

(HR: A’masy from Khaitsamah, from Ady Hatim)


There are 10 practices that can bring people to the level of good people and the highest degree, namely:

  1. Increase charity.
  2. Reciting the Quran.
  3. Associating or combining with people who always remember Allah, and the Hereafter.
  4. Visit your closest friends or relatives.
  5. Visiting sick people or friends.
  6. Reducing associating with rich people who forget the hereafter.
  7. Often thinking about life in the hereafter.
  8. Reducing his imagination (wishful thinking), and often remembering death (death).
  9. Little talk, much silence.
  10. Tawadlu’, modest in dress, favoring the poor and compassion for orphans and wiping their heads.


This was the advice of Al-Faqih, and then he said: “There are seven things that increase the spirit of charity and increase its reward, namely:


  1. Giving in charity with lawful wealth, based on the Word of Allah:



“Give in charity from your lawful (good) earnings …”


  1. Give from a small amount of money (do not wait to be rich or have a lot of money).


  1. Hurrying it up, for fear of not having the opportunity to give charity before death.


  1. Choosing the best wealth, for fear of being classified as a miser, based on the Word of Allah:



“Do not choose bad things for charity, while you are reluctant to accept them, except when the eyes are closed and know that Allah is Great and praiseworthy”.


  1. Giving in charity in a vague manner, for fear of being jealous.


  1. Not delaying, fearing that the deed will be in vain.


  1. Not hurting or insulting the giver, fearing sin, Allah’s Word:



“Do not cancel the reward of your charity by delaying and hurting (insulting)”. (Al-Bagarah)










CHAPTER 37 : On the virtues of the month of Ramadan


Al-Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah said: “Verily, heaven is filled and beautified every year at the beginning of the month of Ramadan, and when the first night comes, a wind called Mutsirah comes and shakes the leaves of heaven and moves the doors, so that the angels of heaven are heard saying: “Who would propose to Allah to marry half of us, and they asked: “O Ridwan, what night is it? He answered: “O beautiful angels, this is the first night of Ramadan. Allah said: “O Ridwan, open the gates of heaven for the people of Muhammad”. And O Malik: Shut the gates of hell from the fasting people (Muhammad’s people), and He also said: “O Gabriel, descend to the earth, shackle the devils and throw them into the sea so that they do not interfere with the people of Muhammad fasting”. Furthermore, every night of Ramadan Allah cries out three times: “He who prays will be answered, he who repents will be accepted, and he who seeks forgiveness will have his sins forgiven”. Then he also says: “Who will save money from the One Who is rich and never poor, Who always fulfills and does no wrong”? And every Ramadan Allah frees a million inhabitants of hell, even on the day or night of Friday it is freed a million per hour, then on the last day (Ramadan) freed again the inhabitants of hell a million people who were freed from the beginning of Ramadan, until finally on the night (lailatul) Oadar the angel Gabriel and many angels descended flocked to the earth with a green banner placed on the Kaaba, each of which spread its wings 600 wings, of which two wings were never spread, except on that night. They greet the people of Muhammad who are performing the prayer of remembrance (whether standing or sitting) and shake their hands, supporting their prayers until dawn breaks”. And after dawn they were called again by Gabriel, but they asked, what about the desires of the people of Muhammad? Gabriel replied: Allah will have mercy on them and forgive their faults, except for four people, namely: 1. the alcoholic, 2. the brave to his parents (disobeying them both), 3. the breaker of friendship, 4. the boycotter of his friends or relatives (not greeting) for more than 3 days. then on the night of “Eid al-Fitr the angels stood at the crossroads and called out: “O people of Muhammad, come out (worship and supplicate) to the Gracious Lord, the Great Giver, and forgive great sins, after they came out to the place of ‘Eid prayer, then Allah said: “O angels what is their reward? He said: “O Lord, forgive them their reward, and He said: “I will show you, O angels, the reward of their fasting and waking up at night in the month of Ramadan, is My pleasure and My forgiveness for them. He also said: “O My servant, ask, for the sake of My Victory and Majesty, all your requests, whether worldly or religious, will be fulfilled (granted).”


Al-Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said: “In the month of Ramadan, Allah gives five things that no other believer receives, namely:

  1. The fragrance of musk in the mouth when fasting, later in the sight of Allah.


  1. The forgiveness of angels for those who fast until they break their fast.


  1. The shackling of the devil so that they have no freedom to tempt those who are fasting.


  1. Every day heaven is beautified for those who fast, He said: “Almost My righteous servants are released from objections and temptations and return to you”.


  1. Allah forgives them at the end of Ramadan, When asked: “O Messenger of Allah, on the night of Gadar? He replied: No, but the pay of an employee at the end of his work.”


Al-Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “Indeed, Ramadan has come, and at the beginning of Ramadan, the wind comes from under the ‘Arsh, and the trees of heaven sing melodious songs, and angels come out and say: ‘O Lord, give in this month husbands who are pleasing to Your servants, so that every fasting person will be married to two angels in a perforated jeweled tent,’ says Allah”:




“Angels who dwell in tents.”


And each of them wore 70 garments of various colors, 70 various fragrant oils, and each of them also a red, jewel-embroidered bed, which each bed contained 70 beds of glittering silk sheets, and each woman was given 70 slaves, all of which were only the reward for her fast, not the reward for other deeds. (Al Hadith)


The Prophet said: “Rajab is a month for my Ummah, which is as special as my Ummah is special over other Ummahs, and Sha’ban is a month for me, which is as special as I am over other Prophets, and Ramadan is a month for Allah, which is as special as Allah is over His creatures. (Hadith)


Al-Faqih reported that Hasan said: “The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) came out while people were fighting, and he said: “I was going to tell you about the Lailatul Oadar, but I am afraid that you may rely on it, and hopefully it will be better, so look for it on the nights of the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and the last night of Ramadan, and its sign is: “It is a clear night, neither hot nor cold, the sun does not rise in the morning, and the one who wakes up on that night motivated by his faith and hoping for reward from Allah, Allah will forgive him his previous sins.


The Prophet’s statement about fasting and waking up at night is based on his belief in the reward promised by Allah, and his sincerity and devotion to Allah, while the way to attain it is by glorifying Ramadan, keeping false speech, gossip and idle talk, and the limbs from disobedience and the heart from resentment, hostility to the Muslim, or insulting him, and all of that must also be accompanied by a sense of tagwa (fear) that the deed being done will not be accepted. (Thus Al-Faqih). . The main words of wisdom: “O Lord, You guarantee the reward of the afflicted in this world and the Hereafter, if You reject my fast, then do not deprive us of the reward of calamity, O Gracious Allah”,


We fasted with the Messenger of Allah – and on the 23rd night the Prophet prayed until a third of the night, then on the 24th night he did not go out, and on the 25th night he prayed with us until midnight, saying: “If only we had continued praying this night, and he also said: “The one who goes out to pray the Ishaak prayer in congregation with the imam until he returns home, the reward will be written for him as if he woke up during the night. Then he did not come out on the night of the 26th, and he came out on the night of the 27th, and his family were all invited to pray until I feared that I would not have Suhoor (Fajr). (This is what Abu Dzar Ghifary said.) The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went out in the middle of the night of Ramadlam to pray in the mosque, and the Companions followed him, and in the morning the people talked about it, so much so that on the second night, and even more so on the following (third) night, the people waited until they could not fit in the mosque, and he did not come out until dawn, and after the Fajr prayer he faced the Companions and said: “It is not that I do not know how you feel at night, but I fear that if the night prayer becomes compulsory, then you will not be able to perform it.” This is what ‘Aisha said.


This was ‘A’ishah, and ‘A’ishah further said: “The Prophet always encouraged prayer during the night of Ramadan, without making it obligatory, until he died. The same thing was done during the time of Caliph Abu Bakr and at the beginning of Caliph ‘Umar, but then ‘Umar gathered many people to pray in congregation with Ubay bin Ka’ab as the imam.” (From ‘Aa’ishah)


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from S. Ali Talib , he said: “That ‘Umar ibn Khatthab organized the Tarawih prayer in congregation was based on a hadith that he obtained from me.


They asked: “O Amiralmukminin where is the hadith? He replied: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “That around the ‘Arsh there is a “HADLIRATULOUDSY” of light, angels of incalculable juAllah together perform worship incessantly in that place, then on the night of Ramadan they ask and are allowed by Allah to come down to earth together to perform worship (prayer) with humans, every night, so whoever comes into contact with them, will certainly be happy his life will not suffer forever”.


‘Umar said after hearing the hadith: “We are entitled to do that, so he gathered the congregation together to perform the Tarawih prayer and strengthened it”.


On one of the nights of Ramadan, ‘Ali Talib went out and heard the recitation of the Qur’an in the mosques and prayed: “May Allah enlighten the grave of ‘Umar Khattab as he enlightened our mosques with the recitation of the Qur’an”. A similar prayer was also recited by Usman bin Affan.








CHAPTER 38 : About the virtue of the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah


Al-Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said that the Prophet said: “There is no day that Allah is most pleased with in the arena of good deeds for a person, except the first ten days (1st to 10th) of Dhul Hijjah, Asked the companions: “Even if it is jihad fi sabilillah, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, except if a person goes out with all his possessions, and does not return (i.e.) depleted of his wealth and martyred”. (Hadith)


Al-Faqih reported that Jabir ibn ‘Abdillah said: The Messenger of Allah said: “There is no day more favorable to Allah for righteous deeds than the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah”. It was asked: “Nor does it resemble jihad fisabilillah? He replied: It does not resemble it, except if a person fights until his horse breaks and his face is thrust into the ground. Another narration states: “Until his horse breaks, and his blood is shed (martyrdom)” (Al-Hadith).


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Athaak from ‘Aisha , he said: “A young singer, fasting at the rising of Dhul-Hijjah, was asked by the Messenger of Allah: “Why do you fast on these days, and what is the motive? She replied: Because on this day, the rituals of religion and the rituals of Hajj are established, may I be among those who are prayed for by those who perform the rituals of religion and worship the rituals of Hajj. Then he said: “Your fasting every day (for 10 days) is equal to freeing 100 slaves, giving in charity 100 camels and 100 horses for jihad to uphold the religion of Allah, and if (fasting) on the day of tarwiyah (the 8th) is equal to freeing 2000 slaves, giving in charity 2000 camels and horses for jihad to uphold the religion of Allah, and if (fasting) on the day of ‘Arafah (the 9th) is equal to fasting two years (i.e. the year before and the year after). Another narration adds: “and fasting on the day of ‘Ashuraa is for you the equivalent of fasting one year”. Half of the mufassirin (commentators) state the verse:


We promised Moses 30 nights, then completed 10 nights, until the Lord’s decree of 40 nights was fulfilled” That the 10th is the beginning of the month of Dhul-Hijjah.


And the verse:


God spoke directly to Moses, and verse:


God brought Moses close so that he could hear the words of God directly. All of this was received by Moses on the 10th day of the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah, and it was also written in the Lauh-lauh on the nights (of the 10th day) of the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah.


You should fast the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, pray and seek forgiveness as much as possible and give charity, because the Prophet said: “Woe to the one who cannot attain good in the 10th day (of Dhu’l-Hijjah), make the most of fasting on the 9th day, because the benefits of that day are great”. (Abu Dards)


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from ‘Abdullah “Ubaid ‘Umair Laits, who said: “Five supplications were brought by Jibril to Prophet Moses to be recited on the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah, namely:




“There is no other God except Allah, the One, there is no partner for Him, all kingdoms and praise belong to Him, He lives without dying, all good things are under His power, He is in control of everything.” (Sura al-Baqarah: 9)


It means:

“I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, there is no partner for Him, He is the One, He is the place to ask, there is no friend or son for Him”.



“I bear witness that there is no other God but Allah, the One, the One to whom to turn, begotten and unborn, Who equals no one to Him”.



“I declare that there is no other God but Allah, the One, with whom there is no partner, to whom alone belongs all kingship and praise, Who gives life and death, Who is Life without mad, all good is under His Power, and He is in control of all things”.



“Allah is the One who guarantees and fulfills my needs, He hears everyone who prays to Him, other than Him there is no one who can be relied upon to fulfill requests and needs”.


It is also stated that these words are contained in the Gospel, and were explained by the Prophet Isa to his companions (Hawariyyin) about the virtues and countless rewards, for those who recite them in the early days of Dhul Hijjah (i.e. from the 1st-10th).


A person has a beautiful dream as if five great lights were in his house, after reciting the above-mentioned supplication on the first days of Dhul-Hijjah. (Abu Nadir Hashim Qasim),


The Prophet said:



“There is no day greater and more beloved to Allah than the days of Dhul-Hijjah, so recite takbir, tahmid and tahlil as much as you can on that day.” (Mujahid from Ibn Umar).


Nafi narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that he always recited takbir on the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah, whether lying down or sitting. So did Athak Abu Rabah, even on the streets or in the marketplace. Sa’id Jubayr and Abdur-Rahmaan Abu Laila, and the scholars of fiqh, used to say Takbir on the days of Eid and Eid al-Fitr:


I saw Tsabit Bunany sometimes cutting off the recitation of the hadith, on the 10 days with the remembrance, ALLAAHU AKBAR 3x, and he said: “These days are for dhikr, and this is how the scholars did it”. (Ja’far Sulaiman)


Ja’far further said: “Malik Dinar also did the same (as did Tsabit Bunany).


But Nakha-i said: “It is only the employees of the weaving factory who do such things”, (Mughirah Shu’bah from Abu Mas’yar).


About the traveling takbir on the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, Mujahid said: “Those who do such things are only the employees of the weaving mills or the people who travel around”. (Laits Sulaiman).


The one who does the takbeer alone without raising his voice is preferable, but if he does it in order to spread the religion and remind people, then there is nothing wrong with that, because that is also based on the Prophetic hadith. (This is the statement of Al-Faqih).


The Prophet said: “That Allah has chosen four days (i.e. Friday, Arafat, Eid al-Adha, and Eid al-Fitr), and four months (i.e. Rajab, Dhul Oadah, Dhul Hijjah, and Muharram), and four women (viz: Maryam daughter of Imran, Khadijah daughter of Khuwailid who was the first to convert to Islam, believing in Allah and His Messenger among the women of the world, then Asiyah daughter of Muzahim wife of Pharaoh, then Fatimah daughter of the Messenger of Allah K the leading woman in heaven), and 4 people who preceded to heaven (namely: Prophet Muhammad, the first Muslim from the Arabs, Salman Farisy, the first Muslim from the Pharisees, Shahib from the Romans and Bilal from the Habshis). And missed by heaven also 4 people (namely: S. Ali Talib, Salman, ‘Amr Yasir and Miqdad Aswad). While the reasons for the 4 days, are as follows:


  1. Friday, because in it there are moments that are mustajabah, who pray at that time, whether worldly affairs or ukhrawy must be granted.


  1. The day of Arafat, because on that day Allah is proud and His words: “O My angels, witness the arrival of My servants in a state of loose hair, and dust, their property and energy sacrificed for Me, and also witness that: “I have forgiven them”.


  1. Eid al-Adlha, because if a person slaughters (sacrifices) a sheep, the first drop of blood is atonement for the sins he has committed.


  1. Eid al-Fitr, because after fasting Ramadan, one performs the Eid prayer, and Allah says: “O angels, if the servant asks for his wages, while My servants have just finished fasting for a whole month, and he performs the Eid prayer expecting his wages, then witness by you that: “I forgive them”. And it is also called out: “O people of Muhammad, return to your homes, and your sins have turned into goodness. (This is the tradition of Ibn Mas’ud 20)


The Prophet said: “O Fatimah, get up and finish your sacrificial sheep, for Allah forgives your sins at the first drop of blood from your sacrificial sheep”. (Salim Abul Jady).


Regarding the Prophet’s command to Fatimah was asked by Imran Husain : O Messenger of Allah, is it specifically for you and your family or for the Muslims in general? His answer: “For the Muslims in general”.


The Messenger of Allah said: “Sacrifice (slaughter) your sheep, and be happy with it, because the one who brings his sheep (sacrifice) when it is about to be slaughtered and he is faced with the Qiblah, then the horns, dung, blood, hair and fur are prepared for him on the Day of Resurrection, and when the blood drips to the ground, it means that it falls under the protection of Allah, so give a little in charity, you will get the greatest reward”. (Hadith from ‘Aisha).  

CHAPTER 39 : About the Virtue of the 10th Day of Muharram


Al-Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever fasts on the 10th of Muharram, Allah will give him 10,000 angels’ rewards, 10,000 Hajj and Umrah pilgrims’ rewards, 1,000 martyrs’ rewards, and whoever wipes the head of an orphan on the 10th of Muharram, Allah will raise his rank with every hair that he wipes. And whoever feeds a fasting person on the 10th of Muharram, his reward is the same as feeding the stomachs of all the people of Muhammad. The Companions asked: “What is it that causes Allah to make more of ‘Ashoora, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “Because it was on that day that Allah created the heavens, the earth, the mountains, the seas, the lauh, the galam and man (namely) Adam-Eve, as well as heaven and entered Adam into heaven, as well as the birth of Abraham, and saved him from the flames of Namrud on the day of ‘Ashura, the drowning of Fir’aun also on that day, Prophet Job was healed of his annual illness also on that day, Adam accepted his repentance. David’s sins were forgiven and Solomon’s kingdom was restored on that day, and the last of all the days of the Last Day was also on the day of ‘Ashoora'”. (Hadith).


Al-Faqih reported that Ikrimah said: ‘Ashoora is the day of the acceptance of the repentance of Prophet Adam and the landing of Noah’s boat, so he thanked Allah by fasting, and on that day also Pharaoh drowned in the sea (Red) which was split with the stick of Moses, so the Children of Israel were encouraged to fast, so if you are able to fast on the day of ‘Ashoora'”.


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Muhammad Maisarah, who said: The one who spends on the day of ‘Ashoora on his family, Allah will surely spend on him for one year, and this has been proven to be true by Sufyan.


Said Said Jubayr from Ibn Abbas said: “When the Prophet £ had just migrated to Madinah, he saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Ashura, so he asked them, and they replied:” On this day Allah won over Moses and the Children of Israel against Fir’aun and his army, so we should honor him by fasting. Then he said: “We are more worthy than you to follow in the footsteps of Moses, and he encouraged the Companions to fast.” (Al-Hadith).


Al-Faqih said: “It is called ‘Ashura because it is exactly the tenth day of Muharram, but according to another opinion: “It is so called because the Prophets were honored with ten honors, namely:


  1. Acceptance of Prophet Adam’s repentance

2 The elevation of the degree of Prophet Idris

  1. The landing of Prophet Noah’s ship

4 The birth and inauguration of Prophet Ibrahim as Khalilullah and saved him from the flames of Namrudz.

  1. The acceptance of the repentance of Prophet David
  2. The elevation of Prophet Isa to the sky.
  3. The salvation of the Prophet Moses
  4. The drowning of Fir’aun.
  5. The release of Prophet Yunus from the belly of the fish.
  6. The restoration of the kingdom of Prophet Solomon


And there is another opinion: “It is called ‘Ashura because there are 10 honors for this ummah (Muhammad), namely:


  1. The month of Rajab was made the month of glory of this Ummah, more than any other Ummah.
  2. The month of Sha’ban was made the month of the Prophet Muhammad’s honor over other prophets.
  3. The month of Ramadan, surpasses the virtues of other months, as Allah surpasses all His creatures.
  4. The night of (Lailatul) Oadar exceeds 1000 months in its goodness.
  5. Eid al-Fitr as the day of recompense (fasting).
  6. The first to 10th days of Dhul Hijjah are days of prayer, to Allah.
  7. (Fasting on) the day of ‘Arafah, can make up for 2 years of sins.
  8. The feast of Adl-ha is the day of sacrifice.
  9. Friday is the noblest of all days.
  10. (Fasting on) the day of ‘Ashura, can atone for the sins of one year.


Each of these is a glory from Allah given to Muhammad’s Ummah, for the sake of expiation of their sins and cleanliness.


Hisham Urwah from ‘Aisha, he said: The people of Ouraisy were accustomed to fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ since the days of Jahiliyyah, and the Prophet fasted it from the time he was in Makkah until he came to Madinah (after Hijrah), and then he said:



“I used to command you to fast ‘Ashoora’; now it is up to you to decide whether it is permissible for you to fast it or not.” This means that the ruling has changed from obligatory to recommended. Hadith


‘Aisha: The day of ‘Ashoora’ is the ninth of Muharram, and some scholars say it is the eleventh of Muharram, but most commonly it is the tenth of Muharram, and it is Sunnah to fast on the ninth of Muharram.










CHAPTER 40 : On the Virtue of Sunnah Fasting and Fasting the Holy Days


Al-Faqih narrated from Zayd Aslam that the Messenger of Allah said: “There are five levels of reward for deeds, namely:


  1. Charity with equal reward, i.e. a good deed is rewarded with one good deed, or a person who intends to do a good deed, but does not do it, is rewarded with one good deed.


  1. Decisive deeds, i.e. the deeds of those who worship Allah without associating partners with Him, will definitely enter heaven. On the other hand, those who worship Allah and associate partners with Him will enter Hell.


  1. Charity with a reward of 10 goodness, namely the person who does good must be rewarded with 10 goodness.


  1. Charity with a reward of 700x the reward, namely every charity that is upholding the religion of Allah, or spending his property for the sake of upholding the religion of Allah.


  1. A deed whose reward is unknown except to Allah, the Almighty, which is the deed of fasting.


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Shadagah Yamany, who said: “Bilal entered the Prophet’s house and he was eating, so he offered him a meal, saying: “O Bilal, please eat, he replied: “I am fasting, O Messenger of Allah, then he said: ” We will eat our sustenance and Bilal in heaven, that the fasting person when he is in the midst of people who are eating, then his limbs and the angels pray for him: “O Allah, forgive him and have mercy on him as long as he is in that place”. (Al-Faqih reported that Abu Musa al-Ash’ary said: “When we were sailing in the middle of the ocean and saw nothing but water, we raised our sails and saw no islands, then the call came: “O ship’s crew, stop I will tell you something, to you (call up to 7x) I did not pay attention, and at the last call we asked: “O … you have witnessed our fate, so we will not be easily influenced by you, but if you will, tell, tell us, He replied: “I tell you the verdict of Allah upon Himself, namely: “No one who (fasts) thirsts on a hot (dry) day, except Allah gives satisfaction on the Day of Judgment”.


A similar story was narrated by Abdullah Mubarrak from Washi Maula, from Abu Uyainah, Lagit Abi Burdah from Abu Musa Al-‘Asyan and since then he has never missed fasting on a very hot dry day.”


Al-Faqih narrated from Abu Malik Asyan that the Messenger of Allah said: “There are six virtues, namely:

  1. Jihad against the enemy of Allah.
  2. Fasting during the dry season (scorching heat).
  3. Patience when afflicted with calamity (suffering).
  4. Does not like to argue, even if he is on the right side (not a matter of principle about agidah).
  5. Praying on time (even) in the dry season under very difficult circumstances.
  6. Always completing ablution, even in cold and other hardships.


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Darda: he said “Had it not been for three things, I would not have cared” to die immediately, namely:

  1. Placing the forehead on the ground in prostration to Allah.
  2. Fasting in the heat of the day, until one feels real hunger and thirst.
  3. Gathering with people who are firm in their stance and hold their words, like choosing good dates.


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abu Hurairah (he said: The Messenger of Allah taught me three things that I will not abandon all my life (until death), namely:

  1. To pray the Witr prayer before going to bed.
  2. To fast three days every month.
  3. Not to neglect the Dhuha prayer.


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Hafshah he said: “There are four things, the Prophet never missed (not abandoned), namely:

  1. Fasting on the day of ‘Ashura (the 10th of Muharram).
  2. Fasting three days every month.
  3. Fasting on the first days of Muharram (i.e. 1st to 10th of Muharram).
  4. Two rak’ahs of the voluntary prayer at dawn or before the Fajr prayer.


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from 5. Ali said that the Prophet said: “Fasting in the month of patience, which is Ramadan, and three days of every month, which is the same as fasting throughout the ages, and is of great benefit in eradicating envy and jealousy”. (Hadith)


Al-Faqih reported that ‘Abdullāh Shaqiq ‘Uqaily said: “I met Abu Dhar Ghifary in Madinah, and I asked him: “Are you fasting? He replied: “Yes”. And they were waiting for ‘Umar Khatthab to invite them in, and when they entered they were served some food, so he ate and I reprimanded him with a gesture of my hand, then he replied: “I have not forgotten what I said to you (that) I am fasting, because I fast three days every month, which means that I am always fasting.”


Al-Faqih narrated that ‘Abdullah ‘Amr ibn :Ash said: “I was engaged in worship, and my father married me. Then one day he came into my house, and I was not there, and he asked my wife: “How is your husband?” She replied: “He is a good husband, he does not sleep at night, nor does he eat during the day. This was known to my father, and he rebuked me: “I have married you to a good Muslim woman, but why have you left him? He replied: “I feel strong and diligent in worship”, Then this news was conveyed to the Messenger of Allah, and I was summoned, he said: “But I sleep and pray, and I do not fast, so pray and sleep, and fast every month for three days.” Then I said: “O Messenger of Allah, I am able to do more than that, He said: “Fast a day and not fast a day (i.e. the fast of Prophet David . Then he asked: “How many days do you recite the Qur’an? I replied: Two days, two nights. He said: “Finish it in 15 days, I said: “O Messenger of Allah, I can do less than that. He said: “Complete it in seven days. Every person who does good deeds is greedy and gluttonous, and every one of them is tired or bored, so the one whose boredom is returned to my Sunnah is guided, but the one whose boredom is returned to others is destroyed. Then ‘Abdullāh ‘Amr said: “If I had accepted the Prophet’s concession then, I would have been more happy than if I had met my family and acquired my wealth, and now I am old and weak, but I have not abandoned what he has commanded me to do”.


When Ibn ‘Abbas was asked about fasting, he replied:” I recite the hadith of half the treasury, which is: “If you want to fast like the Prophet David” do so (one day fasting one day not), or the fast of the Prophet Solomon (3 days at the beginning of each month i.e. the 1st to. 10, and 3 days in the middle of the month i.e. the 11th to. 20, and 3 days at the end of the month, namely the 21st to the 30th). Or the Prophet’s fast (every and forever, eating sha’ir, wearing thick rough clothes, every night praying until dawn breaks, every time he comes to a place he must pray 2 rak’ahs). Or the fast of Maryam (Isa’s mother), who fasted two days and did not fast these two days throughout her life.


The fast of the Prophet Muhammad is fasting three days every month (namely the white days 13, 14 and 15) which means the same fast throughout the ages.


From Abu Hurairah the Prophet said:



“The one who fasts the whole month of Ramadan and then adds six days of Shawwal, it is the same as fasting the whole of Ramadan”. (Al-Hadis)


Fasting one full month (in Ramadan) is equal in reward to 300 days, while 6 days of fasting is equal to 60 days, because Allah’s Word:



“The one who does a good deed is rewarded with tenfold the reward”. Then each day is equal to 10 days. (Thus Abu Hurayrah 5)


Fasting on Saturdays is makrooh according to half of the scholars because it resembles the Christians and the Christians (Al-Faqih).


With regard to fasting Shawwal, Ibrahim Nakha-i explained: “It is the fast of a woman who repays a debt when she menstruates in Ramadan. But the other half of the scholars recommended that the fast of six days of Shawwaal should not be continuous (it is better to fast them separately), so as not to resemble the fast of the Christians.


Al-Faqih’s view on this matter is: “Whether you fast them together or separately is the same, because the month of Ramadan has been broken (by the Eid al-Fitr).









CHAPTER 41 : About spending on the family


Al-Faqih reported that Ayyub said: “When the Companions praised and wished for a skillful and agile young man, they said: “It would be very fortunate if that young man would utilize his skills and dexterity to fight for the religion of Allah (Sabilil-lah)”. The Prophet replied: “What is called Sabilillah (upholding the religion of Allah) is not only war, but know that: “The one who works or tries to provide halal sustenance to his family is called Sabilillah, the one who works or helps his parents is called Sabilillah, the one who provides for the children of the family from halal is also called Sabilillah, and the one who works or tries with the aim of accumulating as much wealth as possible and is proud or arrogant, then it is jihad fi Sabilisy-Syaithan (in the way of Satan – lost)”.


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Tsauban that the Prophet said:



“The most valuable dinar is that which is given (spent) for his family, and dinars given for the purposes of upholding the religion of Allah, and dinars given to comrades in arms (in upholding the religion of Allah)”.


The best family according to the Prophet is: The one who works or strives to provide for his family’s young children, there is no greater reward than that. (Thus Abu Qilabah).


From Abu Salamah, the Prophet said:



“Charity is from hurta (more than enough), and the giver is better than the giver (in buwah) and prioritizes the closest, that is, the family.”


Al-Faqih reported from his father that Tsabit Bunany was in the house of Anas when he said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “That Allah guarantees three kinds of debts, namely:


  1. A debt incurred for marriage out of fear of fornication, and when one dies and is unable to repay it, Allah will guarantee it on the Day of Judgment.


  1. A debt that is used to help a Muslim whose roots go to war to uphold the religion of Allah.


  1. A debt incurred to wrap or shroud a deceased Muslim. So Allah will reward the one who gives the loan with a satisfactory reward on the Day of Judgment.


So Tsabit Bunany mentioned it to Hasan Bashry, who said: “It is possible that the virtue of this is that it is good.” The possibility that the virtue of this is greater than that is not mentioned, because Anas is old and weak,” i.e. a debt that is used to provide for his family but he is unable to repay it until he dies, even if he tries to do so through various means, then there will be no claim on him from the creditor on the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Hadis)


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “There are two angels in the heavens whose only duty is to pray, one of whom prays: “O Allah, compensate the one who spends his wealth (in a way that pleases Allah). And the second one prays: “O Allah, destroy the miser immediately”. (Al-Hadis)


Makkhul reported that the Prophet said: “The one who seeks lawful wealth to meet his needs, not by begging, and works for his family, and helps his neighbors, then on the Day of Resurrection his face will be like the full moon. And he who amasses wealth, even if it is lawful, for the purpose of arrogance, showing off, and boasting, Allah will be angry with him on the Day of Resurrection”. (Hadith)


Al-Faqih reported that Anas Malik said: “O Messenger of Allah, which is better than giving a loaf of bread in charity and praying 100 rak’ahs of voluntary prayer?” He replied: “Giving a piece of bread in charity is even more preferable to praying 200 rak’ahs of voluntary prayer. Then I asked: “O Messenger of Allah, which is preferable to fulfilling the desire of a Muslim and praying 100 rak’ahs?” He replied: “Fulfilling a Muslim’s desire, I like even more than praying 1000 rak’ahs of voluntary prayer. Then I asked: “O Messenger of Allah, which is better than giving up a bite of unlawful food and praying 1000 rak’ahs?” He replied: “Leaving a morsel of unlawful food is even more favorable to me than praying 2000 rak’ahs. Then I asked him:” O Messenger of Allah, which do you prefer to avoid gossip with praying 1000 rak’ahs? He replied: “Not gossiping about people is more favorable than praying 10,000 rak’ahs. I asked him again: “Yes.


Messenger of Allah, which do you prefer to convey the wishes of a widow (woman) with the 10,000 rak’ahs of voluntary prayer? He replied: “Conveying the desire of a widow is even more favorable to me than praying 30,000 rak’ahs. O Messenger of Allah, which do you prefer sitting with your family (children and wife) to sitting in the mosque? He replied: “Sitting for a moment with them, even more I favor than i’ftikaf in this mosque of mine. O Messenger of Allah, which is better to spend money for the needs of the family with Sabilillah? He replied: “One dirham for family expenditure is better than 1000 dinars spent on the war of Sabil. I asked him again, “O Messenger of Allah, which is better, filial piety to parents and 1000 years of worship? He replied: “Yes Anas, with the advent of the truth, falsehood will be destroyed, so filial piety to parents is preferable to worship for 2,000,000 years”.


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abu Kabsyah AnMary, who said, “The Messenger of Allah likened the world to four people, namely:


  1. A person who is given knowledge and wealth, and then utilizes it in things that are pleasing to Allah.


  1. One who is given knowledge without wealth, and then says: “If Allah had given me wealth, I would have done what so-and-so did, and both would have been equally rewarded.


  1. One who is given wealth without knowledge and spends it on things that are pleasing to Allah, (this is the one who perishes).


  1. One who has neither knowledge nor wealth and says: “If I were a rich man, I would do as So-and-so did, and both of them would incur the same sin and punishment”.


Al-Faqih narrated from Anas Malik that the Messenger of Allah said: “That there are chambers in heaven, the inside of which is visible from the outside, and vice versa, then the Companions asked: O Messenger of Allah, who is the rightful occupant? He replied: “Those who love to give alms (food) and are kind in their words and always fast, spread the greeting of peace, and pray at night (when most people sleep soundly). Sahaba’ asked: “O Messenger of Allah, they should be the inhabitants but who can do that? He replied: Those who recite


“SHUBHAANALLAH WAL HAMDU LILLAAHHI WALAAILAA HHA ILLALLAAHHU WALAAHHU AKBAR”, then he has good words, and who feeds his family means that he has fed, and who fasts Ramadan means that he always fasts, and who meets fellow Muslims and gives greetings, means that he spreads greetings, and who prays Isyak and Fajr in congregation means that he prays at night, while the Yahudyans, Christians and Magi are fast asleep.” (Hadith). (Al-Hadis).





CHAPTER 42: About Guiding the Slaves


Abu Dhar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that when he struck his slave, the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Do not strike the faces of those who pray; feed them as you eat and clothe them as you clothe them; if they are burdensome then sell them.


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Amir Shu’by, who said: “A Companion asked his neighbor for water, so he called his slave, because the slave (woman) was slow, so the neighbor cursed her: “You whore”. Then the friend warned him that: “You will be punished with lashes on the Day of Judgment if you are not able to produce four witnesses who confirm your accusation”. Then the slave was released immediately, saying: “Hopefully his release can make up for your accusation (sin)”.


From Abu Dhar the Prophet said: “Your brothers who are your servants, Allah made them obedient to you, so the one whose brother is under his command, then it should be fed as he eats, and clothes as he wears, and not forced to do work that is beyond their ability, and if he does your command (work) is heavy, then help them”.


Abu Bakr Shiddiq reported that the Prophet said: “Those who have bad manners will not enter Paradise, honor them as you honor your children, feed them from the food you eat, then I asked: “O Messenger of Allah, which of these dunya (wealth) is beneficial to us? He replied: “The horse that you prepare for the war of Sabil, and the slave that lightens your work, but consider them brothers when praying”.


Someone asked: “O Messenger of Allah, how many times should we forgive the slave? He replied: “Every day seventy times”.


Qatadah reported: “The last message of the Prophet :


It means:

“Take care of the prayer and the slave, i.e. do not do as you please with him”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “A woman will enter Hell as a result of tying up a cat in her house and not giving it food or water, nor setting it free so that it will search for food in the garbage of the earth until it dies.” (Al-Hadis)


Hasan Bashry said that the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) saw a camel tied up while he was walking, and when he had finished his errands and was returning that way, the camel was still tied up, so he asked the owner: “Have you been leaving your camel tied up without feeding it? He replied: “No feeding.” Then he said: “Be careful, it will sue you before Allah on the Day of Judgment”.


The content of the Prophet’s sermon is as follows:



“O people, fear Allah when I use slaves, give them food as you eat, and clothes as you wear, do not make them do work that is beyond their ability, because they are flesh and blood like you, be careful, whoever mistreats them then I am his enemy on the Day of Judgment, and Allah is his judge”. (Hadith from Abu Khair from S. Ali Talib )


The Prophet said:




“There are three kinds of people whose rewards are multiplied, namely:

  1. The one who has a slave girl, and he educates her well. then she is freed and married to him.


  1. A scribe who believes in his Prophet, then it experiences the time of the Prophet Muhammad, then he also believes in him.


  1. A slave who does his duty towards Allah and his master or employer. (Hadith from Abu Buradah from Abu Musa)


A slave must put his master’s interests ahead of the congregational prayer.” (Hasan Bashry)


It is better to give precedence to the prayer when the time for prayer is spacious and sufficient and there is no fear of the time running out, but if this is not the case then he should give precedence to the prayer over the interests of the employer (Thus Al-Faqih) based on the following Prophetic Hadith:


It means:


“It is not obligatory to obey the creature in breaking the prohibition of Allah (the Almighty)”. (Hadith)


The employer should be merciful to his employee, so that he does not make him do work that is beyond his ability, just as Allah does not force His servants to do things that are beyond their ability. He should also treat them well, because this is part of the good manners that believers must have. The Prophet said:



“Those who are ill-tempered will not enter Paradise; honor them as you honor your children, and feed them from the food you eat (do not discriminate)”. (Al-Hadis)


Abdullah ‘Umar saw a piece of bread wasted, so he ordered his servant to pick it up and clean it. Then when Maghrib time came, he was about to break his fast and asked: “Where is that piece of bread? He replied: “It has been eaten”. Then he was set free based on the following Prophetic tradition:



“The one who finds bread and takes it and eats it has not reached his stomach unless Allah has forgiven him”. Abdullah ‘Umar said: “I would not dare to make a person whose sins have been forgiven by Allah a slave”.






CHAPTER 43 : On Loving Orphans


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abdullah Abu Aufa, who said:” The Messenger of Allah said:



“Whoever wipes the head of an orphan with compassion for him, Allah will reward every hair that he wipes with a good deed, forgive his sins, and raise his status.” (Hadith)


Al-Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah said: “The one who takes care of an orphan (of Muslims) and guarantees him food and water until he grows up (self-sufficient), Allah will make Paradise obligatory for him, unless he commits (major) sins that Allah cannot forgive. And the one who loses his beloved one, then patiently hopes for reward from Allah, surely Paradise will be obligatory for him, unless he commits (major) sins that cannot be forgiven. And when asked: “What is a favorite?” He answered: “His eyes”. 


And if a man has three daughters, and he takes care of them and educates them until they die or marry, then Allah makes Paradise obligatory for him, unless he commits a sin for which Allah cannot forgive him. Then a Badwy asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what if only 2 daughters? He replied:” Two daughters too (means the same). Ibn Abbas said: “This is an odd Hadith”.


A man complained before the Prophet because his heart was hard, so he said: “Wipe the head of an orphan and eat, your heart will be softened”. (Reported by Abu Darda).


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Muhammad Fadli, When Ibn Umar was asked about major sins, he replied: “There are nine major sins, namely:


  1. Associating partners with Allah (shirk).
  2. Intentionally killing a believer (Muslim).
  3. Fleeing from jihad (war) Sabil.
  4. Accusing a good woman of adultery.
  5. Seizing (eating) the property of an orphan.
  6. Filling the stomach with usury.
  7. Daring (disobeying) the father-mother (both parents).
  8. Believing in, practicing, or ordering sorcery (witchcraft, divination, etc.).
  9. Legalizing the haram (whether in the form of food, clothing, etc.).


From Mujahid, Ibn Abbas & said: “There are 6 sins that can destroy the culprit, and his repentance is not accepted, namely:


  1. Seizing (eating) the property of orphans.
  2. Accusing a good woman of adultery.
  3. Fleeing from jihad (war) Sabil.
  4. Believing in, enjoining or practicing sorcery (witchcraft, divination and other similar practices).
  5. Associating partners with Allah (shirk).
  6. Persecute or kill the Prophet (messenger) of Allah.


The interpretation of Ibn Abbas, about the verse (below), is as follows:




“That those who rob (eat) the property of orphans are salim, which means that he eats fire (in his stomach), and in the hereafter will be thrown into the hell of Shair”.


Hence: “Blessed is the family in which there are orphans loved and well cared for, and on the contrary very wretched for the family that mistreats and hurts orphans.


A man asked the Prophet: “I am the caretaker of an orphan, so to what extent can I beat him? He replied: “You may beat him in order to educate him, just as you would educate your own child, so long as you do not injure him. (Do not be cruel to him.” (Hadith).


Sometimes a spanking is more valuable to an orphan than a delicious meal. (Fudlai ‘Tyadl).


But according to al-Faqih, it is better to try to educate orphans using the best method, not by punishing or beating them, as long as the goal of education is achieved, because punishing or beating orphans is very risky.


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Sa’id Musayyab from Umar Khathab, who said: “The Messenger of Allah said: “That the ‘Throne shook with weeping, because the orphan was beaten, then Allah said: “O My angels, who is the man who harms (weeps) a child whose father has been planted in the earth? (Though Allah knows it), The angels replied: “O Allah, we do not know. Then He said: “Behold, the one who comforts him, I will surely give him satisfaction (favors) on the Day of Judgment”. And what the Messenger of Allah used to do was to rub their heads with affection, as did Umar Khathab .


From Abdurrahman Abza, Allah said to Prophet David – “Be a father who is compassionate towards orphans, and know that the one who plants will definitely reap the fruit or the result”. And a righteous wife is like a crowned king in the presence of her husband, every time she looks at him she is delighted. And on the contrary, a woman with bad manners is a heavy burden for her husband towards her parents”.


Zaid Aslam reported that the Prophet said:



“I and the caretaker of orphans in heaven will be as close together as these two fingers,” he said, indicating the index and middle fingers. (A-Hladis)


Abu Imran reported that Abu Khalil said: “I read in the matter of the Prophet David that it means: “O Lord, what is the reward of the caretaker of orphans and widows, who seeks Your pleasure?” He said: “It is My shade on the day when there is no shade except My shade (the Throne).


Auf Malik Ash-ja’i reported that the Prophet said: “The Muslim who has three daughters, (then he educates them), spends on them until they marry or die, then all of that becomes a wall or fortress of hell. A woman asked: “If two? He replied: “Or two daughters.” (Al-Hadis)


The Prophet said: “I will be with a woman in Paradise whose cheeks are as black as these two fingers, a woman whose husband dies, and she survives until she is able to educate her daughter until she reaches the age of puberty or dies.” (Al-Hadis)


Yazid Raggashi reported that Anas Malik said: “He who buys food for his children is giving in charity until they enjoy it, and he should give preference to the daughters over the sons because Allah loves them more, and he who loves his daughters is weeping out of fear of Allah, which means that his sins will be forgiven, and he who makes his daughters happy, Allah will reward him on the Day of Distress.” (Al-Hadis)







CHAPTER 44 : About Zina (prostitution)


Al-Faqih narrated from Abu Hurayrah and Zayd Khalid that: “Two men had a dispute and brought the matter to the Messenger of Allah. The first man said: “O Messenger of Allah, decide between us by the book of Allah”. And the second man (more intelligent) said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah, and allow me to speak. Then he allowed him to speak, saying: “My son is the slave of this man, and committed adultery with his wife, then the people voiced that: “My son should be stoned”. So I atoned for that with 100 sheep and a slave girl. But according to the scholars: “My son is only subject to 100 lashes and 1 year’s exile. But the man’s wife shall be stoned. Then he said: “By Allah, I will judge by the law of Allah, and your sheep and female slave shall be returned. As for your son, he is to be flogged 100 times and banished for a year. Then he told Unais Aslamy to go to his wife’s (this person’s) house, if he confessed to his act (adultery), then kingAllah.


It turned out that he admitted his actions and was immediately stoned. (Al-Hadith) Al-Faqih in his commentary: “Based on this Hadith, the ruling on adultery states that: “The unmarried male or female prostitute shall be punished with 100 lashes.” The word of Allah:



“Those who commit adultery, male or female, shall be punished with 100 strokes of the lash (if they are not married), and do not take pity in enforcing the law of Allah, for Allah is merciful and compassionate to His servants, and whoever has not felt the punishment in this world will certainly be punished in the Hereafter. if you believe in Allah and the Hereafter (then carry out the law of Allah) and let it be witnessed before the congregation of believers (Muslims)”. (An-Nur 2)


The public execution of this law is so that everyone will be deterred and feel ashamed, as Allah commands. Because sometimes people who commit sin (before) are brave enough to take the risk (of undergoing punishment) as long as it is not in public, but if they are exposed to shame in public, they feel that their dignity has fallen, and they are no longer honorable in the eyes of their community. In this way, the dignity, honor and safety of the Muslim Ummah are preserved. As for those who have a husband or wife, then they are sentenced to stoning, if they commit adultery, as experienced by Ma’iz Malik. And a woman who is pregnant or pregnant as a result of adultery, facing the Prophet admitted his actions, then her guardian was told to keep until giving birth, and after giving birth immediately sentenced to stoning. This is the law of adultery that was implemented at the time of the Prophet.


As for young men or women who are not married, enough with the law of lashes, and if adultery mushan, then stoned. And if the punishment is not carried out in this world, it will certainly be accepted in the hereafter, if it is not really repentant.


Therefore, protect yourself from committing adultery, for it is a heinous and grave sin. Allah says:



“Do not approach adultery; it is an abominable deed which incurs or invites the anger of Allah, and is the worst way”. (Isra’ 32)


Zina is the worst path to hell, and in another verse Allah says:



“Do not approach the abominable deeds, whether they are apparent or hidden”. (Al An’am 151)


As mentioned by the hadith:



“The two hands can commit sina, and so can the two eyes”. (Al-Hadis)


The word of Allah:



“Encourage the believers to close or lower their gaze, and to preserve their chastity; that is good for them, and Allah knows best what they do.” (An-Nur 30)


And the Word of Allah:



“And advise the believing women to avert their eyes and preserve their chastity, …” (AnNur 31).


These two verses are a command from Allah to the believers (both men and women) to close or lower their eyes and maintain their honor, from prohibitions that result in the fall of their dignity or honor. So that fellow Muslims are preserved their honor and avoid mixing derivatives. And Allah forbids adultery, also in the Torah, Gospel, Zabur and the Koran, because adultery is a major sin that is a hotbed of violation of the honor of fellow Muslims and mixing blood or offspring.


Jafar Abu Talib has never committed adultery since he converted to Islam, he said: “I am not happy if someone violates my honor, nor will I violate or damage the honor of the party or another person.


Beware of committing adultery, because it causes six dangers, three in this world and three in the hereafter, namely:


  1. Suffering in this world:
  2. Lack of sustenance (never enough).
  3. Away from good deeds (virtue).
  4. Hated and shunned by many people (society).


  1. Torment in the afterlife:
  2. Being scolded (getting the wrath) of Allah.
  3. Very heavy in hisab (calculation of his deeds).
  4. Inclusion in hell, which is a great fire, mentioned in the hadith as follows: “That your fire is one-seventieth part of the fire of Hell”. (This is how a Companion explained it).


Once the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) asked Jibril to explain the characteristics of Hell, and Jibril replied: “O Muhammad, the fire of Hell is black and dark, and if it fell on the earth the size of a pinhole, it would burn up the whole earth, and if the garments of the inhabitants of Hell were stripped off between the heavens and the earth, all the inhabitants of the world would perish from the smell of it, and if a drop of zagum were placed on the earth, all the food of the inhabitants of the world would spoil from it. And if an angel (of the 19 angels) were to descend to the earth, the people of the world would perish entirely, because they would see its ugly form. And if one of the links mentioned in the Qur’an were to fall to the earth, it would pierce through the seven layers of the earth and not be able to stay. Then the Prophet said: “Enough of Jibril and he wept with Jibril”. Then he said: “O Gabriel, why are you crying, when you are so close to Allah? He replied: “O Muhammad, even though I am close to Allah, what can guarantee that I am safe from him? If Allah changes and tests me like Harut-Marut and the cursed Iblis did? Thus, because of his fear of Allah, even though Jibril was highly placed in the sight of Allah, he still wept. Therefore, let us not be easily deceived by our life, power or strength and health, know that this world will disappear, but the punishment is permanent or long and very painful, be careful not to commit adultery, which causes or invites the anger of Allah, the most severe punishment for adultery is the one who continues to commit adultery (that is, if a person has divorced his wife, while he is stupid, he does not know that the bond has been released, he does not understand or does not feel divorced), andi? continues to have intercourse with his wife in a state of haram (adultery), and does not want to ask or confess (in front of the ‘alim) he fears that his secret will be revealed (shame), but he does not fear that his secret will be revealed in the Hereafter, on the day when all secrets will be revealed.


Therefore, protect yourself from committing adultery, for you cannot bear the punishment or punishment of Allah, and repent immediately, while Allah is still willing to accept your repentance. Do not regret it later (after death), and praise those who are good at maintaining honor from haram practices, His Word:



“Those who preserve their honor except for their wives or slaves, then they are not reproached. But whoever desires more than what is prescribed is transgressing the limits (of sin).” (Al-Mukminun 5-7)


It is obligatory for the Muslim to abstain and repent from fornication, and to try to prevent anyone from committing fornication, because the plague of tha’un (cholera, etc.) is very easy to spread from any place where fornication or prostitution is practiced.


Al-Faqih narrated from Ikrimah, who said: I heard Kaab advising Ibn ‘Abbas, saying: “If you see swords drawn and blood flowing, it means that the law of Allah has been disregarded (not practiced), so Allah rewards half (of the people fighting) with the other half. And if you see that there is no rain, then know that it means that many people oppose giving zakaah until Allah delays the rain. And if you see an outbreak of plague (tha’un), then it means that adultery (prostitution) has become cultivated in the land”.







CHAPTER 45 : About Eating Usury Goods


Al Faqih reported that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said: “On the night of Isra’, I heard thunder in the seventh heaven and lightning, and I saw a man whose belly was as big as a building filled with snakes appearing from outside, and I asked Jibril: “Who is that? He replied: “Those who eat usury”. (Hadith).


‘Atha-k Khurasany reported that ‘Abdullah Salam said: “There are 72 sins that are harbored by usury, among which the smallest is like committing adultery with his biological mother in Islam, and 1 dirham of usury money is more dangerous than 30 times more adultery.” He said: “All creatures (humans) are allowed to stand upright, except that the usury eater cannot stand upright, except like a person possessed by a jinn, or like a drunk who staggers, stands for a while, then falls (and so on)”.


The last verse about Islamic law is the verse of usury, until the Prophet died, had not completely revealed the problem of usury as a whole (about the various parts), therefore avoid usury goods that have been explained (him in the Koran) or are still in doubt, large or small. (Thus Umar Khathab)


Hadith from S. ‘Ali Talib, who said: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) cursed the usurer and his proxy, the two witnesses and the administrator, and cursed the woman who made the fly-tie or asked for it, and cursed the man who marries for the sake of the woman who has been divorced from him, and the man for whom she has been divorced. It also curses the one who opposes the payment of zakaah on his wealth (Hadith).


Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet said: “The one who gives charity from unlawful wealth will not be rewarded for it, and he will not be blessed if he spends it (on his family or others); rather, he will be a complete provision in Hellfire if he leaves it unused.”


Abu Rafi’ reported: “I sold my silver bracelet to Abu Bakr Shiddig, after weighing it I found that my bracelet weighed a little more than his dirham, so Abu Bakr cut off the excess, and I said: “The rest is for you, O Caliph!”. But he replied: “Have you not heard the saying of the Messenger of Allah :



“The one who adds and the one who adds will both go to Hell”. (Al-Hadis)


The Prophet said: “The exchange of silver for silver must be equal in weight, and anything more is usury, and wheat for wheat must be equal, and anything more is usury.” He also said: “Sha’ir, dates for salt. So the one who adds or asks for more is committing usury.” (HR: Sa’id Khadry, ‘Ubaidah Shamit and Abu Hurairah)


A country, city or village whose people have cultivated adultery and usury deposits, must soon perish the country or corrupt the people.


The person who sells or trades before is not good or does not study religion, must have fallen into eating usury, then fall further (into the middle) and finally sink as deep as possible”. (S. Ali Abu Talib)


Umar Khathab forbade those who were not religiously literate from trading in his market, as well as those who reduced the measure and the scale.” (Ala-k Abdurrahman from his father and grandfather).


Lack of firmness in cracking down on 4 crimes, for government officials, is an evidence that the country will soon perish, namely:


  1. Adultery or prostitution, which resulted in the country being obliged to accept the punishment of the plague of tha’un for its people.
  2. Cheating in measuring (textiles, building materials, etc.).
  3. Cheating in weighing and exchanging, all three of which make it obligatory for the people to suffer from famine, caused by the lack of rain.
  4. Satisfying the stomach with usury, which causes them to perish by the sword (war). (Thus Laits from Abdurrahman Tsabit).


Ubaid Muhariby said: “I was walking in the marketplace following S. Ali Abu Talib who was carrying a small stick, and when he saw a merchant who was not measuring and weighing correctly, the stick immediately spoke and reminded him: “Get your measurements or scales right”.


Ibn Abbas said: “O people of ‘Ajam (foreigners of Arabia), we are solving two problems that proved able to destroy the ancient people, namely: “The issue of measure and balance”. The Messenger of Allah said:



“There will come a time when all mankind will eat usury”. The Companions were surprised and assured: “All of them will be usury eaters, O Messenger of Allah? He replied”


“The one who does not eat usury directly, must have the dust (of his sin, due to supporting it as a witness, or administrator (writer), or silence (willing) in his heart.


This is what Abu Bakr said: “The one who adds and asks to add (to the measure or scale) will both go to hell”.


Therefore, learn, O merchants, a little knowledge that can save you from usury, and be careful in measuring or weighing. The word of Allah:



“Hell lail threatens those who cheat in weights or measures, namely: “Those who ask for more (warmed) scales, when buying, but sell fraudulently and harm others. Do you not believe there is a resurrection? On a day of great magnitude, when mankind will be brought before the Lord of the worlds”. (Al Muthaffifin 1-6)


When their deeds (big or small) will all be held accountable, whether apparent or hidden. Allah’s Word:



“They will have what they have done before them, and your Lord has not wronged them in the least”. (Al-Kahf 42)


So fortunate are those who are able to be fair when buying and selling in terms of measurements or scales, and vice versa: “Perish and woe to those who harm or take away the rights of others. :


Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said:



“Justice is the balance of Allah’s scales on earth, so those who use it will be guided to heaven, on the other hand, those who do not want to know (cheat), will be plunged into hell”. (Al-Hadis)


Know that justice is as applied from the king of justice to his fellow citizens, therefore uphold justice in order to be saved from a very painful punishment.








CHAPTER 46 : About Sinful Acts


Al-Faqih narrated from Jabir ‘Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah said: “The gift of Allah to Prophet Musa bin Imran, contained in the Alwah, was in the form of 10 things, namely:

  1. O Moses, do not associate polytheism with Allah, for I have decreed that: “The fire of hell will burn the faces of the polytheists”.


  1. Be devoted to Me and your parents, surely I will avert all harm from you, extend your age or life span with a good livelihood, then be transferred to a better realm.


  1. Do not kill a human soul without a real reason, because the result will be that the wide world and the sky with all its directions will become narrow for you, and you will return to hell with My wrath.


  1. Do not misuse My oath in lying and transgression, for I do not purify the one who does not purify himself, and does not glorify My asmas.


  1. Do not be jealous of what I give to others, as a result of being an enemy of My favor, rejecting My will, and hating the provision of sustenance for My servants, and I do not gather those who are jealous.


  1. Do not be a blind witness (to something that is beyond your knowledge, memory and reason and feelings), as a result of which I will closely scrutinize the witnesses for their testimony.


  1. Do not steal (robbery, corruption, etc.), and do not commit adultery with your neighbor’s wife; surely My mercy will be closed to you, as well as the doors of heaven.


  1. Do not sacrifice (slaughter a sheep) for other than Me, for all sacrifices are not accepted, except those slaughtered by mentioning My name sincerely for Me.


  1. Love your neighbor as you love yourself.


  1. Spend Saturday, worshiping Me only, and give your family a day off.


Then the Prophet said: “Saturday was made a holiday for Prophet Moses while I was chosen by Allah, Friday as a holiday”.


Al-Faqih reported that Muhammad Ka’ab Ourdiy said: “When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stood on the pulpit, he took his right hand and said: “This is the record (book) of Allah, which contains a list of the inhabitants of heaven, a list of their names and descendants, neither increasing nor decreasing. And sometimes a person who is going to be happy (listed as an inhabitant of Paradise), does the deeds of a wretch (Hell), so that people consider him to be from the wretched group, but suddenly he is helped by the provisions of Allah, so that he returns to the straight path before his death (death) even if it is only for the time (as long as) milking a camel. And vice versa, sometimes a person who is about to be wretched, does the deeds of a happy person, so that the community considers him a happy person (heaven), but before his death, he disbelieves, returning to the deeds of a wretch, even if only for the time (as long as) milking a camel. Hence, a happy person is only as certain as the grace of Allah’s bounty, and his deeds are emphasized at the end of his life.”


Fudlail Ubaid reported that the Prophet said (while performing the Farewell Hajj): “Remember, I will tell you about the characteristics of the believer, who is able to create peace in their property and souls (others). And the Muslim is: “The one who is able to create security for others from his words and actions. While Mujahid is:” One who is brave or able to conquer his lust for the sake of devotion to Allah, and Muhajir, namely: “One who removes all sins and mistakes”. (Al-Hadis)


Abu Darda’ said: “Worship Allah as if you see Him, and consider yourselves among the dead. And know that: “A little that is sufficient is better than much that makes one forget oneself. And every good deed will not vanish, while sinful deeds will not be forgotten (later) “.


Ibn Umar said:



“Good deeds do not vanish, and sins are not forgotten, and God is not corrupted (dead), and do as you please, i.e. all your deeds will be rewarded”. (Hadith)


Al-Faqih said in his commentary: “If you do good, you will receive its reward, and if you do evil, you will bear its punishment on the Day of Resurrection, Allah says:



“If you do good deeds, the benefit is yours, and if you do evil deeds, the loss is yours”.


Allah’s Word:



“And your Lord does no wrong to anyone…” That is, He does not diminish the reward of good deeds, nor does He torture anyone without sinning. He has sent a Messenger of Allah to mankind, who is very good and beneficial to his people, as He has explained the path that leads to heaven and to hell.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said:



“You are like a person who lights a fire, then insects scramble to enter the fire, then I hold back so that you do not fall into the fire”. (Al-Hadis)


That is, he prevented you from sinning so that you would not fall into the fire.


There are five things for which Prophet Adam accepted repentance and five things for which Iblis rejected it. They are:



  1. Five things that made Adam accepted his repentance:
  2. Admitting the deed and regretting it.
  3. Realizing his own fault.
  4. Repenting immediately (not delaying it).
  5. Always hoping for Allah’s mercy.
  6. Not easily despairing.


  1. Five things that rejected Satan’s repentance:
  2. Not daring to admit and regret his actions.
  3. Not reproaching himself.
  4. Not repenting immediately.
  5. Not hoping for Allah’s mercy.
  6. Easy to despair.


So anyone whose life situation is like the Prophet Adam, his repentance will certainly be accepted, but on the contrary, those like Iblis are certainly rejected by repentance (just choose and introspect ourselves respectively).


Ibrahim Ad-ham’s statement: “If I were to enter Hell while obeying Allah, that would be better for me, than if I were to enter Heaven while violating His prohibitions,” meaning that even though he was admitted to Heaven, he had violated His prohibitions. This means that even if he is admitted to heaven but has violated His prohibition, he will still feel ashamed of Allah, due to his sin. And if he is admitted to Hell while he has never sinned, then he does not feel ashamed and still hopes for His mercy to be expelled from it.


Malik Dinar encountered ‘Utbah Ghulam wearing only an old shirt (in winter), he was upright thinking and shedding his tears, when he was asked: “Why are you in this place? He replied: “O Ustadz, it was in this place that I once violated the prohibition of Allah (I was thinking and felt ashamed of Him, until the sweat poured out because of it, even though it was winter)”.


The person who before going to bed does not remember his actions throughout the day, is like a merchant who is only good at selling but has no calculations at all, finally bankrupting his merchandise. The meaning of not remembering is: “If you do something good, you should thank Allah, and if you do something bad, you should seek forgiveness from Him, and if you do not, you will not be able to feel it forever. (Thus Makkhul Syamy)


My servant, I am the uncorrupted and undying king, be devoted to me (doing) all my commands and avoiding all my prohibitions, until I make you not die. My servant, I am the Lord Creator of all things with “KUN FA YA-KUUN” Be, and it is realized” (Among the contents of the previous book).


Abu Muhammad Yazid’s advice: “Try not to do harm to the person you love the most. When asked: “Is it possible for a person to do evil to his beloved? He replied: “Yes, it is yourself whom you love and care for, if you commit a sin then you have done evil to him”.


The advice of a scholar of wisdom: “Be mindful of God, the creatures and yourself. What this means: To minimize God, namely: “Your busyness in other occupations outweighs your duty towards God”. And revealing the evil of others, means that you are belittling the creatures, and belittling yourself, namely: “You did not fulfill God’s commands (and did not avoid His prohibitions)”.


I am very sorry for my sins, and have been crying since 40 years ago, said Kahmas Hasan, and when asked, what sins have you committed? He replied: “My brother came to visit me and I bought some fish to eat together, and I suddenly stood up while he was still eating, and I took some soil from my neighbor’s garden to clean my hands”. The Prophet said:



“What is considered a small sin by most people is considered a big sin by Allah, and conversely, what is a small sin by Allah is considered a big sin by most people”.


The statement of a Companion: “Even if it is small, but done continuously (continuously) eventually becomes a big sin, and vice versa is not considered big if it is always istigfar”.


Four factors increase the magnitude of sin, namely:

  1. Underestimating the sin committed by him.
  2. Thinking that there are no side effects of his sin (as if nothing happened to him).
  3. Taking pride (pleasure) in his sinful deeds.
  4. Continuing his sinful actions (continuing to sin) (Thus Awwam Hausab).


Al-Faqih’s warning: “Do not be influenced by the verse:



“The one who does good will be rewarded with tenfold his reward, and the one who does evil will not be rewarded except in like manner, and they will not be wronged”.


The reason in this verse is that it is required for those who come with good deeds, doing easy deeds but sincere is what is difficult (to be saved) until the Hereafter. And one crime is rewarded one, but there are 10 signs or characteristics, namely:

  1. Directing Allah, even though He has the power over him at all times.

2 Pleasing His enemy (namely) Iblis.

  1. Keeping away from heaven.
  2. Bringing oneself closer to hell.
  3. Underestimating one’s own interests.
  4. Smearing himself.
  5. Disturbing the angels who guard him.
  6. Making the Prophet concerned at his grave.
  7. Bearing witness “day and night” to his crime.
  8. Betraying all the creatures (betraying the son of Adam and others) or damaging the rights of friends as a result of his sin.


And as a result of this sin, the rain may be delayed, thereby manifesting his betrayal of all creatures.


Therefore, be careful not to sin, because the miserly man is the one who is miserly towards his own safety, and who commits sin means destroying himself (not loving himself).


Be careful not to sin, because it causes bad luck, like a bullet from a gun that penetrates the wall of devotion (obedience), finally giving the opportunity for Eve and extinguishing the lamp of the heart (wisdom). (A scholar of wisdom).


Someone asked the Ulama, saying: “Why do we listen to the recitation but cannot act upon it? His answer: Because it is hindered by 5 factors, namely:


  1. Allah has favored you, but you are not grateful.
  2. Every time you commit a sin, you are not quick to make istighfar.
  3. Every time you gain knowledge, you don’t immediately practice it (don’t like to practice it).
  4. You gather with righteous people, but are not good at taking examples from them.
  5. Every time you plant a dead person, but you are not good at taking i’tibar from him.


Al-Faqih and his father reported that the Prophet said: “Every day five angels descend (to the earth), namely: First, he descends on Makkah, calling out: “Remember, people, whoever dares to leave his duty towards Allah, Allah’s mercy will be cut off from him”. The second descended in Medina, calling out: “Remember, the one who abandons the sunnatur of the Messenger of Allah will definitely not get his intercession”. The third was revealed in Baitul Magdis, the call: “Remember, the one who eats haraam goods or treasures. certainly not accepted all his deeds”, Fourth descended in the cemetery of Muslims, the exclamation: “O grave-dwellers, what do you wish and regret? He replied: “We regret that we could not increase our deeds, and that we wasted our precious time in this world. And we envy those who pray in congregation continuously, and read the Qur’an, and recite the salawat of the Prophet, istighfar, whereas now we cannot do any of that. The fifth descended on the markets of the Muslims, exclaiming: “O people, be calm, for Allah’s decree of retribution is certain, so those who fear it, hasten to reform themselves and repent of their sins.


We showed it to you, but you did not want it, and we feared it but you did not heed it, if there were no more solemn people and suckling babies, and livestock, and elderly people praying, the punishment would have been poured on you immediately”.


‘Aisha reported that the Messenger of Allah said: “O ‘Ā’ishah, be careful not to commit small sins, for they will be punished by Allah”.


Minor sins are likened to people gathering small pieces of wood and then burning them in a fire. The Torah states: “He who plants will surely reap the fruit of salvation”. And in the Gospel, it states: “He who sows evil will surely reap the fruit of regret”. And in the Quran it says:



“Those who do evil will be rewarded”.


When there are two choices, First: Many sins and many deeds. Second: Few sins and little charity. then Ibn Abbas. chose: A little sin is what I prefer. (Abu Qasim Muhammad)


Al-Faqih in his lecture: “There is evidence in the Book that abstaining from sin is better than performing acts of devotion, because of Allah’s condition that: “rewarded devotion can only be brought to the Hereafter, while forsaking sin has no condition for it. His words: .


 Meaning: “The one who brings good will surely get tenfold Banda his reward”.


And His Word:



“And restrain yourself from indulging in lust, then heaven is the place (of return)”.


Finally, we seek forgiveness from Allah.








CHAPTER 47 : About mistreatment


Al-Faqih reported that Abu Musa As’arry said: The Messenger of Allah said: “That Allah gives a chance to the wrongdoer, so when he catches him, he is not released and is not safe, then he recited the verse:



“Such is the punishment of your Lord, when He punishes the people (of a country or) a pious hamlet, His punishment is very painful and severe”.


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever wrongs his brother, let him ask for halal (righteousness) immediately before he is sued on the day when there are no dinars and dirhams. If he has good deeds, then he should take them to pay for his wrongdoing, and if he does not have any, then the evil of the wrongdoer should be charged on him.” (Hadith)


Al-Faqih narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: “Do you know who is a poor person?” The Companions replied: “A poor person whose wealth and household goods are sold to pay his debts, but he has not paid them off.” He said: “The Muflis are those of my Ummah who bring their prayers, zakaah, and fasting in full, but on the Day of Resurrection, they will be used up to pay for their wrongdoings (i.e., cursing people, accusing them of eating this money, and killing them, and beating them, etc.). When their good deeds are used up and their wrongdoings have not been paid in full, the sins of the wrongdoer will be taken from them and thrown into Hell.” (Hadith)


Abu Maisarah said: “A dead person who has just been buried is questioned by the two angels (Munkar-Nakir) and they say: “We will beat you 100 times.” He replied: “I used to do this and that deed of goodness, then the two of them lowered it 10x, and all his good deeds he recounted everything, until the stroke remained 1x, they both said: “we will hit you 1x, after the 1x hit, a fire broke out in his grave, and he said: “Why did you hit me? They said: “Because you passed by one day and saw a man who was oppressed and asked you for help, but you let him be oppressed”. Then common sense spoke: “If a person is tortured for not helping a wronged person, then how severe is the torture of the one who is directly wronged? Understand this, my brother.


Sometimes the reader of Algur’an (in essence) curses himself. When asked: Why is that? He replied: “He recites “ALLANATU ALADHDHAALIMIIN” meaning: “The curse of Allah is upon the wrongdoers” even though he himself has done wrong, which means that the curse comes back to him. (Maimun Mahran)


Al-Faqih stated: “There is no greater sin than aniava, the reason is that if the sin is against Allah, He is gracious to forgive it. But if the sin is related to fellow human beings, then it is obligatory to apologize to the person who was wronged, and if he is dead, then it is obligatory to ask for istigfar for him, hopefully so that (his sin) will be forgiven on the Day of Resurrection.” (Maimun Mahran)


Maimun Mahran advises: “If someone has wronged another person, then asks for forgiveness, but is not forgiven, then recite istighfar for him after every prayer, in sha Allah, he will be free from the charge of wrongdoing.”


Ibn Mas’ud reported that he said: “The one who assists in persecution, or shows his defense theory in order to overthrow the rights of a Muslim, must be scolded by Allah and bear the risk (of sin) The most stupid person is: The one who sells the Hereafter for the sake of his worldly interests, and even more than that, there is another, namely: The one who sells his Hereafter for the sake of others”. (Statement of Umar Khathab)


I never do good deeds for the sake of others, based on the Word of Allah:



“He who does good deeds, the reward is for himself, and he who does bad deeds, the risk is for himself”. Thus, if I do good deeds to others, the money is for myself, and if I do bad deeds to others, I have harmed myself. (This is how S. Ali stated it).


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Said – he said: “One of the companions of the Muhajirin wanted to see the Prophet £ alone because he wanted to convey his personal wishes. At that time he was in Bath-ha leading his army, traveling every night and returning at dawn. It so happened that that night he was detained until morning, and when he was about to board his vehicle, he was surprised that the reins of his vehicle were held by the companion, he said: “O Messenger of Allah, I have a desire that I must convey to you, he replied: “Let go of my vehicle and your wish is achieved, but the friend did not care, finally he was whipped, because he was worried about being late for the Fajr prayer. After the prayer, he asked the companions: “Who was the one who was whipped by me earlier?


He repeated his call for the one who had been whipped to come forward. Then the companion came to him and said: “AUUDZU BILLAAHHI TSUMMA BIRASUULIHII,” meaning: “I seek refuge with Allah and His Messenger”. He said: “Come close to me, then he came close in front of him. He said: “Take this moor and strike me, as your reward to me, The most foolish person is: The one who sells his hereafter for the sake of his worldly interests, even more than that, there is another, namely: The one who sells his Hereafter for the sake of others”. (Statement of Umaar Khathab)


Aka never does good deeds for the sake of others, according to the Word of Allah:



“He who does good deeds, the reward is for himself, and he who does bad deeds, the risk is for himself”. Thus, if I do good to others, the benefit is for myself, and if I do bad to others, then I have harmed myself. (This is how S. Ali stated it).


Al-Faqih reported that Abu Said said: “One of the companions of the Muhajirin wanted to meet the Prophet alone because he wanted to convey his personal wishes. At that time he was in Bath-ha leading his army, traveling every night and returning at dawn. It so happened that that night he was detained until morning, and when he was about to get on his vehicle, he was surprised that the reins of his vehicle were held by the companion, he said: “O Messenger of Allah, I have a desire that I must convey to you, he replied: “Let go of my vehicle and your wish is achieved, but the friend did not care, finally he was whipped, because he was worried about being late for the Fajr prayer. After the prayer, he asked the companions: “Who was the one who was whipped by me earlier? He repeated his call for the one who had been whipped to come forward. Then the companion came to him and said: “NUUDZU BILLAAHHI TSUMMA BIRASUULIHII.



“I seek refuge with Allah and His Messenger”. He said: “Come close to me, then he came close in front of him and said: “Take this moor and strike it at me, as your return to me.” He said: “AUUDZU BILLAAH do not let me whip His Prophet, He repeated his exclamation until repeatedly, finally he said: “You must reply to me or forgive, then he threw the whip out of his hand and said: “I have forgiven O Messenger of Allah. Then he said:



“O people, fear your Lord, for no one wrongs a believer except that Allah will repay him on the Day of Judgment.”


“Committing 70 sins directly with Allah, is better and lighter, than coming to Him with one sin related to fellow human beings”. (Sufyan Tsaury)


It is not appropriate for one who is in debt to eat oily (fried) side dishes or anything lower than that, if his debt has not been paid”. (Ibrahim Ad-ham)


Fudlail Iyadi’s statement:


“Reading one verse of the Qur’an and then practicing it is better for me than reading 1000 times, and making the believer’s heart happy and fulfilling his desires is better than worshiping for a lifetime. And giving up the wealth of this world is better for me than worshiping as much as the people of the heavens and earth, and giving up a bushel of haram is better for me than 100 times making Hajj with hudal money.”


The factor that causes the disappearance of one’s faith is mostly from doing wrong to one’s neighbor. Abu Qasim Hakim was asked: “What are the sins that take away a person’s faith?” He replied that there are three factors:


  1. Not being able to be grateful for the blessings of Islam.

2 No fear of losing faith (disappearing from his chest).

  1. Zalim (mistreatment) of fellow Muslims.


From Humaid from Anas Malik he said the Prophet 38 had advised: “Remember death often so that you forget others, and be grateful for it so that your blessings increase. And always pray, for you do not know exactly which prayer will be accepted for you. And I prevent you from doing three things, namely:

  1. Do not break a promise, and do not influence or help others to do so.
  2. Do not do wrong, because those who are wronged are defended by Allah.
  3. Do not cheat, because of the consequences


Manshur from Mujahid from Yazid Samurah, he said: “The Hell of Jahanam has holes like (cliffs) on the shore of the sea, with snakes as big as camels and donkeys as big as donkeys. If someone cries out for dispensation, they are told to go out through the edge, when they are about to leave, they are greeted by snakes and donkeys who tear their faces and lips, so they run back to the center, it feels like scabies, which is very itchy, then they scratch so that their skin falls off and their bones are seen. When asked: “Why you?” He replied: “I have a disease that bothers me”. It was told to him that: “That is your recompense for troubling the believers. Allah says:



“We have increased for them a punishment above the punishment, because of what they did of spoiling (waiting)”.


Umar stated: “He is considered to have gone astray who does three things, namely:


  1. He criticizes the actions of others, while he himself does the same.
  2. Examines the weaknesses or faults of others, but his own shortcomings are not noticed.
  3. Disturbing one’s friend with actions that have no benefit (to oneself).


The Prophet said:



“A call will be heard from the Throne on the Day of Judgment: “O people of Muhammad, all your sins that are directly related to Me, I have forgiven them, and the rest (in the form of claims) from your neighbors, forgive each other. then enter heaven with my blessings”. (Al Hadith)






CHAPTER 48: About Mercy and Compassion


Al-Faqih reported that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said: “A man was traveling and he felt thirsty on the way. He saw a well and went down to get water and drank. When he came out of the well, he saw a dog licking the ground because it was thirsty, and his heart said: “This dog is as thirsty as I am, so he went back down to the well and filled his shoe with water, then he bit it until he came up with water to give to the dog, then Allah praised his action and forgave his sin”. (Hadith)


A Companion asked: “O Messenger of Allah, is it expensive to help the animal? He replied: “Helping any living thing is rewarded.”


Al-Faqih narrated from Hasan that the Messenger of Allah said: “Only those who have compassion will enter heaven”. He also said: “Compassion is not only for one’s own self, but also for the whole of mankind, and no one can have mercy on all mankind except Allah .


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu ‘Ubaidah from ‘Abdullah, who said: “When you see your brother being punished for his sins, do not curse him and do not help the devil in destroying him, rather you should pray for him: .




“O Allah have mercy on him, and accept his repentance and forgive him”.


Sha’by said: “Nu’man Bashir said in his sermon on the pulpit, after giving thanks to Allah: “I heard the Messenger of Allah, saying:



“Muslims should advise each other, and love and care for each other, like a body, if one part of it hurts, then all the limbs feel it, so that they cannot sleep, until the pain is cured”. (Al-Hadis)


Anas Malik said: “While ‘Umar was on night watch, he met a group of people who had just arrived. He feared that the group might have been stolen, so he went to ‘Abdurrahman ‘Auf. He asked him: “Why did you come at this time of the night, O Amiral al-Mukminin?” He said. He replied: “I saw a group of people coming and it is feared that if they sleep they will be stolen, therefore let us guard them, so they both stood guard near the camp of the group until dawn, and after dawn he called out: “ASHSIIALAAH, ASHSHALAAH over and over again until they woke up, then they both left”.


Al-Faqih added: “We should follow the example of the companions of the Prophet, because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):


Meaning: “Compassion between them”,


And their love for one another was not limited to fellow Muslims, but even extended to dhimmis (disbelievers who were not manifestly hostile).


When Umar saw an old dhimmy kafir begging, ja called out to him, saying: “We did not do justice to you, because we took customs duty from you, when you were young, then when you were old, we left you neglected, then Umar gave him spending money from zakat (baitul mal).


  1. Ali, seeing Umar riding in Abthah, greeted him: “Where are you going, O Amiral mukminin? He replied: “Looking for camels that have escaped from the baitul mal (camels that people give in charity). ‘Ali said: “Indeed you have degraded the caliphs who were appointed after you”. He said: “O Abal Hasan, by Allah who sent Muhammad, if that camel had been on the bank of the river Furat, Umar would have been prosecuted on the Day of Judgment, for there is no value in a leader who is indifferent to the interests of the Muslims and a wicked man who disturbs the peace of the Muslims.


From Hasan, the Messenger of Allah said: “The saints of my Ummah will enter Paradise not because of their many prayers and fasts, but because Allah took pity on them because of the cleanliness of their chests (from envy and jealousy) and the softness of their hearts and their love for their fellow Muslims. (Al-Hadis)


Abu Wahab Muhammad Fa’anlany reported that Humaid reported from Anas Malik that the Prophet said: “There are four obligations of Muslims, namely:


  1. To help those who do good deeds (Ta’awanu ‘alal birri wattagwa).
  2. Pleading for the forgiveness of those who sin (istighfar for them).
  3. Encouraging those who are backward (with prayer).
  4. Loving those who repent.”


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Ayyub, who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “There are six rights that a Muslim owes to his neighbor. Whoever neglects one of them neglects one of his obligations, namely:

  1. When invited, he must fulfill the invitation.
  2. When he is sick, he should visit him.
  3. When he dies, you must escort his body.
  4. When you pass each other (meet), greet them (say salam).
  5. When asked for advice or counsel, give it according to your ability.
  6. When sneezing, pray (with YARHAMUKALLAH) that you will be loved by Allah.


The Prophet said: “Every Prophet must have herded goats, asked a friend: O Messenger of Allah, you too? He replied: “Yes, I have also herded them”. (Al-Hadith)


Al-Faqih added: “The wisdom contained therein (herding goats) is: “To test the extent of their patience and endurance and tenacity, in order to equip them to deal with mankind, so that they are not easily surprised when they are harassed and harmed.


Prophet Moses said: “O Lord, why was I appointed as your choice?” He replied: “Because of your compassion for My creatures, when you were herding sheep (owned by) Shw’aib, a sheep ran away, then you chased it until it was exhausted, after it was hit you embraced it, saying: “O poor one, you have exhausted me, and yourself”. So that is why I chose and appointed you as Prophet-Rasulullah”.


From Abu Hurairah the Messenger of Allah said:



“The one who keeps the secret of his fellow Muslims, Allah also keeps his secret in this world and in the hereafter. The one who relieves his brother’s difficulties in this world, has certainly relieved his difficulties in the hereafter. (A-Hadith)


Qatadah reported from Anas that the Prophet said:



“By the One in Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, a person is not considered to have complete faith until he likes for his Muslim brother what he likes for himself in the form of monotony”. (A-Hadith)


Sha’by reported that ‘Umar said: “Allah does not have mercy on the one who has no compassion, nor does He forgive the one who does not forgive, nor does He accept the repentance of the one who does not accept the repentance of his brother”.


The one who is merciful will be loved by Allah, the Merciful, so be merciful to the people of this world and you will be loved by those in the heavens”. (Said a Companion).


The Messenger of Allah said:



“He who does not have compassion for his neighbor, Allah will not have compassion for him.” (Al-Hadis)


Qatadah said: It is written in the Gospel: “O son of Adam, if you are merciful to your neighbor, you will be merciful to him, so how can you be merciful to Allah, if you are not merciful to His servants?


It was a custom (good tradition) for Abu Darda, approaching children, to buy their birds, then release them saying “Fly away, and be free to earn your own living”.


Shaqiq Zahid states: “When you remember or meet a person who has done evil, then you have no compassion for him, then you are evil beyond him. And if you remember or meet a person who does good deeds, you have no sense of filial favor (ibadat) in your heart, then you are a bad person.


From Malik Anas, the Prophet said: “Do not talk much, other than the remembrance of Allah, so that your heart does not freeze, because the result is far from Allah, but you do not feel (do not know). And do not find fault with others, as if you were their Lord, look at them with the full realization that you are a servant. There are only two states of man: sickness and health, so pity the sick, and thank Allah for health.”


Abu Abdillah Shammy said: “I went to the house of Thawus and an old man came out and said: “I am Thawus,” I said: “If you were Thawus you would be senile. He said: “An ‘Alim cannot be senile, now ask immediately, I replied: “If you remember me, I will remember you, then he said: “If you want, I can summarize all the contents of the Torah, Gospel and Quran (for you) in 3 sentences, I replied: “Try me to find out. He said:

“1. Fear Allah, until there is nothing you fear but Allah.

  1. Hope in Him, more than you fear Him,
  2. Love your neighbor, as you love yourself.


Amr Yasir said: “The one who can gather three things, the faith that he has gathered is complete, namely:

  1. Giving charity when he is in need.
  2. Realizing (realizing) oneself.
  3. Spreading greetings to all people.


Umar Abdul Aziz in his statement: “The deeds most favored by Allah are three, namely:

  1. Forgiving when he is able or has the opportunity to retaliate (revenge on him).
  2. Being fair when he is angry.
  3. Showing mercy to fellow servants of Allah. Because that makes Allah love him.


Hisham from Hasan, he said: “Allah gave revelation to Adam: “O Adam, there are four things that can attract or gather goodness for you and your descendants, namely:


  1. One for Me, i.e. you are obliged to worship Me and it is forbidden to associate Me with anyone”.
  2. One for you, which is your deeds, I will reward you when you need it most.
  3. One between you and Me, which is from you in the form of prayer, while from Me to receive (grant) it.
  4. One between you and your neighbor (human to human), i.e. get along with them as you like to get along with them.









CHAPTER 49: About Khauf (Fear) of Allah


Al-Faqih narrated from Sa’id Musayyab that: “Umar, Ubay Ka’ab and Abu Hurairah all entered the Prophet and asked: “O Messenger of Allah who is the most intelligent person? He replied: “The one who thinks”. Then who is the most (diligent) in worship? He replied: “The one who thinks”. Then, the most excellent: He said: “The one who always thinks”. Then they said: “O Messenger of Allah, is not the thinking man, perfect in his manners, eloquent in his speech, generous in his hands, and high in his position? He replied: “All of these are factors (equipment) for the satisfaction of life in this world, while the Hereafter, which is with God, is only for the pious, the thinking person (perfect in mind), namely the pious, even though it seems that his life in this world is low. (Piety is: devotion to Allah and avoidance of His prohibitions).


According to Malik Dinar: “A person who feels the evidence of fear and hope in Allah, means that he is really guided by a solid matter. As for the proof of fear, it is: “Avoiding the disobedience (prohibition) of Allah. And the proof of hope is: “Carrying out His commands”.


According to other scholars: “Evidence of hope, vairu doing all deeds that are pleasing to Allah sincerely for His sake. And the proof of fear, which is: “Avoiding all His prohibitions”.


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Sha’by Ibn Abbas. he said to Umar – when he was stabbed by Lu’luah Majusv: “Ha Amiral mukminin, you were a Muslim when most people were disbelievers, and you fought with the Prophet when he was mocked by people. Even when he died he was pleased with you, and no Muslim opposed you, now you are a martyr. Then he replied: “That the one who is deceived is the one whom you flatter, by Allah, if I had all the wealth in the world, I would certainly use it to redeem myself from the Day of Judgment”.


The Messenger of Allah said: “The believer is between two fears, namely: “Between the previous death, not knowing exactly what Allah will do for him. And the future death, also not knowing exactly what Allah will decide for him, therefore one must be armed with charity for his safety, and from the world for the hereafter, from life for his death. So by Allah, in whose power Muhammad’s soul is: “After death, there is no opportunity for repentance for sins, and there is no place there, except “heaven and hell”. (HR. Hasan Bashry from Jabir )


He said: “The word of Allah:




“By My Majesty and Victory, there is no gathering of two fears, or deer of peace for My servant. The one who fears Me in this world, I will surely give him security in the Hereafter, and the one whose life in this world is secure from Me, will surely be threatened with fear in the Hereafter”.


‘Ady Arthat, offered to his congregation: “Would you like me to convey the hadith that I received directly from the Messenger of Allah?” The congregation replied: “Yes”. Then he said: “The Messenger of Allah said: “In the seventh heaven the angels prostrate continuously from the time they are created until the Day of Judgment, their joints continue to tremble, because of their fear of Allah, when the Day of Judgment arrives they raise their heads and recite: “SUBHAANAKA MAA ‘ABADNAAKA HAQQA ‘IBAADATIKA”.”,


Meaning: “Glory be to You, O Lord, we have not worshipped You (in the true sense). (Reported by Amrbin Manshur)


Every time he goes to sleep Abu Maisarah says: “I wish my mother had not given birth to me, then his wife answered: “O Abu Maisarah, Allah has favored you and guided you to Islam. He said: “True, but He explained that: “We have to pass through hell, and thereafter there is no explanation that: “We will come out of it”.


What I envy is not the angels closest (to God) or the Prophets of Allah, for they too will be prosecuted on the Day of Judgment, but I envy the unborn, (Fudlail Iyadl).


Distress is a factor that reduces appetite, fear is a factor that discourages disobedience, and hope is a motive for worship, and remembrance of death is a factor that discourages meddling in people’s affairs”. (Master of wisdom)


The Messenger of Allah said: “When a believer’s heart feels trembling, because of the fear of Allah, then his sins fall off as dry leaves fall from the stalk (tree)”. (Al-Hadis)


When he was asked about his family, he replied: “My family is every believer who fears Allah until the Day of Judgment, and my guardians are the muttagin, and each of them has no advantage except piety towards Allah.” (Al-Hadis)


The Messenger of Allah said:” There are 3 factors that cause salvation and 3 others that cause destruction, namely:


  1. The three factors that cause salvation:
  2. Being fair in relief or anger, i.e. not being easily trapped by lust.
  3. Being modest, whether one is rich or poor.
  4. Remaining pious to Allah, whether alone or in public.


  1. Three factors that cause perishing:


  1. Greed and miserliness towards the obeyed.
  2. Being easily trapped by lust (indulging in it).
  3. Boasting (of charity or otherwise). (HR Rabbi’ from Hasan).


Rabbi’ Khaitsam woke up every night and cried, out of fear of Allah, then his mother asked: “Why, my son, have you ever killed? He replied: “Yes”. Then who was the person? Perhaps your mother could try to apologize to his family? He said: “Thank you mother, indeed what I killed was my own lust”.


Al-Faqih in his statement: “There are seven things that can prove the existence of takwallah, namely:


  1. The tongue never lies, gossips and talks about nothing; it is used only for dhikrullah, reciting the Qur’an and learning religion (knowledge).


  1. The stomach never eats, except what is halal and only in moderation (not excessive).


  1. The eyes do not see, except what is permitted, and his view of the world, even a warning to himself.


  1. The hand never moves, except to obey Allah alone.


  1. The feet are kept from sinful deeds.


  1. The heart is full of compassion for fellow Muslims, not knowing envy, jealousy or hasud.


  1. Worship or obedience is based on sincerity, away from riya and nifak.


Thus humans who are pious with these evidences, including humans who are guaranteed by the verse: ?


Meaning: . “The Hereafter, for your Lord, is reserved only for the pious”. (Zukhruf 35)


And verse:


Meaning: “Those who fear, will be safe and happy”. (Naba’ 31)


And the verse:


Meaning: “The pious are always in a very favorable position (secured)”. (Dukhan 51)


And verse:


Meaning: “Everyone goes to Hell, this is a definite decree from your Lord. Then it is only the righteous whom We will save, while the righteous are left to kneel in hell”. (Maryam 71-72)


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Awam, from Ka’bul akhbar, who said: “The interpretation of verse 71 of S. Maryam is: “Entering Hellfire,” meaning that a fat that smells very bad will be brought in, and when people put their feet down, they will be told: “Hold your part and leave my part, then his familiar part is swallowed, so the believers are saved, and their clothes are wet. The guardian of Hell holds a two-pronged iron rod, which has the power to push 700,000 people into Hell at once”.


Hasan from Imran Husin. This verse (below) was revealed when he was traveling with us. the verse is:


It means:

“O mankind, fear Allah, for the shaking of the Day of Resurrection is a great event”. (Al-Hajj 1)


Then he said: “Do you know what it is? They replied: Allah and His Messenger know better. He said: On the day Allah said to Adam: “Get up and prepare the portions of hell and heaven. Adam asked: “O Lord, what is the share of each?” He replied: “For every 1000 people, 999 parts of hell and one part of heaven”. The companions wept upon hearing this. Then he said: “I hope that you will be one third of the inhabitants of heaven”, then they said. And he said: “Before a Prophet is sent there must be people of his jahiliyyah, they are the ones who will fulfill it, plus the hypocrites. While you in the midst of mankind, are no different


Like a fly on a camel’s back. Indeed, I expect you to be two-thirds of the inhabitants of heaven, then they shouted again at the good news. He also said: “There are two creatures who live with you, and if they were to gather with anyone, they would outnumber the Ya’juj-Majuj and the disbelievers from among the jinn and humans”.


Abul-Hasan Bashry in his advice: “You should not be taken in by the statement that: “A person will be with the one he loves (in the future)”. This is because it is not possible to attain the status of the abrar (obedient) except by following their practices. And the Jews, Christians and all the innovators all love the Prophets of Allah, but it is not possible to be with them (the Prophets of Allah).


The Messenger of Allah said: “The one who does not improve from yesterday to today is a loss, and the one who decreases is cursed, and the one who does not improve is decreasing, and if this is the case, it is better for him to die.” (Hadith)


Al-Faqih from his father: Handhalah said: “The Prophet’s advice at that time was deeply absorbed in our hearts and brought tears to our eyes and made us realize, but after that we were so preoccupied with the affairs of this world that we forgot about it. Suddenly we remembered and realized, then I exclaimed “Han-dhalah hypocrite”. Abu Bakr said: “No, you have not hypocritized Handhalah”. Then we went to the Prophet and said: “Handhalah is a hypocrite” He replied: “No, you are not a hypocrite” we said: “O Messenger of Allah, your advice was deeply absorbed in the heart, able to shed tears and make us realize ourselves, but after that we were preoccupied with the affairs of wealth so that we forgot about it. Then he said: “O Handhalah, had your situation remained as it was, the angels would have shaken your hand in the streets and visited you at home in your bed, but human nature is like that, sometimes remembering and sometimes forgetting.” (Hadith).


‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “I asked the Prophet about this verse (below). Are those who commit sins then afraid? He replied: “No, but those who do good or obey and fear are not accepted from them”.


This is the verse:



“And those who have done what is done while being haci they still fear”. (Al-Mukminun 60)


Even those who do good fear 4 things, so how can those who disobey fear? While the 4 things that are feared are:


  1. Fear of rejection, because Allah only accepts the deeds of the righteous.
  2. Fear of riya. He said:



“Those who are commanded to worship Allah sincerely, for Him is the perfect religion”.

  1. Worrying about maintaining his safety, His words:



“He who comes with a good deed, his reward will be multiplied tenfold, provided that the good deed is brought to the Hereafter.”

  1. Worrying about being lax in one’s filial piety, because one does not know whether one will remain in His guidance or not. His words:



“And I have no guidance except with the help of Allah, to whom I surrender and return”.








CHAPTER 50 : On the Virtue of Zikrullah


Al-Faqih reported that Abu Darda’ said: “Remember, I will tell you the best and noblest deed in the sight of your Lord, which will elevate you to the highest rank, and will be better for you than giving charity of gold and silver, and better than martyrdom in defense of the religion of Allah, is Zikrullah (remembrance of Allah)”. (Al-Hadis).


Al-Faqih narrated from Abu Ja’far that the Messenger of Allah said: “There are three deeds that weigh the most heavily, namely:

  1. Self-realization
  2. Helping one’s brother with one’s wealth.
  3. Zikrullah.


Mu’adz Jabal’s statement: “There is no deed that can free a person from the punishment of Allah, like dhikrullah (it is a penance)”. When asked: Even in a war of atonement? He replied: “Yes, a war of atonement, it cannot be compared to it, the Word of Allah:



“Zikrullah is the Great (i.e.) those who remember Allah when they are remembered by Him”.


From Hasan Bashry: “The Prophet was asked: O Messenger of Allah, what is the best deed? He replied: “If you die your lips are wet with Zikrullah”.


Malik Dinar asserts: “The one who prefers to listen to the talk of people, rather than the “Kalamullah” must have little charity, blind eyes of his heart and his life is useless (vain).


From Anas Malik, the Messenger of Allah said:



“Zikrullah is a sign of faith, and it is free of impiety and a fortress against the attacks of the devil and the fire of hell.” (Al-Hadis)


Wahb Munabbih reported that Ibn Abbas said: There are five things (revelations of Allah) that Prophet Yahya called out to his people (Children of Israel), namely:

  1. Worshiping Allah and not shirking Him, because shirking is compared to a person who buys a slave (man) then kept and married to a female slave, after that given business capital (money to) trade, in order to meet the needs of his household and the rest of the profit is given to his employer, but the rest of the profit is suddenly given to the employer’s enemies, so that the employer is given very little. Then think about it (ask yourself), are you willing to be treated like this?


  1. Prayer, and likened to a person who asks permission to see the king, but after the king allows him to hear his proposal and request, he turns his head to the right and left and is indifferent to the request. So what if a king is treated in this way?


  1. Fasting, and likened to a person wearing full battle dress with his weapons, then difficult to be attacked by the opponent.


  1. Giving alms, and is compared to a person who is trapped and trapped by the enemy, then he redeems it with a certain juAllah, from the results of his work (in installments) until the ransom is paid off, after which he is released from the enemy’s prison.


5, Zikrullah, and is compared to a community (nation) of a country that has a strong fortress that is difficult to break through the enemy, finally they are safe and secure from the enemy.


Then the Prophet said: “I am telling you to do what Prophet Yahya had called out to his people, in addition to 5 more things in addition to me, namely: Maintain the unity of the people, and always be devoted or obedient, and hijrah, jihad. So the one who tries to bring back the tradition (old culture) of jahiliyah, means he is as the contents (carcass) of jahannam. Sahud Ibn Umar: “The recitation of hamdalah (ALHAMDULILLAH) is able to open the doors of the sky for the speaker, and takbir (ALLAAHHU AKBAR) fills between the heavens and the earth, tasbih (SUBHAANALLAH) no one knows exactly the reward except Allah His Word:


“When a man mentions Me alone, I also mention him alone, and when he mentions Me in the midst of a large congregation, I also mention him among a better and more noble congregation. Also said: “No man remembers Allah when he goes to sleep until he closes his eyes, except that he will be recorded as having remembrance of Allah throughout his sleep until he wakes up”.


What is meant by the remembrance of Allah to His servant is: “Forgiveness and forgiveness”. So if a person remembers Allah, then He responds with forgiveness. (Explanation of Al-Faqih). S. Ali said: “If a person remembers Allah by the will of Allah, his sins will be forgiven by that remembrance.” And Islam passes through two swords, one: “While still a disbeliever, enter Islam for fear of war, Second: “If you leave (apostatize) from Islam, you will be sentenced to death. And the sin is between 2 obligations, first: It is obligatory to avoid it. Second: It is obligatory to repent, for those who have already committed it”. The interpretation of the verse (below) is according to Ibn Abbas:


It means:

“I seek refuge (in Allah) from the evil of the devil khunnas”.


He said: “The devil has control over the region of the heart (lodged in the feelings of the passions), so when the name of Allah is mentioned he retreats, but when he forgets the name of Allah, he whispers and invites to do everything that is contrary to human salvation, as well as the teachings of Allah and His Messenger. The Messenger of Allah said: “Everything has a purifier and the purifier of the human heart is Zikrullah”.


Ibrahim Nakha-i said: “When a Muslim enters his house and says salam, the devil is sad and says: “There is no place for me here”, and when going to eat say basmalah (BISMILLAAHIRRAHMAANIRRAHIIM), then the devil says: “There is no place for me and no food and drink for me, so he goes out disappointed”.


‘Aisha reported that the Prophet said: “When you are about to eat, recite the Basmalah, and if you forget it at the beginning, recite it at the end.” (Hadith)


Ibn Mas’ud said: “When you eat without reciting Bismillah first, the devil accompanies your food, but if you recite Bismillah, the devil is repelled from the food, and ja will vomit it (the food he has already eaten) so that he starts with new food.”


Al-Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abu Muhammad (friend of Anas Malik), who said: “Iblis proposed his house rights to God: “O Lord, You made the son of Adam a special house for the remembrance of You, so where is my house? He replied: “Your house is: “The bathing place”, and where is my majlis? He replied: “Your magazine is: “The marketplace”, and what is my recitation? He said: “Your recitation is: “A melodious hymn, and what is my story?” He said: “It is a lie”, and what is my call? He said: “They are musical instruments (flutes etc.), and where are my messengers?” He said: “They are sorcerers, and where is my book.


He said: “They are false lipstick (fly ties, paintings, etc.). And what are my traps? He said: “They are women, and what is my food?” He replied: “Food that does not mention my asma (basmalah), then what is my drink? He replied: “It is any intoxicating drink (such as wine, whiskey, etc.). Fudlail’s advice: “Keep five things, namely:

  1. Everything that happens to you is from Allah, so do not blame the creatures (friends).
  2. Guard your tongue so that they will not be disturbed by you, and you will be safe from the punishment of Allah.
  3. Believe in God’s promise of sustenance, so that you become a believer.
  4. Always remember (as a preparation for death), so that you will not die in a state of self-forgetfulness.
  5. Make dhikr as much as possible so that you will be protected from committing sins.


Ibrahim Ad-ham once interrupted someone talking about worldly affairs, saying: “Are your words in expectation of Pahala? No, then do you feel safe from the punishment of Allah? He said: “No, then what is the use of words that cannot hope for reward and cannot save from the punishment of Allah? It is better to remember Allah.


Allah’s promise in His book revealed to the prophets: “He who is diligent in remembrance of Me, until there is no opportunity for him to pray, I will give him something better than he who prays. (Ka’bul Akhbar).


The people of the heavens are relieved to see the light of a house made in remembrance of Allah, it is like a lamp in the midst of darkness, but they look gloomy-dark at a house that is not made in remembrance (Fudlail ‘Iyadl).


Prophet Musa asked: “O Lord, how do I know the difference between Your beloved and Your hated?” He replied: O Moses for My beloved there are two evidences, namely:


  1. Easily remember Me, so that I remember him in the malakut heaven-earth.
  2. He is protected from everything that is forbidden and My anger, so that he is safe from My punishment and anger.


Likewise, for My hatred there are evidences, namely:

  1. Easily forgetting the remembrance of Me.
  2. Easily indulging in lust, so that they fall into the scene of evil and haram, eventually they are tortured.


Abu Malih from his father: A Companion was with the Prophet on a vehicle, and when his camel slipped he said: “Woe to the devil” then he warned: Do not say so, for the devil will be proud, arrogant as a house, but you should say: “Bismillah, surely he will shrink to the size of a fly”.


The Prophet said: “The way to remove sin from the assembly, is when standing up to say:



“Glory be to You O Allah, all praise be to You, I testify that there is no other God but You, I ask forgiveness and repent to Your holiness”.


If the assembly is a place of dhikr, it will be balanced until the Day of Judgment, and if the assembly is a place of play, then the speech is an atonement or expiation for the sins committed in that “assembly”.


Al-Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Oashim Abdirrahman Muhammad, from Muhammad Wasi’ he said, Umar


said the Messenger of Allah said: “The one who steps on the market by saying:



“There is no God but Allah, the One, and there is no partner for Him; the kingdom and the power and the praise belong to Him. He gives life and death. He lives without dying, all good is under His Power, He rules over everything, He ordains a million good things, and erases a million sins and raises a million ranks.”


Al-Faqih in his lecture stated: “The remembrance of Allah is the most excellent act of worship, because every act of worship is determined by its capacity (level) and time, sometimes even some are prohibited if they do not fulfill the time, or exceed the applicable provisions, but the remembrance of Allah, there is no time limit and no amount. Allah’s Word:



“O you who believe, remember Allah as much as you can”. (Ahzab 41)


This means all things, behaviors and circumstances. And know about 4 human conditions, namely:


  1. Devoted or obedient, this needs to be remembered: “This is the guidance and direction of Allah”, and hope that his obedience will be accepted.
  2. Disobedience; at this time you should remember and repent immediately.
  3. Favor, then be grateful.
  4. Trials, trials or difficulties, then face them with patience and effort, and hope that they will be made easy (by Allah.)


And also know that there are 5 benefits of dhikr, namely:


  1. Contains evidence of Allah’s pleasure.
  2. Increases the activity of obedience.
  3. During Zikr is protected from Satanic interference.
  4. The heart becomes soft.
  5. Being protected from sinful behavior.







CHAPTER 51 : About Prayer

Al Faqih narrated from Abu Hurayrah that he said:” There are five attitudes that cause the opening of the next five additions, namely:

  1. Good at being grateful, there will be an addition to him, the Word of Allah:


Meaning: “If you are grateful, I will surely increase your favor”.

  1. Practice patience, there will be rewards for him, His Word:


Meaning: “The one who is patient, his reward is filled with juAllah fada calculation”.

  1. Repent, will definitely be granted (accepted), His Word:


Meaning: “He is the One Who accepts the repentance of His servants”.

  1. Make Istighfar, forgiveness will be open to him, Allah’s Word:


Meaning: “Repent to your Lord, for He is Forgiving”.

  1. Pray, it will be granted, His Word:



“Pray to Me, and I will surely answer you”.


According to another narration, the number 6 is added, namely: “Give charity, it will surely be rewarded,” He said:



“Whatever you give in charity (little or much), He will compensate you for it”.


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said:



“The supplication of a Muslim must be answered, sometimes given immediately in this world, or saved (rewarded) in the hereafter, or made atonement for his sins, according to the weight of the supplication, provided that it is not a supplication in 2 things, (namely):

  1. For the practice of sin.
  2. Breaking ties of kinship. (Al Hadith)


Yazid Raqqashi said: “On the Day of Judgment, every human being will be told about a supplication that was not fulfilled immediately in this world, saying: “This is the reward for the supplication that was deliberately withheld (while you were living in this world).” He marveled at the magnitude of the reward,


He marvels at the magnitude of the reward, so he expects all his prayers to be answered only in the Hereafter, not hastened in this world. Such is the magnitude of the prayers given in the Hereafter. Numan Bashir, the Prophet said:


Meaning: “Prayer is Ibadah (devotion to Allah)”.


Then he recited the following verse:


“Your Lord says: “Ask Me, it shall be granted, but those who are arrogant (unwilling to pray) and boast to Me, they shall be plunged into jahannam as humiliated people”. (Ghafir 60)


From Hasan Bashry, the Prophet said: “A servant is always in good (obtaining the reward of supplication) provided he is not in a hurry. Asked a friend: What does that mean, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “Saying: “I made a supplication but it was not answered”. (Al Hadith)


Hasan visited Abu Usman Nahdy when he was sick, and he said: “O Abu Usman, supplicate, and he supplicated, beginning with the praise of Allah, and the verses of the Qur’an, and the salawat, and then he raised his hands, and I raised my hands.


I myself also raised my hands, then he said (after “desai praying): “Receive the good news that: “Our prayer is accepted by Allah”. Hasan said: “How dare you declare something in the name of Allah”. He replied: “Yes, Hasan, if you had told me a hadith I would have believed it, so why should I not believe in the word of Allah:



“Pray to Me and it will be answered”.


After they left, Hasan said: “Indeed, he is more skillful than I am”.


Prophet Moses asked God: “Which is the best time to pray? He replied: “You are a servant, I am God, every time you pray I will accept, Moses repeated it several times, finally God said:” Pray in the middle of the night, it will be granted, even if you are a tax collector”.


Someone asked Rabi’ah ‘Adawiyah to pray, she replied: “May Allah love you, be devoted to Him, pray, He will surely grant it, because He grants the one who is suffering or in trouble and asks Him”.


A’masy from Malik Harith, he said, Allah said: “The one who is diligent in remembrance of Me, until there is no opportunity to pray, I will surely give him more than the one who prays”.


Allah says: If you pray while your heart is turned away from Me, your deeds are false. (Ja’far Bargan from Salih Yasar)


A man complained to a wisdom expert, saying: “Why are our prayers not answered, when Allah says: “Pray to Me, it will be answered”. He replied: “There are seven hindering factors, which you have been doing, namely:


  1. Acts that invite Allah’s anger, and not immediately repenting or regretting them.
  2. False statements, i.e. saying: “We are servants of Allah”, but are not like laborers obeying their masters.
  3. Not practicing the Qur’an, even if one reads it, but is indifferent to the commands or prohibitions it contains.
  4. Denying recognition as Muhammad’s Ummah, because the SunnaturRasulullah is abandoned, so they continue to eat (violate haram goods).
  5. Understanding that: “The world is not worth so much in the sight of Allah as the wing of a mosquito”, but because of that you feel at ease.
  6. You understand that the world is perishable, but you act as if it is eternal.
  7. You understand that the Hereafter is more important than the world, but you do not act for the sake of the Hereafter wholeheartedly, rather you act the other way around.


Al Faqih adds his advice: “The stomach of a supplicant must be pure from haram food, which is a factor that causes a supplication to be rejected”.


O Messenger of Allah, I have prayed, but it was not answered, he replied: “O Saad, avoid unlawful food, know “Every stomach that is filled with unlawful food, even if it is only a bite of rice, its prayer will be rejected for 40 days”. (Sa’d Abu Waqash).


Besides that, one should not be in a hurry (saying that his prayer is rejected), because basically every prayer must be accepted, but the time (time provision) for its implementation (fulfillment) is in the hands of God, soon or later or postponed in the hereafter, then everything depends on His Power and Will.


The Prophet Moses, when praying that Fir’aun be destroyed then the Prophet Aaron supported with Amen, then Allah said:



“Indeed your prayer has been answered, then let you be Istiqamah (fixed)”.


Ibn Abbas said: “The time between the supplication and the destruction of Fir’aun is estimated to have taken 40 years”.


Yazid Raqqasyi reported that the Prophet said: “When Allah loves (loves) his servant, then He strikes him in the face with a trial, like an exercise camel (kept away from the watering place), so that it will also be loved by the people of the sky. And every supplication that is made, will be answered (from three things or one of these 3 things, namely:

  1. Fulfillment of the wish immediately,
  2. Made to atone for his sinful behavior,
  3. Fulfilled in the hereafter (as a deposit).


The statement of a master of wisdom: “There are four humans Who will not enjoy happiness, namely:


  1. Miserly reciprocating the recitation of the Prophet’s salawat (when hearing the salawat, do not participate in reading it)
  2. Miserly to answer the call to prayer.
  3. Miserly in helping or spending his wealth for good (miserly in doing good deeds).
  4. Miserly prayer (unwilling to pray) either for the good of himself or fellow believers, after performing the obligatory prayer.


Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet said: “When you pray, raise your hands, palms up, do not turn them over, and then wipe them over your face when you have finished.” (Al Hadith)






CHAPTER 52 : About the Recitation of Tasbeeh


Al Faqih reported that Abu Hurayrah said:



“Two sentences that are light on the lips (easy to say), but heavy in the scales of deeds, and very pleasing to God, the Gracious, namely: SUBHAANALLAAHI WA BIHAMDIHII (Glory be to Allah and all praise be to Him), and SUBHAANALLAAHIL ‘ADHIIMI WA BIHAMDIHII (Glory be to Allah and all praise be to Him)”. (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Khalid ‘Imran said: “Prepare your shields! They asked: “Is there an enemy? He replied: “No, I mean a shield from the fire of hell. What is that, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “Saying: SUBHANALLAAHI WALHAMDU LILAAHHI WALAAILAAHHA ILLALLAAHHU WALLAAHHU AKBAR WALAA HAULA WALAAQUWWATA ILLAA BILLAAHHIL ‘ALIYYIL ‘ADHIM. (Glory be to Allah, and all praise be to Him, there is no god but Allah, the Greatest, and there is no power or strength except with the help of Allah, the High and the Great), then this speech will precede and exclude Hellfire and preserve its safety, on the Day of Judgment.” (Hadith)


Al Faqih narrated from Dlahak from Ibn ‘Abbas, who said: “Israfil said to the Prophet: “O Muhammad, recite: As many times as Allah knows, then the one who recites one time, Allah determines five things, namely:

  1. To be gathered with those who remember as much as possible.
  2. Considered the best of those who remember day and night.
  3. Made a plant of heaven for him.
  4. All his sins disappear, like the fall of a dry tree.
  5. Blessed by Allah, and not tortured.


Ibn Abbas said: “When Allah created the ‘Throne, the angels were told to lift it, but they could not because of its weight, so they were told to say: “SUBHAANALAAH” suddenly it became light (and they were able to lift it). After that the angels recited it continuously, without stopping. Then when Adam was created he sneezed (told to recite: “ALHAMDU LILLAAH after he recited it, then Allah replied: “YARHAMUKALLAAH” and it is out of mercy that I created you (humans).


The angel said: “This is a noble sentence, and a good one, which should not be ignored, and then it is strung together with the first sentence, to become: “SUBHAANALLAAHI WAL HAMDU LILLAAH” and they recited it incessantly, until Allah sent Noah, because the people of Noah, were the first people to create idols, so it was called upon Noah and his people to recite: “LAA ILAAHA ILLAALLAAH”. in order to gain Allah’s pleasure.


The angels said: “This is the third sentence that is great and good, then it is arranged with the two sentences mentioned above, so that they recite it without interruption: “SUBHAANALLAAHI WAL HAMDU LILLAAHI WALAAILAAHAA ILLALLAAH”.


Then Allah sent Prophet Ibrahim with a sacrifice, which he redeemed with a sheep, when he saw the sheep reciting: “ALLAAHU AKBAR”, because he was happy to see the favor of Allah. And the angels considered it “this is the fourth sentence”, which is really great and good, so it was arranged to read: “SUBHANALLAAHI WALHAMDU LILLAAHI, WALA ILAAHAA ILLAALLAAHU WALLAAHU AKBAR”.


When Jibril presented it to the Prophet he was amazed and recited: “LAAHAULA WALAA QUWWATA ILLAA BILLAAHIL ‘ALIYYIL ‘AZHIIM”. Jibril said, arrange it with the previous sentence, so that it finally becomes a perfect recitation:


Ibn Mas’ud said: With regard to morals, sustenance and wealth, Allah has determined their distribution to those whom He loves or hates, but with regard to faith, Allah gives it only to those whom He loves, so if Allah loves someone, He will give him faith. And the one who is miserly with his wealth in order to give charity, or fears the enemy so that he is reluctant to engage in Jihad and objects to getting up (for prayer) at night, then recite as many times as possible: “LAAILAAHAA ILLAALLAAHU WALLAAHHU AKBAR, WASUBHAANALLAAHII WALHAMDU LILLAAH”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “This recitation (below) is better for me than acquiring all the wealth of the earth, as long as the sun shines”.


This is the recitation:


Samurah Jundub reported that the Prophet said: “These four sentences (below) are very important; recite them in any way you like, whichever comes first, may be ordered as follows:


Ibn Mas’ud used to recite:


That is qardlan hasanan (the best saving), when he heard a beggar reciting the following verse:



“Who is the one who loves to lend good money to Allah?”.


The above verse is a substitute for charity for the poor person who wants to give charity, in order to obtain the reward of charity (Al Faqih).


When the Companions began to give alms at the Prophet’s suggestion, Abu Umamah remained silent in his ta’lim assembly while moving his lips, when he asked: “Why are you moving your lips?” He replied: “O Messenger of Allah, they are giving alms in droves, while I do not have any money for it, so I read:


Then he said: “O Abu Umamah, that is better for you than you giving one mud of gold in charity to the poor”.



CHAPTER 53 : About Salawat and its virtues


Al Faqih narrated from Muhammad Abdur-Rahman that the Prophet said:” When anyone (of my Ummah) sends salutation to me, after I am gone, Jibril conveys it to me, saying: “O Muhammad, this is the greeting of So-and-so’s son,” and he replied: “WA’ALAJHHIS SALAAM?” meaning: Peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him.”


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Anas Malik, who said: “The Messenger of Allah ascended to the pulpit, recited: “AMEN”, then ascended and recited: “AMEN”, then ascended and recited: “AMEN”, then sat on it, then Mw’adz Jabal asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what is the reason that when you went up to the pulpit, you said amen three times? He replied: Jibril came and said: “O Muhammad, the one who meets Ramadan and does not have his sins forgiven until he dies, then he will enter Hell, and Allah will withhold mercy from him. I answered: “AMEN”. And the one who finds both or one of his parents, but does not show filial piety to them until he dies, will enter Hellfire, and Allah will withhold His mercy from him. I said: “AMEN”. And the one who hears the mention of your asm, but does not send blessings upon him until he dies, enter Hellfire, Allah will keep away mercy from him. I said: ” AMEN.”


Al Faqih narrated from Musayyab that ‘Umar said: “I heard that the Prayer of every person is held between the heavens and the earth, it will not rise, unless the salawat of the Prophet is recited.


Muhammad Munkadir reported from Jabir Abdullah that the Prophet said: “The one who salawat me every day 100 times, his 100 desires (wishes) will be fulfilled, 70 in the affairs of the hereafter and 30 in worldly affairs”, (Hadith),


Said Umair Anshary, one of the participants (soldiers) of the army of Badr said, the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever salutes me once sincerely, Allah will grant him ten mercies, raise his rank ten notches, and forgive ten of his sins.”


Al Faqih from his father: “Sufyan Tsaur, while circumambulating the Ka’bah, saw people lifting each foot and placing it down to recite the salawat, so he warned them: “O friend, you are not saying Tashbih and Tahlil, but you are saying Salawat.” What is the basis for this? He replied: “Who are you?” May Allah save you. He replied: “Sufyan Tsaury. Then he said: “Had you not been a popular person today, I would have been reluctant to introduce myself,” he said: “When I went on Hajj with my father, then he fell ill on the way, one night I was looking after him, suddenly he died and his face turned very black INNAALILLAAHI WA INNAA ILAIHI RAAJI’UUN”, his face was immediately covered with a sarong, And in the midst of my distress, I fell asleep and dreamed of meeting a man with a very good face and clean clothes and a sweet smell, approaching my father’s corpse, he opened his face and wiped it, finally my father’s face turned very white, then he returned and I quickly held his gums and asked: “Who are you? He replied: “Do you not know? I am Muhammad ibn Abdullah, the bearer of the revelation of Allah (the Qur’an), and your father was a man who indulged in his lusts and committed many sins, but he loved to invoke Allah’s blessings upon me, so when this calamity befell him, he asked for my help and I hastened to help him, and know that, “I love to help those who invoke Allah’s blessings upon me”. Finally I woke up from my dream, and it was evident that my father’s face had become very white. Amr Dinar reported from Abu Ja’far that the Prophet said: “The one who refuses or forgets to invoke Allah’s blessings upon me has strayed far from the path of Paradise”. (Al Hadith)


Pari Abu Hurairah, from his father, the Prophet said: “There are four factors that cause regret (disappointment), namely:


  1. Peeing standing up.
  2. Hastily wiping the forehead before finishing the prayer.
  3. Not answering the call to prayer (Mu’adzin).
  4. Not offering salawat to me, when I am called upon (miserly in reciting salawat).


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Glorify me, for with the salawat your impurities (sins) will be removed, and supplicate to Allah with my waslah. The Companions asked: “What is wasilah (intercession), O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “That is, the highest degree in heaven, which cannot be attained, except by only one (human), I hope: “I (Muhammad) am the only person who has achieved it”.


If the reward of salawat for the reader is limited to obtaining the Prophet’s intercession, it is certainly (enough) an obligation for humans with normal brains, to improve (improve) it, especially with the guarantee of being forgiven of their sins and obtaining salawat (mercy) from Allah”.


Anas reported that the Prophet said: “Whoever salawat me once, Allah will grant him ten mercy and wipe out ten of his sins”. (Al Hadith)


If you want to prove the greatness of the salawat, compared to other acts of worship, consider and analyze the following verse:



“That Allah and His angels salute the Prophet (therefore) salute him, O you who believe”.


In every act of worship, the invocation is directly addressed by Allah to His servant, but there is a special distinction (ibadat) of salawat, even stating: “Allah Himself begins the salawat, followed by the angels, and finally the call to prayer is made by the believers (believers and Muslims)”. Thus it is clearly proven that: “Salawat is the most special (highest) act of worship among other acts of worship”. (Al Faqih in his commentary).


Abdurrahman Abu Laila reported from Ka’ab Ujrah: We asked: “O Messenger of Allah, how should you be saluted?” He replied: “Recite:


The other half, salawat i.e:


The other half, the salawat, namely:


It means: “O Allah, I seek testimony from You and Your angels, that: “I salawat to the Prophet Muhammad”.


And there is also the salawat as below:


It means: “O Allah, send blessings on the Prophet Muhammad and his family, the ummi Prophet, and all his relatives and companions, as long as people remember or forget (their juAllah).







CHAPTER 54 : On the Virtue of “Laailaaha Illallaah”


Al Faqih reported that Abdullah ‘Amr said: “On the Day of Judgment, a man will be brought before the Supreme Court of Judgment and shown 99 bundles of his sins, each as long as the eye can see. Begin the bundles. placed on the leaf of the scale, while on the next leaf is also placed “Paper a finger tip” containing “Syahadat” LAAILAAHHA ILLALLAAHH, WA ANNA MUHAMMADAN ‘ABDUHHUU WA RASUULUHH “, not previously thought that: “It turned out that the weight of the small paper was able to beat the weight of the bundles, automatically all his sins disappeared”.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Muthallib Hanthab, the Prophet said:



“The recitation that is most special to me and the Prophets before me is: “LAAILAAHHA ILLALLAAHH”. (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Anas said that the Prophet said: “Jibril descended while reciting the verse:



“On the day when the earth will be replaced by another, so will the heavens, and all creation will be directed towards Allah, the One and Mighty.” (Ibrahim ) (Ibrahim )


He asked: “How will mankind be then? He replied: ” O Muhammad, they are on the white earth and no one (ever) sins in that place. When Jahannam roared once, the angels ran for the strong hold (i.e.) ‘Arsh, and each of them prayed: “O Lord, save me, the mountains were like plucked feathers, scattering and turning into liquid, due to fear of Jahannam, then Jahannam which roared once was defended by 70,000 angels holding its control, until it was presented to Allah, then called out: “O Jahannam say, he said “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH for the sake of Your Glory and Majesty, this time I will avenge the (creatures) who eat Your sustenance but do not worship You, anyone will not be saved from me except those You allow. Then the Prophet asked: What does it mean that You permit O Gabriel? He replied: “Your people who believe in “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH are allowed to pass through it (survive it). He said: “ALHAMDU LILLAAH inspires the Shahada of LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”.


Athak Abu Rabah said: “I asked Ibn Abbas about the verse:



“(Allah) Forgives the sins of those who believe in “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” and He accepts the repentance of those who believe in it, but His punishment is very sharp (harsh) against those who oppose it”.


Al Faqih’s advice: Everyone should say more: “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”, and every day and night he should ask Allah not to let his faith slip away from him, and to protect himself from committing sins, because there are many people who say these words, but at the end of their lives their faith slips away, as a result of their evil deeds, and they end up dying as disbelievers; indeed, there is no greater misfortune than that they first professed Islam, then at the end of their lives they became disbelievers, which is an infinite loss.


The greatest regret is not for those who leave the church and go to Hell, but for the Muslim who leaves the mosque and is plunged into Hell, the cause of which is his own deeds. Sometimes a person gets involved in someone’s property, has not had time to ask for it to be legalized, and then his death comes (aka death), or quarrels with his wife until it becomes haram (by saying divorce, for example), but because he has many children, then (eman) pity divorces him (by customary law in front of a religious court), until he dies in a haram state, and sometimes as a result of that his faith disappears.


Therefore, fix your affairs before death takes your life, as well as possible, the certainty is sudden (without prior notice), otherwise you will suffer or regret forever, and for this reason, you should increase the remembrance of the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”. Hasan Bashri said: “That sentence is the price of heaven”.


Anas reported that the Prophet said: “The price of heaven is: “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”. (Hadith)


Abu Hurairah asked: “O Messenger of Allah, who is the first person to enjoy your intercession?” He replied: “That is, the one who says “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” with sincerity (wholeheartedly).”


Mujahid’s explanation of the verse:



“There will be a time when the disbelievers will enter Islam (become Muslims), at a time when they once believed in the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” out of hell, and on that day people will regret, saying: “Alas, if only we had believed”. (Al Hijr 2)



“The one who comes in the Hereafter with goodness (i.e. “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”) will have a better reward in the form of Paradise. And vice versa. “The one who comes with evil (i.e. “Shirk”) then his face falls into hell”.


Hasan Bashry’s explanation of the verse:


Meaning: .

There is no reward for the one who does good deeds (i.e. the one who believes in “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”) except heaven.”


From Ibn Abbas: “One day Gabriel said to the Prophet :


“O Muhammad, God’s greetings to you, He said: “Why are you sad, when Allah knows better? He replied: “My thoughts are on my people on the Day of Judgment, then on the affairs of the disbelievers or the Muslims? He replied: “About those who believe in ‘LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH'”. Then Jibril took him to the grave of Banu Salimah, he beat his right wing and said: “Get up with the permission of Allah, then rise a white face and recite: “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH MUHAMMADURRASUULULLAAH”.ALHAMDU LILLAAHI RABBIL ‘AALAMIIN. Jibril said: “Go back, then he returned to his grave, and he beat his left wing and said: “Get up with Allah’s permission and out came a black face, blue eyes and complained: “Wretched am I and sorry. Jibril said: “Come back,” so he returned to his grave. Then Gabriel said: “This is how they will be brought back to life on the Day of Judgment, exactly as they were when they died.


On the basis of this fact, he said:



“Teach your dead with the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAII” because it is able to cancel sins completely. A companion asked: “What if it was recited during his lifetime, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “It will expiate them even more completely”. (Al Hadith)


The Prophet said:



“Go to your dead, and teach them the words of thawibah and tell them of Paradise, for the patient and understanding bugi (of men and women) suffer confusion at that time, and Satan is very near at that time (i.e.): when ukan dies and leaves all lovers. By Allah, facing the Angel of Death is more difficult than the blows of a 1000x sword.”


The story of the time of the Children of Israel is that there were two people who were very popular among the people, one was a worshipper and the other was known as a prostitute. Then the first person (worshiper) died, and Prophet Moses was told through revelation that he was going to hell. Not long after the prostitute also died but Prophet Moses was told that she went to heaven. This case was investigated by Prophet Moses, he asked the wife of the worshipper. She replied: “My husband is a devout worshipper, and you have witnessed this. Moses asked: “Besides that? She replied: “Every time he goes to bed he says: “How fortunate we will be if what Moses teaches is true. Then the question turned to the prostitute’s wife, Moses said: “What is your husband’s deed? She replied: “He is a prostitute and you witnessed it.” Then what else? She replied: “Every bedtime he recites: “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH WAL HAMDU LILLAAH based on the teachings of the Prophet Moses .


The Prophet said: “He who recites “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” based on true faith, a green bird with white wings made of pearls of yagut will come out of his mouth and fly to the sky, until its buzzing is heard under the ‘Throne like a bee, until it is called out: “Calm down,” he said: “Not until You forgive the sin of the reader, then He forgives the one who reads it. Finally, the bird was given 70 tongues to make Istighfar (ask for forgiveness) for the reader: “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” until the end of the world”. After the time of Judgment comes, he welcomes the reader of the sentence and takes him to heaven”.


When Pharaoh drowned, Prophet Moses prayed: O Allah, give me guidance on how to be grateful for this blessing given by You, He replied: “Recite: “LAA ILAAHAA ILLALLAAH?”. Then he asked for more, and was answered: “Hu Musa, if the seven contents of the heavens and the earth were placed on a leaf of the scale, then the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” on the other leaf, it would be heavier “”LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH?””.


There are three things that are not veiled from Allah, namely:


  1. Belief in “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”.


  1. The prayer of an optimistic person (convincing himself that his prayer will definitely be answered).


  1. The prayer of a parent for his child or son and the prayer of a wronged person. (Thus said Mujahid).


The one who recites “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” sincerely, then lengthens it out of reverence, will have 4000 major sins erased by Allah. It was asked: “If his sins do not reach 4000? He replied: “To expiate the sins of his Muslim neighbors and family”. (One of the Companions)


Al Faqih emphasized: “The one who always practices seven sentences will be honored in the sight of Allah and the angels and his sins will be forgiven, even if they are as big as the foam in the sea, and he will be given the pleasure of worship, and life or death will be equally good for him, namely:


  1. Before doing work (good deeds) do not forget to read Basmalah (BISMILLAAHIRRAHMAANIRRAHIIM).

2, Afterwards say hamdalah (ALHAMDU LILLAAHI RABBIL ‘AALAMIIN).

3, If there is a mistake, immediately say istighfar (ASTAGHFIRULLAHHAL ‘AZHIIM).

  1. When promising to do something, say: “INSYA ALLAH” (meaning: “If God wills, I will do it).

5, When facing a difficult problem recite: “LAAHAULA WALAA OUWWATA ILLAA BILLAAHIL ‘ALIYYIL ‘AZHIIM”.

  1. When afflicted with calamity (bala) recite: INNAA LILLAAHI WA INNAA ILAIHI RAAJIUUN”.
  2. Every day (day and night) his lips always recite the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”.


From Amr Dinar from Jabir Abdullah from a companion: “Muadz Jabal when he was about to die said to his visitors (people around him): “Convey this hadith I heard it from the Messenger of Allah:




“The one who recites the phrase “LAA ILAAIIA ILLALLAAH” sincerely and with conviction of heart, will definitely enter Paradise.” (Al Hadith)


He also said:” The one who is taught (guided) with the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” before his death, will definitely enter heaven”.


He also said:


“The one whose life in this world ends with the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” will definitely enter Paradise.” (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Zaid Aslam, from Amr Dinar, from Jabir ‘Abdullah, the Prophet said: “I will teach you the testament of Noah to his son: “I call upon you, my son, two things, namely: “Reciting the sentence “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAHU WAHDAHUU LAA SYARIIKALAH”, If the earth ceiling was placed on a leaf of the scale, and the sentence on the opposite leaf, it would weigh more than both (earth ceiling). The second is to recite tasbeeh: “SUBHAANALLAAHI WABIHAMDIHI”, because it is the prayer of the angels and the supplication of all creatures, and through it all creatures receive sustenance.


And I also forbid you two things, namely: “Do not associate partners with Allah, for heaven is forbidden to those who associate partners with Allah.” Secondly: “Do not be arrogant, for it is forbidden for him to enter Paradise, even if his arrogance is only the weight of a mustard seed”. (Al Hadith).


It is also mentioned in a hadith that: “The one who recites the phrase “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAH will definitely enter heaven, provided that it is accompanied by sincerity, and sincerity is not easy to achieve except for those who are able to curb sin (sinful acts), deviating from this note means that it is not sincere, but only a loan, which in time will be withdrawn, and finally it is released from it.


Al Faqih explains: “In terms of FAITH humans are divided into two, namely:


  1. Granting faith, which is faith that can prevent him from sinful behavior (sinful acts), and become a motive (driver) like to do good deeds and worship or obey.
  2. Borrowed faith, which is faith that is unable to stem sinful behavior, and is unable to arouse a sense of pleasure in charity and worship or obedience, because he fully owns (the borrowed item).


Anas reported that the Prophet said: “The sentence “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” is the price of heaven. In another narration it is mentioned:



“The key (tool) to open heaven is the phrase “LAA ILAANA ILLALLAAII”, each key must have a side, half of which is the lips that are always washing the remembrance of Allah. and clean from wounds such as backbiting, and others. Similarly, the heart must be clean of thorns of all diseases such as: “Envy, hasud, betrayal. The stomach should also be free from forbidden or subhatic food, while the other limbs should be occupied with worship or obedience, and be free from all sin.”


Abu Dzar said, I asked the Prophet &: “O Messenger of Allah, give me a practice that will bring me closer to heaven, and keep me away from hell”, he said: “After committing a sin, Hurry up (to repent and) do a good deed because it has 10x the reward for him. I asked: O Messenger of Allah, is LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH a good deed? He replied: “Even the most excellent good deed”.


Salamah Zayd of Hudhayfah Yamany, said: “(At one time) Islam became obscure, so that no one understood about balat, and fasting, and half of them still remembered: “People before us used to say “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH” and we used to say it too. When asked, what is the benefit? He replied: “It saved them from the fire of Hell and admitted them to Paradise”.









CHAPTER 55 : About the specialty of the Qur’an


Al Faqih reported that Ibn Mas’ud said:



“The Qur’an is an intercessor, and its intercession is sure to be accepted, and it is a trustworthy leader, so the one who follows the Qur’an will be guided to heaven, and the one who rejects its guidance will be plunged into hell”. (Hadith)


When Umar performed Hajj a slave was appointed to represent the leadership in Makkah, by Nafi’ Abdul Harith (an official of Makkah), Umar asked: Who did you hand over the government of Makkah to? He replied:” To Abdurrahman Abu Abza, said Umar: “Why did you dare to appoint a descendant of slaves to lead (overcome) the Ouraisy nobles?” He replied: “There is no one else who knows the Quran,” he said: “Yes indeed, it is evident to us that: Allah raises a man’s status with the Qur’an and lowers it with the Qur’an, half of which is Abdurrahman, who is raised in status by the Qur’an.


Al Faqih reported that Ibn Mas’ud said: “The Qur’an is a meal, a feast of Allah, so study it as best you can, because it is a firm bond with Allah, and it is a light, a healing medicine that is very useful, guarding people who hold on to it, as a savior for its followers, upright not going astray, the pearls contained in it are inexhaustible, and will not decay due to too much repeated reading. Therefore, recite the Qur’an because each letter of it is rewarded with 10 good deeds. Know that if I recite: “ALIF LAAM MIIM,” it means ALIF 10, LAM 10, and MUM 10 good deeds.


A’masy from Abu Salih from Abu Hurairah, the Prophet said: “The one who eases the livelihood of a fellow Muslim (who) is facing hardship in this world, Allah will surely ease it for him in the Hereafter, and the one who lightens the burden of a person, Allah will surely ease it for him in the Hereafter. Allah still helps a servant who always helps his fellow Muslims. And the one who is studying religious knowledge, Allah will surely facilitate for him the path to heaven. When there is a congregation (community) gathered in the house of Allah (Mosque, surau and others) studying and deepening the book of Allah, surely they are guaranteed safety, given mercy and the surroundings are guarded by angels, and always mentioned by Allah in the presence of His angels.


From Yazid Abu Habib, the Prophet said:



“Whoever learns the Qur’an, his parents’ punishment will be alleviated, even if they are disbelievers”. (Hadith)


Abdullah Amr ‘Ash said: “Prophethood seems to surround the one who recites the Qur’an, the difference is that he does not receive it directly. If a person despises Allah’s gift of being able to recite the Qur’an, he is belittling that which Allah exalts, and he is exalting that which Allah exalts. And he should not be indifferent like a fool, or regretful and spiteful as is the attitude of most people, but he should be open-minded and forgiving.


Ibn Mas’ud said: “The one who knows the Qur’an should be known for Tahajjud (waking up at night) when most people are asleep, and fasting during the day, and feeling sad when most people are laughing, and being solemn even when most people are arrogant. Cry often, be sad, be patient, be quiet and be lenient or generous. Do not be forgetful, stubborn, angry and cruel”.


From Mw’adz Jabal, the Prophet said: “There are strange things in this world, namely:


  1. The Qur’an in the chest of a wrongdoer (persecutor).
  2. A righteous man in the midst of a wicked man.
  3. Mushaf (Quran) on display in the house, but never studied (read).


The one who reads the Quran, it is as if he sees the Prophet and he reads:



“The Quran was revealed to me in order to be a warning to you and those around you”. (An’am for you dar in sek” (An’am 19).


There is a hadith which states that: “In heaven, the number of verses of the Qur’an will be so high that it will be said to those who know the Qur’an (on the Day of Judgment): “Recite and go up a level for each verse, if his memorization is exhausted, then it is also called out: Had you exceeded (the verse recited) We would have increased it for you”. (This is the statement of Muhammad Ka’b Quradly).


Khalid Bashir from Husayn Ali, the Prophet said: “If a person recites the Qur’an while praying standing, he will be rewarded with 100 good deeds for each letter; if he is sitting, he will be rewarded with half of that (50 good deeds); and if he is not sitting, he will be rewarded with 10 good deeds for each letter; and if he listens to him (with the hope of Allah’s reward), he will be rewarded with one good deed for each letter; and if he recites the Qur’an until he finishes it, he will be rewarded with a mustajab supplication, and sometimes the supplication will be answered immediately in this world or later in the Hereafter.



The Prophet said: There are three factors that make the person who insults or belittles him a munufik, namely:

  1. Officials or leaders who are just.

2, Parents in Islam.

  1. People who are good at reading and teaching the Quran. (Hadith).


Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet encouraged us to study the Qur’an, and he explained its privileges as follows: “Study the Qur’an, for on the Day of Resurrection it will meet its master when he (the reader) is in need of his help, and its form is very beautiful, and he will say: “Do you know me?” He said: “Who exactly are you? He said: “I am the one you have always favored, praised, and even bothered yourself tahajjud (waking up at night) just because of me, and even during the day you read about me. He said: You are the Quran, are you not? Yes, then he was guided to Allah, he was given an eternal kingdom, a crown was adorned on his head, and also his parents, adorned with jewelry that cannot be compared with the value of the world even if it is multiplied, until they both asked: “What is this reward for our deeds? Answered: “This is the reward of your son who learns (teaches) the Qur’an”.


The Prophet said: “Study the two lamps of light (i.e. Surah Al Bagarah and Ali Imran), for on the Day of Judgment they will meet you in the form of a shading cloud, or birds sheltering with their wings, they are able to be an advocate for the reader and the practitioner”.


The Prophet said: “Study Surah Al Bagarah, for it brings blessings to the one who utilizes it, and the one who leaves it will regret it, and will not accept the sorcerers, and the dishonest”.


All this applies only to the one who really studies the Qur’an, does not play around with it, and obeys all its teachings, and does not use it to earn a living (eat). (Al Faqih).


Saad Abi Waqash stated: “If a person completes the Qur’an during the day, the angels will ask forgiveness for him in the afternoon, and if he completes it at night, they will ask forgiveness for him in the morning. But the Companions often completed it during the day.”


Abdullah Mubarrak said: “The Salihin mostly completed the Qur’an during the day in the dry season and at night in the rainy season, so that the angels’ supplications for them would be longer and more numerous.”


Qatadah from Anas, from Abu Musa Ash’ary, the Prophet said: The believer who recites the Qur’an is compared to an orange (taste) sweet, (smell) delicious, but the one who does not recite it is like a palm fruit (taste) good (smell) nothing. The sinner who recites the Qur’an is compared to a flower with a sweet, bitter smell, while the one who does not recite it is compared to a handlalah with a bitter smell and a basin.”


‘Uqbah ‘Amir reported that the Prophet said:



“The one who reads the Qur’an slowly is like one who keeps his charity secret, while the one who reads it aloud is like one who gives charity openly.”


Walid Abdullah reported that the Prophet said:



“All sins were shown to me, my face saw the greatest sin which is: “One who knows the Qur’an but is ignorant of its contents, or does not practice it”.


Thalg Habib reported that the Prophet said: “The one who learns the Qur’an and then neglects it for no reason will be lowered for each verse by one level, and on the Day of Judgment he will have leprosy, and he will have no defender.


In another narration, the Prophet said: “The one who learns the Qur’an and then neglects to learn it, without justification, will have a leprosy on the Day of Judgment (i.e.) his hand will be cut off.


Adl-Dlahak stated: “The one who learns the Qur’an and then neglects it, means the result of his sinful deeds, then he recites:



“The calamity that befalls you is the result of your deeds (sins), and many islands are forgiven by Allah. And the greatest calamity is: “Neglecting the Qur’an”. (Ash Shuraa 30)


Al Faqih narrated that Abu Hanifah said: “The one who recites the Qur’an twice a year has fulfilled his obligation, because the Prophet recited the Qur’an in the presence of Jibril only once a year, and in the year of his death he recited it twice.








CHAPTER 56 : On the Virtue of Gaining Knowledge


Al Faqih reported that Katsir Oais said: “While I was sitting with Abu Darda in the Damascus Mosque, a man came up to me and said: “I came from Medina to see you, because I am with you the narrator of the Prophet’s hadith.” Abu Darda asked: “Have you come specifically to gain knowledge (learn hadith)? He replied: Yes, then Abu Darda’ said: “I heard the Prophet say: “The one who deliberately travels for the sake of gaining knowledge, Allah will make the way to heaven easy for him, and the angels will spread their wings to protect him, because they are pleased with what he has done. And the “Alim (clever) person is asked for forgiveness by the people of the heavens, the earth and the fish of the water, about his privilege over the worshipers like the full moon over the other stars. The Scholars are the heirs of the Prophets, while they do not inherit wealth (gold-silver) but it is knowledge that they inherit. So the one who acquires it has acquired as much inheritance.”


Al Faqih reported that Ibn Masud said: “There are two kinds of gluttons who are never satisfied, namely: 1. the gainer of knowledge, 2. the accumulator of worldly possessions, but the two are far different (i.e.), the first always increases the pleasure of Allah, while the second, further astray. Then he recited:



“The scholars are the most pious servants of Allah”.


He also recited the verse:



“No, it is not so, but man overreaches when he feels rich (enough)”.


A1 Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Muhammad Sirin, who said: “In the mosque of Basrah Aswas Shari’ was delivering a public lecture, while in another corner many people were gathered studying fiqh. Then I entered and prayed the ‘Tahiyyatal Masjid’ prayer, and when I finished praying, the thought came to me: “If I were to join the people who are remembering, perhaps my remembrance would be accepted and I would receive mercy, or if I were to join the people studying fiqh, I would gain more understanding from them. But because of my lack of resolve, I left, not choosing either of them, and then at night I had a dream in which someone said to me: “I wish you had joined them or the scholars of fiqh.” Had you joined them or those who were studying fiqh, you would have met Jibril sitting with them.”


Al Faqih narrated from Anas that the Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever wants to see people freed by Allah from Hell, then look at the learners of religious knowledge (santri), so by Allah, under whose authority Muhammad is, no santri (learner of knowledge) visits the door of the ‘alim regularly, except that Allah records every letter he learns and every footstep, equal to one year’s worship. And every step becomes a city in heaven and every one of them is begged for forgiveness by the earth, every day (morning and evening). The angels are ready to bear witness, he said: “These are the people whom Allah has freed from Hell”.


Al Faqih from Abu Ja’far, who said: “When the Prophet entered the mosque, he found two gatherings, first: ” The gathering of the people of remembrance, and secondly: “A gathering of those who study jurisprudence and pray for the mercy of Allah”. Then he said: “Both of these gatherings are good, but one of them is better (more afdlal), Those who remember are asking Allah, whether it is accepted or not is up to them, while this one: “They learn and teach the ignorant and I was sent as a TEACHER or TEACHER or EDUCATOR, so these are the best, then he sat with them.


According to Abu Darda’: “Learning one matter (of religion) is better for me than tahajjud (waking up) all night long”.


Ibn Mas’ud’s statement: “Now you live in the age of “DOING is better than SCIENCE”, but in the future “SCIENCE is better than DOING”.


From Sa’id Musayyab, from Abu Sa’id Khudry, the Messenger of Allah said: “In this world the best deeds are three, namely:


  1. Gaining knowledge, because the one who always gains knowledge becomes a lover of Allah.
  2. Jihad or sabil war, because the one who jihad is Waliyullah.
  3. Earning a living (kasab), because entrepreneurs who are pious to Allah, are SHIDDIQULLAH.


Aban from Anas, the Prophet said: “The one who gains knowledge not for the sake of Allah, then he comes out of the world (dies) forced by his knowledge, in order to make it sincere for the sake of Allah. But one who is sincere for the sake of Allah is like one who fasts during the day and wakes up at night. As for learning religious knowledge (even if it is just one issue), it is better than having gold as big as the mountain of Abu Qubais to spend it on upholding the religion of Allah.”


Someone asked: “To what extent is it good for man to learn? Abdullah Mubarrak replied: “As long as ignorance is bad for him, then that is where it is good for him to learn (meaning there is no limit)”.


Mw’adz Jabal advised: “Learn knowledge, because learning is a good thing, and gaining it is an act of worship, while remembering it is tasbih, then investigating it is jihad, then teaching it is charity, and giving it to those who are in need is tagarrub, because knowledge is the way to reach the level or degree of heaven. Knowledge is a friend in times of loneliness (loneliness) or in the midst of exile, it is a guide to joy, and a helper in times of difficulty, an adornment among friends, and a weapon to ward off enemies, Allah raises the degree of the nation or the world community with knowledge, so that it becomes a leader who can be emulated, angels love to be friendly with them, even rubbing their wings, all wet-dry objects pray for those who are knowledgeable, to the fish in the sea, insects and wild animals of land and sea, let alone livestock. For knowledge is the lifeline of the heart from ignorance, the lamp of darkness, the strength from all weaknesses, and the means of attaining ABRAR (good) degrees here and hereafter. And the attention devoted to it is similar to fasting, remembering it is similar to tahajjud, and with it is established kinship, and with it also knows halal from haram, he is a guide in charity, and charity remains a guide to him, Allah gives certain knowledge to people who will be happy. forbidden to those who are lost and wretched “.


Abu Qasim Abdirrahman narrated from Hasan Bashry that he said: “The best of deeds is jihad, except for gaining knowledge, because it is better than jihad. If a person deliberately learns a chapter of religious knowledge, the angels will protect him with their wings, the birds of the air will pray for him, the wild animals of the forest and the sea will pray for him, and Allah will reward him with the reward of 70 Siddiqs. Therefore, pursue knowledge, and seek peace for it, patience, politeness and tawadlu’, to its educators, its mentors (students), do not misuse it by competing with the Ulama, or arguing with fools, or currying favor with the authorities and arrogant to people, do not become cruel Ulama who are scolded by Allah, who eventually plunged into Jahannam.


Lead knowledge that does not damage your faith (worship) in Allah, and worship but do not leave (seek) knowledge, because SCIENCE without IBADAH is useless, and IBADAH without SCIENCE is useless, it can even happen that if his body is already thin, suddenly comes out with his sword against Muslims, even though if he is a knowledgeable person, his knowledge must be prevented from doing low things. And it is likened to him going astray, even diligently increasing his distance, because his wrong is more than his right. When asked: “Where did you get this information, Abu Sa’id? He replied: “I obtained it from 70 companions of the army of Badr, and for 40 years I studied”.


Abu Darda”s advice: “O people, learn knowledge from the scholars before they die, for the death of the scholars means the loss of knowledge”.


Abdullah Amr reported that the Prophet said: “Allah does not remove knowledge directly from a person’s heart, but with the death of the Ulama, until if there are no ‘Alim, the people will appoint leaders who are ignorant, and when asked (about a problem) the answer is misguided and misleading”.


Abdullah ibn Mubarak was asked: “If you were told that: “You will die in the evening, so what would be the right answer for you?” He replied: “I will seek knowledge”.


Ibrahim Nakha-l was asked: “Fiqh experts are always in a state of prayer, why is that? His answer: Because he always remembers Allah when doing what is lawful or unlawful.”


The scholar is the “lamp of the age”; he illuminates the people of his time.


Salim Abil Jad stated: “First I was bought by my master for 300 dirhams, then set free, then the question was put to me: “What should I do? At that time I chose to study, and not long afterward a king visited my house, but I refused him.


When Salih Murry paid a visit to the king, he invited him to sit on a cushion, and he said: ” Hasan stated that knowledge elevates the position of nobles and raises slaves to the level of freedom.


If this were not so, then who would have placed Salih Murry near the King, if not knowledge?


Musayyab from Abu Bakr from ‘Aun Abdullah, A man came to Abu Dhar, saying: “I want to gain knowledge, but I am afraid I will not be able to do it, He replied: “Remember, relying on knowledge is better than relying on ignorance”. Then he went and asked Abu Darda’, and the answer was the same as the first, and even more: “Man will be brought back to life on the Day of Resurrection according to the state he was in when he died, the wise will be raised up as wise, and the ignorant will be raised up as ignorant”. Then asked Abu Hurairah, he said: “You will not underestimate knowledge as you do not learn it.


From Abu Hurairah, the Prophet said: “The most appropriate and main technique (way) of worship is to study religious knowledge seriously, until you can distinguish between halal and haram. An expert in fiqh is a greater challenge to Satan than a thousand ignorant worshipers, and everything must have a joint, and the joint of religion is the science of fiqh.”


There was a fierce debate among the scholars of Bashrah about wealth and knowledge, and they could not decide which was better, so they asked Ibn Abbas, who said: “Knowledge is better than wealth”. Then what was the reason? He said: “Because knowledge is the inheritance of the Prophets, while the wealth inherited from Pharaoh, Knowledge is able to maintain its owner, but wealth troubles you, knowledge is given only to those who are loved by Allah, but wealth to anyone indiscriminately (who is dear to Allah or not), even those who are not loved are given more, consider His Word:



“If mankind had not gathered into a community, surely the disbelievers would have been given a building roofed with pots and stairs studded with splendor”. (Zukhuf 33)


And knowledge that is taught (given) to others, does not diminish, but increases, while wealth diminishes when given to others, and a wealthy person loses his name after death, while a pious person becomes more fragrant. The rich man is charged with every dirham from which and by what means he earned it and where he spent it or what he spent it on, while the knowledgeable man from every hadith earns a level or degree in heaven”.


  1. Abu Talib’s statement: “There are three levels of human beings namely: 1. RABBANY scholars (scholars who fear Allah), 2. Santri (scholars) who stand on the path of salvation, 3. All the common people (ordinary people) who are easily influenced always follow the direction of the wind (every voice calls out). And knowledge is better than treasure, it preserves you, but treasure you must guard. Knowledge increases when practiced, but wealth decreases when spent. And the scholar lives eternally, even though his body is gone, moreover his words (teachings) are always remembered in the heart.


Abu Darda”s statement: “There are only two human beings, First: “Educators (Ulama), Second:” The pupil (student, learner or learner of knowledge) both are equally rewarded, other than that it is useless (like garbage).







CHAPTER 57 : About Doing Good with Knowledge


Al Faqih narrated from Anas that the Prophet said:



“Scholars are people who are trusted by the Messenger of Allah, to educate and guide mankind, as long as they do not curry favor with the ruler, greedy for wealth, but if they have interfered in the affairs of the world (politics), the face means that they have gone far (deviated) from the Messenger of Allah, you should be careful and avoid them.”


Faqih reported Abu Darda’ as saying: “No one is clever without learning, and no one is ‘Alim if he does not practice his knowledge”. He also said: “The harm that befalls an ignorant person is only one time, but the one who understands without practicing his understanding is seven times. On the Day of Resurrection, I fear not the demand: “How much knowledge?” But: “To what extent do you practice that knowledge?”.


Prophet Isa in his affirmation: “The person who is known by name in the upper realms (angels) is: “The ‘Alim who practices and teaches his knowledge”.


Umar asked: “Ibn Salam, who is called a scientist?”. He replied: “That is, the one who practices his knowledge. Then, what is the factor that causes the disappearance of knowledge from the human chest? He replied: “Greed, (i.e.) a greedy person misuses his knowledge, so it is as if his knowledge has disappeared from his chest”.


Prophet ‘Isa said: “There is no benefit in a blind man carrying a lamp; it is someone else who can benefit from it. And there is no benefit in a dark house with a lamp at the back, and what is the need to discuss the knowledge of wisdom if not to put it into practice? He also said: “It is a pity that there are so many trees with no fruit, and so many scholars but not all of them are good at teaching, and so many fruits but not all of them are good, and so much knowledge but not all of it is useful”.


The one who is good at practicing the knowledge that he already has, will surely be guided to gain knowledge that he does not yet have.” (thus Auzai’).


Sahl Abdullah’s warning: “People all die, except the Ulama, and they are all drunk, except those who practice their knowledge, and they are all deceived (who practice their knowledge) except those who are sincere, and they are worried.


The Prophet said: “Beware, do not sit near a clever person, unless he invites you from 5 to 5, namely:


  1. From doubt you are invited to “belief”.
  2. From pride you are invited to “Tawadlu”.
  3. From hostility you are invited to peace.
  4. From riya you are invited to “ikhlasan”.
  5. From greed for wealth you are invited to zuhud.


The advice of S. Ali Abu Talib: “A clever person if he does not practice his Umunya, people are reluctant to gain knowledge from him, because his knowledge does not benefit him, even though he has accumulated as much knowledge as possible. At the time of the Children of Israel, there was a man who collected 80 large chests of knowledge, then Allah told him through His Prophet:


“Even if you double the knowledge you have, it will still not mean much to you, as long as you do not practice three things, namely:


  1. Do not delight in wealth (the world), because it is not a permanent place of settlement for the believer.
  2. Do not befriend the devil, for he is not a friend of the believer.
  3. Do not harm or annoy fellow believers, for that is not the nature of believers.


Sufyan Uyainah said: “Ignorance is very bad, while the smartest man is the one who practices his knowledge, and who has knowledge but does not do so, is also stupid. And for the fool 70 sins are forgiven, which are not forgiven for the clever one sin.


There are three things that angels are astonished by, namely:


  1. A clever person who is wicked, teaching people what (knowledge) is not practiced.
  2. The grave of a wrongdoer, which is well built with bricks and cement.
  3. Engraving (giving) the name of the grave of the ungodly mavit.


On the Day of Judgment, there will be three kinds of people who will be very sorry, namely:


  1. The master who owns a righteous slave, he will enter heaven while his master is thrown into hell.
  2. A wealthy man who worked hard to accumulate his wealth, but did not pay his zakat until death came, then his wealth was inherited, and the heirs made it a means of obedience or worship, so that they entered heaven because of the wealth, while he was plunged into hell (because of his wealth).
  3. A clever person who educates the community (students), but ja forgets the education (teachings) conveyed, so that the community is saved because of his education (teachings), while he himself is plunged into hell.


Someone asked: “The local scholars of fiqh are of this opinion. Then Hasan Bashry asked him: “The scholars of Fiqh are: “The one who is zuhud (disinterested in wealth), and he truly hopes for the Hereafter, always remembers his sinful practices, remains diligent in worship. If the Ulama are busy collecting halal wealth, then the common people will eat shubhat wealth, and if the Ulama eat subhat wealth, then the common people eat (nguntal) the haram, especially if the Ulama have dared to eat haram, then the common people eat (become) infidels.


Al Faqih, in support of the above statement, gave the following reason: Because if the Ulama are busy collecting halal wealth, then the common people imitate them, even though they do not understand (the limits of halal-haram), so they end up being trapped in shubhat. And if the Ulama eat shubhat, then they imitate them, even though they are unable to distinguish between shubhat and haram, they end up crossing the haram. And if the Ulama dare to cross the haram, then they imitate them and even consider it (what the Ulama did) halal, they end up becoming disbelievers, as a result of “Legalizing the haram”.


On the Day of Judgment, the ignorant will demand (hold) the ‘Alim, saying: “You are a clever man, but why did you leave me alone, not instructing us or forbidding us, until we fell into this destruction?


The Companion asked: “Which is the most dangerous man? The Prophet F replied: “A clever person when he is morally depraved”.


If this happens, then the world around him (his community) will be destroyed.


Nowadays, learning knowledge is considered greedy, listening to it for entertainment, discussing it for lust, and practicing it is like taking one’s life.


The Prophet said: “Whoever seeks knowledge, based on four things, will definitely enter hell, namely:


  1. To compete with the scholars.
  2. Influencing the ignorant (by arguing).
  3. To be popular in the community.
  4. Attracting wealth from the ruler, glory or worldly rank.


Sufyan ‘Tsaury said: “The basis of knowledge is silence, the second is paying attention, the third is memorizing, the fourth is carrying out, the fifth is communicating.”)


Abu Darda’s advice:


“Be you an educator, or a learner or a (good) listener, jungun gamble orung keemput (i.e.) bukun educator, not a learner utau bukun pendengur buik, if so, pusti unda perish”. :


There are three types (kinds) of Ulama, namely:

  1. Knowing Allah and His commands.
  2. Knowing Allah but not knowing His commands.
  3. Knows the commandments, but does not know God.


  1. Knowing Allah and His commands, i.e.: a clever person who fears Allah (true piety), when carrying out His laws, commands or avoiding His prohibitions.
  2. Knowing Allah but not knowing His commands, ie: A person who fears Allah, but is blind to the law, does not know what is lawful and what is unlawful, and does not know His commands.
  3. Knowing His commands, but not knowing Allah, namely: One who is good at law or religious knowledge (Islam), but does not fear Him.


Al Faqih said: “I heard from my father, from Muhammad Janah, from Abu Hafs, he said: “There are 10 privileges for the clever (Ulama, scholars, or educators), namely: 1. sincerity, 2. piety, 3. advice, 4. compassion, 5. responsibility, 6. patience, 7. calm, 8. tawadlu’, 9. clean from other assets. 10. Always muthala’h his book and generous to anyone who needs his knowledge.


There are also 10 bad traits, even worse, if possessed by certain people (smart people), namely: 1. being cruel when in power, 2. being miserly when in wealth, 3. being thama’ to the scholars, 4. being greedy to the poor, 5. not being ashamed of the nobility, 6. having a taste for youth, even though they are old, 7. men imitating women (resembling the way they dress and others), 8. women imitating men in acting, dressing and others. | The zuhud people are close (intentionally close) to the people of the world’s possessions, 10. Ignorance for the people of worship (charity without knowledge). (Thus said Hafs).


The words of the wise are a comfort to the ignorant, and the words of the ignorant are a record to the wise (Thus said a judge).


Al Faqih said: “When fools hear the words of the wise, they find them witty and odd, so they are entertained. On the other hand, when the words of the ignorant pass through the ears of the wise, they are so bad that they become a record (warning) for them, so that they will be kept away from them: “Listening, while the scholar, namely: “To narrate, and the zuhud person is: “Preserving, and implementing”.










CHAPTER 58 : On the Virtue of the Assembly of Knowledge


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Laits that he said: “Three men came to the Prophet while he was sitting with his companions, the first occupied a vacant place, the second sat at the back of the assembly, and the third continued to leave, after he had finished giving his advice he said: “I tell you about the behavior of these three people, namely:

  1. The first man drew near to Allah, and Allah drew near to him.
  2. The second person: Ashamed of Allah, Allah is ashamed of him.
  3. The third person: “Turning away from Allah, and Allah will turn away from him.


Al Faqih narrated from Shahr Hausyab that Lugmanul Hakim advised his son: “O my son, when you see the congregation in dhikr, then sit with them, for if you are clever, your knowledge will benefit you, and if you are ignorant, then you can gain knowledge from them, and if they are blessed by Allah, then you will have a share of it. And when you see people who do not make dhikr, then be careful not to approach them, because if you are clever, there is no benefit to your knowledge, and if you are ignorant, then it increases your greatness, and maybe they are scolded by Allah, so that you are affected by His anger.


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa’id Khudry that the Prophet said:” Allah commissioned angels who travel around the world, when they meet the congregation of dhikrullah, they call out: “Come this is your destination, then they sit together in the assembly, after ascending to the sky, they report to Allah: “We left them praising you, glorifying you and remembering you.” Then what did they want? They said heaven, then have they seen it? He replied: No, then what if they had seen it? He replied: “They would have increased in zeal and earnest expectation. And they asked for protection from Hell, even though they had never seen it, if it was shown to them they would be even more afraid, then He said: “O angels, witness that I have forgiven them. They said: “Some of them are still sinners, and they have no intention of going there, but have only come for a purpose. He said: “They are a people who do not lose whoever sits with them”.


Before creation, Allah had written two sentences and placed them under the Throne, namely:


  1. For those who do good, but associate with evil people, if their deeds turn into sins, and will be gathered with them on the Day of Resurrection.


  1. For the one who does bad deeds, but associates with good people who are devoted to worship, and likes them, his deeds will be considered good deeds, and he will be gathered with them on the Day of Resurrection.” (Ka’bul Akhbar)


Al Faqih said: “The one who sits with a clever person, even if he does not remember what he says, will attain seven glories, namely:


  1. The honor of the one who learns.
  2. Restraint from sinful behavior, as long as he is close to a clever person.
  3. When leaving for his assembly, he is showered with mercy by Allah.
  4. When he is with him, he receives the mercy given to the clever man.
  5. Good is written, as long as he listens to his speech (advice).
  6. Being covered by the angels with their wings, because they are very willing to him.
  7. Every step is written goodness and penance for him and raised the level of his degree.


Furthermore, it is added with six glories, namely:

  1. Happy to follow (attend) in the Ulama assembly
  2. Receiving the good reward of everyone who follows in his footsteps, without reducing the reward of those who follow.
  3. When the clever person is forgiven, he intercedes for him.

4: Being calm or cool-hearted, away from the company of the wicked.

  1. Entering the journey of the learned (educated) and the salihin,
  2. Including the enforcer of Allah’s commandments, His Word:



“Be people who obey God, for teaching His book.


All the above-mentioned glories are for those who are weak (unable to remember) the teachings delivered by the clever, while for those who are strong in memory, the glory is even multiplied.


Allah’s heaven on earth is the “Assembly of Zikr” or recitation, whoever enters it, will be happy. The Prophet said: “One good assembly, for a believer, makes up for two million rotten assemblies”. Sometimes people go out of the house carrying sins as big as the mountain of Thihamah, but when he listens to the knowledge discussed (recitation), feels fear and repents, then goes home clean from all sins, therefore approach the assembly of knowledge, there is no more noble assembly than the assembly of knowledge “. (Umar Khathab).


Humaid from Anas, he said, Someone asked: “When will the Hour occur? The Prophet replied:” What preparations for you to welcome it? He replied: “My preparation is not to increase prayer and fasting, but only love for Allah and His Messenger, Then he said:


“A person will gather with the one he loves, and you will also gather with the one you love. Anas said: “The Muslims never rejoiced more than when they heard this Hadith . (Al Hadith)


Ibn Mas’ud said: “Three sentences I say with right, namely: “Whoever Allah leads in this world, He will also lead in the Hereafter. And those who have a share in Islam and those who have none are not equal. And a person will be gathered with whom he loves. The fourth is that whoever Allah covers in this world will also be covered in the Hereafter.


When entering the market Abu Hurairah said: “You are here. while the inheritance of the Prophet Muhammad # is divided in the Mosque, they immediately went to the Mosque, they said: “O Abu Hurairah, why is no one seen dividing the inheritance?”. He replied: “Don’t you know?” They said: “All I see is people reciting dhikr and reading the Qur’an.” Abu Hurairah said: “That is the legacy of the Prophet Muhammad”.


If I were to go to a people in the morning and ask them about a religious matter, or if they were to ask me about it, it would be better for me than spending 100 horses on a war of attrition. (Thus Al Qamah Qais)


The Prophet said: “When there is a congregation in dhikr then it is called out “Upright you are, all your sins have been replaced by good, and the angels are sitting with them as many as their number”.


The people who finish listening to my recitation are divided into three, namely: 1. disbelievers, 2. hypocrites, 3. true believers. Since all I preach is the Qur’an and the Prophet’s hadith, the unbeliever is a disbeliever, the doubter is a hypocrite, and the one who regrets his actions and follows the teachings of Allah and His Messenger is a true believer. (This is the Shaqiq Zahid).


Al Faqih said: “Whoever sits with 8 kinds of people, then 8 characteristics increase, namely:

  1. Sitting with the rich increases the love of wealth.
  2. Sitting with the poor, increases gratitude and willingness for the gifts of Allah.
  3. Sitting with the ruler, one becomes more hard-hearted and arrogant.
  4. Sitting with children, one becomes more playful and jovial.
  5. Sitting with prostitutes, one becomes more daring in sin and delays repentance.
  6. Sitting with the righteous, one becomes more diligent in worship and avoids sin.
  7. Sitting with scholars increases knowledge and piety.
  8. Sitting with women, increasing ignorance and lust and leaning towards their thoughts.


There are three kinds of sleep and laughter that Allah hates, namely: 1. sleeping in the assembly of remembrance, 2. sleeping after the Fajr prayer, 3. sleeping before the Isyak prayer. While laughing are: 1. Laughing behind the dead, 2. In the assembly of remembrance, 3. On the grave.


According to Abu Yahya Warrag, there are four kinds of calamities: 1. Being late from the imam’s takbiratul, 2. Being late to the assembly of remembrance, 3. Being late for the war of sabil, 4. Being late for Wuguf in Arafat, when he is performing Hajj.


Sitting in the assembly of knowledge is an objective of religion, and is beneficial for physical health, while sitting with the wicked tarnishes religion, and is very bad for physical health.


The Prophet said:” Seeing the face of a scholar is an act of worship, and seeing the Ka’bah is an act of worship, and seeing the Qur’an.”


Al Faqih said: “If people came to the assembly of the ‘Alim for the sole purpose of seeing his face, it would be enough to motivate a normal reasonable person to pay attention to him. Yet the Prophet placed him as his representative, he said:




“The pilgrimage to the “alim, as if I put my head, jubat tangun with him as if jubat tungun with me, sit with him as if sitting with me, dun who sits with me in this world, surely Allah sits him with me later in heaven”.


Scholars are likened to stars; when they rise, the people around them are guided by them, and when they are dark, they are confused. And his death is like a hole in Islam, forever uncovered by anything.








CHAPTER 59 : About Gratitude


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Anas that the Prophet said: “Allah is pleased with the one who says ALHAMDU LILLAAH after finishing eating or drinking.” (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Asma bint Yazid said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “When Allah gathers all creatures together (from the first to the last), then He will call out in a voice that all will hear: “Today it will be made clear who is worthy of honor. Those whose hulls are far from their beds (i.e., they do not sleep at night to worship Allah) will wake up, but their juAllah is limited. It is called out again: “Rise up O honest merchants to the remembrance of Allah, awaken them with little juAllah. It is called again: “Rise up, O honest merchants, to the remembrance of Allah, wake them up with a little juAllah. Then all creatures (humans) are judged.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Hasan that the Prophet Musa asked: “O Lord, how was Adam able to be grateful for Your favor upon him. You made him with Your power, then gave him a spirit, placed him in heaven, why were the angels ordered to bow down to him? He replied: “O Moses, he understood that it was all from Me, so he praised Me, that was his gratitude to Me.


Sa’id reported from Qatadah that the Prophet said: “The person who is given 4 kinds, is fortunate in this world and the next, namely: 1. lips that always remember, 2. a heart that is always grateful, 3. the body is always patient, 4. the wife of a pious believer.


Of the many prayers of the Prophet David, among them are:


Meaning: ” “O Allah, I ask You for four things, and seek refuge from the emptiness also to You, namely:

  1. Lips that always think of You.
  2. Yati is always grateful.
  3. A fertile body.
  4. The wife who blocked my business in the world-ukhirut.


And I take refuge from the island of emput, viz:

  1. From the son who deceives me.
  2. From a wife who makes me gray before her time.
  3. From a treasure that harms.
  4. From a neighbor, who celebrates my good deeds and reveals my bad deeds.


Mw’awiyah asked his friends, how do you differ, then Ndapatmu about prosperity? Answer they said: “Welfare is in 4 things, namely:

  1. House of residence
  2. Adequate livelihood
  3. A satisfactory wife
  4. Not disturbing other people.


Two pleasures for which one should be grateful are:

  1. Away from the door of the king (ruler)
  2. Away from the door of the doctor (hospital, health center and others). (Thus Sutyan Tsaury)


A Muslim who is healthy wal afiat means that he has reached the peak of world-afterlife enjoyment, because the main blessing is: “Healthy wal aftat” while the main blessing of the hereafter is: “Islam”.


From Ibn Abbas, the Prophet said: “There are two pleasures that people often forget, namely: “Health wal ‘afiat, and free time (leisure)”.


Given a favor, be grateful by saying: “ALHAMDULILLAAH”, and given a calamity (distress) should istighfar “ASTAGHFIRULLAAHAL ‘AZHIIM”, and if you feel pressured by poverty should multiply the words, “LAA HAULA WALAA QUWWATA ILLAA BILLAAHIL ‘ALIYYIL ‘AZHIIM”. (A Tabi’in scholar).


The Prophet said: “The perfect food is that which contains 4 elements, namely:


  1. Halal, mentioning the name of Allah, many people eating together, and saying “ALHAMDU LILLAAH” afterwards.”


From Hasan, the Prophet said: “A person who is given a favor (much or little favor) and then says “ALHAMDU LILLAAH”, means that he has received a greater favor than what he just enjoyed”.


The Prophet said: “I admire the attitude of the believer, everything that happens to him is considered good; being given a blessing and being grateful is very good for him, and being tested by danger and being patient, is also very good for him”.


When Mak-khul was asked about the verse:



“On the Day of Resurrection, you will be asked about your favors”.


He replied: “What is meant by favors is drink, food (that fills the stomach), good sleep, a house, a beautiful appearance, a body and others.


The Prophet Isa (peace be upon him) was dressed in a fur garment and wept in front of his companions, his face was distorted from hunger, his lips were dry from thirst, his chest hair and arms were long, and he greeted them, saying: “I am the one who brought down this world in its place with the permission of Allah, do not be surprised or proud. O Children of Israel, make light of the world so that it may be light for you, and make noble for you the Hereafter; do not despise the Hereafter so that the world may be noble for you. If you are truly my friend and companion, then make up your mind to hate and be hostile to the world, if not, then you are not my friend, O Children of Israel, make the mosque your home, and the grave your abode, and be like guests. Think of the birds that neither cultivate nor sow, but Allah provides them with constant sustenance. O Children of Israel, eat voti of cornmeal and spices and fruits; understand that you are not able to be grateful for it, so how can you be grateful for a blessing that exceeds it?”.


Sa’id Jubai, said: “The first person to enter Paradise will be the one who utters the phrase Alhamdulillah in both good and bad times.”


Al Faqih said: ” Gratitude is an act of worship of the earliest to the latest human beings, the act of worship of the angels, the Prophets and the people of the earth and the people of Paradise.


What the Prophets did, namely:

  1. When Prophet Adam (the first) sneezed he said “ALHAMDULILLAH”.
  2. When Noah and the believers were saved from the danger that befell their people, they were commanded to say:



Praise be to Allah Who saved us from the persecutors”. (Al Mukminun 28)

  1. The saying of Prophet Ibrahim



“Praise be to Allah Who gave Ismu’il in my old age, He answered my prayer”. (Ibrahim 39)

  1. Prophet David and Solomon the reader:



“Praise be to Allah Who has favored us over all His believing servants”. (Nahl 15)


What the dwellers of heaven do in six places are:

  1. When separated from the disobedient humans, recite:



“Praise be to Allah Who saved us from the persecutors” (Al Mukminun 28).

2, When passing through the shirat, they recite:



“Praise be to Allah Who removes our grief, He is Forgiving and Thankful”.

  1. After bathing in “Maul-Hayat” living water and seeing Paradise, they recite:



“Praise be to Allah, Who guided us to this, and it would not have been possible to attain this, had we not been guided by Allah”.

  1. After entering Paradise, reciting:



“Praise be to Allah, Who fulfilled His promise and bequeathed the earth to us.”


  1. When they have attained their respective levels, recite: .



“Praise be to Allah, Who removes our grief, He is Forgiving and praiseworthy”. (Fathir 34). Who placed us in eternal abode, by His grace alone”. (Fathir 35)


  1. When finished eating, recite:


Meaning: “Praise be to Allah, the Exalted, the Exalted” (Fatihah 2).


A master of wisdom said: “I am preoccupied with being grateful for four things, namely:


  1. The most noble of the thousand creatures created by Allah is the son of Adam, and I am one of them.


  1. Men are superior to women, and I am one of them.


  1. Islam is the best religion accepted by Allah, and I am in it (a Muslim).


  1. Muhammad’s Ummah is the best Ummah, and I am one of them.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “There are four kinds of creatures created by Allah, namely: 1. angels, 2. jinn, 3. humans, 4. devils. Then they were divided into 10, of which 9 were angels, and one was: “Jinn, humans and devils”.


Another narration mentions 10 parts, of which 9 are jinn and devils, and one is human. Then human beings will be divided into 125 kinds, 100 Ya’juj-Ma’juj and Sanuj, malug and others, all of whom are disbelievers, hell is their place, and 25 humans-(12 Roman, Kharaz, and Sighlab, and 6 in the west or between Zith, Habash, and Zinj, and 6 in the east or between: Turkey, Khagan, Ghazu, Negro, Keling Kimak, Yamk and all of them go to hell except the Muslims). And there remains one part of the 25, namely: Muslims, therefore it is obligatory to be grateful for this blessing, and understand that Allah has chosen him from millions of creatures to be created as a believer. Furthermore, Muslims are divided into 73 groups, of which 72 obey their passions and go astray, while only one follows “SunnaturRasulullah”, (i.e.) who dares to weaken his passions and reason to follow the guidance of Allah, and His Messenger, to the point that he becomes a believer.


Allah, and His Messenger, so that they do not stray from the straight path (Islam).


There are two kinds of gratitude, namely:


  1. General gratitude, meaning: “Recognizing that the blessing is from Allah, then his tongue expresses gratitude.
  2. Specific gratitude, meaning: “saying with the mouth, realizing in the heart, all the limbs are kept from things that are not lawful, including keeping dirty talk, useless and others. According to Muhammad Ka’ab, gratitude is: “deeds,


as Allah says:



“Do your deeds (give thanks), yukni: All your deeds are in gratitude for the blessings of your Lord”.


Amr Shw’aib from his father and grandmother, the Prophet said: “There are two praiseworthy Attributes, for the one who behaves in this manner is considered grateful, and Patient, namely:

  1. Looking up to those who are superior in matters of religion, in order to emulate and follow in their footsteps.
  2. Looking up to those who are lower in worldly affairs, so that it is easy to thank Allah.


Al Faqih said:” Gratitude is in three ways, namely:

  1. When you receive a favor, remember the Giver and praise Him (Allah 45).
  2. Receiving favors willingly and contentedly.
  3. Do not use favors in sin.


The person who is given 4 traits, means exceeding the good that is in the family of David about the world, namely:


  1. Fear of Allah, whether in private (two women) or in public, so as to discourage actions that are considered abominable.
  2. Frugality, whether rich or poor.
  3. Being moderate (fair), whether one is angry or not.
  4. Always praising Allah, whether in good times or bad. (This is the statement of the Prophet Sulaiman, David )


The very lucky man, who received the greatest favor, in the form of: “Safe from punishment (in the grave) and waiting for the reward.


CHAPTER 60 : On Creating Employment (Kasab or Business)


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “The one who seeks halal wealth in order to preserve his dignity (not to beg), and provide for his family, and do good to his neighbors, then on the Day of Resurrection with the face of the full moon he will be resurrected. But those whose aim was to accumulate wealth for the sake of pride and arrogance will be scolded by Allah on the Day of Judgment.”


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Nashr Yahya, who said: “The Prophet David was accustomed to disguising himself, asking about the behavior of his people. One day he met Gabriel (resembling a human), he said: “O Youth what do you think of David? He replied: “He is the best of servants, but there are also weaknesses, Then:” What is his weakness? He replied: “He ate from the Muslims’ treasury, whereas Allah loves a man who eats from his own labor. Then he went home crying: O Lord, show me how to create my own business or job so that I no longer eat from the Bait al-Mal. Then he was shown how to work (i.e.) producing tools or clothing for war by softening iron, this was done after returning from his office (serving the needs of his community), so that by selling the results of his work he could provide for his family, without taking from the Bayt al-Mal. Allah says:




“We smoothed iron for David, and showed him how to make iron armor, so that he would be protected from the weapons of the enemy in battle.”


Al Faqih reported that Tsabit Bunany said: “Security (‘Afiah welfare) is tenfold, of which nine are in “Silence” and one is: ” In avoiding public association. And worship is also 10 parts, of which 9 are in seeking sustenance, and one: “In the conduct of worship”.


From Jabir Abdullah, the Messenger of Allah said: “He who makes his living by begging, Allah will open the door to poverty for him, and he who takes care of himself, Allah will help him. And the one who accepts what he is, surely Allah will give him enough. If a man goes to the valley with a rope to fetch wood and sells it in the market for the price of a mud korma, it is better for him than begging, whether he is given it or not”.


The Prophet said: “Trade in clothes or cloth, for your father Ibrahim used to trade in cloth”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Prophet Zakaria used to be a carpenter”.


Hisham Urwah reported from his father, Aisha, as saying: “The Prophet Solomon sometimes held coconut leaves (Janur – Java) when preaching, basket material was woven and then made shopping and others. Handicrafts and if it is finished (finished) sold servants to the market.


Syaqiq Ibrahim in interpreting the verse:



“If Alluh had bestowed sustenance on His humba, they would have exceeded the limit (morally depraved). but Allah gave it .according to what He wanted for the good of His servants, Allah Knows all His humba in detail and watches over it?” (Ash Shura 27).


Had Allah provided sustenance without effort, man would have become corrupt, and there would have been many opportunities for him to do evil, but He Wisely consoled him with effort, so that he would not do much damage.


Sa’id Musayyab said: “It is not (less) good for a man who does not work (to earn money) halal, because with it can fulfill his (religious) obligations, and maintain his honor”.


The affirmation of ‘Umar Khathab: “O poor people, raise your heads, work hard, because there are many ways of doing business, be your own bearer (do not burden people)”. Abu Salih said: “Umar ordered us to cooperate (between) 3 people, namely: One is in charge of business (cultivating work), one is marketing, and the other follows the war of Sabil, Abu Salih said: “Now it is time for me to go to the battlefield, maintaining peace on the border”.


Al Faqih from Abu Ja’far, from Abdullah Mubarrak, said: “The one who stops his business (in the marketplace or wherever he is doing business), his prestige will decline and his morals will deteriorate.”


Therefore work, so that your dignity is preserved, not to be insulted by many people, especially if it is to burden (dependents) people.


From Jabir Abdullah, the Prophet said: “He who plants a plant or a tree (fruit), and it is eaten by people, animals, birds or wild animals, he has given in charity”.


Anas reported that the Prophet said:” If the Day of Judgment comes and you are holding a seed, if you can plant it, then do so.


From Mak-khul, the Prophet said: Beware of criticizing or praising, and do not insult or pretend to be dead, (meaning) always depending on others, reluctant to try or lazy to work.


A’masy from Abu Muharrig, who said: “There was a young man passing by, then Abu Bakr and Umar said: “Fortunately, if the dexterity and skill of the young man is used for jihad fi sabilillah, it must be a great reward. Then the Prophet said: “If he works to help his old parents, he is jihad fi sabilillah, and if he tries to provide for his children, he is jihad fi sabilillah, and if he works for his own needs, he is jihad fi sabilillah (so as not to beg), and if he works for popularity (to make a name) and for pride, he has entered the path (trap) of the devil”.


Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet said: “Allah always loves (is pleased) with every believer who is diligent in working, providing for his family (if he is a father), and is not pleased with a healthy person who is idle, neither doing good in this world nor in the Hereafter.


Ja’far Shadig from Muhammad Baqir, said: The Prophet used to go to the market to buy things for his family, and when asked, he replied: Gabriel advised me that: “The one who tries to provide for his family, so as not to be greedy for others, is jihad fi sabilillah”.


Anas said: “A man begged the Prophet and was asked: “Do you have nothing at home? He replied: “Yes, only a torn mat that we sit on, we sleep on it (and made a pillow or kemul, a plate for eating, drinking and washing the head. Then he said: “Bring them here. After it was handed over to him, it was offered to the Companions, who wants to buy this? One person bid one dirham. It was offered again: “Who wants to buy this, more than one dirham? There is a person bidding 2 dirhams. Then it was given and the money was given to the man, he said: “Here is the money, one dirham buy food for your family and the other you buy an axe and bring it here, Then he carried out the Prophet’s instructions, then he came back to the Prophet with his axe. And he fitted wood for the handle of the axe. he said: “Look for wood, then sell it and do not come here for 15 days. Then he did so and was able to earn 10 dirhams of money for his family’s sustenance, he then told the Prophet: “This kind of endeavor is better for you than you coming on the Day of Judgment while (your begging work will be) a black spot on your face, which cannot be removed except by hellfire”.


A master of wisdom said: “A reasonable person should not choose a country to live in that does not contain five things, namely:


  1. An authoritative ruler (full power).

2, Just judges

  1. A lively market.
  2. A flowing river (never dry).
  3. A good doctor.


And when asked: “What is the best business?” He replied: “Business that is halal in order to fulfill the needs of life, and for the preservation of worship, and the excess is saved in the bank of the Hereafter (jariah charity).


The benefits of the Hereafter are: “Knowledge that is practiced and disseminated, and good deeds that are commonly practiced (i.e.) the sunnaturRasulullah that is upheld. And when asked: “What is the worst or most evil way to earn money?” He replied: “That is, earnings from haraam means or endeavors, and spending on immorality, and helping those who oppose God, so you should hasten to abandon such things.


As for the results of bad deeds in the hereafter, they are: Denying the truth out of jealousy, and persistently committing sins, and corrupt traditions or behaviors that are enacted out of oppression and transgression.”







CHAPTER 61 : The Dangers of Business and Avoidance of Haram


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Qatadah that the Prophet said: “If you wish, I swear that the traders are not right, and I wonder why they are safe, in the daytime they swear, but at night they count”. Al Faqih from Hamzah Muhammad from Abu Qasim Ahmad Ham from Yahya, he said: “I was told by a scholar that: “Religion and the world cannot be established without four things, namely: “Scholars and governments, as well as warriors and merchants”. Al Faqih said: “A scholar explained that the government is: The protector and protector of the people, and the Ulama as the heirs of the Prophet who guide the creatures to the straight path (hereafter), while the general public are his followers. And the Fighters are the troops of the army of Allah, to eradicate the infidels. While the merchants, who are observed by Allah to fulfill human needs. Governments and scholars are to be followed in the footsteps of their teachings, and armies eradicate or secure unrest, but if they behave arrogantly and greedily, then security will not be possible for the people, while merchants if treacherous, then people will also not be calm. A wise man said: “The loss in this world and the next for merchants who are not threefold is:


  1. His mouth is pure from lying, laghwu (playing or joking) and oaths.
  2. His heart is pure from deception, betrayal and envy.
  3. His soul always maintains Friday prayers and congregational prayers, always seeks knowledge, and prioritizes the pleasure of Allah over all else.


  1. Ali asserts: “Those merchants who are not religiously literate will fall into usury, and they will fall into the lawful and unlawful ways of accumulating wealth and profit.”


Do not look at the clothes of the marketplace, for in them are wolves. And beware of three people, namely: 1. The rich neighbor. 2. The market gurra (cheap) 3. The government scholar. (Thus Sufyan Tsaury).


When he entered the market, Muhammad Shimal said: “O dwellers of the market, your sales are deserted, and the goods are rotten, and your neighbors are insulters, and hell is your abode.” (Muhajn mad Syimal).


Ibn Abbas said: “Halal business is heavier than moving a mountain.”


Yunus Ubaid said: “Nowadays it is rare for people to do even a little halal business, and the little that is trusted, following the sunnaturRasulullah, is decreasing day by day.


Muw’adz Jabal said: “Every person will face Allah on the Day of Resurrection and will be asked about four things:

  1. Body used for what to perish.
  2. What is his life used for until it runs out,
  3. How (to what extent) his knowledge is practiced,
  4. Where to get wealth (by what means) and what to use it for?.


Wisdom scholars said: “Greed is the hypocrite’s way of acquiring wealth, then not giving it in charity because of his doubts, never giving it in charity with riya. Whereas the believer acquires it with fear, and holds it with gratitude, then spends it sincerely for the sake of Allah.


It is a wonder that people leave halal food for fear of disease, but why don’t they dare to leave haram food for fear of hellfire? (Said Ibn Syabrumah).


Yahya Mw’adz Razy said: “Obedience is kept in the cupboard of Allah, while the don is the key to open it, and the tooth of the key is halal wealth. Therefore prayer will not be accepted, except with halal wealth.


Ibn Zubayr reported from Jarir that the Prophet said: “O people, a person will not die before his sustenance runs out, therefore do not think that the arrival of sustenance is slow, fear Allah, and use good means in seeking sustenance, then take what is lawful for you, and avoid the haraam.


The scholars of wisdom said: There are four definitions of sustenance, for most people, namely:


  1. Knowing that sustenance is from Allah, and believing that one has to work for it (without which one will not receive sustenance), then this attitude is polytheistic.
  2. Knowing that sustenance is from Allah, but doubting it (whether it will be given or not), then he is a hypocrite.
  3. Believes that sustenance is from Allah, but is reluctant to pay zakat, and even spend it on sin, then he is wicked.
  4. Convinced that sustenance is from Allah, and work or effort is only an intermediary (factor causing sustenance to come), does not affect whether or not it can be obtained, then he fulfills his zakat obligations, and does not spend it on sin, then he is a sincere believer.


Zaid Arqam said: “Every night Abu Bakr Shiddiq’s servant would bring food, and he would not eat it until he knew exactly where and how he had gotten it.


One night he came with food and Abu Bakr ate it immediately, only a bite was eaten, then the servant said: “Usually you ask first, but why not tonight?” He replied: “Woe to you, it is because of hunger, where did you get this? He said: “In the days of Jahiliyyah, I used to bewitch a man and he gave me a reward, then they held a walimah, then I remembered the promise, and they gave me the food. Then Abu Bakr (immediately recited: INNAA LILLAAHI WA INNAA ILAIHHI RAAJIUUN”, he tried to vomit, so that the food came out, but could not until his face was green, so most people suggested that he drink, after drinking a glass of water, then he vomited, and continued to vomit until his stomach was finished. Most people said: “Why do you do this with a mouthful? He replied: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:




“Allah has forbidden sursa, bugi of the one who eats or is given unlawful food.” (Hadith)


Al Faqih said: “The one who wants (business wealth) to be halal, then must maintain 5 things, namely:


  1. The obligations towards Allah are not delayed because of it, and it does not hinder or prevent the obligations.
  2. No one is harmed or harassed as a result of his business.
  3. The aim is to maintain the honor (price) of the self, and the family, not merely to accumulate as much wealth as possible.
  4. Not destroy (force) themselves in business.
  5. Do not assume that sustenance is obtained by his efforts, but assume it comes directly from Allah, while working or effort alone is only a factor causing the arrival of sustenance.


The Prophet said: “The one who acquires haraam wealth u by haraam means, then donated or for silaturrahmi, or spent fi sabilillah, then everything is gathered and thrown into hell.


Imran Husain said: “A person’s Hajj and Umrah are not accepted, as a result of using usury money, as well as his jihad and charity and freeing his slave, with usury money, bribes, proceeds of fraud, treachery, corruption, stolen snatches and other haraam things, then he said: “Five against five.


Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet said: “The one who gives charity with haraam wealth is in vain (not rewarded) and if he spends it, it is not blessed, and it becomes hellfire when he dies. Allah will not remove filth with filth, but He will remove what is bad with what is good.”


Hasan Bashry reported that the Prophet said: “That good wealth is brought from elsewhere, and the worst merchant is the one who lives among you, who always quarrels with you, but sometimes associates with you”.


When he was asked: “What is the best business?” He replied: “That which is done by one’s own hand, and every good trade in which there is no doubt, and in which there is no deceit”.


Qatadah said:



“The truthful and honest merchant will have a shelter under the shade of the Throne on the Day of Judgment”.



CHAPTER 62 : On Feeding and . Its Virtues and Kindness


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from A’masy from ‘Athiyah ‘Auf, who said: “Jabir ‘Abdullah said: “O ‘Athiyah, keep this message of mine, which is:


  1. You should love the family of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions, and those who love his family even if for example they fall into sin.


  1. You should hate the one who hates the Prophet Muhammad and his family, even if he is a fasting and night-waking person.


  1. You should love to give gifts or food.


  1. You should say salam in any place.


  1. Perform the night prayer (Tahajjud), when most people sleep, because I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Allah did not appoint Prophet Ibrahim as Khalilullah, except that he loved to entertain (feed) people, and spread greetings, and prayed the night prayer when most people were sleeping.


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Ghairan Habib, who said:” A man came to Ibn Abbas and said: “The Muhajirin and Anshar say that: We are insignificant? He replied: “Yes, but if you pray, give zakaah, fast, perform Hajj to the House of Allah, and entertain guests, then you will enter Paradise.”


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abu Shuraih Khaz’, who said:” I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should entertain his guest for one day and one night, and his feast for three days, and the rest is charity.”


Athak reported that the Prophet Ibrahim, when he wanted to eat, and there was no guest with him, went out for a mile or two looking for someone to eat with.


From Ikrimah: Prophet Ibrahim was known as the father of guests, his house had four doors facing the four directions, so he knew exactly from which direction the guests were coming,


If I entertain my friends by one or two saa’, it will give me more pleasure than going out to the market to free a slave. (S. Ali)


Ibn ‘Umar, if he had a good meal and a rich man passed by, would not be eager to call him, but if he was poor, he would immediately call him, saying: “I do not call the one who does not want this, and do not leave the one who really wants.


When he was asked: “What is the charity that most people enter Paradise?” he was asked. He replied: “Takwallah and husnul khulug (good behavior). And what are the deeds that mostly send people to Hell? He replied: “The two orifices (i.e. the mouth and private parts) and su-ul khlulug (bad manners).


‘Ā’ishah reported: “Good manners, and kindness to neighbors, and friendship with relatives, all of which prosper the community, and increase life, even if the one who does them is not a Muslim.


Ibn ‘Umar reported: “When we were in the mosque, suddenly a young Ansar man greeted us and asked the Prophet &£: “Who is the most excellent believer? He replied: “The one with the best manners. Then: The one whose mind is more perfect? He said: “The one who often remembers death, and makes provisions for it, then he turned to us and said: “O Muhajirin and Anshar, there are five factors that cause trials to come, and I seek refuge with Allah that you may not be exposed to them, namely:


  1. If immorality (prostitution) has been cultivated in a society, it must be tried with a plague of creeping diseases (plague of tha’un), and diseases that have never existed before.


  1. If one cheats in measuring or weighing merchandise, then there are two dangers that befall, namely:
  2. The heavy cost of living,
  3. Persecution by the ruler.


  1. If you are reluctant to give zakaah, there will be a period of rain; if there were no animals, the rain would not have been sent down forever.


  1. If the Promise of Allah is betrayed, as well as the teachings of His Messenger, surely the enemy, another religion will be given the opportunity to colonize it.


  1. If they do not judge cases using the Book of Allah, they will surely perish, due to the disputes that occur between them.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet 3£ said: “Your wealth may not be able to make people free, but with your smile and good manners, they will surely become free.


From Abdurrahman Jubair, from his father Nawas Sam’an Anshary I asked the Prophet 8£ about “goodness (Al Birr) and sin. He replied: “Al birru is kindness, while sin is: “Actions that are doubtful in the heart, and fear that they will be known to others”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “A person’s nobility is determined by his religion (how he practices it), and his humanity is determined by his intellect, while his nobility is determined by his character”.


Ibn Abbas said: “Good manners melt sins like the sun melts fat, while bad manners spoil deeds like vinegar spoils honey.”


Yahya bin Sa’id from Mu’adz Jabal, said: “The end of the Prophet’s will to me (i.e.) when my feet were on the vehicle, “Improve your manners to the people, O Muwadz Jabal.


your manners to the people, O Muw’adz Jabal”. From Jabir bin Abdullah, the Messenger of Allah said: Good manners is the control of Allah’s mercy in his nose, while the control & the hands of angels, it attracts to goodness, and it pushes him to heaven. Whereas bad manners, the control of the punishment of Allah in his nose, and the control is in the hands of Satan, Satan pushes him to evil, and evil plunges into hell.


From Jabir Abdullah, the Prophet said: “That this religion of Islam is what I have approved (willing) for myself, and it is not worthy of him, except for two traits (namely) generous and kind, So glorify this religion with these two traits if you are still adherents.


When a person invites a guest, he should pay attention to three things, namely:


  1. Not to burden oneself, nor to exceed the limits of one’s ability and the SunnaturRasulullah.


  1. Not to serve food except with halal food.


  1. Always be mindful of the time of prayer, lest people be forced to delay the time of prayer because of the event.


The invited guest should also pay attention to three things, namely:


  1. Sitting in a place that is spacious, not crowded (or whatever the place is).


  1. Accepting the meal as it is, and not criticizing or laughing at it if it does not agree with him.


  1. Praying for the inviter, after the meal and when going out, that he may be blessed.


The Prophet said:



“The one who gives zakaah on his wealth, and entertains guests, and gives gifts to his relatives who are far away, will be protected from the evil of his lust”. (Hadith)










CHAPTER 63 : On Tawakkal (Surrendering to Allah)


Al Faqih reported that Salim Abu Jady said: “The Prophet ‘Isa in his advice said: “Do not save food for tomorrow, for tomorrow there is a certain provision. Look at the ant who is the provider? If you say: “The ant has a small stomach, then look at the bird, it has wings, and also look at the animals that are big and fat.


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Mijlaz, who said: “Umar said: “I do not care about my state in the morning, whether I am happy or miserable, because I do not know exactly which is better for me happy or miserable”.


Al Faqih narrated from Muthallib Hanthab that the Prophet said: “Every command and prohibition from Allah I have conveyed to you, remember that the Angel Gabriel has whispered in the feelings of my heart, that a soul will not die until it runs out of sustenance that has been determined for him, so whoever feels that something is too late for him, let him demand it in a good way, because you cannot get what is with Allah, with something better than obeying Him.


Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet said: “He who desires to be the strongest man, surrender to Allah, and he who desires to be the noblest man, fear Him, and he who desires to be the richest, establish upon Allah more than (the wealth) that he already holds.


Prophet David’s advice to his son (Sulaiman): “O my son, the proof of one’s piety is threefold, namely:


  1. To have good faith, in the course of achieving something.
  2. Relieved of what has been accomplished (happened to him).
  3. Patience with the loss of something that has been grabbed (held) by your hand.


Abu Mu’thi Balkhy said to Hatim Al’Asham: Is it true that you walk in the forest with no provisions, only trusting in Allah? He replied: “No, I traveled a long way with provisions, then what are the provisions: He said: “Four things are my provisions:


  1. I am convinced that the world and its contents belong to Allah.
  2. All creatures are His servants.
  3. Any effort or work, is merely a causal factor, while sustenance is in the hands of God.
  4. And I believe that: “His provisions must apply to every creature.


Abu Murtthi said: That is the best provision, because your provision is able to travel very far (i.e. the hereafter), so it is meaningless if it is only a journey on earth (the world).


Shaqiq in his advice:” Keep in mind and maintain the following 3 things, namely:


  1. Be devoted to Allah, He will surely strengthen you.
  2. Fight or fight His enemies, surely Allah will help you.
  3. Firmly believe in His promises, He will surely bring them to you.


Ibn Mas’ud said: “If the clever people had preserved their knowledge, and conveyed it to the rightful people, they would have been honored among their people (era), but they misdirected themselves, giving it to the worldly experts to gain worldly wealth, then they were lowly. I heard the Prophet say: “A person who concentrates his thoughts on the affairs of the Hereafter, Allah will surely provide for all his worldly needs, on the other hand, a person who is preoccupied with the affairs of this world, Allah does not care, will be destroyed or tortured in which abyss of hell fire.


The Torah states: “O son of Adam, move your hand and We will give you your sustenance, and obey Me in all commands and do not teach Me what is in your interest”.


The foundations of Islam are four, namely:

  1. Belief.
  2. Justice.
  3. Patience.
  4. Jihad. (Thus S. Ali)


  1. There are two types of belief, namely:
  2. Doing good deeds sincerely for the sake of Allah, not expecting worldly wealth or human praise.
  3. Feeling calm about Allah’s promises (about sustenance).


  1. Fair, there are two, namely:
  2. Hurry up to fulfill obligations before they are demanded.
  3. Rights that have not been fulfilled, you may demand them in a kind or gentle way.


  1. Patience, there are two, namely:
  2. Patience in doing obligations (obedience).
  3. Patience in curbing sin (offense).


  1. Jihad, there are two, namely:
  2. Not to forget the enemy (i.e.) Satan, because if you forget him, you will definitely be pounced by him, like a sheep caught off guard by its prey (wolf).
  3. Give up your modest share, so that you will not be deceived, because generally the temptation of man is about wealth. (This is the interpretation of the scholars)


Shaqiq asked Hatim ‘Asham: “How many years were you in my place? He replied: “30 years. Then what did you earn during that time? He replied: “I have learned only six sentences which, had I been able to do so, would have saved me from this fitnah, asked Shaqiq: What are these phrases, maybe I could have done them and survived.


  1. He replied: “I paid attention to the Word of Allah:



“No animal of the earth moves except that Allah guarantees its survival”. (Hud 6)


And I am also among the creeping things that He has guaranteed, and I am certain that: “My share will surely come to me, for Allah provides for the large animals (elephants) without forgetting the small ones (i.e. mosquitoes). That is why I fully surrendered to Him, without any doubt. Syaqiq said: “That is good”. Then the second one?


  1. He said: “I analyzed the verse:


It means:

“The believers are brothers” (ujurat 10).


So my view of all believers is that they are my brothers, who must love one another, and I know exactly that: The quarrels or disputes or enmity that afflict mankind, are generally due to envy, or hasud. Therefore, I have completely expelled envy or jealousy from my heart, so that my heart has changed, so that if Muslims in the east suffer, then I am very concerned, as if the suffering is mine to bear. Similarly, if the believers in the far west were to benefit, I would rejoice, as if I were the recipient of the benefit.


Shaykh said: That is good, then what is the third?


  1. He said: “I see: “Every human being has a lover, and love requires proof, so I found my love in “obeying Allah”, because all lovers at some point break up, except obeying Allah who remains with me in the grave, in mahshar, in the shirat. That is why I have made obedience to All my love. Syaqiq said: “That is very correct. Then the fourth one?


  1. He said: “I see that every human being has an enemy, and a set of enemies requires vigilance and caution, while my enemy is: “Satan and the opponents of Allah (disbelievers), but I know exactly his weakness, because if I wrestle and 1 kill me it means I am a martyr, otherwise I kill him I am rewarded, the hard thing is the enmity with Satan, because he sees me, while I do not see him, he tries to plunge me into the abyss of hell. That is why I have always been vigilant throughout my life against his tricks, and I have abandoned all enmity with others. Shaqiq said: “That is good, then the fifth?


  1. He said: “I see that everyone has a house and every one of them needs to be cared for, while my house is a grave, so I am occupied with making it prosperous. Shaykh said: “That is good, then the sixth?


  1. He said: “I noticed that: Every thing has a pursuer, but my pursuer is the angel of death, and I do not know exactly when he will catch me. Therefore I act as a bride to be delivered to my husband’s house, so that when he comes, there will be no delay.


Shaqiq said: “You are right, if I could have done that, I would have been saved, including you”.


Abdurrahman Ali Laila reported: “Someone asked: O Nabiyallah, Should I let the camel go and put my trust in Allah, or should I tie the camel and put my trust in Allah? His reply: Tie it first, then you put your trust in Allah”.


A master of wisdom said: “There are three qualities that are present in a Waliyullah, namely:


  1. Belief in Allah in everything.
  2. Needing Allah in everything. 3. Everything is returned to Allah.


Fudlail ‘Iyadl said: “The man who is most favored by his neighbor, viz: “The one who does not desire (ask) from others, on the contrary, the most hated, namely: “The one who is often in need of his neighbor”.


And the one whom Allah loves, namely: “The one who seeks help from Allah, and always prays to Him. On the other hand, the one who is hated by Allah, namely: The one who does not desire and does not want to pray to Him.


The last testament for Lukman Hakim’s son was: My son, until now I have given you many messages, and now I am giving you six things, which contain the knowledge of the earliest people and the last man, namely:


  1. Do not be too busy with worldly affairs (wealth), except to meet the needs of the rest of your life in this world.
  2. Worship your Lord according to your desire for Him.
  3. Work for the Hereafter according to your desire to reside there.
  4. Make an effort to free yourself from Hellfire, as long as you doubt your salvation (freedom from Hellfire).
  5. Balance your courage in committing sin with the strength of your patience in facing (enduring) the punishment of Allah.
  6. Look for a place that Allah and His angels do not see (how can you?), if you are going to disobey Him.


According to a scholar of wisdom: “The difference between belief and tawakkal is: “Belief is to truly believe in Allah with all the deeds that will lead one to the Hereafter. Whereas tawakkal: “truly trusting in Allah in all worldly endeavors.


Tawakkal is divided into two, namely:


  1. ‘Tawakkal about sustenance, so one should not be anxious or concerned about it.
  2. Tawakkal about the reward of one’s deeds; one should trust and be confident in Allah’s promise, and worry about whether one’s deeds will be accepted or not, if one does not know the exact nature of the problem.


Atha Sa’ib reported that Ya’la Murrah said: “My opinion which was expressed to S. Ali and others: “We should take care of Amirul al-Mu’minin, regarding his safety, because it is a time of war, and we fear that he may be kidnapped. Then when he came out for the Fajr congregation, we were asked at the door of his house: “Why are you here?” We replied: “To protect you, O Amiral mukminin, because it is a state of war, and we fear that someone will kidnap you.” S. Ali asked: “Are you guarding me from people above or below (heaven-earth)? We answered: “From the people of the earth, because we are not able to guard you from the people of the sky. Then he replied: “Nothing happens on earth except by the decree of the heavens, and every person is guarded by two angels to ward off any harm that may befall him, and when his destiny arrives, the angels let him go, so that the thing that Allah has decreed comes to pass.” (Sūrat al-Baqarah: 9)








CHAPTER 64 : About Wira’i (Cautiousness)


Al Faqih narrated from Qatadah who said: “Abdullah Mutharrif said: “Sometimes you meet two kinds of people, one of whom has more fasting, prayers and charity, but the other has more reward, (i.e. the one who is more prudent).


Wira means: “To be cautious in doing rulings, to avoid doubtful matters, and to be afraid of approaching haram”.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Umarah, who said: Abdullah Rawahah when he was about to leave for the battle of Muth’ah proposed: “O Messenger of Allah, advise me, He replied: “You are going to a place where (people) prostrate little, so prostrate more. More, O Messenger of Allah, he said: “Remember Allah, He can help you achieve your desires, and your wishes, then leave, but return again and ask for more, he replied: “Remembrance of Allah, He is single pleased with single, Abdullah said, add to me, He replied: “You should not be lazy, and do not feel weak if you do wrong 10 times to do good once.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Anas, the Messenger of Allah said: “These six things I guarantee entry into Paradise if you accept them, namely:


  1. Do not lie when you speak.
  2. If you make a promise, do not break it.
  3. If trusted, do not betray.
  4. Keep your eyes away from forbidden things.
  5. Keep your private parts (genitals), do not commit haram (adultery, etc.).
  6. Keep your hands from forbidden things (stealing, playing, sinning and others).


Hasan from Imran Husain, the Prophet # said: “Allah says: “O My servant, fulfill your obligations to Me, surely you will be the best man in terms of worship. And avoid My prohibitions you will be the best man in terms of wira’i. And accept the sustenance that I give you, you will surely become the richest man”.


Fudlail said: “There are 5 proofs of one’s happiness, namely:

  1. Confidence in the heart (steady)
  2. Wira’i in religion
  3. Zuhud in the world (wealth).
  4. Shame in the eyes (when committing sins).
  5. Fear of Allah in the whole body (body).


And there are also 5 proofs of one’s accident, namely:

  1. Hard-hearted, not accepting anyone’s advice.
  2. Dry eyes, no compassion.
  3. No shame in violating God’s law (Ndableg – Javanese language).
  4. Greedy for the treasures of the world, to the point of forgetting the land.
  5. Infinite fantasizing (long wishful thinking).


We leave 99% (ninety-nine percent) of what is halal, worried about subhat or haram. (Thus Umar and Ibn Mas’ud). A wisdom expert said: “The state of this world is all miraculous, my wonder is at the people who are deceived in 5 things, namely:


  1. He has been given more wealth by Allah, so why does he not use it to prepare for the future when he is in need of it?
  2. They are articulate, so why do they follow their desires and ignore the warnings of Allah and the recitation of the Qur’an?
  3. Physically fit and unoccupied, why does he not fast for three days every month, when the great reward of fasting would greet him and he would feel disappointed that he did not get it?
  4. Sleeping until morning, why does he not pay attention to the great reward of the night prayer, even if it is two rak’ahs?


  1. The one who dares to violate Allah’s prohibition, knowing full well that Allah will not care for him on the Day of Judgment, why does he not think further about the consequences of his actions?


Avoiding one penny of haram money is better than giving 100,000 pennies in charity. (Abdullah Mubarrak said).


When Abdullah Mubarrak was writing hadith (in the Levant), his pen broke, so he borrowed a friend’s pen, and when he finished he forgot to put it in his pen. After returning to Mawu, seeing his friend’s pen, he quickly returned to Levant to return it.


Sha’by from Numan Bashir, the Messenger of Allah, said: “(Things that are) haram and halal are very clear, but between the twoawa there are items that are syubhat (unclear halal haram), not noticed by most people, so the one who keeps himself from syubhat, means clean religion and honor. But the one who falls into the haraam means that he also falls into the forbidden, like a person who herds sheep around a forbidden place, and he may eventually violate the prohibition. Remember, every king has rules (prohibitions) and Allah’s prohibitions, which are things that are forbidden.


And also remember, that in the human body, there is a clot of virgin (heart), if it is good, it will be good for the rest of the body. and if it is damaged, then it is damaged by the rest of the body (ie the heart).


Every thing has a limit, and the limits of Islam are four: 1. Wira’i, 2. Tawadlu’, 3. Gratitude, 4. Patience. (Thus Abu Musa Ash’ary).




  1. Wira’i is the main point of everything
  2. Tawadlu which means freedom from pride.
  3. Gratitude, reaching heaven.
  4. Patience, saving from hellfire.


The Prophet said: “If you pray until you are stooped, and fast until you are thin as a string, then they are of no avail to you, except according to Wira’i”.


According to Al Faqih: The proof of wira’i is: “If he considers that there are 10 obligations on him, namely:

  1. Maintaining the tongue not to ghibah (backbiting), the Word of Allah:


 Meaning: “Let not one half of you backbite the other half”. (Hujurat 12)

  1. Not to be prejudiced, His Word:


Meaning: “Avoid prejudice, for half of it is sin”. (Hujurat 12) Prophetic Hadith:


Meaning: “Beware of prejudice, for it is the most false word”.

  1. Not insulting (degrading) people, the Word of Allah:


Meaning: “Let not one community insult another, it is also possible that the insulted is better than the mocker”. (Hujurat 11)

  1. Keeping the eyes away from the unlawful, the Word of Allah:


Meaning: “Say, puda believers, to close his eyes from the fragrant yung”. (Nur 30)

  1. Speak the truth, His Word:


Meaning: “Speak truthfully (fairly)”.

  1. Remember Allah’s favors to him, so that he will not be arrogant. Allah’s Word:


Meaning: “It was Allah who favored you, when you were guided, until you believed. If you truly believe”. (Hujurat 17)

  1. Using his wealth in truth and not in falsehood, the Word of Allah:



“Those who spend their wealth are not excessive, and not miserly, they are stubborn (apply sedung), in that regard”. (Furqan 67)

  1. No ambition for position and no arrogance, the Word of Allah:



“The land of the hereafter senguja Kumi sediukan bugi those who do not umbisi position of the world, and also do not like to spoil”. (Qashash 83)

  1. Maintaining (the time) of prayer 5 times, and perfecting his bowing and prostration, His Word:



“Preserve (the times) of prayer, especially the middle sala, tesakkanlah with solemnity, silent in prayer”. (Bagarah 238)

  1. Follow the SunnaturRasulullah and the congregation of Muslims. The word of Allah:


Meaning: “This is the speech that leads to My pleasure (the straight path-benur), lulu follow it, do not follow other paths, if so), pusti deviate far from the sale of Allah”.

Such is His message to you so that you may fear”. (An’am 153)


Advice of Muhammad Ka’ab: “Avoid 3 kinds of actions for you forever, namely:

  1. Persecute anyone, the Word of Allah:


Meaning: “The persecution will be returned (felt by yourself (later).

  1. Deceive anyone in any way, Allah’s Word:


Meaning: “Fraud in your right will return (to) the perpetrator (his own expert)”.

  1. Breaking a promise, Allah’s Word:



“The one who breaks a promise will basically also return (the loss) to be borne by the perpetrator himself”. Ibrahim Ad-ham’s statement: “Zuhud is divided into 3, namely:


1) Obligatory zuhud, which means avoiding what is forbidden.

2), Sunnah Zuhud, meaning zuhud from the halal (taking just for provisions (means) worship).

  1. Zuhud salvation, meaning: “Avoiding what is doubtful, so as not to fall into the haram (in order to be safe from it).


He also stated: That Wira’i is also twofold, namely:


  1. Obligatory or Fadlu Wira’i, which is avoiding sin.
  2. Wira’i cautious, ie: Avoiding shubhat.


Sadness is also twofold, namely:


  1. Beneficial sadness, which is sadness thinking about the hereafter and the things that will happen to him.
  2. Harmful sadness, which is sadness thinking about the treasures of this world and its beauty (to the point of being preoccupied with it, forgetting his duty to his Lord).


Al Faqih adds that: “Keeping the eyes away from things that are forbidden, keeping the mouth away from false speech and backbiting, and keeping the limbs away from things that are forbidden”.


When Umar Khathab distributed oil (from the Levant in large drums) to the Muslims, his son rubbed the oil that was in the container on his hair, then Umar noticed, and said: “Your hair seems to like the oil of the Muslims well, then his hair was immediately shaved, saying: “This is easier for you than using the oil that belongs to the community”.


Ibrahim Ad-ham once hired a camel in order to travel to Amman (for one way), on the way his whip fell, so he quickly got off and tied his camel and walked to get it, when he was asked: “Why didn’t you just turn around in your vehicle to get the whip?”. He replied: I hired this vehicle to go (one way) not to return”.


Abu Razyin from Mw’adz, who said: “When I was traveling with the Prophet on Himar, he called me: He said: “O Mu’adz, do you know what is the right of Allah that is required of all His servants? I replied: “Allah and His Messenger know,” he said: “The duty of man (servant) is to worship Allah, not to associate partners with Him. Then what after that? I said: Allah and His Messenger know, he said: “Entering them (people who fulfill their obligations towards Allah’s rights) into Paradise”.



CHAPTER 65 : About Haya (Shame)


Al Faqih narrated that Abu Ayyub Anshary reported that the Prophet said:



“Four things are half of the Sunnatur-Rasulullah: perfume, marriage, miswak, and shyness.” (Hadith)


Al Faqih narrated from ‘Ugbah ‘Amir that the Prophet said: “The half of the explanation of the previous Prophets, which mankind acquired, is: “If you are not ashamed, then do as you please”. That is, as long as the action does not bring down your religious dignity, so that it becomes a factor that causes shame, then you can do anything that is certainly not embarrassing to you.”


Al Faqih narrated that Ibn Mas’ud said: Let us be ashamed of Allah. They replied: “ALHAMDULILLAH we have done it (shyness of Allah). He said: ” Not so, but what is meant is shame in the real sense, which is to keep the head and the senses from sinful behavior, including the stomach and the food that enters it, and always remember death, the punishment of the grave, so the one who wants the hereafter must dare to leave the pleasures of the world, and who is able to do so is called shame of Allah in real terms.


From Hasan, the Prophet said:



“Shyness is a bugian of FAITH, while FAITH resides in Paradise. And abominable behavior is half a thorn of moral turpitude, which sits in the abyss of Hell.” (Al Hadith)


Statement of Al Farisy (Salman): “If I die, then live again, and die again, then live again until 3x, then for me it is better than seeing my or someone else’s ‘awrah”. S. Ali said: “Allah curses the one who looks at (another person’s) ‘awrah and what he looks at”.


The Prophet said: “It is forbidden for a person to be naked in his bathroom, without a cover or sarong”.


It is not proper for a person to enter the bathroom except with two sarongs, one to cover his private parts and the other to cover his eyes from the private parts of others.” (Hasan Bashry).


Prophet Isa in his advice (warning):


Meaning: ” “Beware of the sight of your own eyes, for it can cause lust in the heart, and such a thing is enough as a fitnah for him”. The wicked are: “One who does not keep his eyes away from the doors of people and their private parts”. (Master of Wisdom)


‘Atha-k reported that the Prophet passed by a man taking a bath and said: “O people, Allah is very shy, patient, likes to cover and the one who covers (his aurat), as well as the shy, therefore cover (your aurat) from the eyes of other people when bathing”.


Anas Malik reported that the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) did not remove his cloth when he was about to urinate until he squatted down close to the ground.


Al-Faqih explained: “There are two kinds of shyness, namely:


  1. Shame of Allah, meaning: “Feeling the blessings of Allah, so that one is not ashamed of disobeying Him.
  2. Shame of one’s fellow human beings, which means: “Closing your eyes from things that are not lawful for you”.


Umar saw the Prophet crying, then asked: “Why are you crying, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “Gabriel told me that: “Allah is ashamed of torturing a man who reaches old age in Islam, so why is the old man not ashamed of sinning after he has gray hair in Islam?”


Bahz Hakim reported from his father: “O Messenger of Allah, what should we do about the ‘awrah?” He replied: “Keep your ‘awrah except for your wives and slaves.” Then: “What about when the place is deserted (alone)? He replied: “Allah has more right, if you are ashamed of Him”.


The advice of a scholar to his son: “My son, if your lust calls you to sin, then look up and be ashamed of the people of the heavens (who are watching over you), if not, then lower your eyes to the earth and be ashamed of its inhabitants, and if you cannot do that, then consider yourself a mindless animal”.


Fudlail ‘Iyadl said: “You close the doors of your house, and you lower the veil because you are ashamed of people, but why are you not ashamed of the Qur’an that is in your chest, and not ashamed of Allah, Who is Great and anything is not vague to Him (not free from His supervision).


Manshur ‘Amr’s lesson of wisdom is as follows: “The one who always sees his own shortcomings (ugliness), will certainly not dig up the ugliness of others. And the one who is willing to accept the sustenance given by Allah, will certainly not envy (sad) what is in the hands of others. And the one who is cruel (to people), he will surely perish for his own sake. And he who digs a well to cause his friend to fall into it will surely fall into it himself. And he who reveals a man’s secret reveals his own secret. And he who forgets his own faults will surely exaggerate the faults of others. And he who is arrogant will be derailed by his own intellect. And he who boasts to the people will be humiliated. He who exaggerates in his deeds will quickly grow weary of them. And he who boasts of himself, will surely fall (be broken). And he who abuses people will be abused in return. And one who associates (befriends) with the lowly (morally corrupt), will surely be humiliated. And whoever associates (sits) with the Ulama, will be noble and honorable.


Whoever hangs around in the arena (location) of evil (place of immorality), will be accused. And one who downplays the role of religion, is bound to fall for it. And one who takes people’s wealth is bound to become poor.


Whoever wants to prosper must be patient. And the one who walks aimlessly (not knowing exactly where he is going) is bound to be unfortunate and regretful.


He who fears Allah will be fortunate and happy, while he who is inexperienced will be deceived. And he who opposes the truth is doomed to defeat. And he who carries more than he can bear will be weak and helpless.


Whoever realizes his doom, will have less delusion. And whoever is accustomed to the path of ignorance (indifference to the truth), will be far from the path to justice (truth).








CHAPTER 66 : About deeds being determined by their intention


Al Faqih narrated from Zayd Maisarah that Allah said: “I do not judge the words of the wise, but what I see is his intention, so if his intention is directed towards Me, then I make his silence a thought, and his speech a remembrance even if he is silent (without words).


Al Faqih narrated from Ibrahim Nakha-i, who said: “Sometimes people speak obnoxiously, but their intentions are good, so Allah changes the acceptance of the listeners with forgiveness, until most people declare that: “He meant well, not badly. On the other hand, it may happen that a person speaks in an orderly manner, but with a bad intention, so Allah changes the reception of his listeners in accordance with the intention of the speaker, so that they declare: “Even though his speech is orderly, his intention is clearly bad.” The righteous people of the past gave advice to each other.


The righteous of the past gave each other advice through writing (letters) to their friends in three sentences, namely:

  1. He who does good deeds for the Hereafter, Allah will surely provide for his worldly needs.
  2. If a person’s intentions are good, Allah will make them good in reality.
  3. The one who improves his relationship with Allah, Allah will surely improve his relationship with his fellow human beings.


The interpretation of the verse (below) according to Hasan is as follows:


Meaning: He said: “Every person’s deed is determined by his intention (i.e.) his deed is determined by his intention (purpose)”.


The Prophet said: “The intention of a believer is better than his deeds”. (Hadith)


Al Faqih said in his commentary: “The reason is that intention alone is rewarded, whereas deeds without intention are not rewarded. A person can set the intention that he will do good deeds during his lifetime and not do any good deeds during his lifetime. It is also argued that: “Intention is an act of the heart, while the heart is the base of realization and the basis of all deeds, everything that grows from the base is better than others. .


The Prophet said: “A person will be presented (on the Day of Judgment) with a good deed the size of a mountain, and it will be said: “Whoever has been wronged by so-and-so (this), may collect him, then he spent his good deeds to pay them with nothing left, until he became confused (confused), finally God called out to him: “For you there is still a store of rewards that is not shown to the angels or anyone of My creatures, so what is it? He replied: It is that you intend to do a good deed, I determine the reward for you to be multiplied by 70 times the good deed.


An abid (from the Children of Israel), while passing by, saw a mountain, and was moved: “If that mountain were flour or rice, I would feed those who are starving (they would be full). Then Allah told him through His Prophet: “Tell the abid that: Allah has determined the reward if the mountain becomes flour or rice and you give it away (i.e.) he gets the reward of giving away flour or rice as big as the mountain”.


It is also narrated that: “On the Day of Judgment, a person will be surprised when he is confronted and sees that his record of deeds includes Hajj, Umrah, Jihad, Zakat and Sadaqah, and he asks: “Where did all these deeds come from, while I never did them (in the world), maybe this is not my record of deeds? Then He said: “Read the record of your deeds, you used to say: “If I had the wealth, I would have done Hajj, Jihad and all that is recorded therein, I know exactly that: “Your intention (purpose) was sincere, so the reward for all that I give now.


Al Faqih in his explanation: “Intention will be considered correct as long as the person is not miserly, for example: He sees a person on Hajj who is in need, and he says: “If I had enough money, I would have done Hajj, but since I do not have enough money, I have given this little bit to help the person who is going for Hajj, and the same applies to other deeds such as jihad and so on. But if he is stingy about helping him, then let it be known: If he had more than that, he would still be miserly, then such a person is not rewarded for his intention.


Sahl Sa’d Sa’idy said: The Prophet said: “The intention of a believer is better than his deeds, whereas a hypocrite’s deeds are better than his intention, and each of them performs according to his intention.


Muhammad Ali reported that the Prophet said: “Whoever loves a person (lillahi ta’ala) because of the justice he does, even though according to the decree of Allah he is a resident of hell, then Allah will love him as he loves the residents of heaven. And whoever hates someone (lillahi ta’ala) because of the cruelty he has committed, even though by Allah’s decree he is a resident of Paradise, Allah will reward him as he hates the residents of Hell.


Allah’s revelation to Prophet Moses: “O Moses, have you ever prayed for Me?” He replied: “O Lord, my prayer is for You. charity and remembrance are for You, and fasting is also for You, His words:


“Prayer is a proof for you, fasting a shield for you, charity a shade for you, and remembrance a light for you. Then which charity is for Me?” He said: “O Lord show me the deeds for You,” He said: “O Moses, have you favored My lovers (waliyullah), and opposed My enemies? Then since then Prophet Moses understood that the most important charity is: “To love for the sake of Allah, and to hate for the sake of Allah”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said:



“Allah does not judge your appearance or the size of your wealth, nor does He judge your circumstances, but what He does judge are your deeds and the intentions of your heart”.


‘Aisha reported that the Prophet said: “The one who seeks the pleasure of Allah, by his endeavors that anger people, Allah will be pleased with him, and make the people willing to him. On the other hand, the one who seeks the pleasure of the people by means of means that anger Allah, Allah will be angry with him, and make the people angry with him.”


A’masy from Abu Amr Shaibany from Abu Mas’ud Anshary, he said: A man proposed to the Prophet: “O Messenger of Allah, give me a vehicle for jihad. He replied: “Go to so-and-so, he will give you a vehicle, so he went and was given a camel, then he told the Prophet, and he said:



“The one who points out the path of goodness will have the same reward as the one who carries it out.” (Hadith)


Hudhayfah Yemen said: “A beggar came, and at first the people were silent, then one gave, and then another gave, and the Prophet said: “Whoever sets an example of good deeds, and others follow him, he will be rewarded with the reward of those who follow him, without deducting anything from their reward. And he who sets an example of evil deeds and others follow him, then he bears his own sin and the sins of those who follow him, without diminishing one iota of their reward.


Tamin Ad-Dary reported that the Prophet said: “Five things for the one who comes on the Day of Resurrection with them will not be denied entry into Paradise, namely:


  1. Advice to Allah, namely inviting people to believe and serve Him, and hoping that everyone will believe.
  2. Advice for the Messenger of Allah, namely confirming all his teachings and following the sunnatur of the Messenger of Allah.
  3. Advice for His book, which is to study, practice and teach, so that people carry out its contents.
  4. Advice for the leaders of Muslims, namely obeying their leadership, amar maruf nahi munkar, not opposing.
  5. Advice for all Muslims: to love them as one’s self, and to restrain them as one restrains oneself, and to always associate with them with compassion.


Al-Faqih said: Many people who sleep will have the reward of doing tajjud recorded for them, and many people who do tajjud will have it recorded as sleep, i.e. if a person is used to getting up at night and praying until dawn, then one night he falls asleep until morning, and when he wakes up he feels sad and regretful and recites:

INNAA LILLAAHI WA INNAA ILAIHI RAAJIUN, so he is recorded as having prayed tajjud because of his intention. On the other hand, someone who is not accustomed to tahajjud, wakes up and thinks that Fajr has arrived, goes to the mosque, and finds out that it is not yet Fajr, saying: “If I had known that it was not Fajr, I would not have gotten up earlier”.


So he is counted among those who sleep all night, even if they wake up in the middle of the night.”









CHAPTER 67 : About boasting about one’s deeds


Al-Faqih narrated that Abu Ubaidah reported that Ibn Mas’ud said: “There are two causes of salvation, namely: 1. Takwallah, 2. Intention. And the factors that cause perishing are also two, namely: 1. Despair, 2. Boasting of one’s deeds (ujub).


Wahb Munabbih said: “In ancient times there was an Abid, who had worshiped for 70 years (fasting during the day) breaking his fast only on Saturdays, then he had a desire and prayed to Allah, but it was not fulfilled, finally regretted and said: “O my body, if you had a good wish, it would have been fulfilled, this is the cause of your own sin (mistake)”. Then an angel came and said: “O son of Adam, when you tawadlw’ (humble yourself), it is better than your 70 years of worship”.


Sha’by narrates: “There was a man who was given a privilege (i.e.), when it was hot, he was shaded by a “cloud” on his way, then someone wanted to walk behind him so that he would be shaded by the “cloud”, then he (the privileged one) became arrogant and said: “A man like you wants to walk under my shade?” So the two of them walked, and when they crossed paths (separated), suddenly the man’s privilege disappeared, moving to the one who was insulted (the cloud turned to shade the insulted man)”.


The perfection of repentance, namely: “Always remembering the sins committed, and the perfection of charity, which is: “Avoiding ujub (pride), doing good deeds (worship), while the perfection of gratitude, “Realizing the shortcomings of himself”. (Umar)


In the middle of delivering a sermon, Umar Abdul Aziz paused for a while, fearing that there was a sense of ujub in his heart, and when he wrote, he tore it up for fear of ujub and recited the following prayer:



“O Allah I seek refuge with you from the evil of my lust”.


Mutharrif said: Sleeping at night and regretting it in the morning is better for me than waking up at night and being arrogant in the morning.


‘Aisha when asked: What is the measure of my goodness? She replied: As long as I have no good feelings. Then: To what extent should I admit my mistakes? She replied: When one feels that one is good (i.e. when one is diligent in doing good and realizes one’s shortcomings): If one is diligent in doing good and realizes one’s shortcomings (which is what the Shari’ah requires), then one should feel that one is not good enough, and if one feels that one is good, then there is ujub which means wrong and sinful.


A young man trying to isolate himself from the crowd, for the sake of quiet worship, then came to the elders of his village, and said: “O young man, your attitude and way of worship away from the crowd is heavy, maybe you will not be able to last long. Then he replied: Facing Allah on the Day of Judgment is more than what I have done so far. They both reminded him: “If you still have relatives and you worship like this, it is very important,” he replied: “If God is pleased with me, surely they will be pleased with me. They said: “You are still too young and have not had much experience, we are worried that you may be arrogant. He replied: “A person who knows himself cannot be arrogant. The two elders looked at each other and said: “Perhaps this young man has already smelled heaven, so our advice is meaningless to him.


Prophet David went to worship for a year on the coast, after which he prayed: O Lord, my back is hot, my sight is weak, my tears are dry, and I don’t know exactly what my fate will be. Then it was answered, through a frog: “O messenger of God, is your worship for one year undone?


By Allah, I have worshiped on this shore for 60 years. I also praised God, until my joints trembled from the fear of God. Then David wept. The same thing happened to Moses after he killed someone unintentionally.


Al Faqih’s advice: There are four factors that remove the feeling of ujub, namely:


  1. “Knowing exactly that: “Taufik and guidance to do good deeds are from Allah, then thanking Allah and not being proud of his deeds.


  1. “Knowing full well that the blessings are from Allah, and being grateful for them and not being proud of his deeds.


  1. Fear that his deeds will not be accepted, and he is automatically not proud of them.


  1. Regretting his previous sins, then worrying about defeating his good deeds, then far from being proud of his deeds.


A person who does not know the exact outcome of his deeds (on the Day of Judgment) will not dare to boast about them, and this happens to everyone, so it is not appropriate for a person to be proud of his deeds.


Al Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said: The first time I heard this verse (below) I did not know exactly who the bearer was, until Ka’ab came to Umar’s place and said: O Ka’ab, tell me something similar to the Book of Allah, and he said: “In the future, all beings will be resurrected in an open field, they will see and hear each other, and each group will be called by its chief teacher, the righteous or the misguided.


First, the righteous leader is called, he receives his deeds with the right hand, while his sins are kept secret, he reads the part that is kept secret or his sins, while his good deeds are clearly seen by many people, he says: Woe is me, then at the end it is written: “All sins have been forgiven you, and he was given a crown of bright light, and ordered to call his subordinates and tell them that they would get what he had received, after coming he asked: “O Allah, make them as we have received them. On the other hand, if ja leader goes astray, he receives the chapter of his deeds with his left hand, because his right hand is shackled. Then he reads it, and is answered: “You have done these deeds but they have been avenged in the world, so that his sins are apparent in public, they say: “Wretched so-and-so, and at the end it is written: Deserve your punishment.” Then his face turned black, and he was given a crown from hell whose smoke was very bright, and he was ordered to meet his subordinates, and tell them that they would also suffer as he had suffered. When they came, he said: “O Allah, let us not be included among those who are cursed. Finally, all his men cursed him and stayed away from him, saying: 



“They curse each other and accuse each other of disbelief among themselves”.


Masrug states: “A person will become pious if he fears Allah, and he will become foolish if he is arrogant about his deeds.


From Mujahid, Sa’id Ash called for people to praise him in Usman’s place. Then Miqdad Aswad immediately sprinkled earth on those who praised, saying: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Sprinkle earth or sand on those who praise people”.








CHAPTER 68 : On the Virtue of Hajj.


Al Faqih narrated with a chain of transmission from Ibn ‘Abbas: “While in Mina, the pilgrims of Yemen asked the Prophet: “Explain to us the virtues of Hajj, He replied: “Well, every step from the house of the one who intends to perform Hajj, the sins of his body fall off like dry leaves fall from the tree, so does Umrah. When he reaches Madinah, he will greet me and shake hands with me, and the angels will shake his hand. When he reached Dzul HULAIFAH, he took the ritual bath of ihram, and all his sins were purified, and when he put on the ihram garment (intention), Allah renewed his goodness, and when he recited: “LABBAIKALLAAHUMMA LABBAIK, he was greeted with: LABBAIKA WASA’DAKA ASMAU KALAAMAKA WA ANZHURU ILAIKA”, meaning: “I hear your recitation and pay attention to you”. And when in Makkah doing tawaf and sa’i, it is poured out good for him, and when wukuf in Arafat and praying together, then He said: “O angels and all the people of the heavens, see My servants coming from far and wide, in a state of decomposition and dust, their wealth and energy sacrificed for My Victory and Mercy, I forgive them of their sins, like newborns from their mothers, so when balang (stoning) jumrah and tahallul (shaving the hair), and tawaf ifadlah (zairah), it is called from under the ‘Throne: “Return, all sins have been forgiven you, and reform your deeds”.


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from S. Ali, who said: When I was with the Messenger of Allah doing tawaf, he said: “O Messenger of Allah, explain to me the virtues of the House of Allah!” He replied: “This house was deliberately built, to atone for the sins of my people. Then the virtue of Hajar Aswad? He replied: It was originally a gem of Paradise, shining like the sun when it was first revealed, but later turned black due to the touch of the polytheists’ hands.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abbas Mirdas: On the day of Arafat the Messenger of Allah prayed a lot in order to obtain forgiveness and mercy, then God answered him: “I have accepted the prayer except for the persecution that took place among them. He urged: O Lord, You are Powerful and able to replace the persecution (of the persecuted) with something better than avenging the persecutor. This request was not immediately answered, and it was not until the next day at Muzdalifah that the prayer was repeated again, and then answered: “We forgive them all”, then he smiled. When asked by the companions: O Messenger of Allah, why is he smiling? He replied: “Because Iblis when he knew that my prayer was accepted for the sake of my people, so he put the ground on his head and moaned: “Woe to me and perish”. Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said:



“The one who performs Ijajj to the House of Allah, and does not utter abominable words, and does not abuse or transgress, his sins will be wiped out like a baby born from its mother’s womb.”


Umar said: If a person goes to the Kaaba to perform tawaf, his sins will be forgiven like a baby born from his mother.


The Prophet said: “Satan has never felt so low, contemptible, weak accompanied by gnawing as on the day of Arafat, except because he saw the descent of Allah’s mercy and forgiveness for major sins, as well as during the battle of Badr.


Umar Abdul Aziz said:” The Hajj and its virtues are also mentioned in Allah’s revelation to Prophet Moses. Moses said: O Lord, explain to me about Hajj and its virtues, He replied: The House of Choice of all houses, and forbidden to those forbidden by Ibrahim Khalilullah, they come from all parts of the world with talbiyah, like the call of a servant to his Lord. Musa said: What is the reward?


He replied: “Forgiveness from Me and the right of intercession for his closest relatives and neighbors.


Moses said: If there is any bad wealth or intentions that are not sincere (clean) from them? He replied: “Those whose intentions are not clean or their wealth is not good, I forgive them, because what is good is for good.


Abu Harun Abdy from Abu Sa’id Khudry, who said: “We went on Hajj with Umar when he first became Caliph, he stood in front of Hajar Aswad, saying: “You are a stone that can neither benefit nor harm, if I had not seen the Prophet kissing you, I would not have done so.


Then Ali said: “O Amiralmukminin, you should not say that, because this stone can bring benefit or harm, and if you were not a scholar of the Qur’an, I would not have reminded you of it. Then he asked: “O Hasan, what is the explanation? He replied, Allah’s Word:



“When your Lord made a promise to Adam when they were taken out of their breasts and said to them: “Am I not your Lord? They answered: “No. Their confession was recorded and it was inserted in the Hajar Aswad, so it holds the trust of Allah, and is a witness for everyone who has touched it, on the Day of Judgment. Umar said: “Yu Abal Hasan, Aluh has given you not a little knowledge.


After his old age, Ibn Abbas became blind, and said: “What I regret most is: “Because I have never performed Hajj on foot, even though His Word:


Meaning: “They come to visit you (the Ka’bah) on foot. and on fast vehicles. from the corners of the world (far)”. (Hajj 27)


Al Faqih commented: If the distance is short, then there is nothing wrong with doing Hajj on foot, but if the distance is long, riding is preferable, because walking may be very burdensome, and it may damage one’s character.


Hasan Bashry said: “The angels always welcome those who perform Hajj, they greet the camel riders, and shake hands with those riding himars, while those who walk embrace them.


Dlahak reported that the Prophet said: “Every Muslim who performs jihad in the cause of Allah and is struck by an accident, falls from his camel and is stepped on, or is bitten by an animal, or dies from any cause, then he is considered a martyr. And any Muslim who sets out from his house intending to perform Hajj to the House of the Haram, and dies before his Hajj service is completed, Paradise is obligatory for him.”


The Prophet said: “O Allah, forgive the one who performs Hajj and the one for whom he seeks forgiveness (the pilgrim).


‘Atha from ‘Umar, the Prophet said: “Praying in my mosque is the same as praying 1000 times in any other mosque, except the Grand Mosque.


Another narration states the following: Praying in my mosque is better than praying 10,000 times in any other place except the Grand Mosque. And praying in the Grand Mosque is better than praying 100,000 times elsewhere. And praying during a war of attrition is better than praying 200,000 times. Then he said: “Shall I show you something that is better than all that? That is the one who makes tahajud (waking up in the middle of the dark night), then completes his ablution and performs two rak’ahs of prayer for the sole purpose of seeking Allah’s pleasure.


Yazid Bashir from Ibn Umar, the Prophet said:


Meaning: “Islam is built on 35 principles, namely:

  1. Declaring that there is no God but Allah, and the Prophet Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
  2. Doing sulat 5 x one night.
  3. Issuing sakat (property or fitrah).
  4. Fasting in the month of Ramadan.
  5. Performing the Hajj to the House of Allah.


Sa’id Musayyab reported that the Prophet said: “That Allah will enter in one Hajj three people into Paradise, namely:

  1. The one who ordered (Hajj).
  2. The one who performs (the Hajj).
  3. The one who pays for the Hajj, or the one who pays for the Hajj.


The same applies to Umrah and Jihad (as it applies to Hajj).









CHAPTER 69 : On the merits of the war of habilitation


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said: “The dust of the war of atonement will not merge with the smoke of Hellfire in the body of a man forever. Similarly, miserliness and faith in the heart of a person forever.


Al Faqih narrated from Hasan that the Prophet said: “Leaving for a war of atonement (whether) in the morning or in the evening, is better than 60 years of worship.


Al Faqih narrated from Ibn Abbas: “Abdullah Rawahah was commissioned by the Prophet in (the army) on Friday, he said: ” I leave after the Friday prayer, while his companion leaves early in the morning, after the prayer was asked by the Prophet :


“Why did you not leave with your friend this morning? He replied: “I wanted to pray with you, then follow my friends. He said: “Even if you gave charity as much as the surface of the earth, you could not catch up with them that morning.


Salman Farisy said: “Staying on the front line by the sea for one night is better than fasting for a whole month and at night tahajud. And if he dies in that state, then he is protected from the torment of the grave, safe from great fear, and the reward of his deeds continues Day and Night, until the Day of Judgment. And making a pilgrimage to him (such a shahid) is the same as ribath (staying at the front in the war of sabil) until the Day of Resurrection.


Abdullah Ubaid Umar from his father, the Messenger of Allah was asked: “What is Islam? He replied: “Good speech, feeding and spreading Salam. Then what is the most important practice in Islam? He replied: That is, the one who is good at saving others (his fellow Muslims) from being harmed by his hands and words. What is the best prayer? He said: “Long standing. What is the best form of charity? He said:


“Giving according to one’s ability from the needy,” then the best faith? He replied: “Patience and generosity or forgiveness. Then the best jihad? His answer: That is, the one who (fights) until his horse is killed and he himself has blood flowing. Then freeing a slave? He said: “The most excellent is the one whose price is the highest”. The Prophet said: The dust of martyrdom cannot merge with the smoke of Jahannam in a person’s nose.” He also said: Every eye on the Day of Judgment will weep, except for three, namely:


  1. Eyes that weep in this world, for fear of Allah.
  2. Eyes that are closed from all the prohibitions of Allah.
  3. The eyes that are made to guard in the war of sabil.


From Abu Hurairah, the Prophet said: “Three people (each), shown to me, first enter heaven, on the other hand the first 3 people enter hell, namely:


  1. The first three people to enter heaven:
  2. The martyr (died in battle defending the religion of Allah).
  3. The servant who always obeys Allah, even when he is busy doing his master’s work.
  4. Poor people who do not want to beg, even though they bear the burden of children and wives.


  1. The first three people to be plunged into hell:
  2. Rulers who are cruel, and oppress the common people with various burdensome laws (beyond the ability of the people).
  3. The rich are reluctant to pay zakat on their wealth.
  4. The poor are big-mouthed (arrogant).


The Prophet when asked:



“What is the best charity? He replied: “Performing prayers on time, and filial piety to parents, and jihad (war) sabil (defending the religion of Allah)”.


Maimun Mahran reported Ibn Abbas as saying: The one who gives a horse for the cause of habilitation, his reward is the same as the one who goes to the cause of habilitation with his wealth and soul, and the one who gives a sword for the cause of habilitation, his sword will say (on the Day of Judgment): “I am so-and-so’s sword, and I will fight until this day”; and the one who gives an arrow in the cause of the unjust war, Allah will keep it and preserve it until one day it will be shown as big as Mount Uhud in the public eye. And he who bears a man in the war of the unjust shall be given the banner of Allah on the Day of Resurrection, and he who gives a shield shall be made a shield against the Fire. And the one who is killed (stabbed), then it will be a light, the smell of which is fragrant like myrrh-castle that can be smelled by all creatures, who gives his friend a drink in the war of the unfortunate, then Allah gives him a drink of rahig makhtum (delicious drink still covered) on the Day of Resurrection. And the one who makes a pilgrimage to his comrade in the war of the unfortunate, then every step is rewarded with one good thing his rank is raised and his sins are forgiven, and the one who keeps watch at night during the war of the unfortunate, then Allah gives security on the day when all people have great fear on the Day of Judgment.


Ibn Abbas said: To help the weak, to walk behind the troops in a war of habilitation, and to protect those who are afraid, you will be rewarded as much as those who fight, without reducing their share of the reward: “The sword (weapon of war) is the key to heaven, so when two armies have faced each other, the angels decorate themselves to spy on the course of the battle and when a man advances, they pray: “O Allah help him and win him, and when he retreats, the angels immediately turn away from him, praying: “O Allah forgive him, so if he is killed, forgive him with the first drop of blood, then two angels come down to wipe the dust off his face.


A habshi (Ethiopian) asked the Prophet s5: O Messenger of Allah, where will my place be, when I am an ugly-faced, foul-smelling person and not a nobleman, if I fight in a war until I die? He replied: “In Paradise, Then he converted to Islam, he said: What should I do with my sheep? He said: “Face them in the direction of Medina, and called out: “Return you, then all of them returned to their places”. Then he obeyed the Prophet’s call and went to the battlefield. After a truce, the Prophet called out: “Check all the troops, it turns out that the Habsyi man died in a ravine. Then he went to the place and said: “Now your face and appearance have been changed to good by Allah, your smell is fragrant, and your position has increased. He cried, and turned away, asked the companions: “O Messenger of Allah, why do you turn away?” He replied: “By Allah, I saw his wives (angels) scrambling to get close to him, until their anklets were visible.


There are 3 kinds (types) of Sabil fighters, namely:


  1. The caretakers of the vehicle (who prepare it etc.)
  2. Those who directly fight in the battlefield.
  3. Those who serve their needs in battle.


All of them are equally rewarded. But the most important is: Those who maintain vehicles, and when the call to war is made, they immediately go out to fight. And the two servants, when war is called for, immediately go, as he said: the greatest reward is for those who serve their needs (in the war of the unfortunate) “.


Anas reported that the Prophet said: “There is no human being who has died, then given a good place in the sight of Allah, then wants to return to the world, even if he has all the wealth in the world, except the martyr, because ja has seen the great reward of martyrdom, and from that comes the desire to return to the world, so that he can be killed once again in the battlefield (sabil war)”.


According to Sa’id Jubair’s interpretation of the verse:


“When the trumpet is blown. then all the inhabitants of the heavens and the people of the earth faint, except those whom Allah wills (i.e. the martyrs with their swords drawn around the ‘Arsh”. Hasan Bashry reported that the Prophet said: “The one who earnestly wishes to die a martyr’s death, and then dies an ordinary death, is rewarded like a martyr. The warriors (war) sabil are given 3 things, namely:

  1. Being brought back to life complete with all his needs in heaven, for those who were killed.
  2. Great reward, for those who win the war.
  3. Given good sustenance, for those who are elderly.


Ibn Mas’ud in explaining the Word of Allah:


“In fact, they remain alive in the sight of God, they receive sustenance. Their souls are in the form of green birds that enjoy eating in Paradise freely, then return to their cages under the ‘Throne.


Mw’adz Jabal reported that the Prophet said: The one who participates in the war of sabil, even if it is only for as long as a person rests (works) milking camels, then Paradise is ensured for him. And the one who wants (begs) martyrdom to Allah with all his heart (earnestly), it turns out that he dies an ordinary death (not a martyr), then his reward is like a martyr. And the one who is wounded or anything (suffering or pain) in the war of sabil, later on the Day of Resurrection he will face with his face (color) like red za faran and fragrant misik smell.


Hasan Bashry reported that the Prophet said:



Every human being on the Day of Judgment will cry, except for the eels, namely:

  1. The eye that was cut out (out) dulam sabil war.
  2. Eyes that cry (always in the world), because tukut Allah.
  3. Eyes that are invited also mulam (tahajud), for fear of Nluh.
  4. Eyes that are invited to jusa (maintain) troops behind Muslims.







CHAPTER 70 : On the Merit of Staying at the Front (in a War of Attrition)


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Usman, he said: The Messenger of Allah said: “Staying on the front lines in a war of attrition, for one day, is superior in reward to fasting and staying awake for one thousand days.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Makhhul, who said: Salman Farisy met Shurahbil Samth who was defending the fortress of Persia (Paris), so Salman said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “A day’s defense in a war of sabbath is worth more than a month’s fasting and tahajjud, and the one who dies in that state is protected from the trials of the grave, and the reward of his deeds will continue uninterruptedly, in the best form, until the Day of Resurrection.”


Al Faqih reported from his father that Naf’ narrated from Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah said: “The one who recites one Takbir while fighting will be a large stone in the balance of his deeds on the Day of Resurrection, weighing more than the heavens and the earth. And the one who loudly recites: “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAHU WALLAAHU AKBAR”, will be given the greatest pleasure by Allah, which means being gathered with the Prophet Muhammad and the Prophet Abraham and other Prophets.


According to half of the Ulama: RIDLWAANUL AKBAR means the greatest pleasure from Allah, namely: Seeing the Substance of Allah. But the other half are of the opinion that Allah’s pleasure is forever without anger.


Abu Hurairah reported that a man asked the Prophet: O Messenger of Allah, how can I resemble a person who is at war with my wealth? He replied: “How much is your wealth. He replied: 6,000 (six thousand). Then he said: “If you spend (give in charity) all of your wealth, then compared to his (the unfortunate warrior’s) sleep it is not enough”.


Usman from his father: Someone came to Abdurrahman ‘Auf when he was in the garden, he stated with pride:


That he had freed 30 slaves, then he replied: “Shall I show you a greater deed than that? Yes, he said: The surprise of the warrior, when his whip falls in the middle of the journey, because he is sleepy, is better than the charity you are proud of.


Abdullah Mubarrak reported that the Prophet said: “On the Day of Judgment, some people will pass through the Shirate like the wind without judgment and punishment. The companions asked: Who will they be, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “Yes, those who died while serving (defending) at the forefront of the war of sabil”. Abu Umamah Bahily reported that the Prophet said: “There are 4 people whose rewards continue, after their death, namely:

  1. Those who die in the middle of serving (defending) at the forefront of the war of the unstable.
  2. The one who dies in the midst of students or learners or scholars, managing Islamic education.
  3. Those who give alms jariyah.
  4. Who dies leaving behind a righteous child (who always prays for him).


Al Faqih from Abu Ja’far from Abu Qasim, Nashir from Abu Muthi’, he said: “What is meant by staying on the front lines is: “In the midst of a battle (in a state of war), i.e. whenever the enemy invades the stronghold. (That is the one whose reward is very great).


Sufyan ‘Uyainah said: “If it turns out that the enemy has entered the fortress (attacked), then staying in that place (which was attacked by the enemy), the reward is the same as ribath (staying on the front line) for 40 years. It is even equal to ribath until the Day of Judgment, if the enemy has attacked three times.


CHAPTER 71 : On the virtue of archery and riding a horse, etc.


Al Faqih reported that Jabir Zayd said: “One day my partner practicing archery came looking for me and said: “Why are you late?” Why are you late? I replied: “There is an obstacle. Then he offered me a hadith that would encourage me to practice archery, I replied: Okay, he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “With one arrow at once 3 people are admitted to Paradise, namely:


  1. The one who shoots (releases the arrow).
  2. The one who produces it with sincerity.
  3. The one who helps in the struggle.


The Prophet said: “Learn you archery and riding, archery is better and more favored by me than riding. Because every game is invalid, except for 3 kinds, namely:

  1. Learning to shoot arrows (archery).2. Practicing to ride a horse (riding).
  2. Joking (joking) with one’s wife.


All of these are rights (good deeds) in religion.


Umar ordered the people of Syria (it is written): “Educate your sons and daughters in swimming, archery and horse riding, and improve their archery practice (pay attention to the target). (Thus mak-khul).


Mujahid said: “I saw Ibn Umar, sprinting between two arrow targets with his robe.


Similarly, Hudhayfah, even in his robe, practiced archery with enthusiasm, until his running was visible. The Messenger of Allah during the battle of Uhud said: “O Sa’d let go of your arrows, may Allah help you”.


Al Faqih said in his commentary: “This Hadith is a proof of the virtue of archery, because the Prophet did not say to anyone: “May you be helped, even with my father and mother as the redeemer”. It was addressed to Sa’d, because at that time, he was the only soldier who was good at archery. He also prayed to him: “O Allah, be precise in the release of his arrow, and accept his prayer (hope).


Amr Shurahbil reported that the Prophet said: The camel is the glory and pride of its owner, and the sheep is barakah, and the horse is bound to goodness until the Day of Resurrection on its head.”


In another narration: “Glory is in the crown of the horse, and dishonor in the tail of the ox”. That is, if Muslims are preoccupied with jihad to uphold the religion, Islam will remain victorious, but if they have obediently followed the tail of the ox, then accept humiliation for all time.


Amr Anbasah, from the Prophet, said: “The one who releases one arrow in the war of sabil, the reward is equal to freeing a slave”.


Ugbah Amir from the Prophet said: “This earth will be opened by Allah and fulfilled for you, so do not be lazy to practice archery”.


Umar said: “The place for practicing archery is like the gardens of Paradise, and the one who practices is like (the reward of) archery of the enemy, while the one who helps pick up the arrow that has been released, the reward for each step is the same as freeing a slave.


Ugbah Amir also reported that the Prophet recited on his pulpit the verse:



“Prepare according to the ability that you have to cover the enemy, remember: “Strength lies in the first arrow, repeated three times”. He also said: “People who neglect archery practice after being good at it, means they have missed a good sunnah (a favor)”.


Community leaders, even kings, should not be reluctant to do four things, namely:

  1. Standing up to honor his parents,
  2. Honoring or serving his guests,
  3. Standing (caring for) his horse,
  4. Honoring or serving his teacher or educator (who guides him).










CHAPTER 72 : About the Techniques or Rules of War


Al Faqih reported that Ibn ‘Umar said: “Do not wait for the enemy to come, ask Allah for safety, but if you are faced with the enemy, then stand your ground and remember Allah”.


From Auf Malik Ash-ja’i, he said: “Fighters should pay attention to 10 things, namely:


  1. Do not go out unless your parents give you permission.
  2. Carry out Allah’s commands such as prayer, fasting, zakat, Hajj and penance. Then the mandate towards his neighbor, by asking forgiveness for the wrongs done to him.
  3. Family maintenance must be fulfilled during the time left behind (departure to return) from jihad.

4, Provision from halal wealth, because Allah will not accept except what is good (halal).

  1. Loyal to the leader or his superiors (obey the rules).
  2. Loyal to friends, friendly and smiling when meeting, helping his needs and caring for him when sick.
  3. Do not disturb fellow Muslims (people) or kafir dzimmy, either on the way or anywhere.
  4. Do not flee from the battlefield.

9, Do not steal the ghanimah (spoils of war) that have not been divided.

10, The purpose of jihad is to uphold religion and help (secure) Muslims.


Similarly, 10 traits must be present in the warrior, namely:

  1. Lion-hearted and harirfau (courage and arrogance).
  2. The courage of a bear.
  3. The attack of the pig (wild boar).
  4. Coyote (wolf) invasion.
  5. Strong to bear weight like ants.
  6. Steadfast as a motionless stone.
  7. Patience like a himar,
  8. Trustworthy as a dog, so fearless in defending the truth.
  9. Using opportunities like a rooster.
  10. Being wise as a deer, when it will retreat.









Chapter 73: The Merits of Muhammad’s Ummah


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Mugatil Sulaiman, the Prophet Musa said: O Lord. In Al Wah is contained: There is a Ummah who can give intercession and whose intercession is accepted, make them my Ummah? He replied: “They are the Ummah of Muhammad, O Lord, also called the Ummah whose penance is sufficient with five daily prayers, make them my Ummah, He replied: They are the people of Muhammad, O Lord, also mentioned is the people who will eradicate falsehood, until Dajjal is killed, make them my people, He replied: They are the people of Muhammad, O Lord, also mentioned is the people who purify themselves with water or dust, make them my people, He replied: They are the Ummah of Muhammad, O Lord, also mentioned is the Ummah that can receive charity and enjoy (eating) it, whereas the previous Ummah had to burn it with fire, make them my Ummah, He replied: They are the people of Muhammad, O Lord, it is also mentioned that if an intention is made but not carried out, one good deed is recorded, even 10 good deeds if the good deed is done, and it is added up to more than 100, and if the intention is to do evil, it is not considered a sin if it is not carried out, and only one evil deed is recorded if it is done, make them my people, He replied: They are the Ummah of Muhammad, O Lord, it is also mentioned that there are 70,000 people who will be admitted to Paradise without reckoning, so make them my Ummah, He replied: They are the people of Muhammad.


Ma’mar Qatadah added: O Rabbi, it is also mentioned that they are the best of the Ummah, for commanding the good and forbidding the evil, make them my Ummah, He replied: They are the people of Muhammad, O Lord, they are the end of their time, but on the Day of Judgment they will be the first, make them my Ummah, He replied: They are the Ummah of Muhammad, O Lord, the Book of Allah look at their chests (they memorize it by heart), but they recite it by sight (binnadhar), make them my Ummah, He replied: They are the Ummah of Muhammad. Even Prophet Moses wanted to be made Muhammad’s people, He replied: O Moses, I have chosen you from all men to receive My message, and My Word, so accept them, and be grateful. His Word:



“From the people of Moses there are those who lead people to the right path, and with them they do justice”.


So with this last answer of God, Moses felt relieved and satisfied (rida).


From Mugatil Hayyan, the Prophet said: “Jibril brought me (in Isra-Mi’raj) to the great wall of Sidratil he said: “Go forward Muhammad, I replied: “No, you only, then: ” O Muhammad, no one is allowed this limit, except you, because it is higher and nobler in Allah than me. Then he moved forward to the golden bed lined with the silk of heaven, Gabriel exclaimed: “O Muhammad listen to the praise of God, be devoted do not be afraid of His Friman, He immediately praised with the words:



“All honor, mercy and goodness belong to Allah”.


Then he answered:



“Peace, mercy and blessings be upon you (Muhammad), the only and final Prophet”.


He said:



“Peace be upon us (all) and your righteous servants”.


Then Gabriel greeted him with:



“I testify that there is no God but Nlah, and that Prophet Muhammad is His servant and Messenger”.


Then Allah said:



“Rasululluh has believed in the religion (Revelation) that was sent down to him”.


He replied: “Yes, I have believed, O Lord. Then He also said:



“Likewise, the believers have all believed in Allah, His angels, His books and His messengers. His Books and His Messengers, and there is no distinction between any of them.


The believers (Muslims) have a stance (belief) unlike Jews and Christians who distinguish between Prophet Moses and Isa.


His words also:



“Allah does not oppress anyone except according to what they are able to do; they will be rewarded according to what they have done, or they will bear the blame for what they have done”.


Then Allah said: “Ask (O Muhammad) it will be granted, so he then prayed:



“O Lord, forgive us our sins, and to You is the return”.


Allah replied: “Forgiven for you and your people who believe in you and believe in Allah”. It was also called out: “Ask. nasri is granted. Then he prayed:



“O Lord, prosecute us when we forget or make mistakes”.


Then it was answered: I will not prosecute your forgetfulness and mistakes or those that are forced upon you (while you are) unwilling. Then ask:



“O Lord, do not impose on us a heavy burden like that which You have imposed on the previous nations (i.e. the Children of Israel when they committed hunggurun, they were forbidden to eat the original hulul).


He prayed:


Meaning: “O Lord, make us bear a very heavy burden (as my Ummah is weak)”.



“Dun forgive us and forgive us, give us Your mercy, You are our Lord, win us over in the face of the disbelievers”.


He replied: “All your prayers I grant, so that if there are 20 of you who are steadfast, can defeat 200 opponents.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abu Hurairah , the Prophet said: “Allah gave me five things, which have never been given to anyone else, namely:


I was sent to all mankind, with no distinction of skin color (whether white or colored), and the earth was made a Mosque and a means of purification for me, and I was victorious over the enemy (they trembled in the distance of a month’s journey) and the spoils of war were made lawful for me, and I was given intercession and then I kept the intercession for my people later (in the hereafter).


Al Faqih from Abu Ja’far, who said: ‘Umar gave a loan to a Jew, and when he met him on the road, he said: “By Allah who chose Abul Qasim (Muhammad) over all men, now I will not let you go until you pay me my due. The Jew replied: No, Allah did not choose Abul Qasim over all men, Then the Jew was struck on the cheek. Then the Jew said: “To settle between me and you Abdul Qasim. Both of them went to the Prophet. The Jew said: “Allah has chosen you above all creatures, is it true what Umar said? I answered: Allah has not chosen you over all men. Then Umar struck me. Then he said: “O Umar, apologize to him for your beating and his saying also: “It is true, O Jew, that: Adam is Shafi-ullah (Allah’s choice), and Ibrahim Khalilullah, Moses Nabiyullah, “Isa Ruhullah and I Habibullah, And it is true that there are two titles (asma) for Allah, the handle of my people, namely:


  1. Allah is called “ASSALAAM” while my Ummah is called MUSLIMIIN.
  2. Allah is called “ALMUKMIN”, while my Ummah is called MUKMININ.


And it is true, there is a day that Allah has kept for us, which is “Friday”, so today is for us, tomorrow is for you, and the day after tomorrow is for the Christians. It is true, you came first and we last, but we will be first on the Day of Judgment, O Jews, Paradise is forbidden to all Prophets, until I enter it (first). And heaven is forbidden to all mankind, until my people enter it (first).


Ka’bul Akhbar said: Allah honored the Ummah (Muhammad) with three things, as was given to the previous prophets, namely:

  1. Being made a witness over all mankind, just as every Prophet is made a witness over his people.


  1. His word to the people of Muhammad:


Meaning: “O you who believe: Eat what is lawful from the upu that I have given you”.

As He said to the Prophets: –


“O Messenger of Allah, eat from the good (hulul), do good deeds (good)”.


  1. Allah’s words to this ummah:


Meaning: “Pray to Me, I will answer you”. As He said to the Prophets, they were given the prayer Tustajabah”.


And Allah gave Muhammad’s people 5 glories, namely:


  1. Made weak, so as not to be arrogant.
  2. Made small, so as not to bear too heavy a burden: “Eating, drinking, clothing and other means to worship Him.
  3. Shortened life span (age), so that there are not too many opportunities to sin.
  4. To be made poor, so that he will not be too heavy in the Hereafter.
  5. Made the last people, so as not to wait too long in the grave (because the hardest work is waiting or waiting).


Prophet Adam in his statement: 4 glories given to the people of Muhammad, not to me, namely:


  1. Repentance in any place is accepted, unlike me (fixed) in Makkah.
  2. Still given clothes even if they sinned completely naked, whereas I sinned just one time immediately changed my clothes (stripped).
  3. Even if he sinned, he was not kept away (separated) from his wife, whereas I had to suffer separation from my wife (Mother Eve).
  4. Even if he sins outside of heaven, when he repents he can enter heaven, whereas I sinned in heaven, and was immediately expelled from it (out of heaven).


  1. Ali said: When he was sitting with the companions of Muhajirin and Anshar, a group of Jews came, and asked: “O Muhammad, we will ask you about the words to Moses that were only given to the Messenger of Allah or the Mugarrab (closest) Angel. He said: “Ask, they said: “Explain the five daily prayers that are obligatory upon your people! He answered:


  1. The Zuhr prayer, when the sun leans to the west (slips), everything glorifies Him.
  2. The ‘Asr prayer, that is when Prophet Adam ate the kuldy fruit.
  3. Maghrib prayer, that is when the Prophet Adam accepted his repentance by Allah, so everyone doing Maghrib prayer with sincerity, then ask for something (anything) will be granted.

4, Isyak prayer, which is the prayer performed by the Prophets before me,

5) The Fajr prayer, because the sun is about to rise, it rises between the two horns of Satan, and there the disbelievers prostrate themselves.


Then they said: “You are right, Muhammad, but what is the reward? He answered:


  1. The Zuhr prayer, when Jahannam is burning, then the one who performs this prayer, the vapor of Jahannam will be forbidden to him on the Day of Judgment.
  2. The ‘Asr prayer, when Adam ate the kuldy fruit, the one who performs that prayer will have his sins forgiven like a newborn baby from its mother. He recited the verse:



“Observe the sulat, especially the sulat in the middle of the day.”

  1. Maghrib prayer, when Prophet Adam’s repentance was accepted, then the person who does it sincerely and then prays, his prayer will be accepted.
  2. Salat Isyak, the grave will be dark and the Day of Judgment will be dark. Therefore, the one who walks in the darkness of the night to attend the congregation of Salat Isyak will be forbidden the fire of hell and will be given light when passing through the path.

5) The Fajr prayer, whoever performs it in congregation for forty days will be exempted from Hellfire and hypocrisy.


Then they said: “It is true that you are Muhammad, so why did Allah oblige your people to fast for one month?” He replied: Adam ate of the forbidden tree, and it lodged in his stomach for one month, so his children and grandchildren were commanded to empty their stomachs for one month, while eating at night is (permitted by) the grace of Allah to His creatures.


Then they said: “It is true that you are Muhammad, then try to explain the reward (of fasting) for your people! He replied: “For those who do it, seven things are given, namely:


  1. Forbidden meat in his body, becomes liquid again.
  2. Nearness to Allah’s mercy
  3. Given the best charity by Allah.
  4. Secured from hunger and thirst (no one dies as a result of Ramadan fasting).
  5. Eased for him the torment of the grave.
  6. Given illumination (light) later when passing through the shirat on the Day of Judgment.
  7. Increased in rank in Paradise.


Then they said: “It is true that you are Muhammad, then try to explain your advantages over the other Prophets, He replied: “Every Prophet uses his mustajabab prayer (when he comes to a dead end), to destroy his people, while I keep that prayer, even I will use it to help (intercede) my people on the Day of Judgment. They replied: “It is true that you are Muhammad, we acknowledge with words:


Meaning: “I testify that there is no other God but Allah, and that you are the Messenger of Allah”. Ka’bul Akhbar states: “I read the book that was revealed to Moses Hai Moses, the 2 rak’ahs (Fajr prayer) performed by Muhammad and his people, in the morning. So I forgive them all (sins) committed during the night and day, and they remain under My protection.


O Moses, four Rak’ahs (Zuhr prayer) for those who do it, in the first Rak’ah their sins are forgiven, and with the second Rak’ah, I weigh the scales of their deeds, and with the third Rak’ah: I give them the reward of the angels who praised and prayed for them, and with the fourth Rak’ah: “The gates of heaven are opened for them, until the angels lurk for them.


O Moses, 4 Rak’ahs of the ‘Asr prayer, for the one who performs it, every angel of heaven and earth will ask forgiveness, and he will not be tormented by Me.


O Moses, 3 Rak’ahs of Maghrib prayer for the one who performs it, the doors of the heavens will be opened for him, and all his requests will be granted.


O Moses, 4 rak’ahs of ‘Isha prayer for the one who performs it is better than the whole world, and his sins will be forgiven as if he was just born from his mother’s womb.


O Moses, if Muhammad and his Ummah perform ablution (fard), every drop of water will be rewarded with heaven as wide as the heavens and the earth.


O Moses, their fasting in the month of Ramadan, one city in Paradise for each day, and every good deed is rewarded with the reward of fard. And the night of “Lailatur Oadar” I give to them, so if a person intends to pray on that night, sincerely and regrets his actions, then he dies during that night or month, I will surely give him a reward equal to the reward of 30 martyrs.


If any of them stands on a high place and proclaims the creed “LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAH”, his reward will be like the reward of the Prophets, and My mercy will be sure for him, and they will be far from My anger, and the door will not be closed for them, as long as they continue to say LAA ILAAHHA ILLALLAAH”. Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: The first people to be summoned, on the Day of Judgment, will be Noah and his people, asked: “Have you delivered my revelation?” He replied: “Yes, God did, Then his people were asked: ” Is it true that Noah conveyed God’s revelation (message) to you? They answered: “By Allah, it is not true, had God sent a Messenger to us, we would have followed Your verses, and believed (become believers), so he did not convey Your message to us.


Then Noah was told that: His people denied that: “You never conveyed My message to them”. Do you have a witness for them (to refute their contention)? Prophet Noah replied. Yes, I have a witness. Then who is that witness? He replied: “Muhammad’s people. Then the people of Muhammad were called, and asked: They said: “Yes indeed, Noah has delivered your message to his people. Then they (the people of Noah) asked: “What is your basis for this testimony, when we are the first people, and you are the last?”. The people of Muhammad replied: “We bear witness that Allah has sent us a Messenger, and He revealed to him a Book (the Qur’an) in which also (half of it) narrates the history of your situation (the previous people).


Abu Hurairah said: “We are the last people, but on the Day of Judgment even the first people to be given a decision (settlement), the Word of Allah:


Meaning: ” Thus We have made you a middle nation, a witness to all mankind, while the Messenger of Allah is a witness to you”. (Al Bagarah 143)








CHAPTER 74 : The rights of the husband (and the duties of the wife)


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Buraidah, he said: A Badwy man asked the Prophet, saying: “I have become Muslim, so show me something that will increase my faith, He asked: “What do you want? He replied: “Call the tree to come closer to you, he said: “Go and call it to come near to me. Then he carried out his order he said: “Respond to the call of the Messenger of Allah and the tree leaned to the right to break the veins of its roots, and to the left, then leaned forward and backward, and walked until it came close to the Messenger of Allah, he greeted him . Badwy said: That is enough, then begged the tree to return to its original place, after the tree was upright, Badwy said: “O Messenger, let me kiss your head and feet, and he allowed him to do so. Then allow me to bow down to you. He replied:



“Do not prostrate to me, a person is not allowed to prostrate to a creature, and if I allowed that, I would account for ordering a wife to prostrate to her husband, to show the greatness of a husband’s right”.


‘Atha-k from Ibn ‘Umar, who said: “A woman asked: “O Messenger of Allah, what are the rights of the husband over his wife (the obligations of the wife of her husband) He replied:


  1. Never refuse your husband’s invitation (to have intercourse), even if he is on the back of a vehicle.
  2. Never fast without her husband’s permission, except for Ramadan. If the wife fasts a voluntary fast, the reward will be for her husband, and she will be sinning.
  3. Never leave the house except with the permission of her husband; if she does not do so, she will be cursed by the angels of mercy and the angels of doom until she returns home.


Qatadah reported that Ka’b said: “The first things a woman will be asked about on the Day of Resurrection are:

  1. The obligation of the five daily prayers.
  2. Her obedience to her husband.


Hasan reported that the Prophet said:” When a wife runs away from her husband without a real reason (right), then during that time her prayer is not accepted, until she surrenders to her husband, and states: “Do as you please with me. And when a wife does not pray for her husband, her prayer will be rejected until she prays for him. Qatadah reported that the Prophet said in his sermon (in Mina):



“O people, you have rights over your wives, and they have rights over you. Among your rights that your wife must fulfill are:


  1. Keeping the bed, it is not permissible to thrust someone (a man who is not liked) into his house.

2 Not to commit abominations (overtly or covertly), in derogation of this, Allah permits you (the husband) to beat her. But with a blow that does not harm. 


As for the rights of the wife (husband’s obligations), namely: Provide for his needs, such as clothing, nafkah (physically and mentally) and others. From Anas bin Malik, the Prophet &£ said:


Meaning: “A wife, when actively performing the five daily prayers, and fasting in the month of Ramadan, maintaining her honor (puberty), and being devoted to her husband, then it is called to her head to enter the surgu through whichever door of heaven you like”. (Al Hadith)


Anas Malik also reported that the Prophet said: “If a wife were to lick the blood and pus flowing from her husband’s two nostrils, it would not be enough (to fulfill all her husband’s rights)”. (Al Hadith).





CHAPTER 75 : About the Rights of the Wife (Obligations of the Husband)


Al Faqih reported that Anas Malik said: The Messenger of Allah was asked: “Which is the one whose faith is more perfect? He replied: “The one with the best manners towards his family.” (Al Hadith).


Al Faqih narrated from ‘Umar that the Prophet said: “You are leaders and will be demanded by those you lead. A leader of the community at large will be held accountable for his leadership over them; a husband is the head of the household and will be held accountable for the family he leads; a servant is the custodian of his master’s property and will be held accountable for how he guards it. Remember that you are leaders and leaders will be held accountable for their subordinates”. (Hadith).


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said: “If a man marries a woman and the dowry is fixed, then he deliberately fails to pay it, he is committing adultery. And he who takes a loan with the intention of not paying it is a thief”. (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Abul Qasim Shanandy narrated from Hasan Bashry that the Prophet said: “Admonish your wives, for they have no power over themselves; you have taken them in the name of Allah’s commission, and you have married them in the name of His word.” (Hadith)


According to Al Faqih, the wife has five rights over her husband, namely:


  1. Doing it inside the house (within the walls) and not letting it go outside; it is an ‘awrah; if it goes out in public, it will be a cause of sin, and it will also ruin modesty.
  2. Teaching her religious knowledge, such as: “ablution, prayer, fasting and so on”.

3 Provide halal food, because the meat of haram food grows the liquid of hellfire.

4 Not mistreating him (being cruel, violent or unjust), because he is a mandate from Allah.

  1. When unkind feelings arise, be patient, as a warning to him, lest something more harmful happens.


A man complained about his wife, to Umar, when he was about to step on Umar’s door, he heard his wife (Umi Kalthum) arguing with Umar, then he said, I will complain about my wife, because she argued with me, but Umar himself experienced the same thing, so he was about to go home, when he was called, Umar said: What is the need to come here? He replied: “I was going to complain about my wife’s audacity, but your wife did the same thing, so I’d better go home”. Umar said: “We forgive her because she has rights that I must fulfill, namely:


  1. Because she is a fortress (wall) for me from hellfire, so that my day is peaceful and far from haram.
  2. He is the keeper of my house when I go out, and he is the keeper of my wealth.
  3. He is faithful to wash my clothes.
  4. She is the mother of my children.
  5. She is faithful to cook my food (and my children’s).


Then the man said: “My wife is also like that, so I should forgive my wife”.  Anas reported that the Prophet said: There are four expenditures that will not be judged on the Day of Judgment, namely:

  1. Spending on parents (father-mother).
  2. Spending for breaking the fast.

3 Shopping for his sahur (fasting) meal.

4 Shopping for his family (children-wife).


He said: “There are four kinds of dinars, namely:

  1. Dinars spent on the war sabil,
  2. Dinars for the poor,
  3. Dinars for freeing slaves,
  4. Dinars for family maintenance.


Of these, the greatest reward is that for spending on one’s family (Hadith).







CHAPTER 76 : On Reconciling Disputes and Wiping Out Grudges


Al-Faqih reported that Abu Ayyub Anshary reported that the Messenger of Allah said: It is not permissible for a Muslim to hold a grudge against his fellow Muslim for more than three days, so that when they pass each other they turn their faces away. But preceding the greeting of peace (between them) is highly praiseworthy. (Hadith).


Al Faqih reported that Hasan Bashry said: “Do not hold grudges against each other, and if you have to do so, then do not exceed three days, and if two Muslims (both) die, still holding grudges, then they will not be together in Paradise”.


Al Faqih narrated from Anas that the Prophet said: “There are servants of Allah who will be given a pulpit of light on the Day of Resurrection, they are not the Prophets or martyrs, even the Prophets and martyrs want it, asked the Companions: “Who are they, O Messenger of Allah? He replied: “They are those who foster love for each other for the sake of Allah”. (Al Hadith)


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Every Monday and Thursday the gates of Paradise are opened, then everyone who does not commit polytheism has his sins forgiven, except for the one who remains in dispute with his brother (fellow Muslim), who is called out: “Wait until they are at peace, and when their deeds are brought up, they will be rejected”. (Hadith)


Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet said: “On the night of the fifteenth of Sha’ban, Allah’s forgiveness is poured out on the people of the earth, except for those who are not forgiven (namely) the disbelievers and those who are in dispute (with fellow Muslims).”


Al Faqih explained: “What is meant by Allah descending to the earth is His command, as He said:



“The face of Allah comes to them from a direction that they did not expect (before, i.e. His ruling and His punishment on the disbelievers)”.


What is meant by the above Hadith is that His forgiveness is bestowed upon the people of the world who are Muslims and are not in a state of grudge.


Anas reported that the Prophet said: “There are five people whose prayers are not accepted, namely:


  1. The wife who is angering her husband.
  2. A servant who is running away from his master.
  3. A person who holds a grudge (does not greet each other without right) against his fellow Muslim for more than 3 days.
  4. A regular drinker of intoxicants (always drinking wine).
  5. A leader who is hated by his community (Imam who is not liked by his congregation).


The Prophet said:” A charity that is more excellent than fasting, prayer and charity is: Reconciling people who are at odds, when they have broken ties with each other.


A Companion said: “If a person is unable to do eight things, then do eight other things that are worthy of reward, namely:


  1. If you are unable to wake up at night (tahajud) because you are overcome by sleep, then during the day do not commit sin.
  2. If you are not able to fast, then keep your tongue from saying dirty, vile and hurtful words.

3 If he is not able to act like a scholar, then he should like to think.

4 If he is not able to fight in the war of sabil, then he should fight against the devil.

5 If he is unable to give in charity, then he should teach his knowledge to others.

  1. If you are not able to perform Hajj, then you should actively perform Friday prayers regularly or continuously.
  2. If not able to perform worship, then he should reconcile disputes between them, or not stir up disputes among people.
  3. If one wants to attain the rank of wali Abdal (in worship and charity), then press his chest and be pleased with his friend, as with himself (willingly).


Ali Husain said: When the first and the last of mankind are assembled, it is called out: “Where are those who are experts in virtue (doing good deeds), then those who feel so, rise towards heaven, the angels greet them and ask: “Where are you going?” They answer: “To heaven, before being judged? Yes, then: “Who are you?” He replied: “We are experts in virtue, What are your advantages (virtues) in the world? He replied: “When we are hurt by people, we forgive them, and when mocked, insulted and ridiculed by people, we remain patient. The angel said: “Enter Paradise, as good as the reward of those who do good deeds. Then came the second call: “Where are the patient ones? Those who were patient rose to heaven, when the angel asked: “Where are you going? The answer: “To heaven,” before being judged? He replied: Yes, who exactly are you? He replied: We are the ones who act patiently, What is the proof of your patience: He replied: “We are always dutiful or obedient and patient in restraining our desire to disobey. The angels exclaimed: Enter Paradise, the best reward for those who do good deeds.


Then came the third call: “Where are the neighbors of Allah? Those who felt so, rose towards heaven. When the angels asked:


“Where are you going?” He replied: To heaven. Before being judged? Yes, who exactly are you? He replied: “We are the neighbors of Allah in this world, What is the proof? We live in love with each other (among Muslims) for the sake of Allah. The angels exclaimed: “Enter Paradise, as good as the reward of those who do good deeds”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: On the Day of Judgment Allah will say: Come near those who used to love their fellow Muslims, solely for the sake of Allah. By My Majesty and Victory, at this time I will shade them under My shade (‘Arasy), when there will be no shade except My shade”.


Abu Hurairah said: “Walk one mile to visit a sick person, or two miles to strengthen a friendship based on Allah, or three miles to reconcile a dispute between two people.”


Anas said: “He who reconciles between two people who are at odds, Allah will reward him for every word he says with the reward of freeing a slave.”


Abu Bakr Warrag said: “Allah sent His Prophet for the sake of calling people back to Allah, and demanded of them four, namely: Heart, tongue, limbs and morals. And each of them is required to do two things (double work), namely:


  1. The heart is required to glorify Allah and love His creatures.
  2. The tongue (mouth), is required to be zikr throughout his life, and be friendly to his fellow man.
  3. The limbs, required to worship and help others.
  4. The morals (character) requires that he accepts the laws of Allah, gets along well with his neighbors, and is patient in the face of their suffering (due to harm or harassment).”


Sahl Abu Salih from ‘Atha-k Yazid from Tamim Darry, the Prophet said: “Take note, that religion is advice, repeated three times,


For whom, O Messenger of Allah? For Allah and His Messenger, His Book, and for the leaders of the believers and those (who believe) in general.”


Al Faqih in his commentary:

1.. Advice to Allah, meaning to believe in Allah and not to polytheism, to do all His commands and avoid His prohibitions and call people to do the same.


  1. Advice to the Messenger of Allah, meaning to follow and call people (to do) the teachings conveyed by him (in the form of Islamic teachings).


  1. Advice for His Book, meaning believing and studying and practicing its contents.


  1. Advice to the leaders (Ulama), meaning spreading / spreading the teachings of Islam in the form of the guidance of the Prophet l


  1. Advice to the believers in general, i.e., to love them (among one’s neighbors) as one’s self, and to establish good relations (get along) with them, not to be indifferent and vengeful among them”.


  1. Ali Abu Talib said: “Half of the factors that lead to being forgiven by Allah are: Making his fellow Muslims happy.” The Prophet said: “It is not considered a lie to speak with the aim of reconciling between those who are in dispute, until they succeed (in speaking and acting kindly to each other).” ,


Reconciling between those who are at odds is a branch of prophethood, and conversely planting the seeds of enmity or destroying friendship between people is a branch of magic.


The Prophet said: “The best person in the sight of Allah (the greatest reward) on the Day of Judgment is: “The most benefited (utilized) by the people of the world and the closest to Allah are: “Those who are pleased to reconcile between fellow human beings (who are at enmity, dispute or wrongdoing).”






CHAPTER 77 : About Approaching the Ruler


Al Faqih narrated from Anas that the Messenger of Allah said:



“The scholars are the successors of the Messenger of Allah as long as they do not curry favor with the rulers and do not get involved in worldly affairs, but if they do so, they must have violated the teachings of the Messenger of Allah (or at least have been less attentive in carrying out their duties), so if this is the case, avoid them and beware of them”.


Al Faqih narrated from Ubaid that the Messenger of Allah said:” The one who curries favor with the ruler will be away from Allah, and the one who increases the number of his followers will increase the number of his demons, and the one who increases his wealth will increase the weight of his account. The meaning of moving away from Allah is: “Growing farther away from the teachings (of Islam, which is pleasing to Allah)”.


Hudhayfah’s advice: “Beware of the place of fitnah. What is meant by that? He replied: “The doors and positions of the rulers”.


When someone asked: “We approach the rulers and we agree to talks that are contrary to the reality,” Ibn ‘Umar replied: “Such an act is nifak (and the person is called a hypocrite)”.


Ibn Mas’ud said: “A person who is devoted to religion, if he gets close to the ruler, will cease to be devoted to religion. Why is that? His answer: Because what is expected is the pleasure of the ruler, with the sacrifice (arousing the anger of Allah) due to his fatwa”.


Half the scholars stated: “If a religious scholar approaches a wealthy person, he is doing riya (seeking praise), and if a scholar approaches the house of the ruler (repeatedly), he is an idiot (who no longer has a sound mind)”.


Abu Hurairah said: “There is no danger greater than three things, namely:


  1. Love of dinars (gold coins) or silver coins.
  2. Ambition for position (worldly rank).
  3. Sycophancy to the ruler, even though Allah has overcome all that.


Makh-hul said: “The one who learns knowledge (of religion, especially the Qur’an) and then curries favor with the rulers is diving into the depths of Jahannam”.


The two dangers of being friends with the ruler (this is if one does not know him, but if one knows him, it is more than two dangers) are:

1: Loyalty to him is threatened by his religion.

  1. Opposing him jeopardizes his life and the safety of his family. (This is Maimun Mahran)


Fudlail ‘Iyadl said: “The one who shuns the ruler, even if he does not perform prayers or practices that are Sunnah, is better than the one who fasts every day, does tahajud at night, and strives and performs Hajj, but becomes a sycophant of the ruler.


It is infinitely worse for a scholar to be in the place of the rulers when he is sought after by people.


From Hasan, the Prophet said: “Allah’s help is always with the people of Muhammad, as long as they are obedient (the Ulama) do not uphold the officials, and as long as the righteous are not friendly (lenient) to the officials, and as long as the Ouran Ulama do not curry favor with the rulers, but if they have done so, then Allah removes the barakah from them, and seated the cruel rulers, fear always haunts them and leaves them in misery (ignorance and poverty).” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said.


Prophet Isa in his advice:” O Scholars, you have deviated from the straight path and have become greedy (love) for the treasures of the world, just as the rulers abandoned wisdom, so give up this world for them (i.e. since they do not desire your wisdom, then you should do the same or do not desire their worldly possessions”.


Shaqiq Salamah said, Umar Khathab commissioned Bashir Ashim Tsaqafy to collect and organize the zakat of the Hawazin, he was late. When Umar asked: “Why did you not do my order immediately? Is it reasonable to deny my order?” He replied: “Yes, I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “The one who is the ruler of a people will be confronted on the Day of Judgment, until he is placed on the bridge of Jahannam; if he is truthful or just, he will be saved; but if he deviates from truth or justice, the bridge will be pierced, and he will fall into it for 70 years”. Then Umar’s face turned pale and sad, after which he met Abu Dhar and was asked: “Why are you Umar? He replied: “I am distressed after hearing the hadith of the Prophet which Bashir has just revealed. Abu Dhar said: “Is this the first time I have heard it? Yes. Then Abu Dhar said: “I testify that I too have heard such a tradition.


‘Aisha reported that the Messenger of Allah said: “When a just judge is brought up on the Day of Judgment, he will feel very heavy (he will say) “If I had never decided between two people (I would not have been so heavy)”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Whoever (is appointed) a judge, it is as if he is slaughtered without using a knife .


Abu Hanifah was asked by Abu Ja’far, who said: O Abu Haneefah, please guide us in this government. He replied: In this I am not fit. Abu Jafar said: “Subhanallah, he repeated his request. He said: “O Amiral-mukminin, if I am truthful, then I have informed you, and if I am lying, then you should not entrust a matter to me (because it is obviously a lie)”.


Abu Musa Ash’ary said: When I was going to the place of the Messenger of Allah two men followed me and after reaching the place of the Messenger of Allah, they said: “O Messenger of Allah, leave us half of your charity!”. He replied: “We do not use officers who are ambitious and apply for our work”.


The Prophet said: “O Ka’ab, I seek protection for you from the ignorant rulers (repeated three times), i.e. the rulers who will be in power after me, the one who agrees with his opinion is a liar and the one who helps to do wrong is free from them (and vice versa) they are free from me.”


“O Ka’b, any meat from unlawful food, the fire of hell is appropriate for him. And fasting is a shield, charity removes sins, and prayer is an approach to Allah.”


“O Ka’b, there are two kinds of people in the morning:

  1. Those who sell themselves to fulfill their lusts will perish.
  2. The one who sells himself for the pleasure of Allah will be free from hellfire.”


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Musa AbdushShamad from Zadan, who said: “When we were with Ibn Abbas, many people were seen being carried away, so he asked: What is the matter with you? He replied: “We were fleeing from the plague of tha’un, so Ibn Abbas prayed: “O tha’un take me! (2x). Why did you ask for death (while you were among the companions of the Prophet) and he forbade people from asking for death? He answered: “Because of 6 things that I saw, that he was worried about his people, namely: 

  1. A ruler made up of young men.
  2. A large number of policemen.
  3. The occurrence of bribery in the law.
  4. The breaking of family ties.
  5. Downplaying (taking lightly) the mandate of a promise.
  6. Young people who turn the Qur’an into a mere sha’ir (song); they do not know its content nor do they practice its contents.


Hasan Bashry saw a giraah expert and asked him: “How do you feel O giraah, this is not the place of the pious. (because he was in the place of people who are in the midst of sin).


The Prophet said: “Beware, beware of three kinds of people, namely:


  1. Neighboring a rich man.
  2. Government scholars (who curry favor) with them.
  3. The giraah of the market (who are always in the place where people are sinning).


Dlahak said: “All night long I tossed and turned on my bed looking for (thinking of) one sentence that would satisfy my ruler (king), but not anger my Lord, but I could not find it.


Ibn Abbas in his advice: “Avoid the door of the rulers, for if you gain the treasures of this world, you will sacrifice your Hereafter to the utmost.


Half the Ulama stated: “Approaching the rulers results in having to do three things, namely:


  1. Trying to make them satisfied.
  2. Glorifying their worldly possessions (their position).
  3. Approving of their deeds.










CHAPTER 78 : On the Virtue of Sickness and Visiting Him


Al Faqih reported that Atha-k Yasar said: “When a person is afflicted with sickness, Allah sends two angels to him, saying: “Listen to what My servant says when people visit him. If he says: ALHAMDULILLAH, then Allah says to the two angels: “Tell him: “If I kill him because of his illness, he will enter Paradise; if I cure him, I will replace his flesh with something better than what it was, and his blood with something better; and I will make his suffering (illness) an atonement for his sins.”


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Sa’id Wahb, who said: “We (and) Salman visited a friend who was suffering from illness, and he said: “Allah tests the believer with afflictions, then heals him and makes amends for his previous sins and warns him in the future. Allah also afflicts the disbeliever with afflictions, then heals him, so he is like a camel that is tied up and then released, not knowing why it was tied up and released.” (Al Faqih narrated from Sa’id Wahb).


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Ibrahim At-Taimy from Harith Suwaid and Ibn Mas’ud, who said: “When the Messenger of Allah was sick with severe heat, I went to him and touched his body and said: “You are very hot, O Messenger of Allah, he replied: “Yes, like the heat of two of you, I said: “Because you are rewarded double the sign (twice), he replied: “Yes, by Allah, every Muslim who suffers an illness or other misfortune in this world, his sins will be wiped out like a leaf falling from the branch (of his tree).


Al Faqih narrated from Salman Farisy that the Messenger of Allah said: “When a heat sickness afflicts the soul of a believer, it is asked by the Spirit: “O disease, what is your purpose in coming to the believing soul? He replied: “O good spirit, your soul was once pure, then it was defiled by sins and all wrongdoings, so now I have come for the purpose of: “To purify it again”. Greeted by the spirit: “Come near (3x), and be purified”.


A Companion of Muhajirin when visiting a sick person said: Four things for a person who is sick, namely:


  1. The record of the galam is taken away from him.
  2. He will be rewarded with the same acts of worship that he performed when he was healthy.
  3. Every sin comes out of his joints.
  4. If he dies, his sins are forgiven, and if he is given a long life.


Mu’adz said: “When Allah afflicts a believer with an illness, the angel on the left side (Atid, the writer of bad deeds) is forbidden to write anything, and the one on the right side (the angel Ragib, the writer of good deeds) is called out: “Write the best of deeds for My servant as he did when he was healthy, because at this time he is not able to do so.


Abu Hurairah said: “The heat sickness (manifesting or taking the form of blackness) when it befell him was asked: “Who exactly are you? He replied: “Ummuldam. Then what do you do? Eat meat and suck blood, and my heat is from the vapors of Jahannam. She said pleadingly: “O Messenger of Allah, assign me to the companions whom you like. Then he was assigned to the companions of the Ansar, and it spread for a week, until they also asked the Messenger of Allah, that he pray, so he prayed, until they recovered. After that he said: “Welcome, pilgrims whom Allah has purified (the best of the pure)”.


Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet said: “Those who are sick, do not force them to eat and drink, because Allah feeds them”.


He also said: “The moaning of the sick is written as tasbih, his screams as tahlil, his breathing is sadaqah, his sleep is ibadat and his tossing and turning while lying down is like an abil war, and it is written for him as well as the good deeds he used to do in his health”.


He also said: “There are four people who can renew (restart) their deeds, namely:


  1. The sick person when he recovers
  2. Muallaf (person) who has just converted to Islam.

3) A Muslim who has finished the Friday prayer with faith and sincerity.

  1. One who performs Hajj with provisions from halal wealth.


He also said: “Three factors (half) of the treasury of worship or devotion are:


  1. Hiding (keeping secret) an illness.
  2. Keeping charity secret (not to be broadcast).
  3. Keeping trials (calamities) secret.


When the Prophet visited Salman who was suffering from illness, then he said: “For you 3 benefits, which are obtained from this suffering, namely:


  1. A warning from Allah.
  2. Purification and atonement for previous sins.
  3. The sick person’s prayers are answered, so pray as much as possible (as hard as you can).


Al Faqih explained: “The sick person’s deeds are not written down for him, but they are written down for what he used to do when he was healthy, if he used to worship or do good deeds, then he could not do them because of sickness, and Allah knows: “Had he been healthy, he would have continued to perform the act of worship or the deed, so the reward of the deed is written for him, while the illness remains as atonement for the sin if he repents, but if his intention was different (for example: “Intention to repeat the sinful behavior, later if he recovers) then the illness cannot atone for the sin.


From Hasan Bashry, the Prophet, said: “Heat illness is the share of every believer, from the fire of hell (i.e.) as a substitute for the fire of hell.”


Abu Said Khudry reported that the Prophet said: Your Lord says: “By My Victory and Majesty, no one is taken out of the world, while My mercy is upon him, unless his sins are first purified (i.e.) by suffering: “Sickness, or narrowness of life, then if there are still sins, the sacrament of death is made heavy on him, until he comes to Me cleansed of his sins like a newborn from his mother.”


“And conversely, no one is taken out of the world, while My punishment is for him, unless every good deed is paid in full (i.e.) by being able-bodied, his livelihood is spacious, and if his good deeds are still there (not all paid off), then the time of death is lightened for him, until later he comes to Me with not a single good deed left for him (which means hell Hawiyah for him).”


The Prophet said: “Whoever visits a sick person has entered into mercy, and whoever sits beside him has dived into mercy.”


Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet said: “One who visits a sick person or delivers a corpse is like fasting in the midst of war for a day, in comparison with other days it is 700 (seven hundred) days.


Someone complained in the presence of Umm Darda’, due to the hardness of his heart, answered: “That is a very dangerous disease, but try to treat it with the following medicine:


  1. Visit (a friend or relative) who is sick.
  2. Transporting the dead (friend or relative) of a Muslim.
  3. Pilgrimage to the grave.


The man obeyed the advice, soon recovered from his illness, and came to Umm Darda’ and said: “JAZAAKILLAAHU KHAIRAN”. May you be rewarded with good deeds by Allah.







CHAPTER 79 : On the Virtue of Tathawwu’ (Sunnah) Prayers


Faqih reported that Hasan Bashry said: “There are three privileges for those who pray, namely:

  1. The angels surround him (protect him) from the bottom of his feet to the sky.

2, Mercy is poured out from the sky to the top of his head.

  1. The angels call out: “If the praying person knew who he was talking to, he would not be willing to break his conversation (stop praying).


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Umar, the Prophet sent a brave army to die, as soon as it came directly attacked the enemy to get as much ghanimah, asked the companions: O Messenger of Allah, we have never seen an army with this much courage to attack him, and this much ghanimah, he said: “There are troops that exceed that speed and greatness of the result, namely: “The perpetrators of the Fajr prayer, then sat in dhikr until sunrise, and continued with the dhuha prayer of 2 rak’ahs, and then returned to their homes, this is what exceeds my army mentioned above”.


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Dhar that the Prophet said: “Every day (morning) man is obliged to give charity for every segment of his body, then he said: “Inviting good and preventing evil is a charity, remembrance of Allah, a charity, having intercourse with his wife, a charity,” he said: “O Messenger of Allah, satisfying his desire also gets the reward of charity? He replied: “What do you think, if the desire is expressed in what is forbidden, is it sinful? Yes, it is true, said the Companion. Then likewise, if the lust is channeled to the halal (his own wife), it will definitely get the reward of charity, and to fulfill all of that (ros-ros joints) two rak’ahs of the Dhuha sunnah prayer.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abu Rifa’i, the Prophet said: “O uncle Abbas, I will reward you with a very beneficial practice, will you? He replied: “Sure, may you remain my favorite that I defend (desperately), even if it means sacrificing my parents, then he said: “Pray four rak’ahs, each rak’ah reciting the Fatihah and Surah and saying 15 times (still standing), then bowing and saying 10 times, then itidal and saying 10 times, then prostrating and saying 10 times, sitting between two prostrations and saying 10 times, then prostrate again and glorify, then sit (after the second prostration), before standing as a resting seat and glorify 10 times, so the juAllah is 75x in each rak’ah (glorifying), while 4 means 300x glorifying, so if your sins were as much as the sand in the sea (‘Alij), it would be forgiven by Allah. Abbas said: “If you are not able to do it every day? He replied: “You may do it once every Friday, If you cannot do it once a Friday? Do it once every month, if you can’t do that either? He said: “Do it once a year.” (Al Hadith)



What is meant by: The 4 Rak’ahs of the voluntary prayer mentioned in the Hadith is the voluntary prayer of Tasbeeh, in which 75 Tasbeehs are recited in each Rak’ah, making a total of 300 Tasbeehs (in 4 Rak’ahs).


As for the recitation of tasbeeh, you can choose between the following two tasbeehs, namely:


  1. Meaning: “Glory be to Allah, all praise be to Him, there is no other God but Allah and Allah is the Greatest”.


  1. Or simply: This short tasbeeh is used when time does not permit, but if time is free, then it is better to use the first (perfect) tasbeeh which weighs the scales of good deeds, more than the earth and its contents.


Ka’bul Akhbar said: “If one knew the magnitude of the reward of the voluntary prayer of two rak’ahs, it would be more than a mountain, and the obligatory prayer more than that, so that no one would be able to imagine the magnitude of the reward.


Zaid Khalid Juhany reported that the Prophet said:



“Perform the (voluntary) prayer in your house, and build your house into a graveyard. (Al Hadith)


A Companion reported that the Prophet said: “A voluntary prayer performed at home is better than a public prayer, just as the virtue of praying in congregation is greater than praying alone”.


He also said: “The voluntary prayer at home is an illumination, so illuminate your homes (by performing the voluntary prayer). (Al Hadith)


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “He who prays 20 rak’ahs of voluntary prayer between Maghrib and ‘Ishā’ will have his family, wealth, and religion protected in this world and in the Hereafter. And the one who, after the Fajr prayer, sits until the sun rises and then prays two rak’ahs of Dhuha, Allah will make a wall for him in the Fire on the Day of Resurrection (so that he will not be exposed to the Fire).


Day of Resurrection (so as not to be exposed to the fire).


Zaid Aslam from Umar, said: “Advise me, uncle Abu Dhar. He said: “Accept this advice of mine from the Prophet as follows: “The performer of the Dhuha prayer is not among those who forget (even if it is only 2 Rak’ahs), and the one who performs 4 Rak’ahs is considered a worshipper, and the one who performs 6 Rak’ahs is saved from the practice of sins on that day, while the one who performs 8 Rak’ahs will be given a building in Paradise”. (Al Hadith)


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “In Paradise there is a door named (BAABUDH-DHUHA), later it will be called out (to its prayers): “O people who always perform Dhuha prayer, this is your door, please enter (Paradise)”.


Prayer is compared to someone knocking on the King’s door, and the one who knocks often, it will soon (probably) be opened. (Ibn Mas’ud).


The comparison between voluntary prayers during the day and at night is like open and secret charity.”


Anas reported that the Prophet said: “A place where prayer or remembrance is made, feels happy through the seventh layer of the earth, it is proud of the earth around it, and when someone prays in the middle of a forest, the earth that is made for prayer is adorned for him”.


Khalid Madan said: “God is proud of the angels with three kinds of people, namely:


  1. One who is in the middle of a large field (forest), then calls to prayer, iqomat, then prays alone.

So God says: “Behold him (My servant) praying alone, and no one else sees him, so 70,000 angels descend to pray behind him.


  1. The one who prays in the middle of the night, prostrating himself until he falls asleep.

So Allah said: “O angels, witness him (My servant), his soul in My hands and his body (body) prostrating to Me.


  1. The one who is in the middle of the battlefield (sabil war), he remains upright, until he is killed.

Mu’afy Imran states: “The glory of a believer is: “When he has no desire for his fellow human beings.


And his honor is: “in his tahajud at night”.









CHAPTER 80 : About Praying Perfectly and Solemnly


Al Faqih narrated from him and Salman Farisy that he said: “Prayer is like a scale, so whoever is precise in his prayer will have his share fulfilled, but whoever is not precise will know that he is threatened in Surah al-Mutafifin.


Hudhayfah said, when he saw someone praying without completing his bowing and prostration: “You should never die in such a prayer, you will surely die outside the fithrah, namely (the religion of Islam).


Hasan Bashry reported that the Prophet said: “The most evil thief is the one who steals his prayer. The meaning is: “The one who does not complete his bowing and prostration (during prayer).” (Hadith)


Ibn Mas’ud said: “The one whose prayer does not encourage him to do good deeds and avoid evil deeds will not get closer to Allah, rather he will move away from Him,” Allah, the Almighty, said:



“Offer the prayer, for it prevents the one who prays from doing evil and forbidden deeds”. (An kabut 45) Praying while paying attention to the people around him is not considered prayer. (Hakam Uyainah) Muslim Yasar in testing the diligence of his prayer said to his family (children): “If I am praying, you can talk, but you will not be heard.


In the middle of praying, Jacob Qary his turban was stolen by someone (thief), his friend knew that it was Ya’kub’s turban, then the thief’s herd advised him to return it, fearing disaster (due to) his prayer, Immediately he returned it and Ya’kub was praying unfinished. After greeting the thief apologized to him and Ya’kub said: “It does not seem to me, who took and returned my sacrifice”.


In the middle of the prayer, Rabi’ah ‘Adawiyah had a tear in her eye (i.e. during prostration), but she did not feel it, except after the salam.


Every time she would perform ablution, Hasan Bin ‘Ali would change his face (pale), and when asked, he replied: “Because I am going to address the Almighty Ruler (King)”. And whenever he would go up to the mosque, he would raise his head and pray:



“O Lord, Your servant is at Your door, O very good Substance, now has come the man of disobedience, Your call: “The good should forgive the ungodly (guilty or sinful). You are the One who is good, and I am sinful, so forgive all my sins with Your kindness, O enforcing One”. Then he hurriedly entered the mosque”.


When he saw someone praying while straightening his beard, he said: “Had his heart been devoted, his limbs would have been devoted as well”. (Al Hadith)


Every time the time for prayer came, S. Ali Abu Talib would tremble in his joints and his face would turn pale. When asked, he said:


“Because the time has come for the mandate, which was once offered to the heavens and the earth and the mountains (when they all) rejected the mandate out of fear, then man dares (is able) to bear the responsibility of the mandate, and I do not know exactly: “Whether I can carry it out properly or not”. Ali Zainal ‘Abidin, the son of Husain, the son of Ali Abu Talib, also experienced the same thing.


Sa’id Jubair said: “Tbnu Abbas, when he heard the call to prayer, wept until his turban was wet and his eyes were red, and when asked, he said: “If mankind knew the exact sound of the mu’adhaan, it would not be possible to rest and sleep”. What was he referring to? He said:


  1. The call:


It means:

“O you people who are busy with the treasures of this world, stop for a moment, heed this call, rest your bodies and do good deeds for your own benefit”.


  1. Exclamation:



“I ask for the testimony of all the heaven and earth, for me in the sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection, buhwwu: “I have called out to you”.


  1. Exclamation:



“I ask for the testimony of the Prophets (especially) Prophet Muhummad on the Day of Resurrection, that I have told the people five times each day.


  1. Exclamation:



“Indeed. Allah has established prayer for you, so establish prayer by you”.


  1. Exclamation:



“Enter you into mercy and the message of guidance for you”.


  1. Exclamation:



“All work (worldly affairs) is forbidden to you, before performing the prayer”.


  1. Exclamation:



“This is the “mandate” of the seven layers of the earth-sky, it is already on your shoulders, it is up to you whether you fulfill it or not”.


The Prophet said: “Sometimes two people pray the same prayer (bowing and prostration are also the same), but the difference between them is like the distance between the sky and the earth (i.e.) in their solemnity”.


Isham Yusuf asked: Ilai Hatim, what is meant by completing the prayer? He replied: “When the time for prayer comes, he prepares himself with perfect ablution, then stands upright at the place of prayer with all his soul and body, until he imagines that the Ka’bah is in front of the mara, and the magam is right in his chest, Allah knows everything in his heart, his feet are on the shirath, Paradise is on his right side and Hell is on his left, Izrail (Malakul Death) is behind him, and he has the feeling that “this is the last prayer he will do”.


Then takbir solemnly, and silence full of tafakkur (thinking), while reading Fatihah and surahs, then bowing full of tawadlw, and prostration with submission and supplication. Continue to sit with perfection, read tahiyat (tashahud) with hope, and fear, finally salam according to the sunnatur Rasulullah.


Then everything is surrendered sincerely to Allah, continuing to stand (after finishing) the prayer with full fear if it is not accepted, and full of hope that it will be accepted by Allah. And everything is also maintained with patience. Isham asked: “Since how many years have you been praying in the manner described above? He replied: “Since 30 years. Finally he cried and said: “I HAVE NEVER PRAYED AS YOU DESCRIBE”.


When Hatim fell behind in the prayer a friend came to visit him, and he wept, saying: “Had I the death of my son, surely half the people of this (Balkh) would have come to me”. But only one of my closest friends came to me, because I missed the congregational prayer, whereas for me missing the congregational prayer is more difficult or sad than the death of all my sons and daughters”.


Said a master of wisdom: “The prayer is likened to Allah’s food for the believers, five times a day. Just as a guest banquet contains a variety of delicious food, so the prayer contains a variety of movements and remembrances, each of which contains wisdom, reward and atonement for sins.


Many people pray, but very few are perfect in the true sense of the word, which is why Allah refers to the believer (by nature) as one who prays, while referring to the hypocrite as one who merely prays, thus He threatens in the verse:



“Those who pray are threatened with the Hellfire of Wail, who forget the purpose of their prayer”. Those who pray solely for the sake of human beings, and who are blind to other people, (i.e.) with the intention that they will not be able to change their bad traits”.


As for the believer, it is mentioned in the verse:



“Those who establish prayer perfectly, and spend a (small) portion of the sustenance given by Kumi for the sake of others”.


IQAMATUSH-SHOLAT means: “Keeping the time of prayer, the essentials of prayer and the perfection of bowing, prostration and solemnity”.


According to a scholar of wisdom: “The person who is praying is twofold, namely:


  1. Special, meaning that he feels the greatness of the prayer, stands up with full confidence, full of fear, and performs it with greatness, after finishing it full of fear
  2. General, meaning: “Performing the prayer with forgetfulness, standing up with indifference, and performing it with misgivings, after which one feels secure.


A scholar of wisdom from Faris said: “If a person performs Wudu with waswaas without any sense of the majesty of the prayer, and all he remembers is the busyness of worldly possessions, then such a prayer will not be accepted.


CHAPTER 81 : About answered prayers


Al Faqih narrated with a chain of transmission from Abdullah Abu Aufa, who said: The subject matter of the Prophet’s teaching to a Badwy about what can be satisfied from memorizing the Qur’an is:


It means: “Repeat it five times. Said Badwy: “All that is praise to Allah, else where is my share?” He exclaimed: “Recite: ALLAAHHUMMAGHFIRLII WARHAMNII WAHHDINII WARZUQNII WA ‘AAFINII. It means:

“O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me and provide for me and save me”, five times, and he counted them with his ten fingers. Then he left, and the Prophet said: “Indeed these two hands of Badwy are filled with goodness, if they carry out the “Subject matter” that I had sworn on his head.


Al Faqih explained: “The subject matter that Badwy received was recitation in prayer as a substitute for reciting the Qur’an for those who do not know the Qur’an at all, and it is hoped that with this recitation they will be able to recite the Qur’an adequately.”


Al Faqih reported that Usman Abu ‘Ash said: “When I was sick and on the verge of death, the Messenger of Allah 5g came to visit me and said: “Wipe your sickness with your right hand while reciting: AUUDZU BI ‘IZZATILLAAHHI MIN SYARRIMAA AJIDU WA UHAADZIRU.



“I seek refuge with the Victory and Majesty of Allah, from the suffering (danger) that is bitter and frightening”.


Then I practiced his lessons, and my pain disappeared (bi-idznillah).”


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from ‘Atha-k, who said: “One who prays 12 rak’ahs, without interrupting (after the greeting) with speech, then recites Surah Fatihah 7 times, the verse of Kursy 7 times, and recites:






The Prophet’s maid: (Maimunah Sa’ad) said: “The Prophet said to Salman Farisy (he was praying): “O Salman do you desire God? He replied: Yes, he said: “Recite first the praises of God, His attributes, and glorify, glorify and tahlil. The Companions asked: How to praise Him, O Messenger of Allah? His reply: “Recite Fatihah three times, that is praising God, and also recite Surah Ikhlas three times (QUL. HUWALLAAHU AHAD) that is the attribute of God, and SUBAHAANALLAAH, WALHAMDULILLAAH, WALAAILAAHA ILLALLAAHU WALLAAHU AKBAR, then pray for your desire”.


Ibn Mas’ud said: “The one who recites this istighfar (below) three times after prayer, Allah will forgive his sins, even if they are as great as the foam of the sea.


This is his istighfar:




Al Faqih’s advice: When making istighfar, the heart should feel regret for its sins, and ask for forgiveness sincerely, Allah will surely forgive all its sins. According to Hasan ibn ‘Ali: “The one who recites these 20 verses (below), will be guaranteed to be safe from danger, the threat of the devil, the persecution of unjust rulers, and thieves who operate (looking for their targets) and dangerous wild animals.


These are the verses:


Explanation: The 20 verses are detailed as follows:

  1. The verse of kursy
  2. Surah Al A’raf 3 verses, starting from:




  1. Surah Shaffat 10 verses, starting from the first verse: to SYI HHAABUN TSAAQIB.


  1. Surah Rahman 3 verses, starting from:




  1. End of Surah Hasyr 3 verses, starting from: .




Abu Hurairah said: A man from the tribe of Aslam said: O Messenger of Allah, we could not sleep last night. Why? We were stung by kala (insects), so he said: “Therefore every evening recite this sentence (below), surely nothing can harm you. This is the sentence that should be recited:




It means:

“I seek refuge in the perfect word of Allah from the thorns of His creatures and the thorns of His creation”.


Said Musayyab from Mwadz Jabal, who said: “On Friday, the Messenger of Allah looked for me, so I answered his call after the prayer, and he said: “Why are you not seen? He replied: “I have a debt to a Jew and I dare not go anywhere, lest I be detained by him, He said: “O Mw’adz, recite (subject matter) this supplication, with this supplication Allah will pay off all your debts, Answer well, O Messenger of Allah. Then Mu’adz read it as follows:




And this supplication if recited by a person who is in jail (prison confinement), will be released immediately.


Abu Umamah Bahily reported that the Prophet said: “The one who recites this supplication (below) every morning, if he dies, he will enter Paradise immediately, and the one who recites it in the afternoon, if he dies in the evening, he will enter Paradise. This is the supplication that should be recited:






“O Allah, all praise be to You, there is no other God but You, You are the Lord and I am a humba, full of faith in You, I sincerely believe in religion as perfect as You are, my condition in this morning huri (afternoon) is to obey Your commands and as much as possible my hurup puda Your promise, forgive all my sins, is there anyone who is able to forgive except You?




Lafadh: for the morning while in the afternoon recite (lafadh):    .


Aban Usman from his father, the Messenger of Allah said: “The one who recites this supplication (below) three times in the morning will not be afflicted with any calamity until the afternoon. And the one who recites it in the evening will be protected from calamity until the morning.


This is the supplication that is recited:





“By the mention of the asma of Allah, by whose name nothing in the heavens or the earth can cause harm, He hears and knows”.


When the initial falij (death of half his body, due to high blood pressure or a cold) struck Aban, he said: “By Allah at that time, I forgot not to recite the supplication mentioned above”.


Nafi from Ibn Umar, said: “A man complained in front of the Prophet: “O Messenger of Allah, my life is always lacking sustenance (difficult living), He replied: “Where are you from the salutation of the angels, and the blessings of all creatures, with which they are given sustenance. He asked: What do you mean, O Messenger of Allah? He said:




The time of recitation is: “After the Fajr Azan, the Fajr (Qobliyah Fajr) voluntary prayer until the iqamat (obviously before the Fajr prayer, between the azan and igamat). By doing so, the treasures of the world will bow down and come to you”. Try to do it, it will be granted by Allah, with full confidence in the guidance of Allah’s Messenger.


Urwah from ‘Aisha, said: “It was customary for the Messenger of Allah before going to bed to raise his hands (to pray with) the recitation of the verses of the Qur’an (below), after finishing the two palms of his hands were wiped on his face, head and all his body”.


The verses of the Qur’an that he recited were:


  1. Surah Ikhlas 1x (QULHUWALLAAHU AHAD until the end of the letter).
  2. Surah Falaq 1x (QUL AUUDZU BIRABBIL FALAO).
  3. Surah Naas 1x (QUL AVUDZU BIRABBIN NAAS).


Ibrahim Hakam from his father from Ikrimah, who said: “A traveler on a journey saw a sleeping figure, from afar two demons appeared to disturb the sleeping person, the first demon came to damage his heart, but returned, saying: “I can’t disturb him, because he has a shield of verses of the Koran, Then came the second demon, also experienced the same thing, he said: “You are right. Finally the two demons left, not bothering him. And the traveler woke him up and told him what had just happened to him about the two demons, then he asked: “What verse did you recite before going to bed? He replied: “I never sleep unless I recite the following verses:


Imran Jabir from Abu Mijlaz, who said: “If a person fears being wronged by the king, then recite this sentence (below), surely Allah will save him.





“I am very willing to believe in Allah, and I am very willing to believe in Islam, and in Muhammad, my Prophet, and in the Qur’an as my guidance and law.”


Malik from Yahya Sa’id, he said: “Khalid Walid complained: “O Messenger of Allah, I am always disturbed and overshadowed by fear when I sleep, He replied 5£: “Recite the following sentence!


This is the sentence that must be recited:





“I seek refuge with the phrase. Allah is perfect and His wrath and punishment, and from the evil of His servants, and from the disturbance of the devils or their coming.


The Prophet took Mu’adz by the hand and said: Mu’adz after every Fard prayer do not forget to pray:





“O Allah, help me to always think of You and learn Your warnings, to be grateful to You, and to perfect my worship of You”.


Hudhayfah said: “It was customary for the Prophet after waking up to recite:





“Praise be to Allah Who awakened me from sleep, to Him is my (future) return”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “When a person has a frightening (bad) dream, then spit to the left three times, while reciting the prayer (below), it will certainly not harm him.


This is the supplication:




It means:

“I seek refuge with Allah from the evil of this dream”.


Malik reported: “Someone asked: “O Messenger of Allah, which is the best supplication? He replied:





“Ask Allah (i.e.) your Lord, for forgiveness and safety in the Hereafter”.


Then on the second and third day he came again to the Prophet asking about the supplication and he answered him three times the same as the first day, even finally emphasizing: “When you get forgiveness and salvation from Allah, you are lucky and happy in this world and the next”.


Ibn Mas’ud reported that he said: “The prayer that the Prophet used to recite when he wanted to travel and get on a vehicle was as follows:





“Glory be to Allah Who made this journey easy for us, we do not deserve this, we will return to our Lord, O Allah, You are my protector on the journey and my family’s keeper. O Allah, multiply the earth for us and make our journey easy, O Allah save us from the thorns of hardship on the way, from lacking when we have enough, from confusion after going straight. And the thorns of bad scenery and bad calamities for our families, our wealth and our children.”


Ibn Mas’ud said: “When a new bride and groom are about to have intercourse, they should pray two rak’ahs beforehand, then hold their heads and recite:





“O Allah suffice me for my family, and bless them for me, give them sustenance from me, and my sustenance from them, gather well between us, and separate well between us”.


Jafar Muhammad was astonished at the man who was afflicted with four things, why did he not reject them with four things? They are:

  1. He is afflicted with distress, why does he not reject it by reciting:




This means: “There is no other God but You, that I am a wrongdoer”.

The word of Allah:





“So We answered his prayer, and We removed the thorn of distress, thus We saved the believers”.


  1. Being afflicted with the fear of evil, why not remove it by reciting:





“Allah is the One Who provides for my needs, and He is the best of the Guarantors”.


Allah says:





“Then they regained the favor of Allah and His bounty, survived the calamity that befell them. they always did the things that pleased Him. Allah is the Owner of great bounty”.


  1. Fear of being deceived, why not reject it by reciting:





“I entrust all my affairs to Allah, He always sees His servants”.


His words:





“Then Allah saved them from the evil plans of their enemies, and Pharaoh’s family was sentenced to the severest punishment”.


  1. Hoping to enter Paradise, but reluctant to read:





“At the will of Allah, not even a little is strong, except with His help”.


His words:




“May my Lord give you something better than your garden”.


Qatadah reported: “Someone recited the following supplication: “O Allah, my punishment will be in the Hereafter, just fulfill it (hasten it) in this world”. So as a result of reciting this supplication he became very ill, the Messenger of Allah came to see him, and the man told him about the supplication he had recited, so that he was sick and unable to move, except to raise his head, he said: “O son of Adam, you are not able to accept the punishment of Allah, therefore recite the following prayer:





“O Allah. grant us good in this world and in the Hereafter, protect us from the fire of hell”.


Not long after reciting this prayer he recovered.


Someone dreamed of meeting Utbah Ghulam after his death and asked: “O Utbah, what have you gained from your Lord?” He replied: “I have been forgiven by God, because of the prayers I used to recite, and now they are written on the wall. Waking up from his dream, immediately looking at the wall, it turned out that there was indeed an inscription of these prayers (written by Utbah himself, it read as follows): 







“O Allah, the One Who guides those who go astray, the Remover of the sinful. and the Forgiver of those who slip into error, have mercy on this servant of Yours, from the threat of great harm. as well as the bugi of all Muslims. Judikanlah us good people, and who always get sustenance, together with those who you give nikmut (vakni) of the Prophets, sidigin Shuhada and salihin, they are the best kaszun. With the blessing of your mercy, O Allah, the Refiner”.



If the above prayer is recited after every Fardu prayer (5 times), insha Allah the reader will be gathered by the Waly Abdal congregation.


This is the prayer:





“O Allah, reconcile the Ummah of Muhammad, have mercy on them and make them free, and forgive them and those who believe in You.


Aban from Anas Malik, said: “Al Hajjaj Yusuf became angry, and said: “Had it not been for the message from Abdul Malik Marwan, you would have perished under torture. Anas replied: “You cannot do that (it is not as easy as you say). Why not, who could have prevented it? ‘Anas replied: “Various prayers that the Messenger of Allah has authorized me to recite every morning and evening. Al Hajjaj asked: “Where are these prayers try to teach me, Anas refused, until forced several times, Anas still refused until he was not taught to Al Hajjaj.


Aban said: “While Anas was sick, I asked him to teach me the supplication. he agreed to give it to me.


This is the prayer:





“Mention of Asma Alluh (BISMILLAH) the keeper of myself, Asma Allah as the keeper of my family, property and children, and as the keeper of all the gifts of my Lord. Allah 3x, my Lord, I do not shirk from Him, Allah 3x, my Lord, I do not shirk from Him, Allaahhu Akbur 3x, greater and victorious over all thorns that I fear (I fear or fear). O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the threat of harm that befalls me, and from the cruelty (evil) of the evil devil. Dun from the threat of all great dangers of persecutors. Advance if they turn away (have past), say: “Allah is the One who fills (suffices) my needs, There is no other Lord except Him, to Him I surrender, He is the Lord of the Great Throne. Victorious or Great is Your protection and Your praise and there is no other Lord except You.










CHAPTER 82 : About Being Generous


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from ‘Aisha, who said: “The Jews came with a group to the Prophet and uttered a curse: “ASSAMMU ‘ALAIKA” meaning: “Perish you (Muhammad), he replied : Especially you (WA’ALAIKUM). Then ‘Aisha answered (their curse) WAALAIKUMM SAMMUWALLAWAT” Meaning: “Likewise, you are perished and even cursed severely.”


Then he said:



“O ‘Ā’ishah, Allah loves to be lenient or lenient in a matter,” he said: “Did you not hear them? He replied: “I have returned it, with the words: “MAALAIKUM” which means: “Especially you (who are more perishable)”.


Al Faqih reported that ‘A’ishah said: “O ‘A’ishah, the one who is given a soft heart has been given good in this world and the next. And the one who is not soft-hearted will have no good in this world and the next.”


Al Faqih reported that Sa’id Musayyab said: “The essence of reason, after believing in Allah (is) to be able to get along with each other and establish mutual love, so the one who deliberates will not perish, on the other hand, the one who is proud (fanatic) of his own opinion will not be safe. If Allah is going to destroy someone, then the first thing to change is his way of thinking. And those who are good in this world today will be good in the next, and vice versa: “Those who are evil in this world are those who will perish or be wretched in the Hereafter”.


Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said: “Allah is very merciful, very pleased with the servant who is soft (loving) He gives benefits from his softness that cannot be obtained by violence (anger).


‘Aisha reported that the Prophet said: “If Allah wills that a family (its inhabitants or members) be good, then the trait of leniency and calmness is included in it. If it were a human being, there would be no one more beautiful than him, and conversely, if it were a hard person, there would be no one more ugly than him.


‘Aisha reported: “When I was riding a camel that used to break down, I used to hit it, then the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “O ‘Ā’ishah, use your gentleness and patience, for a trait does not dwell in a place except to make its owner more beautiful, and if it disappears, then its owner will become ugly.”


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from S. Ali, who said: “From the time Surah Nashr (IDZAA JAAA NASHRULLAAIH) was revealed, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) became ill, and on the Thursday of that day, with his head bound, he ascended the pulpit, sat down with a pale face and tears in his eyes, and called Bilal to call the people of Madinah together to receive his last will and testament. The whole community, not a single person who stayed at home, not a single person who stayed at home, not a single person who stayed at home, not a single person who stayed at home, not a single person who stayed at home, not a single person who stayed at home, not a single person who stayed at home. He said: “Allow those behind (the road) to “enter, he stood up and cried, saying: “INNAA LILLAAHI WA INNAA ILAIHI RAAJI’UUN, then offered praise and thanks to Allah . (as was his custom), followed by salawat for the previous Prophets and himself.


Then he said: “I am Muhammad, the son of Abdullah, the son of Abdul Muttalib, the son of Hashim, an Arab, born in the Land of the Haram (Mecca), after whom there is no Prophet.


O people, the news of my death has reached me which means that I will soon leave this world, and I have longed for my Lord, it is very sad for me to leave my people, what will happen (they say) after me? O Allah, save (2x).


O mankind, listen carefully to my will and remember, all those present must convey it to those who were unable to attend, for this is my last will for you.


O people, Allah’s information is contained in His Book that was sent down to you, about the lawful and unlawful things that must be done and left behind, so take (use) what is lawful and leave the unlawful, and believe in what is vague (mutasyabih), and do what is firm (muhkam), while what is in the form of examples, make it a warning for you.


Then he looked up to the sky and said: “O Allah, I have delivered (your message), so bear witness!


O people, beware of lusts that lead you astray, away from the guidance of Allah’s mercy and paradise, and even closer to hell. Foster the unity of the congregation and remain truthful (istIqamah), for this is close to Allah and Paradise, and far from Hellfire. O Allah I have conveyed it.


Fear Allah in taking care of your slaves, feed them as you eat and clothe them as you clothe them, and do not force them beyond their ability, for they are like you (flesh and blood), and remember that whoever mistreats them, Allah will be his opponent on the Day of Judgment and He will be his judge.


Fear Allah in taking care of your wives, pay them their dowry and do not abuse them; you will be forbidden from your good deeds on the Day of Resurrection. Remember I said. O mankind, protect yourselves and your families from the Fire, and educate them with noble manners, for they are in your hands as captives and trustees, remember I told you.


O mankind, obey your rulers and do not oppose them, even if they are of the Habshis with their noses cut off, for to obey them is to obey me and Allah, and to oppose them is to oppose me, which is to disobey Allah, and do not leave them, and do not break your promises to them, remember I have told you.


O people, love my family, the Qur’anic scholars, and your scholars; do not hate them or despise them; remember that to love them is to love me, which is to love Allah, and to hate them is to hate me and Allah. Remember I have told you.


O mankind, keep the five daily prayers well, by perfecting them, making ablution, bowing and prostration.


O mankind, pay the zakat of your wealth, remember whoever does not pay his zakat is not praying, which means the same as not having religion, and his fasting and hajj and jihad are not considered valid at all. O Allah, I have conveyed it.


O people, indeed Allah has made Hajj obligatory for those who are able to travel, and whoever does not perform it should choose between: “Die a Jew, Christian or Majusi (fire worshipper), unless there is a hindrance such as sickness, persecution by unjust rulers and so on. Remember that is will not obtain my intercession, and will not drink from my pool, and remember I have said.


O mankind, Allah will gather you on the Day of Resurrection, in an open field, in a very burdensome, terrible position, at that time wealth or men are useless, except for those who face Allah with a salim heart (purified from shirk), remember I have conveyed it.


O mankind, keep your words (mouths), cry your eyes and subdue your hearts, labor your bodies, strive against your enemies, and enliven your mosques, purify (ikhlaskan) your faith, advise one another among friends, Be kind to yourselves, keep your honor, and give alms from your wealth, do not envy one another, so that you lose your good deeds, and do not backbite, so that you perish because of it, remember I have told you. O mankind, free your slaves, and do good for the sake of (savings) when you are in need and need.


O mankind, avoid persecution, for Allah will prosecute the perpetrators later, and you yourselves will bear your account, you will be returned to Allah, He is not willing for you to disobey.


O mankind, basically people who do good, the benefits will be obtained (felt) by themselves, on the contrary, people who do evil, the loss (woe) is borne by themselves, at least God does not mistreat His servants.


does not mistreat His servants. And take care of yourselves, for the sake of the day you face Allah, every deed will be rewarded, not the least bit wronged.


O mankind, I shall soon appear before my Lord, according to the notice He has given me (that I shall die).


Therefore, I have entrusted you to Allah, about your “FAITH and SAFETY”.


WASSALAAMU’ALAIKUM O my friends and all my eyes.




Then the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) stepped down from the pulpit and went into his house, and did not come out again after that.











CHAPTER 83 : On Observing the Sunnah of the Messenger


Al Faqih narrated from Malik that the Messenger of Allah said:



“I have left you two weighty heirlooms from which you will not go astray, provided you continue to cling to them, namely: “The Book of Allah (the Qur’an) and my sunnah (the hadiths of the Prophet).


Al Faqih narrated from Hasan that the Prophet said: “A little practice is better (when it is in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah) than a lot of heresy, and every heresy (not in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah) is a heresy, and every heresy is in Hell”.


Only speech without implementation is not good, and speech accompanied by implementation is not good, unless it is accompanied by intention (good intentions), so also “speech, implementation and intention” is still not considered good, if it is not in accordance with the “SUNNAH of the Messenger of Allah” (Thus said Hasan). ..:


Maqil Yasar reported that the Prophet said: “There are two people, who are unlikely to get my intercession, namely:


  1. Rulers (leaders) who give laws (Regulations) are very burdensome for their people (Persecute).
  2. A person who exceeds the limits in religion, to the point of deviating from the SUNNAH of the Messenger of Allah”.


Ubay Ka’ab in his advice as follows:


  1. Keep you on the straight path and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, because for those who stick to both until tears flow, because of the remembrance (remembrance) of Allah, hellfire forever can not touch it.
  2. Those who adhere to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah and remember Allah to the point of trembling, out of fear of Allah, will be like dry leaves falling from their branches in the wind.
  3. Doing charity simply (in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah) is better than deviating from it (a little or a lot).
  4. I hope that you will follow the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah and the path pioneered by the Prophets before him.


The Messenger of Allah said:



“The Children of Israel were divided into 70 groups,” while this ummah (remember) will be divided into 72 groups, of which 71 will be in hell, and the one in heaven will be one. they asked: “Who would that one be, O Messenger of Allah? He said: “They are the “AHLUS SUNNAH WAL Jamaah” who truly understand the sunnah of the Prophet (and implement and always maintain the cohesiveness (unity) of the Islamic ummah)”.


The Messenger of Allah said:



“The man who continues to adhere to my sunnuh (my struggle), when my Ummah has been corrupted, has the same reward as 100 martyrs”. (Hadith)


Al Faqih reported that Ibn Mas’ud said: “What if fitnah (temptation) has become so pervasive that old people become senile, young men and women become corrupt, they compete with each other, and it is even regarded as a Sunnah, and it is strange that when they are reminded of what is right, they turn it upside down. Someone asked: “When is it likely that such a time will come? O Ibn Mas’ud? He replied: ” That is: When the trustworthy people are rare, the rulers are many, the jurists are few, and there are only cheap gura’ (people who can recite the Qur’an but deviate from its teachings), and the charity of the hereafter is used as a means of attracting the wealth of the world, and the purpose of studying is not to strengthen religious beliefs, and the leaders of the community, if obeyed, mislead you, but you will be killed if you dare to oppose them.


Someone asked: “What is your opinion (advice) in the face of such times? He replied: You should behave like an old mat in your house, otherwise the fire of Hell will be worthy of you. Then the person (who asked) put his hand on his waist (malang-kerik) he said: “You have killed me, Ibn Mas’ud.


Al Faqih narrated with his sanad from Abdullah Amr, ibn Ash, who said: The Messenger of Allah preached to us, saying: “O people, honor my companions and be kind to them, love them, for they are the best of people who will be sent among them, so that you believe in Allah and His teachings that I convey, want to follow and implement them.


Then on to their successors (i.e. the Tabi’in) and to the generation of the next period (i.e. the tabi’it tabi’in) and they were the best, they believed with full conviction, even though they did not meet me, they implemented the teachings of Allah with full steadfastness.


But after them (Tabi’it tabi’in), in the next period sprung up a generation of traitors (consider small affairs . salar) who are exaggerated (proud) is to vent lust, indulge in lustful desires, drown in evil, away from my sunnah (ignore my commandments), if religion is in harmony with the whims of his lust that is what is adopted, all their deeds are only based on riya (seeking face, and praise) people. They “swear” before being asked to swear, dare to be a witness, before being asked, when entrusted must be betrayed, often tell lies, are good at judging, but zero in practice, at that time “Tlmu disappears raised” patience is not in them. Ignorance and adultery are rampant, there are no longer people with feelings (no shame), and no one can be trusted. Generally people speak lies, dare – (disobey) their parents, break the bonds of brotherhood : or family, love to fantasize, and the treasures of the world, envy and be cruel, human morals are damaged, neighborly relations are all bad. When people are free of religion, (they give up their religion very easily) like an arrow out of a bow, and the Day of Judgment will not happen – . ftiba), except when people generally become criminals,


Therefore, if you want Paradise (and its pleasures), “then hold fast to the SUNNAH of the Messenger of Allah and the JAMAAH ‘ “UMAT ISLAM, beware of things that are all considered Modern (new), because every new thing is bidah, some bid’ah . “misguidance and Allah will not unite this Ummah in greatness forever (Remember): “Whoever absolves himself of his obligations and separates himself from the community of Muslims, violating the teachings of Allah’s law, then he dares to face Allah (His anger), and He will surely put him in hell”.


Al Faqih narrated this from Irbadl Sariyah Sulamy, who said: The Prophet’s advice was so pervasive that tears were shed and the heart trembled, and some even thought that: “This advice is his last message, namely:



“My message to you: “Fear Allah, and pay close attention and obey (carry out His teachings), because people who live around my age will be afflicted with various disputes and disagreements, and beware of the thorns of new things, because they are misguided. And whoever lives in that age (menangi musa), face holdtuhluh puda SUNNAHKU and SUNNAH KHULAFAAUR RAASYIDIIN (they are) on the thread of guidance, and bite the sunnah with your geruhum teeth “.


Abu Sa’id Khudry reported that the Prophet said: “The one who eats lawful food and acts according to my Sunnah, and others feel safe from his interference, will enter Paradise. When asked: “O Messenger of Allah, there are many people who do so, he replied: “It will happen to the people after me, but then it will decrease, and finally it will be few”.


Ibn Mas’ud said: “The Messenger of Allah drew a straight line for me, saying: “This is the way to Allah’s pleasure, then he drew another line (on either side) and said: “These are some of the paths, each of which Satan promotes, then he recited the verse:


Meaning:  “This is my straight path, follow it (walk on it), do not use other paths, which will deviate far from the path of Allah. This is Mah’s message to you, so that you may fear”. (An’am 153)


The Prophet said:



“For every thing there is a disease, but the destroyer of religion is lust”.


According to Sha’by: “Hawa means to fall from a high place, it is called “HAWA, because it plunges its followers (perpetrators) into the abyss of hell”.


I am not sure which of these favors is greater for me:

  1. The pleasure of guidance, so that I became a Muslim or,
  2. The blessing of Allah’s guidance, so that I am safe from the influence of desire.” (Mujahid).


Abu Dzar reported that the Prophet said: “The one who deviates (leaves) from the congregation of Muslims, even if it is only an inch, means that his neck has been released from the bonds of Islam.” (Al Hadith)


Uways Qarani’s message to Haran Hayyan: “Be careful not to break away from the congregation of Muslims, your religion will be unnoticed, and on the Day of Judgment, you will be put in Hell”. May Allah’s Taufiq always be with us, with His bounty and mercy. (WALLAAHUL MUWAAFIQU BIMAN NIHII WA KARAMIHII).


CHAPTER 84 : About Being Concerned in the Affairs of the Hereafter


Al Faqih narrated that ‘Umar said in his sermon:



“Weigh yourself before others weigh you, and reckon with yourself before others reckon with you, and be prepared for the supreme court, for at that time nothing will be kept secret”.


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Dhar that the Prophet said: Allah said:


  1. O My servants persecution has been forbidden to Myself, and so it is to you, so do not persecute.
  2. O My servants, you are lost except those whom I guide, so seek My guidance and I will guide you.
  3. O My servants, you are hungry, except those who are fed, so ask Me for food, and I will surely give it to you.
  4. O My servants, you are naked, except for those to whom I give clothing, so ask Me for clothing, and it will be given.
  5. O My servants, you are sinning day and night, and I am the Forgiver of sins, so ask Me for forgiveness, and I will forgive you.
  6. O My servant, if all creatures (human beings, jinns, etc.), from the first to the last, fear Me as best they can, it will not increase the glory of My Kingdom in the least.
  7. On the other hand, My servant, if all creatures, from the first to the last, disobey Me to the best of their ability, it will not diminish My Kingdom.
  8. O My Servant, if all creatures were to gather in a field, and each of them asked Me and all of them were granted, then such a thing would not in the least diminish My Richness, except as the water of a vast ocean is dipped in a single needle.
  9. O My servants, We are only writing down your deeds, which will be returned to you on the Day of Judgment, so whoever earns good deeds should thank Allah, and whoever does not earn good deeds should not blame anyone else but himself.


Abu Sa’id Khudry reported that the Prophet said: “Look after the sick and accompany their corpses so that you may be warned of the Hereafter”. (Hadith)


This is to avoid forgetting the Hereafter due to the influence of the treasures of this world. A wise man said: “When someone prays for the dead (to get mercy), he says: “If you had prayed for the sake of your own interests, it would have been very good, because the dead person would have been saved from three dangers, namely:


  1. When seeing (facing) Malakul Death.
  2. The suffering (pain) before death.

3, The feeling of worry from SU-UL KHATIMAH (bad end or unbelief).


In the middle of delivering a corpse someone asked: “Who died, Abu Dhar? He replied: “It is you, if you do not want to I want to (i.e.) both will die. Allah’s Word:



“Indeed you will not die, and they will not die”. (As Zumar 30)


Hasan Bashry, when he saw people eating on graves, said: “That is the hypocrite, death is in his eyelids, but he still wants (to enjoy) eating. Hence, every time he sees a dead person, his face turns pale and sad as if he has just planted the body of his own mother.


Ibrahim Taimy: “The one who is not afraid, and sad (feeling) always safe, it is feared that he will not be able to enter Paradise. The reason is that when the dwellers of Paradise are asked, they answer:


Meaning: .

“In the past (when we lived in the world), fear (worry) always haunted us, in the midst of our family”. (Ath-Thur 26)


Ibn Mas’ud said: “Those who are experts in the Qur’an should be known as the experts of tahajud, when most people are enjoying their sleep. And fasting when most people are not fasting, and being sad when most people are having fun crying when most people are laughing, silent when most people are talking, and solemn when most people are proud. It should also be calm, soft, and concerned; it should not be loud, forgetful, loud and curious.


Shaqiq Ibrahim: “There is no better friend for a person than to be concerned about his previous sins and to fear the future (hereafter), not knowing for sure what will happen to him”.


A wise man said: “The one who is concerned about not thinking about three things, means that he does not know concern (chaos) and pleasure, namely:

  1. Sad to think of “FAITH” because he does not know for sure, he will follow until death or detachment.
  2. Concerned about the commands (obligations towards) Allah, whether he can do it well or frivolously (underestimating it).
  3. Concerned about the demands (of those who are unjustly done to survive or not from their demands (because they do not know for sure).


Anas reported that the Prophet said: “No eye weeps out of fear of Allah, except that Allah forbids the fire of hell to burn it, and if the tears fall on the face, then the wrinkles or humiliation will not cover it, and every good deed has its reward, except for tears that can extinguish the vast sea of fire, and if a man cries, out of fear of Allah for the sake of a people, it will certainly be blessed by Allah, because of his cry.” (Hadith).


Ka’bul Akhbar said: “If I could weep until the tears run down my cheeks, out of fear of Allah, and drip onto the ground, and then be touched by the fire of Hell, until the droplets return to the sky and will not return forever, so also the one who weeps out of fear of Allah in this world will not be touched by the fire forever.” (Hadith).


Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet said: “No one wipes his tears as big as a fly or his head, for fear of Allah. until it drips on his face, except that the fire of hell will not be able to touch him (for) forever”.


Hasan Bashry reported that the Prophet said: “There are no drops that are more pleasing to Allah, except two, namely:

  1. Teardrops on a dark night (fear of Allah).
  2. ‘The drops of blood in a war of attrition.


Ziyad Numairy: “Allah said: “No servant cries, out of fear of Me, except to be saved from My punishment, and to be given a substitute for laughter in My Paradise.


Umar Abdul Aziz in the middle of prayer (while reciting) the verse (below), repeated it several times while crying until dawn.


This is the verse that was recited:


It means:

“I will put shackles around their necks, then drag them into boiling hot water, and burn them in the Fire of Jahim”.


Similarly, Tamim Dary, while the verse is:



“Do you think that those who dislike Us are all those who believe and do righteous deeds? It is clearly different”. (Jatsiyah 21)


Similarly, the Prophet when reading the verse (below) he repeated it several times, while crying, until dawn. This is the verse:



“If You punish, they are Your servants, but if You spare them, You are Noble and Wise”. (Maidah 118)


According to a narration: “After the Prophet David made a mistake, every time he drank, his tears filled half of his glass.


Bahz Hakim narrated: “Zurarah Abu Aufa was praying with us, and when he recited the verse (below) he died immediately, so we brought him home after his death. This is the verse that was recited:










CHAPTER 85 : About the Preparation of Charity in the Morning


Al Faqih narrated from Mujahid: “Ibn ‘Umar in his advice (to me): “O Mujahid: “In the morning, do not have the feeling that you will live until the evening, and vice versa in the evening do not have the feeling that you will (live) until the morning, use the opportunity of your life before dying, and your health before getting sick, because you do not know for sure, what your name will be on the Day of Resurrection” (ie) to be a good person (abrar) or a disobedient (fujjar).


There are four things that prepare a person for charity in the morning, namely:


  1. Carrying out his obligations towards Allah
  2. Settling (work) with the person with whom one is doing business (such as trade, etc.).
  3. Avoiding what is forbidden (prohibited by Allah).
  4. Improving relationships with fellow human beings (whether friend or foe).


So those who have the above-mentioned preparations, in the morning, can expect to be fortunate pious people”. (Thus said a wisdom expert).


A wise man was asked: “When you wake up from sleep, what should you intend to do?” He replied: “Don’t ask about waking up, first look at how he slept, then the one who does not know for sure how he slept, certainly does not know how he woke up. He said: “Before going to bed one should accomplish four things, namely:


  1. Do not sleep as long as there are enemies on earth, until it is legalized, because it is possible that there will be demands from God if you die.


  1. First complete all obligations towards God.


  1. Repent to God for his sins, because it is considered that he continues to sin if he dies before repenting.


  1. Make a will (in writing), so that when he dies (while sleeping) he can leave a message (will).


Human behavior patterns in the morning can be classified into three, namely:

  1. Busyness in search of wealth, this needs to be remembered that: “He may eat more than his sustenance, even though his wealth is piled up.
  2. Busy committing sins, it is certain that his life is low and despicable.
  3. Seeking a way, then for him to get two (namely),
  4. Sustenance,
  5. The way.


What is meant is the path to Allah’s pleasure. A wise man said: “The one who is secure and fearful in the morning, Allah honors him in two ways, namely:


  1. Being given a sense of gana’ah (acceptance of what is) towards Allah’s gifts.
  2. Being able to enjoy the delicious taste of obedience (worship) to Allah.


What is meant by “security and fear” is:

  1. Aman, means that his heart feels calm (safe) with the guarantee of sustenance from Allah.
  2. Fear, meaning fear when he has not been able to fulfill his obligations to Allah.


Malik Dinar when asked about his state in the morning, he replied: “Like a person moving (from one) place, to another place, even though he does not know for sure “Whether moving from this world to heaven or to hell”.


When the Prophet Jesus was asked about his state in the morning, he replied: “I do not have anything that I hope for, nor am I able to resist anything that I fear, and I depend on my deeds, but goodness is not in my hands, and there is no poorer than me.


Amir Oais replied (to the above question): “This morning I have sinned a lot, even though Allah has bestowed His favors on me, therefore, I am not sure about my worship, whether it is to atone for my sins or to be grateful for the favors given by Allah.


Ibn Sirin asked a man: “What is your situation?” He replied: “This is the situation of a person who owes 500 dirhams, plus the dependents of his family (to provide for him). Then Ibn Sirin entered the house and took 1000 dirhams and handed it to the man, saying: “Here are 500 dirhams to pay off your debt, and the rest is for the maintenance of your family. And after that, Ibn Sirin did not dare to ask people about his situation, fearing that if he was told (about the debt) he would be obliged to help him.


According to Ibrahim Ad-ham: “Every morning, man must be grateful for four things, namely:


  1. Reading:


It means:

“Praise be to Allah, who has illuminated my heart with the light of His guidance, and classified me as a believer, not a stray”.


  1. Reading:



“Praise be to Allah, Who made me a follower of Muhammad”.


  1. Reciting:



“Praise be to Allah, Who has not made my receipt in the hands of others”.


  1. Reciting:



“Praise be to Allah Who has not made my wealth in the hands of others”.


If a person lives to be 200 years old, but does not understand the existence of these 4 things (below), then it is too unworthy for him except to go to Hell, namely:


  1. Knowing Allah, which means: “Recognizing that there is no giver or taker except Allah”.


  1. Knowing his deeds, i.e. knowing that Allah does not accept any deed unless it is sincere for His sake.


  1. Knowing himself, which means knowing his weaknesses, then accepting all the provisions and decisions of Allah 46.


  1. Knowing the enemy of Allah and the enemy of himself, namely the evil that must be kept away and frozen (stopped). (This is the statement of Shaqiq Ibrahim).


For the Son of Adam, every day is required 10 things, namely:


  1. Zikr (to Allah) when waking up from sleep, His Word:



“Praise and glorify your Lord, when you awake (from sleep)”.


And His Word:



“O you who believe, remember Allah as much as you can, and glorify Him every morning and evening”.


  1. Covering the ‘awrah, His Word:



“O son of Adam, put on your ornaments (when going to) the mosque”. At least the adornment “covers his aurat2”.


  1. Completing wudu, His Word:



“O you who believe, when you rise (to pray), wash your nails and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your head, and wash your feet up to the ankles”.


  1. Performing the prayer on time, says Allah:



“That the prayer, for the believer, is a certain obligation with its time”.


  1. Feeling calm about Allah’s guarantee of sustenance, His Word:


Meaning: “There is no creeping thing on the earth except that Allah has guaranteed its sustenance”.


  1. Qana’ah for the sustenance given by Allah, His Word:



“It is We who divide between them the affairs of their livelihood”.


  1. Submission to Allah, His Word:



“It is to Allah that you should submit if you are true believers”.


  1. Patience with Allah’s destiny and laws, His Word:



“Be patient in accepting the law of your Lord”.


  1. Being grateful for favors, His Word:



“Give thanks for the favors of Allah, if you truly worship Him”.


  1. Among the blessings of physical health, and the greatest blessings are: “Faith and Islam”. There are countless other favors, as He said:



“If you were to count the favors of Allah, you would not be able to”.


  1. Eating what is lawful, He said:


Meaning: “Eat that which is lawful from the sustenance I have given you.”










CHAPTER 86 : On Tafakkur (Thinking)


Al Faqih reported that Atha-k said: “We (Ibn ‘Umar and Ubaid and I) entered the house of Siti ‘A’ishah, and after greeting her, we were asked: “Who are you? We answered: “Ibn ‘Umar and Ubaid Umair, then he said: “Why are you making a rare pilgrimage here? Ubaid replied: “Because of the guidance,


Meaning: “Go on pilgrimage rarely, so that love will increase”.


Then Ibn Umar said: “We will stop this joke, and tell you about the practice of the Messenger of Allah that is very memorable? He replied: “Actually, all of his deeds are memorable, but there is the most memorable one, namely: “One night he entered my bed and pressed his body against mine and said: “O ‘Aisha, do you allow me to worship my Lord? ‘Aisha replied: I am very happy to be close to you, but I cannot deny you your pleasure. Then he got up to perform ablution, stood up and wept until his tears soaked his lap, and after the prayer lay on his right side, placing his right hand under his right cheek, until his tears soaked the ground. After the call to Fajr Bilal came, he was crying, asked: “Why, O Messenger of Allah, when Allah has forgiven all your sins (previous and future)?”. He replied: “Am I not obliged to be grateful and why not cry, when last night the following verse was revealed to me:



“Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, is a proof of the greatness and power of Allah for the thinking people (i.e.) those who remember Him always, whether standing, sitting, or lying down, and always pay attention to the creation of the heavens and the earth, so that they say: “O Lord, You did not create it in vain; Glory be to You, O Lord, save us from the punishment of Hell”. (Ali Imran 190-191).


Then he said:



“Woe or loss to the one who recites this verse and does not think about it”.


It is explained that: “The one who looks at the stars and thinks of the Greatness of God as their Creator, then recites:



“O Lord, You have not made them in vain, Glory be to You, so keep us away from the thorns of Hell”.


Then he will be rewarded with as many stars as there are in the sky.


Amir Qays said: “The happiest in the Hereafter is: “The one who suffers the longest hardship in this world. And the one who laughs the most in the Hereafter is: “The one who cried the most (in this world) out of fear of Allah. And the most sincere in faith on the Day of Judgment is: “The one who often thinks about the events of this world.


Al Faqih narrated from Abu Darda-k that the Prophet said: “Among people there are those who are the openers of good (eradicators of evil), and with that they gain reward. On the other hand, there are those who are the pioneers of evil (obstacles to good), for them the burden of sin is very great. So it is very fortunate for those who are made “Pioneers of good (eradicators of evil), and a moment’s thought is better for me than a whole night’s wakefulness”.


A’masy from Amr Murrah, he said: “The Prophet passed by a group of people contemplating, so he said:



“Think about creatures, wake up thinking about the Substance of Mluh, you will surely perish”.


Hisham Urwah from his father, the Messenger of Allah said: “When the devil tempts you, he asks: “Who created the heavens?” He replied: Allah, then: “Who made the earth? Answered: “Allah, then “Who created Allah? So when you feel this, immediately say: “I believe in Allah and His Messenger”.


The Messenger of Allah said:



“A moment of tufakkur is better than a year of worship.” (Hadith)


AJ Faqih explains: “If one wants the virtue of tafakkur, then think of five things, namely,


  1. Thinking of the proofs (signs) of Allah’s Power
  2. Thinking of the favors given by Him.
  3. Thinking of the reward He has promised.
  4. Thinking of His punishment or punishment.
  5. Thinking of the things that Allah is pleased and angry with.


  1. What is meant by evidence of His Power, namely: “Allah’s power in creating the heavens and the earth, the rising and setting of the sun, the alternation of day and night, and the creation of man himself. As He said:



“In the earth (there are) evidences of the Greatness of Allah’s Power for the convinced and also in yourselves, have you not noticed?”. (Dzurriyat 20-21)


So by thinking about these evidences, people are getting more and more maarifat and convincing Him.


  1. What is meant by the favors bestowed by Him, viz: Outward and inward favors, such as hands, feet and their movements, beauty or good looks of the face, mouth and others. So by thinking of these favors a person becomes (arises) a feeling of love for Allah.


  1. What is meant by reward, viz: What is promised to His guardians or lovers, by thinking of this, encourages a person to be diligent, diligent and agile in worship or obedience to Him.


  1. What is meant by His punishment or punishment, namely: “That which is threatened (warned) to the disbelievers, thus, fear arises, and it is easy to avoid all His prohibitions.


  1. What is meant by things that He is pleased with or angry with, namely:” When one’s sins are covered by Allah, and he is not punished too soon, rather he is called upon to repent, then by thinking of this, he will feel ashamed of Him.


And if a person (human) thinks about the 5 things mentioned above, then he is among those people who are referred to in the Prophetic tradition: “A moment’s thought is better than a year’s worship”. And keep in mind: “Do not think about other than the 5 things mentioned above, because thinking about others, is just a mere waswaas (from the devil).


The advice of a wise man (Ahli Hikmah), the mind should not be used to think about 2 things, namely:


  1. Poverty, as a result of which it becomes chaotic (sad) and arouses greed for wealth.


  1. The deeds of the persecutor (to yourself), as a result of which the heart becomes hard full of envy to stay in the world, and pleases you in accumulating worldly treasures, the charity is delayed, to forget the hereafter.


The point of wira’i is: “Keeping the heart from thinking about things that are not its own business or interests (not interfering with other affairs). This is called the ultimate jihad, and if a person is unable to do this (outside of prayer), then even in prayer he will not be able to control his emotions. (half the guidance of the Ulama).


A wise man said: “The perfection of worship is in the sincerity of intention, while the excellence of charity is in tawadlu’, and both are perfected in zuhud, then the perfection of all of them by being concerned about the Hereafter, the Hereafter is perfected by thinking a lot about previous sins.


There are 10 morals of the saints of Abdal, namely:

  1. Clean heart
  2. Generous (loman) with wealth (money).
  3. Speaks the truth (his tongue never lies).
  4. Patient in facing life (suffering).
  5. Tawadlu’ (humble oneself).
  6. Crying when quiet (alone).
  7. Giving advice to all creatures.
  8. Compassion towards fellow believers.
  9. Thinking about the change (corruption) of the world.
  10. Being responsive and quick in taking the meaning of an incident (every event).


Mak-khul said: “Every time you go to bed, you should think about what you did that day, and if you did a lot of good, then you should be grateful by saying: “ALHAMDULILLAAH”, and if there are many sins, then make istighfar immediately. Otherwise, it is no different from a merchant who is not sure about his expenses and income, and ends up going bankrupt before he knows it.


According to the teachings of a wise man: “Wisdom can be generated from four things, namely:


  1. A body that is free from the busyness of worldly affairs.
  2. A hungry stomach (empty of food).
  3. “Hands empty (poor) of worldly possessions.
  4. Thinking about (the danger of) the consequences of worldly possessions (i.e.) what his fate will be, because he does not know for sure: “Whether his deeds will be accepted or not”. And Allah has decreed that nothing is accepted except that which is good, from a good body, and good (halal) wealth.


Al Faqih said: “The scholars of hadith narrated from Khalid Madan, who said: “O Mu’adz, tell me a tradition of the Messenger of Allah that impresses you very much, then he cried, thinking that he would not be silent, but soon he became silent and said: “When I was riding with the Prophet, then he looked up to the sky and said:



“Praise be to Allah Who decides and determines the state of creation as He wills”.


Then he called out:” O Mu’adz, I am going to convey a tradition that no Prophet has ever conveyed to his people. If you keep it in mind it will be very useful, but if you do not, then your proof will be broken on the Day of Judgment (in the sight of Allah), then he said: Before the earth and the heavens were created, Allah created seven angels for every heaven and every door. They would write down deeds from morning till evening, then they would be raised up to the heavens, shining like the sun up to the heavens of the world, and they would be estimated to be good and numerous, then the angels would say: “Stop and throw it at the person, saying to him: “May you not be forgiven (I am the gossip officer), he always gossips about Muslims, therefore I forbid him to pass in this place.


In another part, the angel Hafadhah raises the deeds of a servant shining brightly to the second heaven, then the angel says: “Stop and return it to the culprit, tell him: “Allah did not forgive him, his deeds were only for the sake of the luxuries of this world, (I am his attendant), will not let these deeds pass by me. In another part, the angel raised the charity of a servant who was adorned with prayer alms, Hafadhah was stunned to see it, after reaching the third heaven, his officer said: “Stop and return it to the culprit, and tell him: “Allah does not forgive him, (I am his officer). any deed that is accompanied by pride, should not pass me. In another passage, Hafadhah raises a charity glittering like a star, because of its tasbeeh and fasting, to the fourth heaven, then her attendant says: “Stop and return it to the doer, tell him:” Allah does not forgive him (I am the officer), any deed accompanied by ujub, will not be allowed to pass me. Then it is returned to the culprit accompanied by a curse for 3 days.


In another section, Hafadhah raises a charity that is paraded like a bride, up to the fifth heaven, in the form of jihad and prayer, but the attendant says: “Stop and give it back, then put it on his shoulder, that is the result of people insulting students or students who do deeds for the sake of Allah, then they are cursed for the rest of their lives.


In another part, the Hafadhah raised a charity whose ablutions were perfect, up to the sixth heaven, then her attendant said: “Stop and return it to the doer (I am an officer of mercy, he has no compassion for anyone, even mocking people who fall into sin, and any charity whose doer has no sense of mercy, should not pass me. In another part, Hafadhah raises the deeds that are covered with honesty, diligence and wira’i shining like lightning, up to the seventh heaven, then the officer says: “Stop and return, and close his heart, I am the officer of the veil section closing the way of three deeds that are not for the sake of Allah, because he only wants popularity and rank or position in regions or cities, and God assigned me not to let that charity pass through me.


Then in another section, Hafadhah raises the deeds of a servant who is adorned with morals and silence and a great deal of remembrance, the angels take him to the bottom of the ‘Arsh, then they testify to all these deeds. Then Allah said: “You only write the deeds of My servant, and I am the one who investigates (knows for sure about) his heart, he did not seek My pleasure, he did it for other than Me, so My curse on him, the angels said: “It is fitting that he should be cursed and that we should curse him, and all the people of the heavens followed: “Ta is cursed by Allah and the curse of the seven heavens and earth and our curse.


Finally Mw’adz cried and asked: “YaRasulullah, how can I do (charity)? He replied; Mu’azd follow the sunnah (journey) of your prophet, and strengthen your belief, even if your deeds are less (perfect), stop your tongue backbiting your brother, always remember your sins, do not blame it on others (ie) if you are guilty do not throw (accusations) on others, And do not boast about yourself by backbiting others, and do not boast by insulting your fellow Muslims, and do not do charity for the sake of riya (to be praised or flattered)”.











CHAPTER 87 : On the Signs of the Nearness of the Hour


Al-Faqih reported that Hudhayfah said: “A man asked him, saying: “O Messenger of Allah, when will the Hour occur?” He replied: “The one who is asked is not necessarily more knowledgeable than the one who asks, but there are signs, namely: “The abundance of markets (so that each market is deserted), a lot of rain rarely fruits (plants), the distribution of usury, and the number of adulterous children, the rich are worshiped (very glorified). The voice of the wicked is free in the mosque, the right is always defeated by the wrong, then he asked: “What is your will to me, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “Flee, for the sake of your safety (your religion), or become like an old mat in your house”. Al Faqih narrated that Isa Ashfahanyi said: “When he was asked: O Messenger of Allah, when will the Hour occur? He replied: “The one who is asked (about it) knows no better than the one who asks, but the signs are ten things, namely:

  1. The majority of people are dishonest.
  2. Criminals and prostitutes will be open in their operations (looking for their prey).
  3. Honest people are cornered (honesty is considered a hotbed of disease that harms them).
  4. Prayer is flaunted (made proud).
  5. Zakat is equated with tax (so that the wisdom of its benefit and purpose is lost).
  6. People’s trust (amanat) is made into a personal gain that is legalized for him.
  7. The readers of the Qur’an (Qurra) acted arrogantly, putting a price on their recitation, even though they were not sure about themselves (whether or not they were in accordance with the teachings contained therein).
  8. The leadership (ruler) is in the hands of the youth,
  9. The reins of power are in the hands of women (who indulge in immorality and indulge their lusts without the pleasure of Allah).
  10. The deliberation (of its members) is emasculated, because most of them are female slaves (who are content with their personal interests).


Al Faqih narrated with his chain of transmission from Abu Zar’ah from Amr, who said: “Three men sat listening to Marwan discussing the signs of the Hour, and he said: “The first is: “The coming of the Dajjal, then the three of them asked Ibn Umar, he said:” What I heard from the Messenger of Allah is as follows:


The rising of the sun from the west, or the appearance of the animal “Dabbah” in succession.


He said: That is because at sunset the sun prostrates itself under the Throne and asks permission to rise, but its request is not granted, until it is called to rise from the west, it prostrates itself under the Throne and asks again and again for permission to rise, but it is still not granted, until it feels to him: “Even if it were permitted to rise, it would not be possible to reach the place of its rising, he said: “O Lord, why have I been kept away from people?” And in the night he again applied for rising, and was called out:” Arise from your place!



“When half the eviden